How to recognize male breast cancer

How to recognize male breast cancer

Mammography is a type of breast X-ray. Screening mammograms may be ordered as a routine test to look for the first signs of breast cancer. Routine screening tests are used to establish a baseline for what is normal. They are also a tool for early detection, before breast cancer symptoms appear.

How to recognize male breast cancer

There are two ways to get a mammogram.Digital mammographycreate digital images whilescreen mammography makes a photographic film. Both techniques use the same process to take pictures.

The person undergoing mammography places the breasts between two clear plates, which then pinch them together to hold them in place. This ensures flattening of the breast for a sharp image and prevents blur. The photo is taken from two angles. The radiologist examines the mammogram for any strange features that could be a sign of cancer. The whole test takes about 20 minutes. You may feel discomfort or a little pain.

The look of a normal mammogram

Normal mammograms will generally be mostly gray with some white portions showing healthy dense tissue. When the mammogram is whiter, it does not indicate a health problem. Mammogram images will vary from one person to another since everyone’s breasts are different. Healthy mammograms can also look different.

The appearance of breast cancer on a mammogram

A lump or lump will appear as a white area focused on the mammogram. Tumors can be benign or cancerous. A benign tumor is not a health problem and may not grow or change shape. In many cases, breast cancers are not cancerous.

The small white grids are generally harmless. The radiologist checks the pattern and shape as they could be a sign of cancer.

Cancerous tumor

Breast cyst

Dense and oily breast tissue

Normal Breast Tissue Cancerous tumor

Other irregularities

Radiologists always look for unusual things on a mammogram, in the same way they check for tumors and thick breast tissue.

Other irregularities, które można znaleźć, to:

cyst: They are small sacs filled with liquid. Mostly they are straight cysts with a thin wall and are not cancerous. When it turns out to be a simple cyst, further tests are done to confirm that it is not cancerous.

calcifications: These are calcium deposits. Large calcium deposits are called macrocalcifications and are caused by aging. Depending on the size of the macrocalcifications, your doctor may perform further tests for any signs of cancer.

Fibroadenomas: These are benign breast tumors. They are usually round and resemble marble. People in their 20s and 30s are more likely to develop fibroadenoma. Scar tissue. They usually appear white on a mammogram. If you develop scars on your breasts, tell your doctor beforehand.

Mammograms also provide information on breast density. People with dense breasts are slightly more likely to develop breast cancer. Dense breasts make it difficult to detect abnormalities on a mammogram.

Mammograms are also possible after a breast implant or surgery. However, it is important to have multiple photos of each breast and it can take a long time to check photos.

The radiologist usually compares the mammogram with previous images. This can help reveal any changes and conclude if a strange area could be a sign of cancer.

When to see a doctor

You should check your breasts more often and consult your doctor if in doubt. You are more likely to notice any changes in your breasts because you know what it looks like and how it feels.

According to the American Cancer Society (ACS), here are recommendations for the number of mammograms women should have at all ages:

• Age between 40 and 44 years. Their choice is annual mammography screening.

• Age between 45 and 54 years. She should have a mammogram every year.

• Ages 55 and up. She can have a mammogram every 2 years.

For women with a family history of breast cancer, a doctor may perform a mammogram before age 40.

Mammography done to detect breast cancer in the early stages is known as screening. If someone notices a symptom or sign of breast cancer, they can go to a mammogram to confirm it. This is called a diagnostic mammogram.

Take away

Mammograms are the best available technique for detecting breast cancer or monitoring breast cancer response to treatment. However, mammography isn’t perfect and it’s difficult to spot abnormalities in a person with thick breasts. Mammography looks different for each person, and there is no abnormal or standard normal picture. Parts that appear white on mammograms require further investigation, but are not usually the result of breast cancer.

How to recognize male breast cancer

Anatomy of the male breast. The nipple and areola are shown on the outside of the breast. Lymph nodes, fatty tissue, ducts and other parts of the inside of the breast are also shown.

© 2011 Teresa Winslow LLC. U. S. Govt. has certain rights. Used with permission. Contact the artist on www. Teresewinslow. com external license icon.

Anatomy of the male breast. The nipple and areola are shown on the outside of the breast. Lymph nodes, fatty tissue, ducts and other parts of the inside of the breast are also shown.

© 2011 Teresa Winslow LLC. U. S. Govt. has certain rights. Used with permission. Contact the artist on www. Teresewinslow. com external license icon.

Although it is rare, men can get breast cancer. Dowiedz się o objawach raka piersi u mężczyzn i o rzeczach, które mogą zwiększać ryzyko.

