How to treat and prevent a common cold

This article was medically reviewed by David Nazarian, MD. Dr. David Nazarian is a certified internal medicine practitioner and owner of My Concierge MD, a medical practice in Beverly Hills, California that specializes in concierge medicine, executive health, and integrative medicine. Dr. Nazarian specializes in comprehensive physical exams, intravenous vitamin therapies, hormone replacement therapy, weight loss, and platelet-rich plasma therapy. He has over 16 years of medical and facilitation training and is a Diploma of the American Board of Internal Medicine. He completed his B. S. in Psychology and Biology from the University of California, Los Angeles, his M. D. from the Sackler School of Medicine, and a residency at Huntington Memorial Hospital, an affiliate of the University of Southern California.

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The common cold is a very continuous virus that infects the nose and throat. Colds are very common, especially in children. You can expect your child to catch a cold six to ten times a year if he goes to kindergarten or school; adults usually catch colds two to four times a year. While it’s usually harmless, with symptoms like runny nose, sore throat, watery eyes, mild headache, low-grade fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, congestion, and cough, it may not seem so harmless. There is no cure for the common cold (it cannot be treated with antibiotics), and most people will recover in about a week or two. With self-care measures, including rest and drinking plenty of fluids, you can feel more comfortable while your body is fighting an infection. [1] X Reliable source Mayo Clinic educational site from one of the world’s leading hospitals Go to source

How to treat and prevent a common cold

A sore throat and runny nose are usually the first signs of a cold, followed by coughing and sneezing. Most people recover in about 7-10 days. You can reduce the risk of catching a cold: wash your hands often, avoid close contact with sick people, and don’t touch your face with unwashed hands.

Colds are the main reason children drop out of school and adults lose their jobs. There are millions of cases of the common cold in the United States every year. Gli adulti hanno una media di 2-3 raffreddori all’anno e i bambini ne hanno ancora di più.

Most people catch colds in winter and spring, but you can catch a cold at any time of the year. Symptoms usually include:

  • sore throat
  • rhinorrhea
  • cough
  • to sneeze
  • headache
  • pains

Most people recover in about 7-10 days. However, people with weakened immune systems, asthma, or respiratory conditions can develop a serious illness such as bronchitis or pneumonia.

How to treat and prevent a common cold
Helps reduce the risk of catching a cold by frequently washing your hands with soap and water.

How to protect yourself

Cold viruses can spread from infected people to others by air and close personal contacts. You can also become infected through contact with the feces (feces) or respiratory secretions of an infected person. This can happen if you shake hands with someone who has a cold or touch a surface such as a doorknob that has respiratory viruses on it, then touch your eyes, mouth, or nose.

You can reduce the risk of catching a cold:

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water. Wash them for 20 secondsand help children do the same. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer. Cold viruses can live on your hands, and washing your hands regularly can save you from getting sick.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands.Cold viruses can enter the body in this way and make you sick.
  • Stay away from the sick.Sick people can spread cold viruses through close contact with others.

How to treat and prevent a common cold
Pratica una buona etichetta per la cough e gli starnuti: tossisci e starnutisci sempre dentro un fazzoletto o una manica della camicia, coprendo completamente bocca e naso.

How to protect others

If you have a cold, follow these tips to prevent it from spreading to other people:

  • Stay at home when you are sick and keep your children away from school or kindergarten when they are sick.
  • Avoid close contact with others, such as hugging, kissing, or shaking hands.
  • Move away from people before cough or to sneeze.
  • Cough and sneeze into a tissue and then throw it away, or cough and sneeze into the top sleeve of your shirt, completely covering your mouth and nose.
  • Wash your hands after cough, to sneeze, or blowing your nose.
  • Disinfect frequently touched surfaces and objects such as toys, doorknobs and mobile devices.

There is no vaccine to protect against colds.

