- Ogbeyalu Okoye
- 5 Replies
- Last Reply: 04 December 2016 00:33 By Rupande Mehta
- 1 Like
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Its very important to note that women are the ones suffering the brunt of gender-based oppression. However, gender equality is also socially and economically beneficial for men. You can promote gender equality in a community where there is extreme poverty by availing opportunities for women to eradicate poverty
Gender equality not only gives women their inalienable rights, but it benefits humanity as a whole. It can help tackle the crippling poverty, illiteracy and abuse that have afflicted nations across the world.
Gender equality will also help break down rigid gender roles that afflict us all. Men will no longer have the pressure of being strong caregivers and protectors. They will be free to express sadness and sensitivity without being seen as weak. With gender equality, a man’s emotions will no longer be seen as a ploy to get a girl or signs of a weaker man; it will be seen as human expression.
Men will also no longer have the pressure of proving themselves or of being the strongest or the best. With gender equality, everyone can pursue any career, dress in any way and act on any emotion without being seen as too feminine or too masculine.
At the end of the day, oppression for one means oppression for all. If women are forced into certain social roles, men are thereby forced to fill up the vacant space that some women could have filled. Without gender equality, no nation will see the full capacity of its economy or education.
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Hi Ogbenyealu, nice question you’ve asked.
I think gender equality is very simple. It is simply saying that let there be equity in every opportunity, including hirering, career, pay and at home too. Once you stablize this, hunger, poverty, diseses and lack of human right will also follow. Gender equality holds the key to many things.
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Good Evening Ogbeyalu,
The great thing about solving problems like these ones is that often, erradicating gender inequality can be the key to relieving these issues.
Let’s say for example that poverty is your issue, you can erradicate it by making women part of your economic workforce, therefor doubling the economic activity that takes place in your country. If you educate women and enable them to earn more and to uplift their communities, you will also tackle a lot of these problems. If you make women part of the political leadership of a country (like Rwanda has done), women issues can be tackled at a national level and health care for example can be improved.
Promoting gender equality should also be seen as a parallel process to erradicating these issues. We need to simultaneously invest time into promoting gender equality. The efforts does not neccessarily have to be resource intensive-digital training and even online awareness projects allready go a long way.
It is also very important to take into account that all of the resources that should be used to erradicate gender inequalities does not neccessarily have to come from the government. Corporates have to be made aware of their responsibility to contribute and their inputs can also be used.
These issues should not be seen as separate, as they are very closely link and one is often contributed to by the other. Thus the erradication of one, will also lead to the bettering of the other.
More from CARE India
By Dr. Renu Golwalkar:
CARE India has been, for the last several decades, working to empower women and girls from the most marginalised communities across India, enabling them to live secure and resilient lives with dignity. The organisation’s primary goal is to work with 50 million women and girls, to help them meet their health, education and livelihood entitlements.
Over 60% of women, between the ages of 20-24, with no education, were married before 18. Regarding domestic violence, there are several gaps in the implementation of laws at the state level, as 82 % respondents are dissatisfied with the complaint redressal of government institutions such as helplines and police stations. Only 72 % of the stakeholders involved in addressing domestic violence issues were aware of all the various provisions under the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act. As per other statistics, as of 2012, 40 % of all government schools lacked a functioning common toilet, and another 40 % lacked a separate toilet for girls.
There is a need to be more aware of the challenges women and girls in our country still face, and what we, as a society, can do to make a more a gender-sensitive environment, bust stereotypes, and make our children, whether boys or girls, more gender-friendly. Some insightful tips on how to gender sensitise children:
1. Fight Gender Stereotypes
Children learn a lot from their immediate surroundings — families, friends, school, neighbourhood, media and books. Stereotypes based on gender and its internalisation starts at an early age. Children, who grow up in gender-equitable environments, tend to believe in gender stereotypes less than their peers, who grow up in a gender-inequitable environment.
2. Promote Gender Equality At Home
It is important for parents to treat girls and boys equally (food, sports, education, equal celebration at birth, etc.). Parents are the first role models children have. So, if they grow up seeing gender inequality being exercised or tolerated in this relationship, they are more likely to be exposed to negative gender role stereotyping. It is important for parents to share household chores as well as outside chores, participate equally in financial matters, exhibit joint decision making and treat each other with respect.
