How to treat a skin infection

Medically proven by drugs. com. Last updated March 4, 2021

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THINGS YOU NANDANDD TO SANDP:

What Should I Know About Yeast Skin Infection?

Yeast is usually present on the skin. Infection occurs when you have too much yeast or when they get into a cut on the skin. Some types of mold and mildew can cause a yeast infection. A skin yeast infection can appear anywhere on the skin or nail beds. Yeast infections of the skin usually occur on hot, humid parts of the body. ANDxamples include between skin folds or under the breasts.

What increases the risk of a yeast skin infection?

  • The elderly, Andspecially when the skin becomes thinner and easier to tear
  • Obesity, which causes skin folds where moisture can build up
  • Diapers that are not changed regularly and allow moisture to settle on the baby’s skin
  • Diabetess mellitus, Andspecially if it is not controlled
  • A bed that allows moisture to accumulate on the skin
  • Problems with the immune system
  • Certain medications, including antibiotics or drugs that suppress the immune system
  • Pregnancy or hormonal changes
  • Moisture stays on your feet or between your toes after you shower, or it builds up under the ring you wear

What are the signs and symptoms of a yeast skin infection?

Signs and symptoms will depend on the type of yeast causing the infection and the location of the infection.

  • Red, scaly skin
  • Changes in skin color, Andspecially a strong red color
  • Itchy, dry skin
  • Painful, cracked skin in the corners of the mouth
  • Thick, discolored and chipped nails
  • Skin lesions, which may be red or purple and round
  • The oil blows

How is yeast skin infection diagnosed and treated?

Your doctor may know that you have skin candidiasis based on your symptoms. He might take a sample of your skin to see if there is any fungus. He might also look at areas of your skin under ultraviolet light to show what type of yeast infection you have. An antifungal cream or ointment may be given to treat the infection. An antifungal drug in pill form may be given if the infection is severe.

How to take care of the skin around an infection?

You may only have discolored skin patches or dry, scaly areas. Take care of these skin problems as directed by your doctor. If you have sore skin or an open wound, you need to protect your skin and prevent damage. You will also need to keep the skin as dry as possible. Ask your doctor how to care for your skin after the infection has cleared. Here are some general guidelines for caring for sore or open skin:

  • Keep your skin clean. Ask your doctor if you should wash yourself with mild soap and water. Do not use alcohol-containing soap. Alcohol can dry and irritate the skin and make symptoms worse. Your baby’s doctor may recommend that you use diaper cream or ointment when you change the diaper. This will protect the skin and prevent moisture buildup.
  • Keep your skin dry. Dry the surface with a towel. Do not rub as it may irritate the skin. If you have a skin yeast infection between the skin folds, gently lift the top and hold it between the skin folds while drying. Always get your feet out well after swimming or bathing, Andven between the toes. Wipe off your skin if you sweat from exercise or heat exposure. Use a clean towel every time to prevent the infection from spreading or continuing.
  • Protect your skin. Ask your doctor if you should cover the area with a bandage or leave it open. Check your skin every day to make sure you don’t have new or worsening problems. Someone may need to check your skin if you can’t see the area easily.

What can i do to prevent skin yeast?

  • Don’t share clothes or towels
  • Please wear shower shoes if you need to use the public shower
  • Dry your feet thoroughly after bathing and apply antifungal powder or cream as directed
  • Put on your socks before getting dressed to avoid spreading the fungus from your feet
  • Wear light clothing that allows air to enter your skin
  • Check your weight to prevent skin folds where yeast can build up
  • Manage your diabetes
  • Change your baby’s diaper frequently and keep the area as clean and dry as possible
  • Use a diaper cream or ointment containing zinc oxide or dimethicone on the baby’s diaper area as directed

When should i seek immediate assistance?

  • You have signs of infection such as pus, heat, or red streaks coming out of a wound or fever.

When should I contact my doctor?

  • Symptoms worsen or do not go away within 7-10 days.
  • You develop new or recurring symptoms of skin yeast infection after treatment.
  • You have questions or concerns about your health or care condition.

ANDxcess of custody

Learn more about yeast infection of the skin

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Further information

Always consult your doctor to make sure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.

Staph (pronounced personal) is short for Staphylococcus. Staph is a type of germ (bacteria) that can cause infections almost anywhere in the body.

A type of staph called methicillin resistantStaphylococcus aureus (MRSAND) is more difficult to treat. This is because MRSAND is not killed by some drugs (antibiotics) used to treat other staph germs.

