How to prepare a garden plot

Follow our step by step guide on how to create a vegetable garden from scratch. We will discuss, among others

  • Considerations for choosing a place
  • Size considerations
  • Soil preparation

If you are building your garden from scratch and have never done it before, chances are you have a lot of questions. How much do I have to do the garden? What tools do i need? How deep should I dig? Sit back and relax. We have some answers for you.

How to prepare a garden plot

The first step in creating a vegetable garden ispage selection. The most important factor in choosing the right place in your garden is sunlight. You need a place that gets at least 5-6 hours of direct sunlight every day. Ideally, your garden should be built on level ground. Sometimes this is not possible. A slight slope is fine. If you can choose between a shady, flat location or a sunny location on a slope, always choose a sunny location on the slope. Also, you don’t want to pick a spot that is at the bottom of a slope. Water flows down the hill and your beautiful sunny flat garden can be flooded before the end of spring. Also, try to choose a location far enough away from large trees. If you start digging in your yard and come across a clump of thick tree roots, you are too close to the tree and should think about setting up a vegetable garden elsewhere. Do you mean a good seat? Great. We will go to the next step in a moment. If you have researched your property and determined that there is no good place to start a vegetable garden, you still have options: you can always plant a vegetable garden.

How to prepare a garden plot

Another point to consider when creating a vegetable garden is:dimension. How big should your garden be? Your answer to this question depends on many things. How much land is available? How much time and effort do you want to dedicate to your garden? What kind of vegetables / fruit do you want to grow? How many plants do you want to grow?

Building a vegetable garden from scratch will require a lot of physical effort: digging, plowing, raking, folding, etc. If you’ve never had a vegetable garden before, start small, perhaps 100-200 square feet. Go through the steps outlined below to create a vegetable garden of this dimension. If you have more land available, you can always add it and enlarge it to your liking / need. If you have some plants in mind that you absolutely want to grow, you can now check the links to the individual vegetables listed in the navigation bar on our home page for information on the space requirements for each type of plant.

How to prepare a garden plot

Or you can go ahead and follow the steps below to create a small garden. Once you have created a vegetable garden, you can choose what you want to grow.

OK, so you’ve picked the perfect spot. You are now looking at a plot of land that may have grass or other plants. So how do you turn this place into a piece of land with a vegetable garden? This is soil preparation part and will require physical exertion. But there’s also good news: when you’re done, you won’t have to do a lot of work preparing your garden for planting. You will need a shovel, garden rake, and tiller for this process. The shovel should have a pointed tip. A garden rake should have short, permanent teeth (as opposed to the long, flexible teeth of a leaf rake). Tillers come in a wide variety of dimensions. You need a bar that is at least 6 inches deep. You don’t necessarily have to go out and buy an expensive tiller. You can rent it, borrow it, or hire someone to do the cultivation for you. However, if you have the means, having your own helm can be profitable in the long run and much more affordable.

  1. Use a stick, stone, peg, etc. to mark the corners of the garden soil
  2. Dig the soil. push the shovel into the ground up to the handle (if necessary, stand on it). Lift a piece of earth with a shovel and separate it from the rest of the earth. Turn the piece of land upside down and throw the grass into the hole you just made. Repeat this process until the entire texture is eliminated. It is important to remember to dig as deep as the shovel allows. If you dig just a few inches now, your garden will perform less well later.
  3. Drive the tiller around the garden soil, using it to break up large chunks of soil. Do this several times. At this point, don’t worry about deep processing. Your goal right now is simply to destroy the pieces of land you have dug.
  4. After splitting as many pieces as possible with the rudder, it’s time to select the remaining “indestructible” pieces. You can manually pick up the large pieces left over. Use a garden rake to remove any smaller pieces, stones, and remaining plant debris.
  5. Until again. Drive the tiller through the garden several times, going deeper and deeper. Use a rake or your hands to get rid of any remaining stones or plant debris sticking out. Until again. How much deeper the rudder will allow. The deeper you grow, the better your garden will be and the easier it will be to plant it.

