How to weave on a loom

If you’re just starting to weave and need help getting started, you’ve come to the right place!

Hi, I’m Kate. I’m the person behind this blog. Back when I started trying to weave, there weren’t many resources available. I spent a lot of time researching old books and experimenting, and I wanted to share what I learned. Weaving is such a fun and meaningful art form that I wanted others to enjoy it too. I started The Weaving Loom to share the weaving techniques I have learned from my experiences.

This blog post is a round-up of a lot of the topics I’ve covered over the years. Especially the topics that are important to beginner’s.


Let’s start from the beginning!

  • A frame is a structure you use to provide support and tension to your plexus as you work. There are different types of frames and my blog focuses on how to use a wrap frame.
  • A warp thread is a thread that runs vertically on the loom and maintains its tension during weaving. It is the backbone of your plexus.
  • The weft thread is the thread that you weave between, around and along the warp threads. Create your own fabric patterns and designs.

These are the most important terms for understanding weaving, but I have some pictures here and a few other weaving terms.

Of course you’ll need a loom to start weaving. If you already have a wraparound frame, great! All of my tutorials can work on any ride frame. If you’re having trouble understanding how to do something on your specific loom then feel free to reach out to me and I’ll help the best I can ([email protected] com) If you don’t yet have a loom, then no problem. I have two ways to make my frame:

  • Crea una cornice in un telaio: mi ha dato un enorme telaio da 23 "x 30"!
  • Butke a cardboard frame – really simple and can be made with the cardboard you already have at home.
  • I also have some great beginner frames in my shop

Weaving tools

When starting out it is hard to know what tools you do and don’t need, Andtrust me you don’t need much. I’ve written on some of the basic weaving tools and some alternatives that might be in your home right now. I’m also including some of the yarn supplies I love.

Warping loom (start)

Now you’re really getting somewhere. I have several posts on the deformation of different frames. There are many different looking circular frames, but in my experience they flex in two ways:

The funniest part of weaving! All beauty and creativity go here, here you create your own magic. I have published several articles on weaving techniques and have already done an overview of the techniques alone here.
I also have a free beginner pattern that I send to you when you sign up for my weekly newsletter and do a Weave along with fun lace patterns that you can follow here.

And I hope you won’t need this, but incase you do, here’s my Top 7 Weaving Issues & Fixes

Finishing the texture (removing the frame)

Now that you created something beautiful and unique to you, it’s time to take it off the loom so you can share it with the world. I have posted a lot of different ways to finish your weaves, whether you’re cutting your weave off the loom or using your warp loops to hang.

Whoa, that’s a lot of info! Hopefully you’ve made it to the bottom of this post. Dz is sure to get you started on your weaving journey! So now I’d like to hear your story, how did you first discover the art of weaving? Have you already braided or are you just starting out for the first time? I love hearing how others have discovered this art form that I love.

Introduction: How to weave on a loom to loom

How to weave on a loom

How to weave on a loom

How to weave on a loom

Now that I had made a simple hoop frame, I was ready to try it out. This is my first attempt at weaving, so I started with something small and simple. It consists of two texture colors and a simple pattern in the center. As they are still being studied, feel free to leave comments, suggestions or criticisms; let me know even if I haven’t explained things clearly.

I’ve included a glossary to help with weaving terminology.

Step 1: materials

  • Frame to frame with rigid hedge
  • Pumps
  • Yarn – I used three different colors of cotton yarn
  • Whisk – I used a toothpick, the fork works too
  • Shears

Step 2: deform

Deforming a frame with a hedge trimmer takes time and practice. Without a bobbin, simply tie the loose thread to the bottom frame and wrap a ball of thread around the frame. Con esitazione devi tirare il wire attraverso le fessure e i fori per hesitate mentre lo avvolgi attorno al telaio. To do this, start with the free end of the wire, pass it through the pin and into the distal hole around the top frame (front around) Continue with this wire, inserting through the next slot to swing around the bottom frame (back to front) , then through the next hole to hesitate. Continue to alternate the hole / buttonhole along the length of the hedge all the way in this way, also wrapping from front to back on the upper frame and from back to front on the lower one. Once the warp has been wrapped around the loom, tie both ends of the thread securely to the loom, the thread should be learned and you should be able to move up and down with enough room to pass through the shuttle.