Breast cancer is more common in women, but men can also get breast cancer. About 1 in 100 breast cancer diagnosed in the United States occurs in males.

The most common types of breast cancer in men are the same in women –

  • Invasive ductal carcinoma. Cancer cells grow outside the ducts in other parts of the breast tissue. Invasive cancer cells or cells can also spread metastasis,to other parts of the body.
  • Invasive Lobular Carcinoma. Cancer cells spread from the lobules to nearby breast tissues. These invasive cancer cells can also spreadto other parts of the body.
  • ductal cancerin place(DCIS) is a breast disease that can lead to breast cancer. Cancer cells are found only in the lining of the ducts and have not spread to other breast tissues.

What are the symptoms?

The most common symptoms of breast cancer in men are:

  • Lump or swelling in the breast.
  • Red or scaly skin on the breasts.
  • Breast skin irritation or dimpling.
  • Discharge from the nipples.
  • Nipple pain or pain in the nipple area.

These symptoms can occur with other conditions that are not cancer. In case of worrying symptoms, consult your doctor immediately.

What are the risk factors?

Several factors can increase a man’s chance of getting breast cancer. Having risk factors does not mean that you will have breast cancer.

  • Getting older. Breast cancer risk increases with age. Most breast cancers start after age 50.
  • Genetic mutations.Hereditary changes (mutations) in some genes, such as BRCA1 and BRCA2, increase the risk of breast cancer.
  • Family history of breast cancer.A man’s risk of developing breast cancer is higher if a close family member has had breast cancer.
  • Treatment with radiotherapy.Men who have had chest radiation therapy have a higher risk of developing breast cancer.
  • Hormonal treatment.Medicines containing estrogen (a hormone that helps in the development and maintenance of female sexual characteristics) that have been used in the past to treat prostate cancer increase the risk of breast cancer in men.
  • Klinefelter’s syndrome.Klinefelter’s syndromethe external icon is a rare genetic disease in which the male has an extra X chromosome. This can lead to the body producing higher levels of estrogen and lower levels of androgens (hormones that help develop and maintain male sexual characteristics).
  • Conditions affecting the testicles.Injury, swelling, or surgery to remove the testicles can increase the risk of breast cancer.
  • Liver disease.Cirrhosis (scarring) of the liver can lower androgen levels and increase estrogen levels in men, increasing the risk of breast cancer.
  • Overweight and obesity.Older men who are overweight or obese have a higher risk of developing breast cancer than men of normal weight.

How to recognize male breast cancer

Talk to your doctor about your family history of cancer.

What can I do to reduce the risk?

If several members of your family have had breast or ovarian cancer, or one of your family members has a known BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation, share this information with your doctor. Your doctor may refer you for genetic counseling. In men, mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes can increase the risk of breast cancer, high-grade prostate cancer, and pancreatic cancer.

If genetic testing shows you have a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation, your doctor will explain what you should do to detect cancer early if you develop it.

All men can reduce their risk by maintaining a healthy weight and exercising regularly.

How is breast cancer treated?

The treatment for breast cancer is the same for men as it is for women. It depends on how big the tumor is and how far it has spread. Treatment may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, and targeted therapy. For more information, see the National Cancer Institute’s Male Breast Cancer Treatment. outdoor icon

How to recognize male breast cancer

Most people think women have breast cancer, but about one in 1,000 diagnosed cases have been with a man.

Dr Umar Butt, an oncologist surgeon at Medical City McKinney, told KERA’s Sam Baker that most men are unaware or find it hard to believe they have breast cancer, but said it is very similar to what cross women.


How breast cancer differs in men

The main difference is that cancer in men tends to appear at a later stage and is more aggressive. It usually goes to their lymph nodes, which is the second stage in the chest where we call it localized disease.

And when it has moved from the chest wall or breast wall to the armpit, to the lymph nodes, and when the cancer has spread from one place to another, it is called locally advanced.

Therefore, the majority of male breast cancer patients are locally advanced and have moved from a single site. They have jumped to another station and after that, we call it metastatic disease, which means that it spreadto other parts of the body.

Can Male Breast Cancer Be Detected Earlier?

However, they can conduct a self-examination of the chest and breasts. Make sure they don’t have any lumps or lumps or anything that is causing you pain. Additionally, there is no nipple withdrawal or oozing from the nipple site.

Risk factors for male breast cancer:

  • Family history: Patients who have had a history of breast cancer in one of their first degree relatives may undergo genetic testing, which can then find genes that affect male breast cancer.
  • To smoke
  • Alcohol
  • Obesity
  • Certain types of drugs, especially in patients with prostate cancer. They use estrogen-based therapies.