How does Staph spread?

Many healthy people usually have staph on the skin, nose, or other areas of the body. In most cases, the germ does not cause infections or symptoms. This is called staphylococcal colonization. These people are called carriers. They can spread staph to others. Some people colonized with staph develop the actual staph infection which makes them sick.

Most staphylococcal germs are spread through skin contact. They can also spread when you touch something that has a staph embryo, such as a piece of clothing or a towel. Staph germs can then get into cracks in the skin, such as cuts, scrapes, or pimples. Usually the infection is small and remains in the skin. But the infection can spread deeper and affect the blood, bones or joints. They can also attack organs such as the lungs, heart, or brain. Severe cases can be life-threatening.

What are the risk factors for staph infection?

You are more likely to get infected with a staph if:

  • You have an open cut or pain
  • Injecting illegal drugs
  • Having a medical tube such as a urinary catheter or feeding tube
  • Having a medical device, such as an artificial joint, in your body
  • You have a weak immune system or ongoing (chronic) disease
  • Live or have close contact with someone who has a death grip
  • Play contact sports or share sports equipment
  • Share with other items such as towels, razors and cosmetics
  • I recently stayed in a hospital or long term care facility

How do you know if you have a staph infection?

Symptoms depend on the location of the infection. For example, if you have a skin infection, you may have blisters or a painful rash called impetigo. If you have a severe infection like toxic shock syndrome, you may have a high fever, nausea and vomiting, and a sunburn-like rash.

The only way to be sure you have a staph infection is to see a doctor.

  • A cotton swab is used to collect a sample from an open rash or skin wound.
  • You can also take a sample of blood, urine, or sputum.
  • The sample is sent to a laboratory to be tested for the presence of staph. If a staph is found, it will be tested to see which antibiotic to use to treat the infection.

Treatment

If the test results show you have a staph infection, treatment may include:

  • Taking antibiotics
  • Cleaning and drying of wounds
  • The operation of removing the infected device

Prevention of staph infection

Follow the steps below to avoid staph infection and prevent it from spreading.

  • Keep your hands clean by washing them thoroughly with soap and water. Or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Keep cuts and scrapes clean and cover with bandages until they heal.
  • Avoid contact with other people’s wounds or bandages.
  • Do not share personal items such as towels, clothing, or cosmetics.

Simple steps for athletes include:

  • Cover wounds with a clean bandage. Don’t touch other people’s bandages.
  • Wash your hands thoroughly before and after playing sports.
  • Shower immediately after your workout. Don’t share soap, razors, or towels.
  • If you share sports equipment, first clean it with an antiseptic solution or wipes. Put a piece of clothing or a towel between your skin and the equipment.
  • Do not use a regular hot tub or sauna if it has been used by another person with an open wound. Always use clothes or a towel as a barrier.
  • Do not use splints, bandages or braces.
  • Make sure the shared showers are clean. If they’re not clean, take a shower at home.

Alternative names

Staphylococcal infections – self-care at home; Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus – self-care at home; CSAND infections – self-care at home

Bibliography

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Staph infections can kill. www. CANDNTANDR FOR PRANDVANDNTION AND CONTROL OF MANDLANDTTIAND. gov / vital signs / staph / index. html. Updated on March 22, 2019. ANDxcess to May 23, 2019.

High frequency chambers. Staphylococcal infections. In: Goldman L, Schafer ANDI, Andd. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: ANDlsevier Saunders; 2016: cap. 288.

Rupp IO, fairy police. Staphylococcus epidermidis and other coagulase negative. Staphylococci. In: Bennett JAND, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, Andd. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, updated edition. 8th edition. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: ANDlsevier Saunders; 2015: cap. 197.

Staph (pronounced personal) is short for Staphylococcus. Staph is a type of germ (bacteria) that can cause infections almost anywhere in the body.

A type of staph called methicillin resistantStaphylococcus aureus (MRSAND) is more difficult to treat. This is because MRSAND is not killed by some drugs (antibiotics) used to treat other staph germs.

How does Staph spread?

Many healthy people usually have staph on the skin, nose, or other areas of the body. In most cases, the germ does not cause infections or symptoms. This is called staphylococcal colonization. These people are called carriers. They can spread staph to others. Some people colonized with staph develop the actual staph infection which makes them sick.