3. Talk About Gender Issues With An Age Appropriate Lens
Often, parents try to shield children from incidents related to gender-based violence, but children still get to know of these issues through friends or media exposure. It is important for parents to talk to children about gender-related issues in an age-appropriate manner so that they grow up to be more gender-aware, gender-responsive and respectful.
4. Imbibe Gender Equality And Respect As Core Values
Mutual respect for all irrespective of their sex, caste, socio-economic status, religion, region and educational status. These are core values which start getting ingrained in young minds from an early age. Hence, it is important to imbibe mutual and unconditional respect, equality and opportunity amongst all to lay a strong foundation for a gender-equal society.
5. The Right Gender Messaging — Gender Is Not Synonymous With Women And Girls
Gender is often misrepresented as pertaining only to women and girls. It is important to create awareness that society creates gender norms and stereotypes. Gender stereotypes impact all of us, yet affect women, girls and the ‘third gender’ more.
6. Tap Into Girl And Woman Power
Through knowledge, skills and leadership development of girls and women, we can build a resilient, empowered, and motivated generation. Such a generation will have high aspirations for self and a commitment to gender equality and equity.
7. Engage With Men And Boys
We all must share responsibility and commitment towards gender equality, not only women and girls. It also should not focus only on women and girls. Engaging with men and boys is equally important and helps in creating an enabling environment for an equitable society.
8. Gender Sensitise Service Providers
Service providers – whether education, health, financial, or legal – play a significant role in reinforcing gender stereotypes. If we sensitise this group on gender, they can promote positive gender roles and norms, leading to a wider impact. They can also provider gender-sensitive services such as separate toilets in schools for girls. Further, specified areas in public places for young mothers to feed their infants would help a lot. Also, there should be discussions about crèche facilities at workplaces for young mothers who lack support systems.
9. Celebrate And Promote ‘Positive Deviants’ In Society
Breaking barriers require bold steps by both women and men, paving way for an enabling environment. Recognising the ‘positive deviants’ in our society like Mary Kom, the Phogat Sisters and their father is important. We must promote their stories to motivate others for progressive change.
10. Media As A Game Changer
All forms of media must promote positive gender role models and equitable gender norms through movies, shows, documentaries, and articles. They can communicate to the masses and have an impact due to the depth of messaging and the reach.
Table of Contents
What can we do to promote gender equality?
10 ways to promote gender equality in daily life
- SHARE HOUSEHOLD CHORES AND CHILDCARE EQUALLY.
- WATCH FOR SIGNS OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.
- SUPPORT MOTHERS AND PARENTS.
- REJECT CHAUVINIST AND RACIST ATTITUDES.
- HELP WOMEN GAIN POWER.
- LISTEN AND REFLECT.
- HIRE DIVERSITY.
- PAY (AND DEMAND) THE SAME SALARY FOR EQUAL WORK.
How can you promote gender equality as a student?
6 Ways You Can Promote Gender Equality In Your Classroom
- Be Reflective and Be Objective. First, pay attention to the trends above and do your best to offer more gender-neutral responses to students.
- Get Feedback From Colleagues and Students.
- Use Gender-Neutral Language When Appropriate.
- Explain the Context.
- Seat and Group Students Intentionally.
- Use Project-Based Learning.
Can I buy on NSE and sell on BSE?
Q Can I buy stock in NSE and sell the same in BSE or vice versa? AYou need to take delivery of the stock bought on NSE and then sell the same in BSE and vice versa. That is, you cannot buy in NSE and square off the same in BSE.
Can we trade directly on NSE?
An investor cannot directly buy or sell shares on a stock exchange. Registered members of a stock exchange are called stock brokers. They trade on an investor’s behalf. A broker in the stock market scenario is also called a Trading Member.
How do I select stocks for tomorrow intraday?
Tips to Choose the Right Intraday Trading Stocks:
- Trade Only in Liquid Stocks.