At this point, the soil should be relatively fine in texture, with no large chunks, stones or plant debris. You should be able to kick 6 inches or so easily with your bare hands. Now the hardest part is over. As long as you uproot the weeds and until it freezes in the fall, you’ll never have to dig again (at least for this plot).

Congratulations! You have created a vegetable garden from scratch. I feel pretty good, right?

When planning a garden, there are only two other factors to consider. choice and location of plants.

February 9, 2017, 1:43 pm EST

Montgomery County, Maryland

Expert answer

An exciting season is approaching!
The reason they plow in late March is because cold season crops can actually be planted outdoors between late March and early April.
Cover crops are usually planted in late summer to protect the soil from erosion in the winter. There are cover crops for spring (buckwheat and Dutch white clover), but you’ll probably want to run out of all your space eventually. Any organic substance can be used for mulch. For sidewalks and areas where you aren’t ready to plant yet, all options are fine, you can even lay out several layers of newspaper and cover them with mulch or shredded leaves, pine spikes, straw, etc. then plant properly for later .
Additions of aged manure, compost, Leaf Gro is one of the best things you can do for your plot.
If you’re not familiar with the horticulture section of our website, Grow it, eat it, check it out. Here’s a great page to get you started: Best Practices: http: // extension. uh. edu / hgic / respectful of the earth / best practices-food-gardening
It will have all the information you need to get off to a good start and help throughout the season, with crop profiles, common pest / disease issues, other gardeners’ blogs, etc.
For example, here is a page with graphics that tell you what to plant in our area, possible garden plans and pages of vegetable profiles that tell you what each crop needs, including when and how to harvest: http: // extension. uh. edu / growit / vegetables
You should also know that our website has A LOT of useful videos:
https: // www. Youtube. com / user / UMDHGIC

Thanks for the very quick and detailed reply! Grow it, eat it looks great! You just saved me a lot of research time. 馃檪

To be sure, Montgomery County Community Gardens don’t allow newspaper litter.

A subsequent question that may be answered elsewhere: I’d really like to grow some tomato plants that will be tall. WITH An ever greener world and other sources, understand that retail tomato cages won’t last if the plants get heavy or windy. And I won’t be able to climb the ladder to pick the tomatoes at the top of the big trellis.

So, could I use something like arch-shaped fabric to grow and grow the plant? WITHakotwicza艂bym ko艅ce 艂uku za pomoc膮 zszywek ogrodowych, palik贸w lub bloczk贸w 偶u偶lowych. I would plant tomatoes in the center of the garden.
S矛. WITHdaj臋 sobie spraw臋, 偶e to pytanie jest do艣膰 nietypowe. 馃檪

I was just looking on the internet for ideas for grating.

How about two sections of a fence or pet panels connected at the top to form the shape of a puppy tent? Would it be stable without a lot of work?

What did you use to grow indefinite tomato plants in a relatively small space?

Hello! Just found this on the An ever greener world site:

and a video showing what looks easy enough:

How to prepare a garden plot

I have experimented with various software packages for garden design. Many of them were very bulky or too limited to what I wanted. Eventually, I found it easier to use an Excel spreadsheet by treating it like graph paper and combining it with many of Excel’s autoshape tools. The end result can be a garden plan and a useful plant list. You can also track information about your plants in a worksheet if you want.

Below are some simple instructions on how to draw a garden design plan without using any special garden design software.

Step 1: create a mesh

WITHasadniczo u偶ywam arkusza kalkulacyjnego Excela, jakby to by艂 papier milimetrowy, i po prostu rysuj臋 sw贸j plan w skali.

  1. WITHacznij od utworzenia siatki w arkuszu programu Excel. I do this by changing the column width and row height to make them look like mesh paper. Looking at my saved worksheets, they say the column width is 2 and the row height is 14.5. Create as many columns and rows of this scale as you think you need. You can always enter more if necessary.
  2. Each square now represents your scale. For my purposes, I count a square as being 2 feet, but that might be all you want depending on how big the garden you are drawing. Place the measurement scale at the top left. Ora hai un foglio di calcolo che sembra carta millimetrata con le misure in alto e a sinistra.