Age too: Men over the age of 65 have a higher risk for a variety of reasons:

  • First, testosterone levels drop and the body has excess fat deposits that can act as estrogen stores. The more estrogen we have in our system, the risk of developing certain cancers, including breast cancer, increases.
  • Secondly, some genetic changes can occur in some cells that can lead to these cancers.

Treatment options:

  • Operation. And if we can get patients to have surgery, that’s usually their best chance as it means we’re working on a recovery through a mastectomy or lumpectomy.
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation.

The only difference from treating women is that men don’t have a lot of breast tissue. Sometimes a lumpectomy involves the removal of the entire tumor. So most patients would opt for a mastectomy.

Do GPs think about this in physical exams as much as they should?

The highlights of the interview have been slightly edited for clarity.

Do you have a tip? Email Sam Baker at sbaker @ kera. org. You can follow Sam on Twitter @srbker.

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You knowmale breast cancer is responsible for about 1% of all breast cancer cases? However, the fact that men can also get breast cancer is not fully known.

While surprisingly enough, when we learn that men, like women, are prone to breast cancer, you will be shocked to learn that more than 1,800 men develop breast cancer in the United States every year. There is no question that women are more prone to breast cancer, but because men also have breast tissue, they can also develop breast cancer. Risk factors include high estrogen levels, obesity, age, alcohol abuse, and radiation exposure.

Why Should You Know About Signs & Symptoms of Breast Cancer for Males

Imparare i segni ei sintomi del male breast cancer This is very important. This is because most men who are diagnosed with breast cancer early have a very good chance of recovery and recovery. By learning about signs and symptoms of you’ll be able to keep a check on yourself and in case you notice any unusual signs such as a lump in breast, you can always seek a doctor’s review.

Identification & Types Of Breast Cancer in Males

The most common symptom of breast cancer in men is a thickening of the breast section. You can also call it a lump in the breast. Other symptoms that can help diagnose breast cancer include redness around the nipple, peeling of the nipples, a crease / dimple in the skin, a slight dimple in the nipple, and nipple discharge.

The main cause of breast cancer is not yet known, but there are many genetic and external factors that can cause itmale breast cancer. Some of these causes include Klinefelter’s Syndrome, cirrhosis of the liver, having female relatives with a history of breast cancer and radiation therapy.

There are basically fourtypes of male breast cancer namely cystosarcoma phylloides, ductile sarcoma, Paget’s Disease and ductile sarcoma in place. While Ductile sarcoma is the cancer that starts in the breast ducts and then spread around the surrounding tissues, the Ductile sarcoma in place also begins with breast ducts but does not spread. Likewise, it is called cancer in the connective tissues that support the thoracic ducts Phyllodes cytosarcomaand the cancer in the skin of the nipple is called Paget’s disease.

Trattamento del male breast cancer options are often similar to that of female breast cancer and include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, drugs, surgery and hormone therapy.

Primi segni di male breast cancer


Discoloration around the nipple area or discoloration of the nipple itself is one of the most common and early symptoms of male breast cancer.


Inconsistency, lack of uniformity or irregularity in breast tissues is another early sign of male breast cancer. In case a man notices some kind of indentation in the shape or form of the chest, it can be a sign of male breast cancer. Sometimes the drop is quite small. Therefore, it is very important to pay close attention when examining the tissues around the chest.

Altri possibili sintomi di male breast cancer


Tenderness and pain in the tissues of the chest are a sign that should not be ignored. However, if you exercise, the tenderness of the tissues may also be due to this.

The dimple of the skin:

If the skin surrounding the nipple area begins to “wrinkle” or “dimple”, it is recommended that you see your doctor immediately. There is a high probability that dimpled skin may have a cancerous tumor under it.

peeling and redness:

It is another very important sign of male breast cancer. Abnormal peeling or redness around the breast area, especially when the skin looks like snakeskin or begins to peel off, may be breast cancer sign. Skin redness is often an early sign of male breast cancer.

Inversion of the nipple:

If you’ve noticed that your nipple is getting inverted, it could be a possible breast cancer sign. It’s very important that you check with your doctor immediately.


Formation of lumps in male breast are easily detectable and they are quite a dangerous sign of male breast cancer. Because in men, fat is far less than that of a woman’s breast, lumps are easily detectable. If the tumor has grown, you will notice a protrusion. There is a high probability that this lump is cancerous and you should see your doctor right away. Your doctor might also recommend a lumpectomy.

Lumpectomy is a fairly common procedure for detecting breast cancer, and you must be lucky if your breast cancer is in its early stages. A lumpectomy procedure in which the lump is partially or completely removed from under the skin. If detected early, it can prevent the spread of cancer.

