How to skin a snake

How to skin a snake

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How to skin a snake

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How to skin a snake

COLLAGEN

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How to skin a snake

GREEN CAVIAR

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RETINOL

Retinol is a derivative of Vitamin A known to smooth lines and wrinkles, minimising the appearance of ageing and contributing to a youthful, glowing complexion. This true skin firmer is the hot-to-trot ingredient in anti-ageing skin care, working to increase the turnover of skin cells and encourage the production of collagen and elastin.

Green Tree Snakes have large eyes and keen eyesight. Its colour varies from grey to olive-green in NSW and most of QLD, dark brown, black or blue in northern QLD, golden yellow with a bluish head in the NT. The skin between the scales is light blue.

Where do they live?

The Green or Common Tree Snake (Dendrelaphis punctulatus) is one of the most commonly seen snakes in suburban backyards, parks, and even inner city gardens. It lives in northern and eastern Australia.

Green Tree Snakes are active during the day. At night the Green Tree Snake sleeps in tree hollows, rock crevices, narrow caves or abandoned buildings. During winter, groups of snakes congregate together to conserve heat.

Fast facts:

  1. Green Tree Snakes have no fangs and no venom. They are very reluctant to bite and would rather slither away. If provoked, a Green Tree Snake will rise up, inflate its throat and body, and make a stink from its anal glands – so best not to get too close.
  2. Snake skin is not slimy. It is dry and is made up of keratin, which is the same material that makes up human hair and fingernails.

Green Tree Snake – the full story

The Green or Common Tree Snake is one of the most commonly seen snakes in suburban backyards, parks, and even inner city gardens. It lives in northern and eastern Australia.

Green Tree Snakes have no fangs and no venom. They are very reluctant to bite and would rather slither away. If provoked, a Green Tree Snake will rise up, inflate its throat and body, and make a stink from its anal glands – so best not to get too close.

Look out for Green Tree Snakes sunbathing on rocks, windowsills, fences, on outdoor furniture, climbing on the beams or railings of the veranda, pergola, shed or garage. They are fast climbers that spend most of their time up in the trees. They are usually active during the day and come down to the ground to hunt.

Mainly active during the day, Green Tree Snakes eat frogs, skinks, geckos, lizards, reptile eggs, small mammals, stranded tadpoles and fish, and even the occasional water skink if they can catch them. They are active hunters and sniff out their prey as they probe leaves and loose soil with their heads.

Green Tree Snakes are very inquisitive and will have a good look at you if you spot it in the garden. They have large eyes and keen eyesight. It can camouflage itself amongst tree branches where it often looks like a branch, but also amongst leaves, plants and leaf litter. Its colour varies from grey to olive-green in NSW and most of QLD, dark brown, black or blue in northern QLD, golden yellow with a bluish head in the NT. The skin between the scales is light blue.

At night the Green Tree Snake sleeps in tree hollows, rock crevices, narrow caves or abandoned buildings. During winter, groups of snakes congregate together to conserve heat.

Did you know?

Snake skin is not slimy. It is dry and is made up of keratin, which is the same material that makes up human hair and fingernails.

Tip

Not everything that slithers in the garden is a snake. Harmless lizards like Blue-tongued or Pink-tongued Skinks are often mistaken for snakes. They move in a snake-like manner with their legs held tightly against their sides. If you see a scaly body slithering through the leaf-litter, go to a safe spot where you can watch it for a while, and you may discover that you don’t have a snake visitor at all.

How to skin a snake

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Table of Contents

Snakes are reptiles that are found mostly in tropical regions of the world. The only places where there are no snakes are Iceland, Greenland, New Zealand, Ireland, and Antarctica. They are cold-blooded reptiles that depend on the heat from the sun and their surroundings to control the temperature of their bodies. For more information on snakes, see the list below or alternatively download our comprehensive worksheet pack to utilize within the classroom or home environment.