Step 2: draw difficult landscapes

Then I draw difficult landscapes (house, patio, etc.) and basic bed shapes. For this I use the drawing toolbar function. Mo偶esz wybiera膰 linie, strza艂ki, kwadraty, ko艂a i ogromn膮 r贸偶norodno艣膰 kszta艂t贸w w AUTOKSWITHTA艁TACH.

To create curved beds, I use the curved line option under the auto shapes. Przejd藕 do AUTOKSWITHTA艁T脫W 鈥 LINIE 鈥 KRWITHYWE. Now draw your shape by clicking on the grid, clicking along the path. Wherever you click, you will get an anchor point in your plan. Don鈥檛 worry if it鈥檚 rough 鈥 you can adjust the shape later. Just get into general form. If you need to close the shape (e. g. on a standalone bed), go back to the starting point and DO A DOUBLE CLICK and the shape will automatically close.

Now that you’ve drawn the approximate shape of the bed, right-click the shape (sometimes you need to be exactly on the line) and select EDIT POINTS. WITHobaczysz teraz seri臋 ma艂ych czarnych kwadrat贸w oznaczaj膮cych ka偶de miejsce, w kt贸rym klikn膮艂e艣 na swoim papierze milimetrowym. You can literally pick them up and move them around. You can also select any point on the line and create a new point. For more advanced editing, right-click on one of these points and you will see many more options: you can delete a point, open a closed curve, create a segment between straight or curved points.

  1. The view magnification is quite high, which makes editing easier.
  2. To create nice curves, I create a temporary circle and follow the pattern. I place a circle shape on the grid, dimension it (double click a shape and you can get very precise using the SIWITHE box). Place it next to your curve and now make your points follow the curve. So I remove the circle when I’m satisfied.
  3. You can fill your beds or not as you like. If you fill you will have to be careful of the 鈥渙rder鈥 of your objects (we鈥檒l get into that in a bit).
  4. You can rotate a shape once you make it in either of two ways: click on the shape & if you have a green dot you can just drag it around until you like it鈥檚 placement. Mo偶esz te偶 klikn膮膰 dwukrotnie na kszta艂t, przej艣膰 do pola ROWITHMIAR, a zobaczysz pole obrotu 鈥 wystarczy wpisa膰 liczb臋 np. 90, aby obr贸ci膰 w prawo or 90 stopni. -90 means turning counterclockwise 90 degrees.

Step 3: Entering some details

So I color all the details I want in the plan. For example for the patio pattern, I made a series of rectangles, dimensiond them, filled them in with texture then placed them to look like patio stones. You just have to do the first ones, then cut and paste.

  1. Advice:
    You can use the mouse to move objects and use the arrow keys for precise movements.
  2. If you’re creating a scene made up of multiple shapes (like a patio or a set of tables and chairs), it’s convenient to group them together so you can move them as one piece. To do this, select two or more shapes, right click and go to GROUP. Objects now move together. You can ungroup, group or group with other shapes / groups as needed.

Step 4: sowing

Next comes the fun part, planting (just like real life 鈥 create the hardscape, get the beds ready & go!). U偶ywam r贸偶norodnych kszta艂t贸w z autokszta艂t贸w, g艂贸wnie z kategorii GWIAWITHDY I BANERY. I then dimension them and colour them (fill) as I like. If I can, I try to follow the color of the leaves or flowers. I use my scale for sizing. I also try to make my shapes follow the pattern, e. g. pointed shapes for evergreen shrubs, slightly more curved / rounded for shrubs, different shapes for perennials / spreaders etc.

Advice:Notice the yellow dot in some of the shapes from STARS AND BANNERS when you click on them? Move it and you can change the depth of the circle.

Then I add information about the plant. Right click on the plant shape and you can add some text. Depending on the dimension of your scale, full plant names may not fit so I tend to number my plants then put an index somewhere on the page or on another sheet. Sometimes I also use a ladder for shrubs (e. g. 1,2,3) and another for perennials (a, b, c). You can also add text boxes for longer descriptions. They can also be rotated if you want.