Most staphylococcal germs are spread through skin contact. They can also spread when you touch something that has a staph embryo, such as a piece of clothing or a towel. Staph germs can then get into cracks in the skin, such as cuts, scrapes, or pimples. Usually the infection is small and remains in the skin. But the infection can spread deeper and affect the blood, bones or joints. They can also attack organs such as the lungs, heart, or brain. Severe cases can be life-threatening.

What are the risk factors for staph infection?

You are more likely to get infected with a staph if:

  • You have an open cut or pain
  • Injecting illegal drugs
  • Having a medical tube such as a urinary catheter or feeding tube
  • Having a medical device, such as an artificial joint, in your body
  • You have a weak immune system or ongoing (chronic) disease
  • Live or have close contact with someone who has a death grip
  • Play contact sports or share sports equipment
  • Share with other items such as towels, razors and cosmetics
  • I recently stayed in a hospital or long term care facility

How do you know if you have a staph infection?

Symptoms depend on the location of the infection. For example, if you have a skin infection, you may have blisters or a painful rash called impetigo. If you have a severe infection like toxic shock syndrome, you may have a high fever, nausea and vomiting, and a sunburn-like rash.

The only way to be sure you have a staph infection is to see a doctor.

  • A cotton swab is used to collect a sample from an open rash or skin wound.
  • You can also take a sample of blood, urine, or sputum.
  • The sample is sent to a laboratory to be tested for the presence of staph. If a staph is found, it will be tested to see which antibiotic to use to treat the infection.

Treatment

If the test results show you have a staph infection, treatment may include:

  • Taking antibiotics
  • Cleaning and drying of wounds
  • The operation of removing the infected device

Prevention of staph infection

Follow the steps below to avoid staph infection and prevent it from spreading.

  • Keep your hands clean by washing them thoroughly with soap and water. Or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Keep cuts and scrapes clean and cover with bandages until they heal.
  • Avoid contact with other people’s wounds or bandages.
  • Do not share personal items such as towels, clothing, or cosmetics.

Simple steps for athletes include:

  • Cover wounds with a clean bandage. Don’t touch other people’s bandages.
  • Wash your hands thoroughly before and after playing sports.
  • Shower immediately after your workout. Don’t share soap, razors, or towels.
  • If you share sports equipment, first clean it with an antiseptic solution or wipes. Put a piece of clothing or a towel between your skin and the equipment.
  • Do not use a regular hot tub or sauna if it has been used by another person with an open wound. Always use clothes or a towel as a barrier.
  • Do not use splints, bandages or braces.
  • Make sure the shared showers are clean. If they’re not clean, take a shower at home.

Alternative names

Staphylococcal infections – self-care at home; Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus – self-care at home; CSAND infections – self-care at home

Bibliography

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Staph infections can kill. www. CANDNTANDR FOR PRANDVANDNTION AND CONTROL OF MANDLANDTTIAND. gov / vital signs / staph / index. html. Updated on March 22, 2019. ANDxcess to May 23, 2019.

High frequency chambers. Staphylococcal infections. In: Goldman L, Schafer ANDI, Andd. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: ANDlsevier Saunders; 2016: cap. 288.

Rupp IO, fairy police. Staphylococcus epidermidis and other coagulase negative. Staphylococci. In: Bennett JAND, Dolin R, Blaser MJ, Andd. Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, updated edition. 8th edition. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: ANDlsevier Saunders; 2015: cap. 197.

Is your skin swollen, red and soft to the touch? It could be a skin infection.

If you have a skin infection, your doctor can determine if you need an antibiotic.

What are skin infections?

Skin infections occur when bacteria infect the skin and sometimes the deep tissue under the skin.Celluliteis a common type of skin infection that causes redness, swelling, and pain in the infected area of ​​the skin.

Another type of skin infection isskin abscessthat is, the collection of pus under the skin.

Causess

Normally, different types of bacteria live on a person’s skin. Cellulite or abscess can occur if there is a cut or a break in the skin that allows bacteria to enter and cause an infection.

Risk factors

Certain factors can increase the risk of cellulite, including:

  • Skin trauma
  • Skin diseases such as ringworm or eczema
  • Chronic swelling of the legs or arms
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes

Symptoms

Symptoms of cellulitis can come on gradually or suddenly and include:

  • Flushing of the skin
  • Pain, tenderness, or warmth from contact with the affected skin
  • Swelling of the affected area

An abscess has symptoms similar to cellulite, but it also contains pus that can sometimes leak out.