- Stay Away from Volatile Stocks.
- Trade in Good Correlation Stocks.
- Follow the Market Trend before deciding the Right Stock.
- Pick the Stock you are most confident in after Research.
Can I buy 10000 shares in intraday?
Remember, you cannot just trade intraday on any stock. 10,000 (500×20) intraday. This trade does not result in any delivery as your net position at the end of the day is zero. You can also sell in the morning and buy back in the evening if you believe that the stock is likely to go down.
Which timeframe is best for intraday?
One to two hours
Which chart is best for intraday?
Line charts are one of the most commonly used charts in intraday trading. The line charts only display the closing price. Each closing price is connected to the closing price of the succeeding day. The line chart provides a brief overview of the prices.
Which indicator is best for intraday?
Best Intraday Indicators
- Moving Averages. Moving averages is a frequently used intraday trading indicators.
- Bollinger Bands. Bollinger bands indicate the volatility in the market.
- Relative Strength Index (RSI) Relative Strength Index (RSI) is a momentum indicator.
- Commodity Channel Index.
- Stochastic Oscillator.
Which candlestick pattern is most reliable for intraday?
Shooting Star Candlestick Pattern
Which chart is best for day trading?
Which is the best bullish candlestick pattern?
We will focus on five bullish candlestick patterns that give the strongest reversal signal.
- The Hammer or the Inverted Hammer. Image by Julie Bang © Investopedia 2021.
- The Bullish Engulfing. Image by Julie Bang © Investopedia 2020.
- The Piercing Line.
- The Morning Star.
- The Three White Soldiers.
What is doji candlestick pattern?
A doji candlestick forms when a security’s open and close are virtually equal for the given time period and generally signals a reversal pattern for technical analysts. In Japanese, “doji” means blunder or mistake, referring to the rarity of having the open and close price be exactly the same.
What does dragonfly doji mean?
A Dragonfly Doji is a type of candlestick pattern that can signal a potential reversal in price to the downside or upside, depending on past price action. It’s formed when the asset’s high, open, and close prices are the same. Following a downtrend, the dragonfly candlestick may signal a price rise is forthcoming.
Is long legged doji bullish?
Long legged doji candlesticks are a member of the doji family. They are an indecision candlestick that has a small real body, longer lower shadow, and a smaller upper wick. They can be found in both up trends, down trends and are bullish or bearish coloring on stock charts.
What is bullish Harami pattern?
A bullish harami is a basic candlestick chart pattern indicating that a bearish trend in an asset or market may be reversing.
What is bullish pattern detected?
A bullish engulfing pattern is a white candlestick that closes higher than the previous day’s opening after opening lower than the previous day’s close. A bullish engulfing pattern may be contrasted with a bearish engulfing pattern.
What is bearish Harami pattern?
A bearish harami is a two bar Japanese candlestick pattern that suggests prices may soon reverse to the downside. The pattern consists of a long white candle followed by a small black candle. This can be contrasted with a bullish harami.
What is an inside day in trading?
An inside day occurs when the candlestick of one trading day’s high and low falls within the boundaries of the prior day or days’ highs and lows. Inside days can be indicative of indecision in the market for a security, showing little price movement relative to the previous trading days.
What is a bullish outside day?
A bullish outside day is when the price heads higher on the second day, and meets the general criteria of an outside day (higher high, higher low, longer body).
What is a double inside day?
An inside day is a two-day price pattern that occurs when a second day has a range that is completely inside the first day’s price range. The high of the second day is lower than the first, and the low of the second is higher than the first.
What is daily candle?
Candlestick Components Just like a bar chart, a daily candlestick shows the market’s open, high, low, and close price for the day. This real body represents the price range between the open and close of that day’s trading. When the real body is filled in or black, it means the close was lower than the open.
What is inverted hammer candlestick?
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The inverted hammer is a type of candlestick pattern found after a downtrend and is usually taken to be a trend-reversal signal. The inverted hammer looks like an upside down version of the hammer candlestick pattern, and when it appears in an uptrend is called a shooting star.
What does Candlestick mean?