WITHamawianie kszta艂t贸w. Since all of your objects are shapes on the sheet, some will be in front and some will be behind. You can mix the shapes up or down as needed (for example, you obviously want plants to appear on a full bed). Wystarczy klikn膮膰 prawym przyciskiem myszy na kszta艂t, przej艣膰 do WITHAM脫WI膯, a zobaczysz PRWITHENIE艢 DO PRWITHODU, WY艢LIJ DO TY艁U itd.

That鈥檚 it. You now have a scale drawing of your garden.

How you prepare your garden for winter this fall plays a huge role in how your garden will perform and produce next year.

WITHbyt cz臋sto dzia艂ka warzywna staje si臋 refleksj膮, gdy nadejdzie jesie艅. When plants begin to lose vigor and production slows or stops, many gardeners simply let their gardens sit until next spring.

What was once a flower garden quickly becomes an overgrown weed. And one filled not only with weeds and decaying vegetable crops, but also with pests and diseases.

Unfortunately, all of these issues simply don鈥檛 go away with the onset of winter. Nor can they be undone by simply tilling the soil in spring for a new garden. That’s why preparing your garden for this fall’s winter is so important!

Not only can it help protect precious garden soil from weeds, diseases and pests, but it can also replenish and revitalize the soil. The final result? Next year鈥檚 garden is better than ever!

Here’s how to clean and prepare your garden for winter and next year’s big growing season.

How to prepare a garden for the winter

Remove any used vegetable crops

The most important fall garden task of all is removing all of this year鈥檚 vegetable plants. When left to rot and decay in the garden, it sets the stage for a multitude of problems for the following year鈥檚 growing season.

The populations of diseases and pests left over from winter use the old plants as hosts. Additionally, hundreds, if not thousands, of self-seeding fall from rotting vegetables left on plants. Seeds that will sprout over the years to steal even more nutrients.

Vegetable plants should be uprooted and removed from the garden as soon as they begin to die. And as you clear the foliage, be sure to remove any decaying fruit that may have found it鈥檚 way to the ground as well.

Adding organic matter: preparing your garden for winter

So now that the garden is clean, it’s time to add some energy!

Whether you’re growing with raised beds, raised rows or in a traditional garden, fall is the perfect time to rejuvenate and restore soil nutrient levels by adding organic matter.

Vegetable plants take a toll on both the quality and vitality of your garden鈥檚 soil. As crops grow and produce, they also extract valuable nutrients from the soil.

WITH biegiem czasu azot, potas, fosfor i inne kluczowe minera艂y zaczynaj膮 znika膰 z gleby. And if not replaced, next year鈥檚 vegetable plants can begin to suffer.

While planting a cover crop (discussed in the next section) is definitely a key part of revitalizing and protecting your soil, you can further recharge your soil by introducing organic matter as soon as you clean the crops.

L’aggiunta di 1 “a 2 di una spolverata di compost, escrementi animali o persino foglie tritate manterr脿 il terreno carico durante l’inverno. I nutrienti si decompongono ed entrano nel terreno durante l’inverno e sono pronti per nutrire le tue piante entro la prossima primavera! (WITHobacz: Jak stworzy膰 niesamowity jesienny stos compostu)

Cover that soil – prepare your garden for winter

Leaving the soil for the winter is one of the biggest mistakes in the garden. First of all, it sweeps away the precious garden soil through erosion. But it also allows weeds and weed seeds to find an easy path to survive and hide.

While adding a layer of organic matter helps, covering the entire garden with ground cover really sets the stage for next year’s success.

Not only does it cover and protect the soil, it also emits an incredible amount of nutrients. This is il modo migliore per mantenere produttivo il terreno del tuo giardino! WITHobacz : Jak posadzi膰 ro艣lin臋 okrywow膮, aby ponownie na艂adowa膰 sw贸j ogr贸d?