Although, presence of lumps may not necessarily be a breast cancer sign but it is very important to consult a doctor and get your condition diagnosed. If it’s not breast cancer, you may have it gynecomastia, a benign and non-cancerous condition.

Nipple discharge

Discharge from male nipples is undoubtedly an abnormal symptom and should not be ignored under any circumstances. If you notice discharge from your nipples, let your doctor physically examine your nipples under a microscope and see if any cancerous cells are present.

Rilevazione del male breast cancer

Breast self-exam: starts with the right chest. Lie down and place your right hand over your head. Now start examining the torso area with your middle three fingers. The fingers should move around the entire chest area in small circular motions. Make sure you feel your entire breast and look for signs of lumps or lumps. Repeat the same for the other breast. If you notice any lumps, contact your doctor immediately.

Other exams

Your doctor may recommend digital mammography. It is a very common step taken by doctors for detection of male breast cancer. During this process, the doctor will examine a computerized chest X-ray and check for abnormal growth or the presence of lumps in the chest. If abnormal tissue is detected, a tissue sample can be tested.

Ultrasounds screening is another method used for detection of male breast cancer. This method is also called ultrasound because high-frequency sound waves are used during screening.

14 October 2015

How to recognize male breast cancer

Is male breast cancer common?

What are the symptoms?

I sintomi del male breast cancer sono simili a quelli delle donne – lumps, sore nipple, discharge and redness or pain around the nipple. If you feel a lump or thickened tissue, particularly under the nipple, it’s important not to ignore it – but it’s also important not to panic.

This could be the casegynecomastia, that is, non-cancerous swelling of the breast tissue caused by an imbalance of the hormones estrogen and testosterone. Gynecomastia typically occurs at one of three life stages – infancy, puberty, and later in life, often after age 60. Though childhood conditions shouldn’t be ignored, they are more typically related to that hormone imbalance and may resolve without treatment by the age of 18.

Regardless, the signs of gynecomastia – lump, hardened or thickened tissue, or pain around the nipple – are similar to male breast cancer symptoms. They deserve your attention and should be evaluated by your doctor. Male breast cancer, as with most cancer, has better treatment options and better outcomes the earlier it’s caught.

How to do a self-assessment?

We do not recommend the monthly self-test for men or women. Self-examination has not been shown to reduce breast cancer deaths. That said, we promote self-awareness by knowing what your body is like and reporting any changes to your doctor.

If you have the symptoms and want to determine whether it’s male breast cancer or gynecomastia, mammograms usually reveal the difference.

What causes male breast cancer?

We’re still trying to identify what causes men to get breast cancer. We do know that it can have a genetic component and that male breast cancer is highly associated with a particular gene mutation called BRCA 2. The gene, which can be passed both to daughters and sons, has been tied to higher risks for both breast cancer and prostate cancer. One option to consider – and it’s recommended for men diagnosed with breast cancer − is genetic testing. Children of men who develop breast cancer have a much higher risk of developing breast cancer if they have a genetic mutation.

As with any rare disease, experience in diagnosing and treating male breast cancer becomes important when a patient is selecting care. We’ve treated cases of male breast cancer and provided those patients with diverse treatment options. Treatment options for men with breast cancer are basically the same as for women, as are the reactions: Let’s diagnose and cure it.

If you have questions about male breast cancer, don’t be ashamed. Call us anonymouslyon the Cancer Answer Line at 214-736-9022 or write us your questions.

“ When I was diagnosed, I had no idea. I thought it was a woman’s disease, and too many other men believe that to this day. ”

You will hear this sentiment echoed in the words of many male breast cancer survivors but statistics show that breast cancer isn’t just for women.

While breast cancer among men in the U. S is far less likely than that of their female counterparts, male breast cancer does account for approximately 1% of breast cancer diagnoses, with around 2,300 new cases yearly as reported by the CDC. These numbers reflect the fairly recent increase in the likelihood of the average male being diagnosed, which has gone from 1 in 1000 to 1 in 833.

Of this small percentage, men are much more likely to be diagnosed later, with advanced disease, more likely to be treated, and more likely to die within five years of diagnosis.

Studies have shown that male mortality rates are higher than female mortality rates at all stages of breast cancer, according to the JAMA Oncology show. At present, there are minimal guidelines for male breast cancer screening, and it is not often that you hear a reminder for men to perform their own self-exam. Have you ever seen a T. V. ad prompting your husband, father, or brother to check their chests after the age of 50? Didn’t think so.

At diagnosis, the same study found that advanced-stage breast cancer is more likely in men (5.8% in men versus 3.8% in women), telling us that the cancer is found later in the day. its development.