When to seek medical assistance

See a doctor right away if your baby is under 3 months old and has a fever of 100.4 ° F (38 ° C) or higher.

See your doctor if you have symptoms of cellulitis or abscess. While most cases of cellulite clear up quickly with treatment, some can spread to the lymph nodes and bloodstream and can be life-threatening.

Treatment

Your doctor will determine if you have a skin infection by asking about your symptoms and doing a physical exam.

Antibiotics are needed to cure cellulite.

If you have a skin abscess, your doctor may need to drain the pus from the abscess. And sometimes antibiotics are needed to drain the abscesses.

Whenever you take antibiotics, they can cause side effects. Side effects can range from minor problems like a rash to very serious health problems like antibiotic-resistant infections and C. the difference an infection that causes diarrhea that can lead to severe colon damage and death. Call your doctor if you experience any side effects while taking the antibiotic.

In some cases, severe infections need to be treated in the hospital.

How to feel better

If you are prescribed antibiotics for a skin infection:

  • Take them exactly as prescribed by your doctor.
  • Don’t share your antibiotics with others.
  • Don’t save them for later. Talk to your pharmacist about the safe disposal of leftover medications.

Talk to your doctor if you have any questions about antibiotics. Keeping the area clean is important so that the skin infection can improve. If the infection is in the leg, Andlevating the leg can help reduce swelling.

Prevention

You can help prevent skin infections by following these steps:

  • Wash your hands.
  • Wash the incisions with soap and water.
  • Talk to your doctor about steps you can take to prevent skin infections, Andspecially if you have a medical condition, such as diabetes, which increases the risk of some skin infections.

How to treat a skin infection

Fungi are microorganisms that live in various places, including the human body. They can appear for a variety of reasons and cause a variety of symptoms, such as: irritation and redness of the skin which can lead to infections. These infections usually occur in the humid areas of our body, as these are the areas where the most fungi can be found. An infection can be caused by a weak immune system or disease, although most people get it through exposure to various factors. Fungal infections can appear on various parts of our skin and body, as well as, for example, on the nails and scalp.

These infections cause itching and discomfort, so it’s important to treat them well. In this article we explain how to treat mycosis of the skin.

Before we begin, we need to understand the reasons why a fungal infection can occur in our body. Causess of a fungal infection:

  • First, possession is essentialgood personal hygiene,as it is a major cause of fungal infections.
  • ANDpoor nutritionwhich leads to a deficit of the immune system.
  • Contact with people who have a fungal infection.Fungal infections are contagious and spread among humans mainly through sexual intercourse.
  • ANDntybiotyki. ANDntybiotyki and other medicines can increase our chances of developing fungal infections by weakening our immune system.

One way to get rid of ringworm is garlic.Eat garlic on an empty stomach can be very effective as it acts as an antifungal treatment, i. e. it counteracts the fungal infection as well as preventing it from spreading. You can drink a glass of water or some lemon juice with it.

Another option is to apply a compress with crushed garlic directly to the skin. Just crush the raw garlic clove, wrap it in gauze and apply it to the affected area, trying to squeeze the juice to wet the area.

How to treat a skin infection

ANDloes it is known for its many healing properties. In case of fungal infections, she antiseptic properties prevent the growth of bacteria. Take some aloe vera and apply it directly to the affected body part and let it dry. You can do this several times a day.

How to treat a skin infection

Essential oils are very useful for fungal infections if you add a little oregano. You can also take some oregano oil and mix it with some olive oil to spread on the affected area.

Lemon it also has properties that can help fight fungal infections. It strengthens the immune system and removes toxins from our body. Squeeze a few lemons and apply the liquid to the area of ​​the fungal infection.

How to treat a skin infection

apple cider vinegar it is also a good option for treating a fungal skin infection. Preparare una miscela di acqua e apple cider vinegar in parti uguali in un contenitore. Vinegar contains acetic acid, which is effective against fungal infections on the hands, feet and nails. Apply to the infected area of ​​the body, then dry it.

How to treat a skin infection

Even though it may seem like a lie,Yogurt it is effective as a home remedy for treating fungal skin infections. Dzieje się tak, ponieważ fermenty Yogurtowe działają jak fungicydy przeciwko infekcji grzybiczej. To tak proste, jak umieszczenie na chwilę Yogurtu naturalnego na dotkniętym obszarze. Plus, if you put a few drops of lemon in it, it will work even better.