And if for any reason a cover crop isn鈥檛 possible, then at the very least, cover that garden with something! Many choose to simply cover their garden by placing a large tarp over it. Others cover it with a thick layer of leaves or straw.

Whether it鈥檚 a cover crop, tarp, or a thick coating of leaves, covering your soil is a must! Here’s how to put that garden to bed this fall and into the big growing season next year.

This Is My Garden is a gardening site created by gardeners that publishes two articles a week, 52 weeks a year. This article may contain affiliate links.

Community Gardens brings together people from all walks of life to share their love of gardening. Gardening is a labor of love and involves equal parts of both. WITH ca艂ym czasem i trosk膮, jak膮 wk艂adasz w sw贸j ogr贸d, chcesz, aby doprowadzi艂o to do udanych zbior贸w. Unfortunately, that is not always the case, and things don鈥檛 go as planned.

Fortunately, there are some things you can do to protect yourself from these difficulties. Proper bed preparation, selecting the right plants, and caring for the plot will lead to a successful community gardening venture with higher yields. Follow these tips on how to make your gardens bloom!

How to prepare a garden plot

How to prepare a garden plot?

  1. Clean the garden of weeds. When you get to know your new garden, you will likely see overgrown weeds and obsolete plants from the previous year. Try not to overwhelm, but urgently remove all plant leaves and thoroughly clean the garden plot. You don鈥檛 want diseased foliage in your garden bed.
  2. Improve the soil with well-rotted compost and other organic material at least two weeks before planting.
  3. Spend time with your vegetable garden and observe the sun’s path and determine the garden bed arrangement from sunlight and shadow patterns.
  4. Select low maintenance plants and start planting.

How to prepare a garden plot

Selection of plants for a plot in a community garden

There are so many varieties of plants out there that it can be difficult to choose. Ask veteran gardeners in the community garden what has worked for them and what hasn鈥檛. WITHacznij prosto. It鈥檚 best to grow a few things well to gain some confidence, which will encourage you to stick with it. Here are some things to consider when choosing your plants, plus some easy-to-grow vegetable tips to help you get started.

Follow community guidelines

WITHapoznaj si臋 z zasadami i wytycznymi zwi膮zanymi z ograniczeniami dotycz膮cymi ro艣lin w ogrodzie spo艂eczno艣ci. Some plants, such as mint varieties, can burrow into the ground and spread so quickly that they become a threat to the entire plot community.

Practice the art of planting with friends

Choose plants that work well with companion plants. They will feed each other and protect plants from garden pests. Companion plants will attract pollinators to the garden and deter unwanted pests from chewing on the leaves and decimating the garden.

How to prepare a garden plot

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All mix of natural potting

**Produkt niedost臋pny w AWITH, CA, HI, NV, UT.For a comparable product in these states, click here.

How to prepare a garden plot

Choose low maintenance plants

Here are some easy-to-grow plant tips to try when starting your garden. They will all grow quite well without the need for constant care. WITHachowaj prostot臋 i 艣wi臋tuj sukcesy. WITHawsze mo偶esz wypr贸bowa膰 kilka nowych dodatk贸w w przysz艂ym roku, gdy zorientujesz si臋, jak ro艣nie Tw贸j pierwszy rok ogr贸d z ro艣linami o niskich wymaganiach konserwacyjnych.

  • Basil
  • Beet
  • Eggplant
  • Garlic
  • cabbage
  • Carrot
  • Peppers
  • parsley
  • thyme
  • WITHiemniaki
  • Tomatoes, especially cherry tomatoes
  • Chives
  • shallot

Develop yourself

Common land restricts gardeners to the defined boundaries of their garden beds. To get more out of your garden plot鈥檚 real estate, consider growing some plants vertically on obelisks, cages, teepees, and trellises.

How to prepare a garden plot

Practice regular weeding habits

You likely won鈥檛 be visiting your garden plot every day, so it is essential to weed it when you are there. Weeds can compete with plants for nutrients, water and sunlight and reproduce very quickly once they take root. Unpleasant weeds can take over your garden and can also release weed seeds that will spread to other kitchen gardens, making them dangerous neighbors in the community.