Step 3: Wrap the shuttle

Since I was using two different colors for the texture, I wrapped the pumps for each color. Just wrap the thread between the notches on the shuttle. Try not to overload yourself as the shuttle must be able to pass through the shed.

Step 4: braiding

Lacing is used to arrange and secure the warp. Since the warp is wrapped around the loom, the thickness of the wood creates a gap between the warp threads. The braid connects the two layers of the warp threads so that they are at the same height. I used the same colored yarn that I will use as the background. Working left to right, simply take a piece of yarn, wrap it around the warp, and wrap it around each warp thread. As you can see in image 4, the warp threads are now aligned and should be equidistant.

Step 5: weaving

We are now ready to start weaving. When weaving, I found that the most convenient placement of the loom was to place the front on the knees and the rear legs on the table.

Tie the end of the thread to the first thread on the left (I don’t know if you should, but it worked for me) Raise the hedge and run the shuttle from left to right through the shed, let the weft thread lay loosely on the warp. Release the barrel and use a whisk to push the strands all the way through. Push the hedge down and slide the shuttle from right to left through the new shed. Again, the thread should lie loosely in the warp and then move it completely with the whisk. Keep it up.

Do not pull the thread too hard as the edges may become uneven.

Step 6: change color

When you change color or are running out of yarn in the shuttle, start a new yarn from where it left off and leave only a small tail behind.

Because I wanted a motif in the middle of the piece. First, I started making a few lines in blue. In the row where I wanted to start the heart, I only slid the blue shuttle halfway, so I pulled it out the back. From behind I threaded the white thread through the next warp (always with the head raised) Then continued the rest of the row with the blue shuttle. In the next row I walked only partially with the blue thread, then I pulled it out on the back, I knotted two ends of the warp with the white thread, and then I continued the rest of the row with the blue thread. I continue this path for the rest of my heart. (I think the cutout in the shape was helpful in figuring out which color to use) Basically what I did was thread the blue thread after the whitish thread, so if you flip the piece you will see the blue thread section above the whitish thread (see figure 7)

Step 7: finishing

To finish, tie all the loose ends onto a thread. Start cutting the warp thread two loops at a time from the bottom of the loom by making four threads. Tie a knot and leave a little fringe, continue cutting and knotting two buttonholes at a time (I’ve found that giving the threads a twist helps with tying) Then do the same for the top end.

Step 8: dictionary

  • warp– threads running along the loom (also a verb – to wind the thread along the loom). (photo 1)
  • wire – The yarn that runs from side to side through the warp yarn. (photo 2)
  • Shed – The separation of alternating warp threads to create a space to pass the wire through. (photo 3)
  • hesitate – A tool used to separate alternating warp threads creating a Shed. (photo 4)
  • batter– A tool used to push the wire yarn in place. (photo 5)
  • shuttle – A tool in which the wire thread is wrapped and passed through the Shed. (photo 6)

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If you’ve been following so far, you now have an already woven wall hanging on a frame.

The next step is to remove the armature from the frame, make some corrections, and add an anchor bar to hang it.

This article is part ofa four-part series of DIY weaving tutorials. Follow and find out how to make your own wall hanger!

1. The first article explainstools and materials needed for weaving, Andlike wearing a weaving loom.

2. Start hanging on the wall withsome basic weaving techniques. I start each weave with several rows of plain weave. And I love a nice fringe, so there will be some rya knots. And several rows of classic basket weaving.

3. Moving on tosome other weaving technique which add even more texture and depth to a suspended wall. The loopy braided pile, soumak braids, Andweaving with wool roving.

4. And this last part of the series showshow to end up hanging on the walland take it off the frame and put it on the wall!