Crazy, right? We agree.

Not only is this seen later after such levels of progression have been reached, but differences in clinical features such as cancer type and stage, age at diagnosis, and type of treatment also contribute to the 63 difference in mortality. %, which is significant. In a JAMA Oncology study, the five-year overall survival rate between men and women after being diagnosed with breast cancer differed by nearly 10 percent. The survival rate of men with breast cancer was 77.6% while women recorded 86.4% compared.

This article was co-authored by Dr. Joshua Ellenhorn. Joshua Ellenhorn, MD, is a certified surgeon with advanced training in cancer surgery, minimally invasive surgery, and robotic surgery. He has private practice at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, California, and is a nationally recognized leader in surgery, cancer research, and surgical education. Dott. Ellenhorn has trained more than 60 surgical oncologists and has spent over 18 years in practice at the City of Hope National Medical Center, where he was a professor and the chief of the Division of General and Oncologic Operation. Dr. Ellenhorn performs the following surgical procedures: gallbladder surgery, hernia surgery, colon cancer, skin cancer and melanoma, stomach cancer and pancreatic cancer. He earned his Ph. D. from Boston University School of Medicine, received fellowships from the University of Chicago and Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, and completed his residency in surgery at the University of Cincinnati.

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Although breast cancer mainly affects women, it is possible for men to develop breast cancer as well. Il male breast cancer rappresenta fino all’1% dei tumori al seno diagnosticati ogni anno. È importante essere consapevoli dei segni e dei sintomi che possono indicare un possibile male breast cancer e conoscere i test diagnostici che potresti ricevere se tu e / o il tuo medico siete preoccupati. The best thing you can do if you are concerned about breast cancer is to see your doctor sooner or later for a physical exam, as early diagnosis is the key to successful treatment. [1] X Expert source

While breast cancer primarily affects women, approximately 2,500 men are diagnosed with the disease each year in the United States.

The five-year survival rate for male breast cancer is slightly lower than for female breast cancer. There are many different reasons for the low survival rate. One of these is the patient’s age and related health challenges. At the time of diagnosis, the average age for a male breast cancer patient is 67, versus age 62 for females.

In addition, male breast cancer is typically more advanced when it is diagnosed. The tumor tends to spread and cancer is more likely to spread to regional lymph nodes. Doctors attribute these later diagnoses to a general lack of awareness of male breast cancer, as well as the absence of widespread screening for the disease.

Types of male breast cancer

Like female breast cancer, male breast cancer can be classified by the molecular receptor status of the cancer cells.

Receptors are molecules that cancer cells produce on their surface. They can bond with, or recognize, specific proteins and hormones in the patient’s body. Scientists have identified the receptors that drive breast cancer cell growth when they attach to a specific protein or hormone. Interrupting this bond with cancer drugs can slow or stop the disease’s growth.

The three main types of breast cancer receptors (in both men and women) are:

  • HER2-positive protein that promotes cell growth and multiplication. HER2 positive tumors have significantly higher HER2 protein levels than normal.
  • A positive hormone receptor that recognizes the hormones estrogen and progesterone.
  • Triple-negative, which doesn’t recognize HER2, estrogen or progesterone. Since there is no molecular receptor to interrupt it, it is the most difficult subtype of breast cancer to treat.

About 90% of male breast cancers have hormone receptors, and another 9% are both hormone receptor and HER2 positive.

Trattamento del male breast cancer

Treatment for male breast cancer is very similar to treatment for female breast cancer. Options include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and targeted therapy. Because of the small breast size, most male breast cancer patients who get surgery undergo a full mastectomy (the removal of the entire breast) instead of a lumpectomy (the removal of just the tumor and a small amount of surrounding tissue).

Fattori di rischio di male breast cancer

Anything that increases the risk of developing cancer is a risk factor. Doctors have identified several risk factors for male breast cancer.

  • BRCA mutations: Normal BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes inhibit tumor growth. People with a mutated BRCA gene have a higher risk of developing breast cancer. Between 8%-15% of male breast cancer patients have a BRCA mutation, compared to 5%-10% of female breast cancer patients. In addition to causing breast cancer, BRCA mutations are also associated with ovarian cancer, pancreatic cancer, and melanoma.
  • Family history of breast cancer: Breast cancer risk has doubled for men who have a parent, sibling, or child with the condition.
  • Age: As men get older, their risk of developing breast cancer increases.
  • Obesity
  • Gynecomastia or breast enlargement caused by hormonal imbalances or certain medications
  • Radiation exposure, often as part of treating another cancer
  • Race: African-American men have a higher risk of male breast cancer than non-Hispanic white men.