How to feel better

There is no cure for the common cold. To feel better, you need to get plenty of rest and drink plenty of fluids. Over-the-counter medications can help relieve symptoms, but they won’t make a cold go away any faster. Always read the label and use medications as directed. Talk to your doctor before giving your child over-the-counter cold medications as some medications contain ingredients that are not recommended for children. Learn more about how to relieve symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections, including colds.

Antibiotics will not help you recover from a cold caused by a respiratory virus. They don’t work against viruses and can make it harder for your body to fight off future bacterial infections if you catch them unnecessarily. Learn more about when antibiotics work.

When to see a doctor

You should see your doctor if you or your child have one or more of the following conditions:

  • symptoms lasting more than 10 days
  • severe or unusual symptoms
  • if your baby is less than 3 months old with fever or listlessness

You should also call your doctor right away if you are at high risk for serious flu complications and get flu symptoms such as fever, chills, and muscle or pains. People at high risk for complications of influenza include young children (under 5 years of age), adults aged 65 and over, pregnant women, and people with certain medical conditions such as asthma, diabetes, and heart disease.
Your doctor can determine if you or your child have a cold or the flu and can recommend treatments to relieve symptoms.

The causes of colds

Many different respiratory viruses can cause a cold, but rhinoviruses are the most common. Rhinoviruses can also trigger asthma attacks and are linked to sinus and ear infections. Other viruses that can cause the common cold include respiratory syncytial virus, human parainfluenza virus, adenovirus, common human coronavirus, and human metapneumovirus.

Know the difference between the common cold and the flu

The flu caused by flu viruses also spreads and makes you sick around the same time as the cold. Because the two diseases share similar symptoms, it can be difficult (or even impossible) to distinguish them based on symptoms alone. In general, flu symptoms are worse than the common cold and can include fever or feeling feverish/chills, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, muscle or pains, headache and fatigue (tiredness). The flu can also have serious complications. The CDC recommends having an annual flu shot as the first and best way to prevent flu. If you have the flu, antiviral drugs may be a treatment option.

Colds are very common. A visit to the doctor’s office is often not necessary, and a cold often clears up within 3 to 4 days.

A type of germ called a virus causes most colds. There are many types of viruses that can cause colds. Depending on the virus you have, the symptoms can vary.

The most common symptoms of a cold are:

  • Fever (100TO … F [37.7TO … C] or higher) and chills
  • Mal di testa, pains muscolari e affaticamento
  • Cough
  • Nasal symptoms, such as stuffiness, rhinorrhea, yellow or green snot, and to sneeze
  • Sore throat

Mild symptoms of COVID-19 can be similar to those of a common cold. Always consult your doctor if you are at risk of COVID-19.

Cold treatment

Treating the symptoms won’t make the cold go away, but it will help you feel better. Antibiotics are almost never needed to treat a cold.

Paracetamol (Tylenol) i ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) pomagają obniżyć gorączkę i złagodzić pains mięśni.

  • Don’t use aspirin.
  • Check the label for the correct dose.
  • Call your doctor if you need to take these medications more than 4 times a day or more than 2 or 3 days.

Leki na przeziębienie i cough dostępne bez recepty (OTC) mogą pomóc złagodzić objawy u dorosłych i starszych dzieci.

  • They are not recommended for children under the age of 6. Before giving your child over-the-counter cold medicine, he talks to your doctor that it could have serious side effects.
  • Coughing is your body’s way of getting mucus out of your lungs. Dlatego używaj syropów na cough tylko wtedy, gdy cough staje się zbyt bolesny.
  • Throat lozenges or sprays for your sore throat.

Wiele kupowanych leków na cough i przeziębienie zawiera więcej niż jeden lek. Read the labels carefully to make sure you are not taking too much of a drug. If you’re taking prescription medications for a different health issue, ask your provider which over-the-counter cold remedies are safe for you.

Drink plenty of fluids, get enough sleep, and stay away from secondhand smoke.

Wheezing can be a common symptom of a cold if you have asthma.