How to weave on a loom

How to weave on a loom

How to remove hanging walls from a weaving loom?

When you finiShed your weaving, the next step is to take your wall hanging from your loom and attach a dowel rod to hang it!


  • A loom with its weaving
  • Peg for pegs


  • Shears
  • Weaving needle


    1. Start at the bottom. He lifts the bangs from the rya knots. Carefully remove the warp spacer.

    How to weave on a loom

    Cut the first set of warp threads at the bottom. Tie a tight knot just below the first rows of weaving.

    How to weave on a loom

    Move to the next set of warp threads and do the same. Continue cutting and tying the knots to the other end.

    You can cut and shorten these strings, but if your fringe is long enough, it will cover and hide those warp strings.

    How to weave on a loom

    Remove the first two sets of warp threads from the top bar of your loom. Tie a knot just above the weave.

    How to weave on a loom

    Take the next two sets of warp threads and tie a knot. Continue to the end.

    How to weave on a loom

    From each knot, find the shortest loop of the two loops and guide your dowel rod through.

    Place unused loops backwards. Using a weaving needle, thread these loops through the back, weaving them in several rows.

    How to weave on a loom

    Butke a braid from the same cotton yarn you used to set up your warp. Tie the ends of the braid firmly to the sides of the fishing rod.

    How to weave on a loom

    Cut the bangs. Cut straight, diagonal or round. Whatever you like.

    How to weave on a loom

How to weave on a loom

Il tempo necessario per rimuovere il wire dal telaio è una stima. Actual time depends on experience and the size of the weaving loom.

The reverse of your plot

Once you are done weaving and removing the wall from the loom, it is easy to go ahead and forget to finish the weaving. But do not skip this last step.

Reverse the texture and look at the back. See all those loose ends from starting and ending sections of your wire yarns? Want fix all these ends of the tails so they don’t untangle.

Use a tapestry needle to makecurl your tails and hide them behind you weave. You can weave them through exposed warp threads on the back, or pull the tails down through 2 or 3 back loops of the wire stitches. Just make sure that it’s not pulling the wire too much and create gaps in the front.

Quando hai messo tutte le code di wire, gira la tramatake a moment to admire your work, Andfind it the perfect spot on your wall to hang!

How to weave on a loom

I’ve written a lot about tapestry looms over the years. I’ve linked to some of those posts below. I get a lot of questions from new knitters about looms and which ones might be best for them. I’d like to summarize some of the things to look for in a tapestry loom. After that, the blog posts below will lead you to more information about the loom you’re interested in.

This is how I started classifying tapestry looms.

Unstressed frame frames: these are generally small frames which do not have a tensioning device. Examples are Schacht Easel Weaver and Handywoman Loom.

Stretch frame looms: These are frames that can be larger than loom frames that have a tensioning device. Examples are the Mirrix frame and Glimakra Freja.

Frames on beams: These are looms that have two beams to hold the warp and the woven cloth. Examples are Harrisville Rug Loom and Tissart Tapestry Looms.

How to weave on a loom

A collection of smaller tapestry frames.

Characteristics of a good tapestry loom

Ability to reach and regulate tension. On very small looms, good tension can be achieved by using a good tapestry warp that has a bit of stretch and sometimes by simple methods to take up slack in a loose warp. Larger frames should have tensioning devices.

The presence of a Shedding device. Felling devices are not absolutely necessary and I tend a lot on small frames that don’t have them. However, for larger tapestries especially if you’re looking for a little speed, some kind of Shedding device is helpful.

A way to space the warp. For weaving tapestry, the warp must be evenly spaced. The loom can help you do this with a mechanism such as a reed, a coil, or pegs or you can space it manually and use the tension on the warp and the weaving itself to maintain the warp spacing.

Robust construction. You do not want your loom to fall apart whilst you’re weaving. Tapestry is easier to weave with a high enough tension, and your gear needs to withstand it.