A candlestick is a type of price chart used in technical analysis that displays the high, low, open, and closing prices of a security for a specific period.
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Giving Compass’ Take:
• Anna Leach explains that an inclusive, coordinated, multi-faceted approach is needed to achieve gender equality.
• Which of these steps are you in a position to engage with right now? How can philanthropy help to implement policy changes to improve gender equality?
1. Talk to women and girls
A fundamental reason we have not yet achieved gender equality in every realm is that women and girls’ voices are too often excluded from global and national decision-making.
2. Let girls use mobile phones
The majority of girls in India don’t have access to using basic technology such as phones and computers because of infrastructure related challenges and economic reasons.
3. Stop child marriage and sexual harassment
If we want girls to be able to complete education we have to end child marriage. We also have to seriously address sexual harassment of girls.
4. Make education gender sensitive
There has been much progress in increasing access to education, but progress has been slow in improving the gender sensitivity of the education system, including ensuring textbooks promote positive stereotypes.
5. Raise aspirations of girls and their parents
We need to give girls images and role models that expand their dreams.
6. Empower mothers
When mothers are educated and empowered to make choices in their lives, they enable their daughters to go to school.
7. Give proper value to ‘women’s work’
The unpaid work women and girls do provide the foundation for the global economy. This fact needs to be highlighted more in the media, with the private sector, and in communities.
8. Get women into power
A proven way to overcome many systemic barriers to a woman’s success has been increased participation by women in local, regional and national legislation as empowered change agents.
9. Encourage women into non-traditional vocations
Supporting women in non-traditional jobs is crucial in not only making long-lasting change in their lives but also help break social taboos.
10. Work together
Between 1999 and 2010, the ratio of girls in secondary school fell from 83 to 82 girls for every 100 boys at the secondary level and from 67 to 63 girls for every 100 boys at the tertiary level. This is stalled progress and a reversion to the deep gender equalities that characterised previous eras. To address this gap, our efforts cannot be done in silos, but must involve the people (girls in this case).
11. Stop the violence
The UN has found that globally, one in three women will experience violence in her lifetime, with most violence against women perpetrated by a current or former intimate partner.
12. Beware the backlash
One of the realities that we need to remember and address is that, when women “trespass” in spaces that were previously completely male-dominated there is often a penalty. In education and in the workplace that backlash often takes the form of sexual harassment, humiliation, violence.
Read the full article about achieving gender equality by Anna Leach at The Guardian.
As an elementary school teacher, you may think your students are too young for discussions about gender. But did you know that children as young as four years old already express discriminatory beliefs based on gender? The earlier we can empower children with the belief that all gender identities (including their own) deserve respect, the better prepared all students will be for success.
Here we’ll discuss what gender equality is, how it differs from gender equity, and why both gender equity and equality need to have a place in your curriculum. Then learn how to make your classroom a safe and welcoming place for all students.
What Are Gender Equality and Equity?
First, let’s explain what we mean by gender. Gender is here defined as a student’s social identity as male, female, or non-binary—the last of which refers to students who identify as a gender other than “male” or “female.” Gender definitions also include transgender students, who identify as a gender that is different from their biological sex.
Gender equality involves empowering all students and providing them with the same human rights. It also includes correcting biases students hold about themselves or gender identities other than their own. As a teacher, you’ll work with many students, some of whom might have trouble understanding their own or other students’ gender. That’s why it’s so important to be aware of and find ways to affirm your students’ identities. You can positively change the way your students see both themselves and others.
According to the ACT Center for Youth, true gender equality can be reached when these three needs are met for all students:
- Equitable access and use of resources
- Equitable participation
- Safety or freedom from violence
And how is gender equality different from gender equity? It can be helpful to look at gender equality as the end goal and gender equity as the means to get there. Gender equity refers to promoting fairness in education, as well as confronting stereotypes and biases that have historically limited a student’s potential. When we achieve gender equality, all students will be free to pursue their education without fear of discrimination or harassment because of their gender.