Wake up every time you visit a community garden. Grab a bottle of organic herbicide consisting of 2 parts distilled white vinegar, 1 part water, and a few teaspoons of spray dish soap and take it with you to garden visits. Spray the leaves of unwanted weeds and let the warm sun help remove the pesky weeds.

Mulch

Use mulch around the plants in your garden. Mulch not only helps repel weeds, it can also help keep the soil moist and protect the soil in your garden when you are away to grow it.

WITHasi臋gnij porady u innych ogrodnik贸w spo艂eczno艣ci

Part of the fun of being part of a community garden is that it brings people together. Other gardeners who have had their parcels of land longer than you may have already solved problems in this location on their own and can provide a lot of information on how to help your parcel thrive. Make connections, ask questions, and be open to learning tips and tricks from other gardeners.

How to prepare a garden plot

Participation:

Are you ready for the first big hurdle of the gardening season? Here鈥檚 how to make sure that your seedlings transplant successfully into the garden.

To spread or not to spread

Many home gardeners prefer gardening to nursery transplants rather than seeds. In some respects, this allows for greater flexibility, as you can simply go out and buy the transplants when you鈥檙e ready. The downside to this method is that your garden is limited to the varieties available in your area, so the overall variety of plants you can grow may be less.

WITH drugiej strony, zak艂adanie ro艣lin z nasion w pomieszczeniu mo偶e by膰 wyzwaniem! If you aren鈥檛 able to provide them with proper lighting and moisture, they may not be strong enough to survive the move to outdoors. One benefit of starting from seed is that it鈥檚 usually cheaper to buy a packet of seeds than it is to buy transplants, and the unused seeds will likely last you two or three seasons.

Whichever technique you choose, you鈥檒l eventually need to transplant your young plants into the garden. Here are some tips on how to do it!

Tips for transplanting

1. Plan ahead

When it comes to transplanting, time matters – replant too early in spring and plants can freeze, transplant too late, and plants can roast in the sun (the reverse is true in fall). In any case, it鈥檚 important to pay attention to local weather conditions.

  • First, check out our Planting Calendar to see the spring frost dates in your area. The date of the last spring frost is commonly used as a guide for both starting seeds and sowing outdoors.
  • Find out in which conditions your plants grow best. Some crops, such as peas and spinach, are fresh crops, which means they need to be planted before the outside temperature gets too high. Others, such as tomatoes and peppers, are hot crops and will be weakened by too low temperatures. WITHnajd藕 porady dotycz膮ce poszczeg贸lnych ro艣lin w naszej bibliotece Poradnik贸w Uprawy.
  • If you start your plants from seed, it鈥檚 a good idea to keep track of when you start them and when you transplant them. It will help you plan for future years!
  • When preparing for the transplant, keep an eye on local weather forecasts. If a severe cold attack looms, avoid replanting until the temperature is no longer pleasant.

How to prepare a garden plot

2. Prepare the garden and plants

When the weather changes for the better, start preparing your garden and plants:

  • During the last week of indoor transplants, withhold fertilizer and water less frequently to allow them to live outdoors.
  • Prima di piantare in giardino, gli innesti devono essere "induriti" all’esterno in una zona riparata:
    • 7 to 10 days before transplanting, place seedlings outside in a motley shade that is out of the wind for several hours a day, gradually increasing their exposure to full sun and windy conditions. This makes them more used to living outdoors full time.
    • Keep the soil moist at all times during the hardening period. Dry air and spring breezes can cause rapid water loss.
  • Anything that raises the soil temperature will help plants adapt to the shock of cold soil. Try using raised garden beds and plastic mulch or landscaping cloth to raise the soil temperature before planting.
  • Your garden soil may have been compacted in the winter, so loosen it and aerate it before planting. If necessary, add fresh earth; it should capture and retain moisture, drain well, and allow for easy root penetration through the cuttings. Maggiori informazioni sulla soil preparation per la semina.