Ergonomic comfort. Taking care of your body is important. Frames come in a variety of sizes and configurations, and the one that works best for you may not work best for your neighbor.

Frame frames: stretched or not stressed?

Frame looms are generally rectangular in shape. They may or may not have tensioning devices. The following galleries contain some examples of this type of frame.

Examples of unstressed frame looms

Click on the images to enlarge them, hover over the captions and more.

This post contains affiliate links. If you make a purchase through one of them, I can get a small commission at no extra cost. Find out more.

If you have been following along, you have set up the warp on your loom and started your first rows of weaving.

Now is the time to add more weaving patterns to complete your handmade wall pendant!

You will use a reference bar to create rings withweave the heap. Then there are braids braided with a beautiful one weave soumaki. And since stray wool is one of my favorite craft supplies, any excuse to use it! We’ll be weaving with wool roving.

This article is part ofa four-part series of DIY weaving tutorials. Follow and find out how to make your own wall hanger!

1. The first article explainstools and materials needed for weaving, Andlike wearing a weaving loom. A good place to start if you’re a novice weaver or just need a quick freshen up.

2. Start hanging on the wall withsome basic weaving techniques. I start each weave with several rows of plain weave. And I love a nice fringe, so there will be some rya knots. And several rows of classic basket weaving.

3. In this article we go tosome other weaving technique which add even more texture and depth to a suspended wall. The loopy braided pile, soumak braids, Andweaving with wool roving.

4. The last part of the series showshow to end up hanging on the wall and take it off the frame and put it on the wall!

How to weave on a loom

Intertwined pile

The fleece texture is such a fun pattern. You will need something like this una barra di legno per mollette o un grosso ferro da calza per avvolgere il wire e creare asole.

Podobnie jak w przypadku wszystkich wzorów, zacznij od kilku rzędów płóciennego splotu jako podstawy dla twojego pętelkowego weave.

A seconda dello spessore del wire che stai usando, puoi tessere sopra 1, sotto 1 o sopra 2, sotto 2. Vuoi anelli più piccoli e più stretti o preferisci anelli più grandi? Try it and see what works for you.

In questo esempio, intreccio liberamente un wire sopra 2, sotto 2.

Grab the pin. Skip the first set of warp threads. Insert your dowel from the bottom up where your wire goes over the warp. Tirare delicatamente il wire per formare un cappio.

Continua in questo modo, attorcigliando il wire attorno al piolo ogni due punti a sinistra.Sixmaking loops where the yarn goes over the warp threads.

How to weave on a loom

At the end of the linecarefully remove the centering rodand gently push the rings down.

Continue like this back and forth, making loops by the number of rows, turning the pattern up and down with each round trip.

Secure the fleece fabric by weaving one or more rows of plain fabric in between.

How to weave on a loom

Weave the soumaki

Add some braids to the hanging wallweaving two or more rows of weave soumaki. I recommend using a thicker yarn to make the pattern stand out better.

Use your tapestry weaving needle for the weave soumaki. Start by going under, over, Andunder the first warp thread to start your row.

If you are using a thinner yarn, you will weave around each warp thread. With a heavier yarn, go around two warp threads like I do here.

Weave your needle over 4 warp threads, go back under 2 and bring your needle up. Move on, again going over the next 4 warp threads, Andbring your needle back under 2. Continue to the end of your row.

How to weave on a loom

DChange direction, loop your wire thread around the last warp thread to the right side.

Moving now in the other direction, work through 4 again and back under 2 until you reach the end of the row and your first braid is ready.

Idź tam i z powrotem po tyle warkoczy, ile chcesz. Don’t forget about adding a few rows of plain weave to stabilize your warp threads.

How to weave on a loom

travel wool

Best for last. Wool roving is one of my favorite materials to work with. My roving love started with needle felting, Andbeing able to use it in my weaving makes me love it even more.

Wool wicks are wool that has only been worked up to the point where it would have been woven from yarn. You can find travel wool online in many beautiful colors. Insert it into the hanger, gently pull and separate the wick to the width you want to use.