  • If you are panting, use your rescue inhaler as recommended.
  • Seek immediate medical attention if it becomes difficult to breathe.

Home remedies

Many home remedies are popular treatments for the common cold. These include vitamin C, zinc supplements, and echinacea.

While not helpful, most home remedies are safe for most people.

  • Some remedies can cause side effects or allergic reactions.
  • Some home remedies can change the way other medicines work.
  • Talk to your provider before trying herbs and supplements.

Preventing the spread of colds

Wash your hands often. This is the best way to stop the spread of germs.

To wash your hands properly:

  • Rub the soap on wet hands for 20 seconds. Make sure you get under your nails. Dry your hands with a clean paper towel and turn the tap with the paper towel.
  • You can also use alcohol-based hand sanitizers. Use a dime-sized amount and scrub all hands together until dry.

To further prevent colds:

  • Stay home when you are sick.
  • Cough or sneeze into a tissue or into the crook of your elbow and not into the air.

When to call the doctor?

Try treating colds at home first. Call your provider right away or go to the emergency room if you have:

  • Respiratory difficulties
  • Sudden chest pain or abdominal pain
  • Sudden dizziness
  • Behaving bizarre
  • Intense vomiting that doesn’t go away

Call your provider even if:

  • You start acting weird
  • Symptoms worsen or do not go away after 7-10 days

In this article

In this article

In this article

  • Help prevent colds by washing your hands often
  • Natural tips for cold prevention
  • Cold prevention in school

If you’re tired of getting cold, it’s time to learn some cold prevention techniques. There are ways to prevent colds. You just need to learn and use new behaviors and lifestyle habits every day. Here’s how you can stay healthy.

Help prevent colds by washing your hands often

The best protection against colds and flu is to wash your hands often. The simple friction that occurs when you rub your skin against your skin using warm soapy water, then rinse and dry thoroughly, can eliminate most potentially harmful germs.

While germs are often transmitted to others through household items – telephones, doorknobs, toothbrushes, and faucet handles – your hands are the main source of germs. That’s why frequent hand washing kills pathogenic germs and helps prevent the spread of certain diseases, especially if a family member, friend, or classmate has a cold or flu virus.

The CDC estimates that up to 56,000 people die each year from the flu or flu-like illnesses. The CDC also states that simple hand washing is the most important way to prevent the spread of viral and bacterial infections. However, some studies show that many Americans who use public restrooms do not wash their hands before going out. People also forget to wash their hands before preparing meals and take snacks without thinking about washing their hands first. If you want to prevent colds, stop and wash your hands.

Natural tips for cold prevention

A cold cannot be cured. The best thing you can do is stop yourself from getting the virus that causes colds.

For details, see WebMD’s 8 Natural Tips to Prevent Colds.

Cold prevention in school

In total, children miss about 22 million days of school due to the common cold virus. If you are a parent, you know how a cold can run through the family, making everyone miserable. But there are some great tips for keeping germs at bay.


Istituto Nazionale di Allergie e Malattie Infettive: "Freddo comune".
FDA: "Cosa fare per raffreddore e influenza".
American Lung Association: "Una guida di sopravvivenza per prevenire e curare l’influenza e il raffreddore".

National Jewish Medical and Research Center: "È raffreddore o influenza?"

The Common Cold & Flu

How to treat and prevent a common cold

Of course, when summer turns into autumn, the cold season arrives every year. As the kids go back to school and the office decorations turn into winter clothes and everyone starts spending more time at home, knowing how to prevent colds is an important step in keeping you and your family healthy as the infection rate. increases.

Effective protection against the cold

Prophylaxis is the best line of defense against colds. Fortunately, preventing colds is easier than treating them and includes daily activities you already do: i

  • Wash your hands. Wash your hands as usual – before meals, after using the bathroom – but go one step further by washing your hands during cold weather. Make sure you’re washing with warm to hot water for at least 20 seconds. A hand sanitizer will also work in the blink of an eye.
  • Don’t touch your face. Sure, sometimes you will have to touch your face during the day, but try to do this only when necessary and only with washed hands. Avoid your nose, eyes, and mouth in particular, as these are where the common cold virus can most easily enter your system.
  • Avoid those who already have a cold. The cold virus is easily spread through contact with a person with symptoms. Schools, offices, public transit, grocery stores—these are all places where it’s possible to come into contact with someone who has the common cold.