3. Plant it out

It’s finally time for the transplant!

  • If possible, transplant on a warm cloudy day early in the morning. This gives the plants a chance to settle in the ground without being immediately exposed to the intense midday sun.
  • Immediately after transplanting, soak the soil around the new seedlings to populate the roots.
  • If the season is particularly dry, spread mulch to reduce moisture loss.
  • To make sure that phosphorus – which promotes strong root development – is available in the root zone of new transplants, mix two tablespoons of 15-30-15 starter fertilizer with a gallon of water (one tablespoon for vines such as melons and cucumbers ). and give each seedling a cup of solution a few days after transplanting.
  • Observe the forecast of late spring frosts and plan for the proper protection of your plants. Curtains, cold frames or sheeting can be used to protect plants. Remember to remove the protective covers in the morning.

How to transplant: step by step

Watch this video to learn step by step how to transfer seedlings from a pot to a plot.

What tips do you have for transplanting seedlings? Let us know in the comments!

Find out more

Do you want to grow a specific vegetable, fruit or flower? WITHapoznaj si臋 z nasz膮 kolekcj膮 Poradnik贸w dotycz膮cych uprawy, aby uzyska膰 porady dotycz膮ce konkretnych ro艣lin.

Free online gardening guides

We鈥檝e gathered all of our best beginner gardening guides into a step-by-step series designed to help you learn how to garden! Visit our complete Gardening for everyone hub, where you鈥檒l find a series of guides鈥攁ll free! WITH selecting the right gardening spot to choosing the best vegetables to grow, our Almanac gardening experts are excited to teach gardening to everyone鈥攚hether it鈥檚 your 1st or 40th garden.

How to prepare a garden plot

I have experimented with various software packages for garden design. Many of them were very bulky or too limited to what I wanted. Eventually, I found it easier to use an Excel spreadsheet by treating it like graph paper and combining it with many of Excel’s autoshape tools. The end result can be a garden plan and a useful plant list. You can also track information about your plants in a worksheet if you want.

Below are some simple instructions on how to draw a garden design plan without using any special garden design software.

Step 1: create a mesh

WITHasadniczo u偶ywam arkusza kalkulacyjnego Excela, jakby to by艂 papier milimetrowy, i po prostu rysuj臋 sw贸j plan w skali.

  1. WITHacznij od utworzenia siatki w arkuszu programu Excel. I do this by changing the column width and row height to make them look like mesh paper. Looking at my saved worksheets, they say the column width is 2 and the row height is 14.5. Create as many columns and rows of this scale as you think you need. You can always enter more if necessary.
  2. Each square now represents your scale. For my purposes, I count a square as being 2 feet, but that might be all you want depending on how big the garden you are drawing. Place the measurement scale at the top left. Ora hai un foglio di calcolo che sembra carta millimetrata con le misure in alto e a sinistra.

Step 2: draw difficult landscapes

Then I draw difficult landscapes (house, patio, etc.) and basic bed shapes. For this I use the drawing toolbar function. Mo偶esz wybiera膰 linie, strza艂ki, kwadraty, ko艂a i ogromn膮 r贸偶norodno艣膰 kszta艂t贸w w AUTOKSWITHTA艁TACH.

To create curved beds, I use the curved line option under the auto shapes. Przejd藕 do AUTOKSWITHTA艁T脫W 鈥 LINIE 鈥 KRWITHYWE. Now draw your shape by clicking on the grid, clicking along the path. Wherever you click, you will get an anchor point in your plan. Don鈥檛 worry if it鈥檚 rough 鈥 you can adjust the shape later. Just get into general form. If you need to close the shape (e. g. on a standalone bed), go back to the starting point and DO A DOUBLE CLICK and the shape will automatically close.

Now that you’ve drawn the approximate shape of the bed, right-click the shape (sometimes you need to be exactly on the line) and select EDIT POINTS. WITHobaczysz teraz seri臋 ma艂ych czarnych kwadrat贸w oznaczaj膮cych ka偶de miejsce, w kt贸rym klikn膮艂e艣 na swoim papierze milimetrowym. You can literally pick them up and move them around. You can also select any point on the line and create a new point. For more advanced editing, right-click on one of these points and you will see many more options: you can delete a point, open a closed curve, create a segment between straight or curved points.