  • There are about 3,000 different kinds of snakes, and of these, about 375 are venomous. There are 126 types of snakes in the United States, but only 19 are harmful to people. The venom of the king cobra, the world’s largest venomous snake, is strong enough to kill an elephant.
  • Snakes are reptiles that have long, flexible bodies and no arms or legs, and they come in a variety of physical shapes and sizes. Those that live in water tend to be long and flat, while tree-dwelling snakes are long and thin, with a tail that they can use to wrap around branches. Snakes that burrow into the ground tend to be shorter and more compact. All snakes have unblinking, lidless eyes, that are each protected by a transparent scale. Snakes are deaf to airborne sounds, and so they ‘hear’ by picking up vibrations through their jawbones.
  • Snakes come in a variety of colors and patterns. Venomous snakes tend to be brightly colored, as bright colors act as a warning to predators that they should stay away.
  • There are some non-venomous snakes that are also brightly colored, and this is so predators will be fooled into thinking that they are venomous, and will leave them alone. Many snakes have similar coloring to their environment, as a means of camouflage, which helps them to stay hidden from both predators and prey. Snakes that live in captivity can live very long lives. There is a boa constrictor that is 27 years old and a South American anaconda that is 28 years old, both of whom live in zoos.
  • Snakes come in many sizes and lengths, depending on the species. A ground snake is about 5 inches long, while a python can grow to be 30 feet in length and can weigh upwards of 200 pounds. An anaconda can grow up to 38 feet in length, but the brahminy blind snake is just 2 inches long, making it the smallest snake in the world.
  • Snakes only eat when they are hungry. That may mean that a snake will eat every 3 or 4 days, once a week or once a month. If a snake doesn’t move very much and doesn’t use up much energy, like some that are kept in zoos, they may only eat a couple of times a year. One species of Fer-de-lance, a deadly viper, has been recorded swallowing prey 1.6 times its own body weight.
  • Snakes have more than 200 teeth that point backward, which they do not use to chew but use to bite and grip their prey securely. Snakes have the unique ability to be able to swallow prey three times larger than their mouths. They can do this because the tendons located in their mouths are highly stretchable and because their jaws are not attached to each other rigidly.
  • A snake’s scales are very smooth and fit together perfectly, and so there is no place for dirt or other objects to catch on snakeskin. All snakes shed their skin regularly in a process known as molting. They do this as they get bigger and as they age, and so their scales are usually in very good condition as they are replaced by new growth regularly.
  • Some snakes give birth to tiny living snakes that slither off and take care of themselves right from the start, but most snakes lay eggs.
  • Snakes shed their skin by rubbing their head against something rough and hard, like a piece of wood or a rock. This causes the skin, which is already stretched, to split open. The snake keeps on rubbing its skin on various rough objects, resulting in the skin peeling off from its head, enabling it to slither out, turning the old loose skin inside out.
  • Snakes are very helpful to humans. The small ones eat harmful bugs and insects, and bigger ones eat rats, mice, gophers, and animals that destroy crops. Many kinds of snakes are disappearing completely, as they are being killed for their skins or simply out of fear, and their habitats are continuously being invaded and destroyed by people.

Snake Worksheets

This bundle contains 10 ready-to-use Snake Worksheets that are perfect for students who want to learn more Snakes which are mostly found in tropical regions of the world. The only places that have no snakes are Iceland, Greenland and Antarctica. They are cold-blooded reptiles that depend on the heat from their surroundings and the sun to control the temperature of their bodies.

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Download includes the following worksheets

  • Snake Facts
  • Quick Quiz
  • Titan Snake
  • Serpens
  • Snake Away! – Wordfind
  • Emergency
  • Non-venomous Snakes
  • Snake Meals
  • Snakey Math
  • Reflection

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Use With Any Curriculum

These worksheets have been specifically designed for use with any international curriculum. You can use these worksheets as-is, or edit them using Google Slides to make them more specific to your own student ability levels and curriculum standards.

Check out our awesome range of animal facts for kids and learn some fun trivia about our friends in the animal kingdom.

Fun Snake Facts for Kids

Check out our range of fun snake facts for kids. Learn about snake skin, snake charming, snake anatomy and much more.