Weave a few rows of plain weave to support the roving and stabilize your warp threads.

Sixnot using a shuttle or needle to weave your roving. Just guide it through your warp with your fingers. Take the tail end of your roving and plain weave it between a few warp threads to secure it.

Next, take the other end of your roving and weave it over 2, under 2. Gently pull up your roving between the warp threads.

How to weave on a loom

Dfinish the roving, take the roving end and plain weave it in a few warp threads to secure it.

At this point you can mold the shapes of your travel wool bubbles a little. Push and pull gently and adjust as you like.

Realign your warp by weaving one or more rows of plain weave in between.

How to weave on a loom

To continue! In the next part of this weaving series, I’ll show you come estrarre il wire dal telaio, tagliare e aggiungere una barra per appenderlo al muro!

Ready to weave? Here are 6 basic patterns that will have you weaving in no time!

Once your loom is prepped and you have all your wire materials near by, its time to start weaving, finally! Although I find it really relaxing to build a frame to frame and dress the loom with warp, I have the most fun adding the wire yarns.

If you do not have a loom yet, don’t worry – you can learn to build a simple cardboard loom, here. Oppure, se non hai ancora preparato il tuo telaio, Andcco i passaggi da seguire prima di tessere il tuo primo wire.

Come ho già detto nel mio primo post, dopo un po’ di distanza dal telaio tornerò a weave. As a reminder, in this post I have compiled some basic weaving patterns that are often used by knitters.

The models in this tutorial:

plain weave (brindle)


chevron weave

weave soumaki

rya nodes

braided pile

TIP: This tutorial is just a simple explanation of these weaving patterns. These weaving patterns are just a handful of other different ones. There are many variations of the above weaving patterns.

I have found that adding (or reducing) a few rows of yarn between motifs can really make a difference and change the motif. After learning the basics of weaving, you can try experimenting with these basic patterns and make your own.

Plain weave, also known as tabby weave, creates a checkerboard pattern, which is created by alternating warp threads while adding the wire yarns.

How to weave on a loom

How to weave on a loom

The twill weave creates a diagonal pattern. Before starting, weave a few lines or a simple texture to create the base for the pattern.

How to weave on a loom

The chevron weave is a type of twill pattern. The chevron texture forms an arrow pattern.

How to weave on a loom

The weave soumaki pattern creates a bubble or chunky effect for weaving. When two rows of weave soumaki are woven it creates a braid look.

How to weave on a loom

Rya’s knots form a fringe. This fringe can be added at the end of the texture which makes the texture longer. Fringe can also be added within the body weave. This adds volume and texture to the texture.

How to weave on a loom

Intertwined pile is created by looping wire yarns around a rod while woven in the warp.

How to weave on a loomHow to weave on a loom

Patterns are only part of the weave design. You will find that yarns with different textures and layers look different and affect the look of the pattern. Weaving opens up many different possibilities for designing fiber art in different ways. Nei futuri post del blog, Andsplorerò diversi modi di creare immagini e progettare su un telaio.

Thank you so much for visiting my website. Hope this helped answer some of your basic weaving pattern questions.

An ideal start for beginners learning to weave with a loom loom.

Here are the goals of this guide:

How to weave on a loom

Build a frame

How to weave on a loom

Learn the techniques

How to weave on a loom

start designing

weaving with a modern twist

Weaving has been a fundamental art form that has flourished and developed over the centuries. Weaving today can be used to create and develop inner experiences and to push the boundaries of fashion.

This weaving guide is a collection of written and video tutorials that I have created. They will begin your weaving journey and provide you with the necessary basic knowledge of weaving, including terminology and techniques. You can find even more resources on the Fibers and Design website and on our social media.

  • Follow Follow
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– Gina Dargan, creator of fibers and design

How to weave on a loom

basic terminology and knowledge

Wątek kontra warp

There are two sets of yarn on the loom: the warp and the wire.