The Importance of Gender Equity and Equality in the Classroom
Why confront gender bias in the classroom as early as possible? A survey involving over 2,000 children ages 4 to 16 found that from an early age, children make assumptions that confirm gender stereotypes. Children learn how to think about themselves and others from the messages they hear in society. And often, these messages include stereotypes about gender that stick with them for the rest of their lives.
In the classroom, students often encounter implicit or explicit assumptions about gender. For example, girls interested in STEM subjects may be discouraged if others say such topics aren’t very “feminine” pursuits. And the prevalence of this stereotype may be linked to the fact that more than 50% of all women in STEM ultimately leave their field due to hostile work environments. Also, 75% of all transgender students report feeling unsafe at school, which affects their academic achievement in very serious and harmful ways.
You can make a difference for younger students by teaching them to find strength in their gender identity and to treat kindly those with different identities than their own. According to Today’s Parent writer Gordon Nore, children are often already thinking about their gender and how it relates to the world around them. As a teacher, you can help facilitate their thoughts and discussions in healthy ways. You can also promote better understanding among your students for those who are different from themselves.
Four Ways to Promote Gender Equity and Equality in Education
Looking for ways to discuss gender equality issues in your classroom and move towards gender equity? We’ve put together four examples of how you can promote gender equality for all of your students.
Be a Role Model for Your Students
Students, especially younger children, often learn by imitation. As a teacher, be aware of your own assumptions about gender and try to correct your biases as you notice them.
In relevant situations, empower your students to believe in their potential to achieve their dreams regardless of their gender identity—and that their gender is a strength, never a weakness. Also, use language in class that is inclusive of transgender and non-binary students, such as using the name and pronouns that a student goes by, even if it is different from their school records.
Don’t Connect Gender to an Ability or Personality Trait
Sometimes our language can reinforce assumptions about gender. Be aware of the language you use in class, and avoid making assumptions about anyone’s ability, profession, or personality based on their gender.
For example, TeachThought suggests you include a female construction worker or male nurse in a class assignment (such as a story problem) to challenge your students’ assumptions and promote gender equity. It can also be helpful to avoid making wide generalizations about gender in class, such as the assumption that boys are louder and girls are quieter, or assuming that all of your students identify as their birth sex.
Include Gender Equality in Your Curriculum
Many textbooks are problematic when it comes to gender. Often they don’t include many notable female figures, tokenize the experiences of women, and stereotype gender roles in harmful ways. If you’re able to pick the textbook you use, try to find one that is known for its equitable treatment of gender.
If not, try to supplement your curriculum by teaching your students about both men and women who challenged their society’s ideas about gender and changed their communities in meaningful ways. It can also be helpful to include gender non-conforming and transgender people in your curriculum to help students with these identities feel represented and accepted.
Teach Students to Be Aware of Personal Biases
One of the best ways to confront gender discrimination in the classroom is by simply making your students aware of it. Teach students about implicit bias, or beliefs we might hold about ourselves or others because of sexist messages we have heard.
Tell your students that many people hold these biases, and it doesn’t mean they are bad people. The important thing is for students to acknowledge their own assumptions. Once they do, they can challenge them to actively change those assumptions—to recognize that a person’s abilities are not linked to their gender.
Equal rights and opportunities for girls and boys help all children fulfil their potential.
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Girls and boys see gender inequality in their homes and communities every day – in textbooks, in the media and among the adults who care for them.
Parents may assume unequal responsibility for household work, with mothers bearing the brunt of caregiving and chores. The majority of low-skilled and underpaid community health workers who attend to children are also women, with limited opportunity for professional growth.
And in schools, many girls receive less support than boys to pursue the studies they choose. This happens for a variety of reasons: The safety, hygiene and sanitation needs of girls may be neglected, barring them from regularly attending class. Discriminatory teaching practices and education materials also produce gender gaps in learning and skills development. As a result, nearly 1 in 4 girls between the ages of 15 and 19 are neither employed nor in education or training – compared to 1 in 10 boys.
Worldwide, nearly 1 in 4 girls between the ages of 15 and 19 are neither employed nor in education or training – compared to 1 in 10 boys.
Yet, in early childhood, gender disparities start out small. Girls have higher survival rates at birth, are more likely to be developmentally on track, and are just as likely to participate in preschool. Among those who reach secondary school, girls tend to outperform boys in reading across every country where data are available.