Read on and enjoy a variety of interesting information about snakes.

Snakes are carnivores (meat eaters).

Snakes don’t have eyelids.

Snakes can’t bite food so have to swallow it whole.

Snakes have flexible jaws which allow them to eat prey bigger than their head!

Snakes are found on every continent of the world except Antarctica.

Snakes have internal ears but not external ones.

Snakes used in snake charming performances respond to movement, not sound.

There are around 3000 different species of snake.

Snakes have a unique anatomy which allows them to swallow and digest large prey.

Snakes are covered in scales.

Snakeskin is smooth and dry.

Snakes shed their skin a number of times a year in a process that usually lasts a few days.

Some species of snake, such as cobras and black mambas, use venom to hunt and kill their prey. Read more venomous snake facts.

Snakes smell with their tongue.

Pythons kill their prey by tightly wrapping around it and suffocating it in a process called constriction.

Some sea snakes can breathe partially through their skin, allowing for longer dives underwater.

Anacondas are large, non-venomous snakes found in South America that can reach over 5 m (16 ft) in length.

Python reticulates can grow over 8.7 m (28 ft) in length and are considered the longest snakes in the world.

Have you seen a snake in the ocean? Ever wondered how these snakes differed from the ones found on land? These amazing animals have been entertaining scuba divers throughout the Indo-Pacific Ocean for years, long before sea snakes became the subject of one of our most popular viral Facebook posts. Let’s learn a little about these often-feared but truly fascinating creatures with some sea snake facts.

Here are 12 sea snake facts to answer all your questions about these curious reptiles.

1. There are 69 species of sea snakes.

While divers usually only see a handful of sea snake species during their time underwater, there are actually 69 identified species. To keep things simple, scientists separate these species into two categories: true sea snakes and sea kraits. True sea snakes spend almost all their time at sea, while sea kraits split their time between land and sea.

2. It’s all about the tail.

While it’s impractical to analyze the DNA of every snake-like creature you come across, an easy way to identify sea snakes (from their land-based cousins) is by their paddle-like tails. Their flat tails help sea snakes propel themselves gracefully through the water, but these appendages do make them slightly clumsier on land.

Pro Tip: Many people confuse sea snakes with eels. The most reliable way to differentiate between the two is to look for the presence of a dorsal fin. Eels have a ridge or fin that runs the length of their bodies, while sea snakes do not.

3. There are no sea snakes in the Atlantic Ocean.

Sea snakes live in the tropical and subtropical waters of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. They are not found in the Atlantic Ocean or the Caribbean Sea. Sea snakes are also not found in areas of high salinity, such as the Red Sea.

4. Sea snakes have been around for millions of years.

The first sea snakes began to evolve about six to eight million years ago in Southeast Asia’s Coral Triangle. However, most species only evolved one to three million years ago.

How to skin a snake

5. They are the only reptiles to give birth in the ocean.

Most true sea snakes are ovoviviparous, meaning females give live birth from eggs stored in the snake’s body. This is because these snakes rarely visit land, and their eggs won’t incubate underwater. Therefore, the females keep the eggs and give birth to nearly fully formed snakes while swimming in the ocean. However, while this is true for the majority of sea snakes, not all sea snakes actually give birth in the ocean to live young. One genus of sea snake, which includes the commonly observed yellow-lipped sea krait, is actually oviparous and comes onto land to lay eggs.

6. Sea snakes can hold their breath for a really long time.

Unlike fish, sea snakes need to breathe air. Every species must return to the surface periodically to survive. While most sea snakes surface every 30 minutes to breathe, some true sea snakes can stay underwater for up to eight hours. That’s because these snakes can actually absorb up to 33% of the oxygen they need through their skin. They can also get rid of 90% of their carbon dioxide in the same manner.