How to weave on a loom

Learn about what are the best warp yarns here:

How to weave on a loom

Learn more about the differences between the warp and wire here:

How to weave on a loom

Weaving tools

  • Embroidery needle
  • Shed stick
  • frame comb
  • frame to frame

There are other essential tools too (even ones you can create yourself!) Find out more here in my TOP 10 list:

Weaving yarn

Esistono diversi tipi di filati for weaving. I like to divide them into four main groups:

  • Artificial yarn(e. g. polyester, acrylic)
  • Natural yarn (from plants (i. e. bamboo, jute, Andcotton) and animals (i. e. wool, cashmere)
  • Mixed yarn(blend of artificial and natural yarns)
  • Ethical and ecological yarn(the production of this yarn takes into account and protects the welfare of animals and those who create the product)

As a weaver, you can decide which yarns are best for your project and lifestyle. Find out more about the types of yarns here:

How to weave on a loom

Dress up the frame

prepare the frame

Before dressing the loom, you need to plan three areas to create a neat design and good weaving experience.

How to weave on a loom

understanding of density

Find out more about density and warp spacing:

How to weave on a loom

Un popolare artigianato domestico dagli anni ’30 agli anni ’60, la tessitura a stiletto ha visto una rinascita di interesse con la Schacht Spindle Company e i suoi telai Zoom da 4 pollici. Questo strumento ti consente di tessere in movimento e utilizza solo 8 iarde di wire per 4 x 4 pollici quadrati, rendendo la tessitura a spillo la tecnica migliore per distruggere l’inventario!

All photos by George Boe.

How to weave on a loom

You can make this beloved Li’l Punkina by designer Deborah Bagley using weaving on a loom.

Deformation frame

When you first look at a pin frame, it appears that pins are missing. Imagine these larger spaces have pins; you will intertwine every other pin (making sure you count the wide spaces as imaginary pins)

How to weave on a loom

Warp one: Posiziona la coda del wire di lavoro attraverso la tacca nell’angolo uno, quindi avvolgi il wire avanti e indietro sul telaio dall’angolo uno all’angolo tre attorno a ogni altro spillo – reale o immaginario (Figura 1: wire arancione)

How to weave on a loom

A distortion of two: Wrap the yarn perpendicular to the first warp layer, wrapping the yarn back and forth across the loom from corner two to corner one around every other pin (Figure 2: green thread)

How to weave on a loom

Deformation three: Wrap the yarn parallel to warp one. The yarn will rest between the strands in warp one. Ancora una volta, avvolgi il wire avanti e indietro attraverso il telaio dall’angolo tre all’angolo uno attorno a ogni altro spillo (Figura 3: wire blu)

We assume an intertwining

How to weave on a loom

Per prima cosa, avvolgi il wire di lavoro attorno all’esterno degli spilli cinque volte. This gives you the exact length you’ll need for your weave (Figure 4)

How to weave on a loom

Infilare il wire attraverso l’ago da 6 pollici. Start with the needle over the loop on the outside of the pins on the W side of the loom (Figure 5) Weave *under one strand, over one strand, Andrepeat from * across. L’altra maglia viene lavorata nella direzione opposta e di nuovo sul wire esterno, ** sotto un wire, su un wire, ripetere da ** attraverso.

Continue weaving back and forth until the last pin.

How to weave on a loom

Weave the tail, weave back the way it came, but start on two strands before working in the under-one, over-one pattern (Figure 6)

How to weave on a loom

Loom weaving tips and tricks

  • Don’t weave an initial ponytail; this can be used to identify the front of a square when joining multiple squares to form a larger piece of fabric.
  • The warp gets tighter as you weave, so warp the loom loosely when working with worsted-weight yarns. Very wide warp when using thick yarns.
  • Use elastic yarns such as wool or acrylic for the first few squares. Yarns like cotton and bamboo will be more difficult to work with.

That’s it! Have fun destroying stocks with your new pin loom skills.

This article originally appeared inCrochet loveAutumn 2017.