But the onset of adolescence can bring significant barriers to girls’ well-being. Gender norms and discrimination heighten their risk of unwanted pregnancy, HIV and AIDS, and malnutrition. Especially in emergency settings and in places where menstruation remains taboo, girls are cut off from the information and supplies they need to stay healthy and safe.
In its most insidious form, gender inequality turns violent. Some 1 in 20 girls between the ages of 15 and 19 – around 13 million – have experienced forced sex. In times of both peace and conflict, adolescent girls face the highest risk of gender-based violence. Hundreds of millions of girls worldwide are still subjected to child marriage and female genital mutilation – even though both have been internationally recognized as human rights violations. And violence can occur at birth, like in places where female infanticide is known to persist.
Some 1 in 20 girls between the ages of 15 and 19 – around 13 million globally – have experienced forced sex in their lifetimes.
Harmful gender norms are perpetuated at the highest levels. In some countries, they become entrenched in laws and policies that fail to uphold – or that even violate – girls’ rights, like laws that restrict women from inheriting property. Boys also suffer from gender norms: Social conceptions of masculinity can fuel child labour, gang violence, disengagement from school, and recruitment into armed groups.
What progress has been made for girls and young women?
Despite major hurdles that still deny them equal rights, girls refuse to limit their ambitions. Since the signing of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action in 1995 – the most comprehensive policy agenda for gender equality – the world has seen uneven progress.
More and more girls are attending and completing school, and fewer are getting married or becoming mothers while still children themselves. But discrimination and limiting stereotypes remain rife. Technological change and humanitarian emergencies are also confronting girls with new challenges, while old ones – violence, institutionalized biases, poor learning and life opportunities – persist.
That’s why girls from all walks of life are boldly raising their voices against inequality. Girl-led movements are stopping child marriage and female genital mutilation, demanding action on climate change, and trail-blazing in the fields of science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) – asserting their power as global change-makers.
What is UNICEF doing to promote gender equality?
Reducing inequality strengthens economies and builds stable, resilient societies that give all individuals – including boys and men – the opportunity to fulfil their potential.
UNICEF builds partnerships across the global community to accelerate gender equality. In all areas of our work, we integrate strategies that address gender-specific discrimination and disadvantages.
This means partnering with national health sectors to expand quality maternal care and support the professionalization of the mostly female front-line community health workforce. It means promoting the role of women in the design and delivery of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) ecosystems. And it means working with the education sector to ensure girls and boys thrive in their learning and find pathways to meaningful employment.
For adolescent girls especially, UNICEF invests in skills building to further their economic empowerment – as entrepreneurs, innovators and leaders. We focus on providing learning environments at a time and place that suit girls’ individual circumstances. We also work on assistive technologies for girls with disabilities, and on the expansion of digital platforms, vocational training and apprenticeships.
Supporting girls’ pathway from education to employment requires more than learning opportunities. It requires keeping girls safe from all forms of violence, in and out of school.
Our targeted initiatives to prevent and respond to gender-based violence help end child marriage, eliminate female genital mutilation, provide safe spaces, support menstrual health management, deliver HIV and AIDS care, meet psychosocial needs and more. We invest in innovative models that protect even the hardest-to-reach girls – like virtual safe spaces and apps that allow them to report violence and connect to local resources for support.
To guide investment and programming decisions at the national and global levels, we collect, quantify and share data critical for understanding ongoing and emerging challenges and solutions. What’s more, we tap into the power of youth to shape solutions for their own generation.
Organizations are looking out for their female employees’ well-being in a big way.
In this week’s top stories, several organizations are tackling the challenges women face in the workplace, from financial instability to their mental and physical well-being. Career community Fairygodboss is making it their mission to close the gender wage gap between Black women and white men. Their salary comparison tool allows women to anonymously list their salaries, in order for other women to recognize pay disparities and advocate for fair pay.
Ensuring women can become more financially secure through higher wages and greater savings is the goal of The Mom Project, which recently partnered with Capitalize to help women consolidate their 401(k) and other retirement accounts and maximize their retirement savings potential.