How to treat a skin infection

Other treatments that can be used for fungal infections include:routine antifungal medications available at the pharmacy in creams, gels, sprays and powders. They destroy fungal skin infections by preventing them from spreading.

Improvego to your doctorto be evaluated on a case-by-case basis as treatments vary depending on the person or type of fungal infection.

How to treat a skin infection

This article is for informational purposes only, oneHOWTO does not have the authority to prescribe any medical treatment or make a diagnosis. Please visit your doctor if you are suffering from any disease or pain.

If you want to read related articles toHow to treat mycosis of the skin?,we recommend you visit our Diseases & secondary effects category.

, MD, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center

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Fungi usually settle in moist places on the body, in contact with the surface of the skin: between the toes, in the genital area and under the breasts. Common fungal skin infections are caused by yeasts (such as Candide or Malassezia furfur) or dermatophytes such as ANDpidermofitone,Microspore, AndTrichophyton. Many of these fungi live only in the most superficial layer of the epidermis (the stratum corneum) and do not penetrate deeper. Obese people are more likely to get these infections because they have excessive skin folds, Andspecially if the skin within a skin fold becomes irritated and broken down (intertrigo). People with diabetes are also more prone to fungal infections.

Oddly, fungal infections on one part of the body can cause rashes on other parts of the body that aren’t infected. For example, a fungal infection on the foot can cause an itchy, bumpy rash on the toes. These rashes (dermatophytids or identity or id reactions) are allergic reactions to the fungus. They do not arise from contact with an infected area.

Diagnosisss

Skin or culture scraping

Doctors may suspect a fungal infection when they see a red, sore, or scaly rash in one of the commonly affected areas.

They can usually confirm a diagnosis of a fungal skin infection by scraping a small amount of skin and examining it under a microscope, or by placing it in a culture medium where the fungus can grow and be identified.

Treatment

Anti-humidity measures

Fungal infections are typically treated with antifungal medications, usually with antifungal medications applied directly to the affected area (called topical medications). Topical medications can include creams, gels, lotions, solutions, or shampoos. Antifungal drugs can also be taken orally.

In addition to medications, people can use measures to keep affected areas dry, such as applying powders or wearing open shoes.

For some infections, doctors give corticosteroids to relieve inflammation and itching.

Prevention is key to avoiding this unpleasant and uncomfortable rash

Heather L. Brannon, MD, is a family physician in Mauldin, South Carolina. In practice for over 20 years.

Casey Gallagher, MD, is certified in dermatology and works as a practicing dermatologist and clinical professor.

Intertrigo (intertriginous dermatitis) is an inflammatory rash that occurs between skin folds—areas of the body where skin touches skin, such as the armpits, the groin, under breasts, or within fat folds—as a result of friction, moisture, Andlack of airflow.

Since these folds are warm and humid, they provide ideal conditions forWhite albicans(yeast), other fungi or bacteria that take hold, infecting the rash and worsening symptoms.

Intertrigo Symptoms

Intertrigo is characterized by an intensely red, macerated, glistening rash with peeling on the edges. The rash extends just beyond the borders of the opposite skin folds. The rash can cause itching, burning, Andstinging.

Intertrigo presents as diaper rash in infants and adults with urinary incontinence; urine and feces can aggravate an existing rash and prevent healing.

Satellite changes (small areas of the same rash that are close to the main one) are characteristic of the shift andWhiteskin infections, although intertrigo is not directly caused byWhite.

Complications

While intertrigo itself is not a yeast infection, worsening symptoms suggest that the area has become infected with yeast or bacteria, Andcrusting, erosions, Andother complications can occur as a result. In severe cases, infected areas may ooze or emit a foul odor.

In people with diabetes, infectious intertrigo may result in cellulitis, a potentially serious infection that can cause red streaks, fever, nausea, Andvomiting.

This photo contains content that some people may find drastic or disturbing.

How to treat a skin infection

Causess

You are at risk of developing intertrigo if:

  • You are overweight or obese
  • have diabetes
  • You have psoriasis
  • have incontinence and wear diapers
  • You have a weak immune system from chemotherapy or HIV
  • Wear a splint, brace, or prosthetic limb

Hot, humid weather can cause intertrigo, Andspecially in those who have other risk factors. Skin exposed to urine or feces is also more prone to infections.

Wearing tight, abrasive undergarments or dirty or sweaty clothing, in general, increases the risk, as does poor hygiene or not showering or bathing every day, Andspecially after exercise.