7. Sea snakes can die of thirst.

The well-known, turmoil-ridden phrase, ”Water, water, everywhere and not a drop to drink,” doesn’t just apply to humans. It also applies to sea snakes, as these reptilian seafarers still need to drink fresh water to survive. Of course, spending all day at sea is not conducive to consuming fresh water. Some snake species head to land to find water, while others wait for rain to deposit fresh water on the surface of the ocean which they can then drink while swimming.

8. They have special glands to remove salt water.

Although sea snakes don’t drink salt water, they still consume a lot of salt when hunting and consuming prey. To prevent excess salt intake, the snakes have evolved special sublingual glands. These glands sit under the snakes’ tongues and push out salt from the bloodstream into the mouth, meaning the snake can simply flick its tongue and expel the unwelcome salt.

How to skin a snake

9. They can dive deeper than scuba divers.

In fact, sea snakes can dive to depths of up to 800 feet (250 meters) in search of prey. Most sea snakes, however, prefer to stay in the shallows, relatively close to shore.

10. Sea snakes need not worry about breathing in water.

Most sea snakes have evolved valve-like flaps they can move over their nostrils when underwater. This prevents them from breathing in any salty water. (If only scuba divers could evolve in the same way!)

11. Sea snakes are highly venomous.

You may be wondering, “Are sea snakes venomous?” The answer is, yes, sea snakes are highly venomous. In fact, many sea snake species have more venom than the average cobra or rattlesnake.

However, bites are extremely rare. Sea snakes are surprisingly docile and usually only bite when threatened or compromised. Fishermen sustain most of the world’s recorded sea snake bites. These mostly occur when they need to remove sea snakes from their nets or accidentally step on them in the water.

12. Some sea snakes are close to extinction.

While most sea snakes are not endangered, some species are present on the IUCN Red List. The Laticauda crockeri is listed as vulnerable, and the Aipysurus fuscus is endangered. Of most concern, however, are the Aipysurus foliosquama (Leaf-scaled sea snake) and the Aipysurus apraefrontalis (Short-nosed sea snake), both of which are critically endangered.

Climate change, bycatch and low reproductive rates are the main causes of sea snake population decline. You can help by getting involved with awareness and fundraising campaigns that support global change. Consider signing up to become a PADI Torchbearer and join our movement of ocean lovers making a difference to marine life and oceans worldwide.

How to skin a snake

Aren’t sea snakes fascinating? If you’re interested in observing sea snakes during a scuba diving trip, you’ll need to travel to the Indian or Pacific Oceans. The Philippines, Indonesia and Australia are great destinations for diving with sea snakes. Just remember to treat these venomous animals with respect. As with all marine life, keep your hands off, don’t touch and maintain good buoyancy.

If you are not yet a PADI Diver, learn about getting scuba certified, or book your next vacation to dive with sea snakes.

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How to skin a snake

Snake Fruit in Thailand

I just polished off a fresh cluster of snake fruit.

It was excellent.

Snake fruit, along with durian and a host of other fruit, is a natural growing gem of southeast Asia.

The outside of the fruit is scaly like a snake and prickly like a cactus, but the inside is sweeter than honey, sour like a pineapple and incredibly juicy. Its flesh is slightly acidic, giving your tongue a citrus like tingle.

The complex flavor wrapped into a lethal grenade looking package has a spectacular flavor.

How to skin a snake

What is snake fruit?

Snake fruit, more technically known as salak or salacca zalacca, is native to Indonesia but is now grown and produced around southeast Asia. The fruit grows on the salak palm tree, sprouting off the base of the palm in little clusters.

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In Thailand, snake fruit is widespread, popular as a to-go snack on the streets of Bangkok (during season). Venders will often handle the dirty work, peeling the spiky exterior and packing the peeled fruit into convenient baggies for sale. Thais enjoy snakefruit dipped in a mixture of sugar and salt.

How to skin a snake

Peeled snake fruit, this particular one was a double, butt shaped flesh

It was 2009 when I had my first taste of snake fruit.

I was hanging out in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, cruising around and excited to be exploring. A local friend of mine happened to have a few snake fruit trees on her compound in Yogyakarta and brought a sack of them for us all to enjoy.