How to cure a cold

Put those antibiotics down. The common cold is a virus: it cannot be cured with antibiotics.

The truth is, there is no cure for the common cold. If prevention efforts didn’t work and you still find yourself experiencing symptoms, easing those symptoms is the best you can do until the cold has run its course. Ways you can take care of cold symptoms (and yourself) include:

  • Rest. Don’t push yourself too hard. Take time off if you can, and don’t over-exert yourself.
  • Stay hydrated. Water and sugar-free drinks are now your best friends. Warm liquids are also helpful for soothing sore throats.[i]
  • Try over-the-counter medications to relieve symptoms such as pain and shortness of breath. While you can’t prevent a cold with OTC medicines, you can seek symptom relief. Depending on age and symptoms, Advil® Multi-Symptom Cold & Flu or Advil® Cold & Sinus may be appropriate options.
  • Try a humidifier. Adding moisture to the air can help soothe dry sinuses and reduce congestion. [Ii]

  • How to treat and prevent a common cold

Drink water, stay hydrated to prevent and treat colds

Drinking water to prevent and treat the common cold has proven to be of utmost importance. If you don’t want to get sick or suffer with worsening allergy flare ups, you gotta make sure you are drinking enough water each and every day. According to Dr Charles Davis of MedicineNet. please:

The outflow of mucus from the sinuses can also be hindered by thickening the mucus, reducing hydration (water content) …

Think this way. Every second of the day you are exposed to allergens, bacteria and viruses. They live on your skin, they are in the air you breathe and they are on whatever you touch. Jasne, musisz umyć ręce i użyć balsamu do dezynfekcji rąk, a niektórzy mogą wstrzymać oddech w windzie z to sneezem, ale nadal jesteś mniejszością w świecie bilionów mikroskopijnych organizmów i substancji, które mogą wywołać chorobę.

Your advantage: the immune system. Your body’s military is ready to deploy at the first sign of invasion. However, these cells are like predatory fish. They need water to travel efficiently through your body. If the river flowing through the blood vessels is dense, these military cells have difficulty reaching their destination. Therefore, staying dehydrated can greatly increase your risk of getting sick.

We know that you can’t actually catch a cold if it’s cold. Researchers have speculated that people spend more time indoors with each other, which allows for easier spread of pathogens through air, touch, etc. I’m not too sure I buy this theory because most of us are indoors most of the day regardless of the season. It makes more sense to me that most of us don’t drink a lot of water in the winter due to the cooler temperatures. Personally, I hate drinking cold water when it’s fresh. Apparently, this mild level of dehydration can put you at risk.

Keep it simple and make a plan to drink water throughout the day. If you haven’t drunk water in the last hour, you need to drink. Always start and end the day with at least half a glass of water. Drink a full glass with every meal and drink with every snack. If you drink alcohol, you may need to drink more water to counteract the dehydrating effects with a few more drinks.

Two general rules you need to know when you need to drink water:

  1. If your urine is yellow to dark yellow, drink more.
  2. If you are thirsty, you are already dehydrated.

Always be sure to ask your doctor about your drinking habits if you have heart or kidney problems.

Otherwise, keep drinking and enjoying the many health benefits of nature’s best.

What are you doing to avoid getting sick? Leave your healthy advice in the Facebook comments section below!

One day everything will be fine. The next you have a scratchy throat, watery eyes, and a rhinorrhea. There’s a tickle in the back of your throat, and your normally high energy is nowhere to be found.

Yes, these are the first signs that something is happening. But don’t grab the tissue box just yet and jump to bed just yet – there are ways to nip that cold in the bud.