Supporting many of these initiatives are two female philanthropists: MacKenzie Scott and Melinda French Gates announced a $40 million investment into organizations that promote gender equality. See more of our top coverage below:
Women of color are burned out and dissatisfied with their company’s DEI initiatives
According to Fairygodboss, a career community centered around empowering women, 1 in 3 employed women of color plan to find new employment by the end of 2021, says Romy Newman, president and co-founder. These employees are eager for better wages and more flexible work schedules: 50% of Black women surveyed said that a pay raise would get them to stay, and 30% wanted more PTO and flexible work time.
Fairygodboss found that Black women are also searching for more transparency and action around DEI strategies: 63% of women of color are largely dissatisfied with their company’s response to DEI. Moreover, 60% of women feel their companies are not prepared to handle racist incidents that occur in the workplace.
Menopause is the next taboo topic to tackle at work
While 20% of the workforce experiences menopause each year, according to the blog Menopause View, the conversation around how to help those women has often been off-limits. One-third of people experiencing menopause hide it at work, according to Vodafone, despite the impact it has on their mental and physical well-being.
Employers should approach menopause as they do with other challenges employees are facing. The first step is to have more open and more frequent communication about menopause and the seriousness of this phase in a person’s life. Typically, menopause lasts eight to 10 years, and 5% will experience menopause before they turn 45, according to Unmind data. Providing education will help combat common misconceptions around the process and allow for more open and honest conversations.
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Promoting gender equity through sport
- What is sport and development?
- History of sport and development
- Sport and development policy
- Education and child and youth development
- Disaster response
- What is ‘gender’?
- The role of sport in addressing gender issues
- Policy development in gender and sport
- Understanding and adapting to local contexts
- Promoting gender equity through sport
- Selected bibliography
- Economic development
- Sport and the sustainable development goals
- Child protection and safeguarding
- Featured sport
This sub-section provides general guidelines, based on experiences from various interventions, on promoting gender equity through sport.
The provision of designated spaces for women’s and girls’ sport activities can have practical benefits but also a symbolic character, especially if these areas are public. In general, access to community areas is primarily granted to men and boys.
In some cases, should women and girls frequent these community spaces, they are usually allowed to do so under specific conditions (e.g. while being accompanied by a male family member). Experience shows that by women and girls claiming public space, the community may become slowly accustomed to seeing women and girls sharing public space with men and boys.
The Course Féminine, held every year on the streets of Casablanca, Morocco, is an example of how women and girls claim public space to participate in sport. Only women and girls are permitted to participate in the race that goes through the city of Casablanca.
Access to resources, structures and leadership
Besides infrastructure, sports programmes for women and girls have shown to require organisational structure as well. Sports programmes that assure women and girls active board membership in leading positions, equity, financial means, participation in decision-making and strategic planning are likely to be more successful in producing lasting change in the self-perception and self-confidence of female participants in such programmes.
Choice of sport
Successful sport programmes for women and girls have shown to have paid careful attention to categories of sports, such as: sport vs. games; contact vs. low-contact vs. non-contact sports; mixed vs. single-sex sports activities; team vs. double vs. single sports; etc.
Careful consideration of these aspects can help to establish female sports participation and its integration into everyday life. Research conducted on perceptions of sport in e.g. the US has shown that basketball is seen as a ‘rough’ sport, while similar research in Senegal shows that basketball is considered a ‘feminine’ sport, indicating that an understanding of the community’s perception of different sports is required.
Traditional games and competition
Traditional games have shown to be useful in promoting gender equity, an approach which does not focus heavily on mainstream sport. This can help to avoid potential issues with promoting competitive sports. But some indigenous games and activities derive from e.g. male-dominated hunting or war practices and therefore might be counterproductive in reaching gender equity objectives, reinforcing existing patriarchal structures and gender norms.
As such, experience shows that modifying existing games, changing certain rules and focusing on participation and fun rather than on competition and performance, is more effective in achieving an inclusive approach to promoting gender equity.