After peeling away the pokey skin, I sunk my teeth into my very first snake fruit.

Just like wood apple, I developed an instantaneous addiction.

In the next 5 minutes I proceeded to down at least 25 pieces of snakefruit, finding it nearly impossible to stop when there was a free (and giant) sack right before me.

How to skin a snake

Juicy bite of Snake Fruit

“Don’t eat too many snakefruit, it will make you not use the toilet,” my Indonesian friend nonchalantly mentioned, being pre-occupied and oblivious to the solo devouring session I had just completed.

After my heart sank a few inches I managed a “Oh ooookkk,” terrified of the doom I could face as I gingerly set aside my 26th fruit.

That night I could barely sleep, stressing about my worst nightmare that seemed surly inevitable: constipation.

I woke up, ate some breakfast, drank a coffee, and apart from being a few hours later than the norm, I proceeded on with my chronic morning ritual.

Fortunately my food blogger digestive system overcame the alleged blocking powers of large quantities of snake fruit, constipation did NOT stand a chance!

If the legend is true of not, I still don’t know.

But one thing I do know, every time I eat snake fruit, even at a fruit buffet, I proceed with caution, knowing there could be consequences of eating too much of such a delicious thing.

How to skin a snake

KANSAS CITY, Mo. – This year, four different species of snakes contracted a fungal skin disease in Missouri that left their faces swollen, disfigured, and scaly.

Jeff Briggler, herpetologist at the Missouri Department of Conservation, said the positive caseload for snakes in the state is low, but residents should still be watchful.

“If someone is seeing a bunch of dead snakes or a bunch of snakes with all kinds of signs of it, those are more serious and we need to be aware of it,” he said.

Briggler said the state has been actively testing and tracing O. ophiodiicola fungus, or snake fungal disease, in different reptiles for about seven years. He said nearly 50% of positive cases found in Missouri involve endangered timber rattlesnakes.

“We used to call it ‘blister sores’ or ‘skin rot,’” he said. “We always thought it was just due to snakes being in moist environments.”

He said experts now know it to be an infectious fungus marked by skin lesions that disfigure a reptile’s head, sometimes preventing it from being able to even eat. He said the fungus is not passable to humans, but is easily passed from snake-to-snake, putting species’ that hibernate together at the biggest risk of contracting it.

“They get crusty swelling, discoloring of their skin,” Briggler said. “A lot of times, it’s around the face, lips, or belly.”

Though manageable if contracted at an early age, Briggler said the fungus can pose deadly risks to older snakes and those that shed their skin less frequently.

“There’s behaviors in these animals that probably help stop the progression of this fungus,” he said. “If they bask in the sun, heat up their body, shed their skin, that can help remove the fungus from the skin.”

How to skin a snake A western rattlesnake found in Missouri with discoloration of the head. This snake tested positive for snake fungal disease. (Photo: Jeff Briggler/Missouri Department of Conservation.)

In 2006, researchers at the New Hampshire Fish and Game Department discovered brown, crusty blisters on the necks and faces of endangered timber rattlesnakes, as well as the carcass of a rattler, supposedly dead due to a fungal infection of the mouth, according to a 2011 study.

Two years later, researchers in Illinois found three eastern massasauga rattlesnakes, deceased with their faces disfigured and puffy. The researchers likened their appearances to that of a reptile that had been run over by cars, according to an article published by National Geographic.

Briggler said it’s important for the public to alert the state of any dead snakes found with possible symptoms because experts are actively monitoring their immunity to the disease.

“Like anything, younger snakes, once they emerge, if they had this, they’re immune systems will stop it from progressing,” he said. “As things get older, your immune systems are weakened so you have a higher chance of it being fatal to you.”

If dead, disfigured snakes start popping up around the state, Briggler said it is possible endangered species’ could face extinction.

“It’s not like everybody sees a snake everyday,” he said. “Some people are so afraid of snakes that they’re not willing to pick them up and look at them either.”

If an individual finds a snake they suspect of carrying fungal snake disease, they can photograph it and forward it to the state for identification.

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