Rest and reduce stress

There’s a “mind-body” link when it comes to fighting off a cold, says Irene M. Estores, MD, of University of Florida Health. If you are feeling tired, overworked, sad or angry, these emotions can make your mood worse. It can slow down your immune system just when you need it at full power to fight the common cold virus.

Listen to your body when you feel a cold coming. Get as much sleep as you can. Also, try to cope with stress. “When you’re stressed, you’re more likely to catch a cold,” Estores says.

Usually, when you feel a cold is coming, your immune system gets activated and fights the virus. But too much stress reduces the number of cells that make up the first line of defense. Stress also increases the cortisol levels in your body. This hormone destroys your immune system, making you an easier target for a cold.

So do something that relaxes you: listen to music, meditate, or do a light workout. And remember to rest, Estores says. Your body needs it too.


When your head or nose is blocked, liquids are your friend. They will help clear the nose and thin the mucus so that it can be expelled or blown away, says Dr. Jean Carstensen, who teaches medicine and pediatrics at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor.

Keep a full glass nearby. As long as it’s free of alcohol or caffeine, each drink will help you stay hydrated. But plain water is the best, says Carstensen.

If you have a fever, drink even more. High temperatures can dehydrate you when you sweat.

Sip hot tea and honey

Drinking warm liquids helps to open up your stuffy nose and soothe a sore throat. Gorąca herbata z odrobiną miodu może uciszyć cough. But don’t give honey to babies under 1 year old. If it contains bacteria called Clostridium, it can cause botulism and make your little one seriously ill.

Act fast

If you can’t stop a cold, it will take 5-7 days for symptoms to improve, says Carstensen.

To help you feel better until it goes away, start with over-the-counter medications like antihistamines with decongestants. Możesz zażywać leki przeciwbólowe, takie jak ibuprofen i paracetamol na pains i pains. TO ..

Nie podawaj dziecku w wieku poniżej 4 lat żadnych leków na cough ani przeziębienie ze względu na zagrożenie bezpieczeństwa u tak małych dzieci. For older children, teenagers, and even adults, be sure to follow all dosing instructions on the label. TO ..
TO ..


Irene M. Estores, MD, Medical Director, Integrative Medicine Program, University of Florida Health.

Jean C. Carstensen, MD, Clinical Instructor in Internal Medicine and Pediatrics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.

Istituto Nazionale di Allergie e Malattie Infettive: "Raffreddi comuni: proteggi te stesso e gli altri".

Cohen, S.Psychological science, September 2003.

Pubblicazioni sulla salute di Harvard: "Utilizzare la risposta di rilassamento per ridurre lo stress".

Cohen, S.Materials of the National Academy of Sciences, April 2012.


  • 1 Department of Family Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA.
  • PMID: 31478634

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  • 1 Department of Family Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA.
  • PMID: 31478634


Acute upper respiratory tract infections are extremely common in adults and children, but only a few safe and effective treatments are available. Patients typically present with nasal congestion, rhinorrhea, sore throat, cough, general malaise, and/or low-grade fever. Educating patients about the self-limiting nature of the common cold can help meet expectations, reduce antibiotic use, and avoid over-the-counter purchases, which may not help. Leczenie o udowodnionej skuteczności w leczeniu objawów przeziębienia u dorosłych obejmuje dostępne bez recepty leki przeciwbólowe, cynk, leki zmniejszające przekrwienie błony śluzowej nosa z lub bez leków przeciwhistaminowych oraz ipratropium na cough. Lower quality evidence suggests that Lactobacillus casei may be useful in the elderly. The only safe and effective treatments for babies are acetylcysteine, honey (for children from 1 year of age), nose rinse with saline, intranasal ipratropium and topical application of an ointment containing camphor, menthol and eucalyptus oils. Over-the-counter cold remedies should not be used in children under the age of four. The best way to prevent the transmission of cold viruses is to advise patients on the importance of good hand hygiene.