In many cases, sport activities have shown to act as an ideal platform on which to address gender roles among children and adults. This is largely due to the ways in which sports activities are taught. For example, a significant learning experience can derive from witnessing a female referee at a sports tournament or training with a female coach.
The role of females in such positions has shown to relay an implicit message that women do possess knowledge and leadership skills, and are also capable and familiar with a male-dominated field. Research on such programmes has shown that male participants and stakeholders tend to experience an ‘eye-opening effect’ when witnessing and learning from female experts in sport.
Sports programmes in developing countries are usually run by sport coaches who work on a voluntary basis. But sports projects have shown to require specialised and trained staff in order to reach the desired outcomes.
As such, in order to get capable people to become actively involved in girls’ and women’s sport, research shows that added incentives must be provided (such as: remuneration, transferable skills, equipment, further education, media exposure, travel opportunities or other resources) to make the programme sustainable.
Sports programmes that have proven most effective thus far in promoting gender equity are those that are well-integrated into the community and context in which the programme takes place.
Experience has shown that programmes implemented with resistance from the community are less likely to continue activities once the programme comes to an end. The programmes that have used available input, knowledge and resources from the community tend to be more effective in maintaining longer-term impact of the initiative.
6 Ways To Promote Gender Equality In Your School.
As a mom of a 6-year-old boy, I often wonder whether his father and I are raising him the right way. So often, we hear things like “why is he cooking when his sister is around”, “why is he having a girl’s toy?”, etc.
And then the constant “boys will be boys” messages make me question whether certain troublesome behaviors and attitudes are just part of the male makeup. Experts say the answer to that is no: Boys’ behaviors are more cultural than biological.
Parents, relatives, peers, teachers, and the media send messages to boys that they should be tough, unemotional, competitive, strong, powerful, etc. While girls are weak, bad at driving, not competitive, emotional, etc.
So, teaching gender equality from a young age is a vital part of breaking the stereotype and ensuring equal opportunities for all and inspiring the next generation.
Here are a few ways to promote gender equality even from a younger age:
- Avoid gender stereotypes: Avoid teaching gender stereotypes in the first place. Offer a variety of toys and activities, even if they’re typically considered to be for girls. Provide books and movies featuring characters of each gender and in non-traditional gender roles, such as male nurses and female athletes.
2. Prevent feelings of superiority: To prevent this line of thinking, encourage mixed-gender friendships. “The more you encourage boys to spend time with girls and see them as individuals, the harder it is for them to stereotype the whole group or think boys are better. It’s also important for boys to get along with and be tolerant of people with other differences.
3. Positive affirmation: Children need positive words as they grow up. These words shape their mindset towards the future. Their thinking and reactions towards the other gender start from what they have learned from their tender age. Using words like “boys are stronger than girls”, “don’t be as weak as a girl” is not a good training of the mind to children.
4. Encourage emotions: Never tell boys, “Big boys don’t cry” or “You’re acting like a girl.” In addition to reinforcing gender stereotypes, that type of talk can actually be harmful. “If boys are cut off from honestly communicating hard feelings, the energy of the upset doesn’t simply diminish or go away; it can drive misbehavior and taint how a boy feels about himself and life in general.
5. Teach equal opportunity: Make children understand that there is no specific job for a male and a specific job for females. Don’t say certain things are for boys only or for girls only. Provide equal opportunities for both genders. Let them learn anything they want to learn. E.g. Boys learning ballet dance, cooking, sewing, and girls learning football, video games, etc.
6. Positive role model: Let the children read books about influential women they can emulate as their role model. Of course, you’ll probably talk a bit about gender equality, but for younger children and even preteens, stories are a much more effective way to get the message across.
International Women’s Day aims to promote this very message in our society. The ways in which students are encouraged to interact with their peers at school carries on to how they interact with those in their communities. Our students will grow and carry these habits into adulthood.
There are a number of extraordinary women who made an impact.
What do you know about Florence Nwapa, Queen Amina, Florence Nightingale, Queen Idia, Funmilayo Ransom-Kuti, Mary Slessor or Queen Moremi?
Let the children have fun in this amazing game as they learn more about awesome women and their works.
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