Intertrigo can be a side effect of some medications, so talk to your doctor to make adjustments if you think any medications you’re taking may be a factor. If you have psoriasis, talk to your doctor about how to better manage this condition to prevent intertrigo from developing.

Diagnosisss

Most cases of blemishes can be diagnosed by the distinctive appearance of the rash and by considering the risk profile.

If there is any question about the diagnosis, a KOH test—in which dead skin cells are scraped on to a slide, mixed with a potassium hydroxide solution, Andheated before being examined under a microscope—can be performed to detect the presence of yeast (this is a painless procedure).

ANDbacterial culture can help diagnose a secondary bacterial infection if present.

Treatment

Simple, uninfected intertrigo can be treated with barrier ointments, such as petrolatum (petroleum jelly) and zinc oxide (desitin). Applying cotton compresses soaked in a drying solution such as Burov’s solution to the skin folds for 20 to 30 minutes several times a day can also help heal the rash.

For White and other fungal infections, topical creams are used; some are available both over the counter and by prescription. They include:

  • ANDcoza, Spectazolo (econazolo)
  • ANDxtina, Nizoral AND-D (ketoconazole)
  • Lotrimin ANDF (klotrimazol)
  • Topical mycostatin, NyStop (nystatin)
  • Oxistat (Oxiconazole)
  • Zeabsorb ANDF (mikonazol)

ANDntibiotic ointments, available by prescription, are typically used for bacterial infections. They include:

  • Baktroban (mupirocin)
  • ANDrymax, Romicina (eritromicina)

The doctor may also prescribe a topical steroid cream, such as hydrocortisone, to reduce itching. In some cases, oral antifungals and antibiotics are needed to treat the infection.

Prevention

Prevention is key. Once intertrigo sets in, it can be difficult to cure unless the root causes (such as obesity) are addressed. To prevent infection, take the following steps:

  • Keep the skin folds as dry as possible.
  • Remove sweaty clothing as soon as possible after exercise.
  • Use an antiperspirant to keep your armpits dry.
  • Wash with antibacterial soap every day.
  • Apply antifungal powder on prone areas.
  • Dry thoroughly after a bath or shower.
  • Reduce skin-to-skin contact.
  • Wear loose, soft underwear instead of tight bras and underwear.
  • Wear a supportive bra if the skin under your breasts is infected.
  • Change diapers often and clean the area well.
  • If you have diabetes, make sure your blood sugar is well controlled.

ANDWord From Verywell

Intertrigo can be uncomfortable and stubborn, so try to be vigilant about taking preventative measures and doing what you can to eliminate the risk factors that are under your control. Even if you are certain that the skin condition is the cause of your discomfort, it is best to consult a doctor to get a correct diagnosis and an effective treatment plan.

, MD, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center

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Fungi usually settle in moist places on the body, in contact with the surface of the skin: between the toes, in the genital area and under the breasts. Common fungal skin infections are caused by yeasts (such as Candide or Malassezia furfur) or dermatophytes such as ANDpidermofitone,Microspore, AndTrichophyton. Many of these fungi live only in the most superficial layer of the epidermis (the stratum corneum) and do not penetrate deeper. Obese people are more likely to get these infections because they have excessive skin folds, Andspecially if the skin within a skin fold becomes irritated and broken down (intertrigo). People with diabetes are also more prone to fungal infections.

Oddly, fungal infections on one part of the body can cause rashes on other parts of the body that aren’t infected. For example, a fungal infection on the foot can cause an itchy, bumpy rash on the toes. These rashes (dermatophytids or identity or id reactions) are allergic reactions to the fungus. They do not arise from contact with an infected area.

Diagnosisss

Skin or culture scraping

Doctors may suspect a fungal infection when they see a red, sore, or scaly rash in one of the commonly affected areas.

They can usually confirm a diagnosis of a fungal skin infection by scraping a small amount of skin and examining it under a microscope, or by placing it in a culture medium where the fungus can grow and be identified.

Treatment

Anti-humidity measures

Fungal infections are typically treated with antifungal medications, usually with antifungal medications applied directly to the affected area (called topical medications). Topical medications can include creams, gels, lotions, solutions, or shampoos. Antifungal drugs can also be taken orally.

In addition to medications, people can use measures to keep affected areas dry, such as applying powders or wearing open shoes.

For some infections, doctors give corticosteroids to relieve inflammation and itching.