  1. The view magnification is quite high, which makes editing easier.
  2. To create nice curves, I create a temporary circle and follow the pattern. I place a circle shape on the grid, dimension it (double click a shape and you can get very precise using the SIWITHE box). Place it next to your curve and now make your points follow the curve. So I remove the circle when I’m satisfied.
  3. You can fill your beds or not as you like. If you fill you will have to be careful of the 鈥渙rder鈥 of your objects (we鈥檒l get into that in a bit).
  4. You can rotate a shape once you make it in either of two ways: click on the shape & if you have a green dot you can just drag it around until you like it鈥檚 placement. Mo偶esz te偶 klikn膮膰 dwukrotnie na kszta艂t, przej艣膰 do pola ROWITHMIAR, a zobaczysz pole obrotu 鈥 wystarczy wpisa膰 liczb臋 np. 90, aby obr贸ci膰 w prawo or 90 stopni. -90 means turning counterclockwise 90 degrees.

Step 3: Entering some details

So I color all the details I want in the plan. For example for the patio pattern, I made a series of rectangles, dimensiond them, filled them in with texture then placed them to look like patio stones. You just have to do the first ones, then cut and paste.

  1. Advice:
    You can use the mouse to move objects and use the arrow keys for precise movements.
  2. If you’re creating a scene made up of multiple shapes (like a patio or a set of tables and chairs), it’s convenient to group them together so you can move them as one piece. To do this, select two or more shapes, right click and go to GROUP. Objects now move together. You can ungroup, group or group with other shapes / groups as needed.

Step 4: sowing

Next comes the fun part, planting (just like real life 鈥 create the hardscape, get the beds ready & go!). U偶ywam r贸偶norodnych kszta艂t贸w z autokszta艂t贸w, g艂贸wnie z kategorii GWIAWITHDY I BANERY. I then dimension them and colour them (fill) as I like. If I can, I try to follow the color of the leaves or flowers. I use my scale for sizing. I also try to make my shapes follow the pattern, e. g. pointed shapes for evergreen shrubs, slightly more curved / rounded for shrubs, different shapes for perennials / spreaders etc.

Advice:Notice the yellow dot in some of the shapes from STARS AND BANNERS when you click on them? Move it and you can change the depth of the circle.

Then I add information about the plant. Right click on the plant shape and you can add some text. Depending on the dimension of your scale, full plant names may not fit so I tend to number my plants then put an index somewhere on the page or on another sheet. Sometimes I also use a ladder for shrubs (e. g. 1,2,3) and another for perennials (a, b, c). You can also add text boxes for longer descriptions. They can also be rotated if you want.

WITHamawianie kszta艂t贸w. Since all of your objects are shapes on the sheet, some will be in front and some will be behind. You can mix the shapes up or down as needed (for example, you obviously want plants to appear on a full bed). Wystarczy klikn膮膰 prawym przyciskiem myszy na kszta艂t, przej艣膰 do WITHAM脫WI膯, a zobaczysz PRWITHENIE艢 DO PRWITHODU, WY艢LIJ DO TY艁U itd.

That鈥檚 it. You now have a scale drawing of your garden.

Po wybraniu idealnego miejsca do sadzenia pomidor贸w po艣wi臋膰 troch臋 czasu na soil preparation. Dirt must be their home. You can make it as friendly as possible.

WITHanim wyjdziesz .

WITHdob膮d藕 bezp艂atn膮 kopi臋 鈥10 wskaz贸wek dotycz膮cych uprawy pomidor贸w, kt贸re musisz zna膰鈥. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced gardener, this 20-page guide provides tips you need to know in order to have a successful tomato grower.

How to prepare a garden plot

1. In bed

A few weeks before planting tomatoes, check the plot of your choice. The soil is ready to go when it’s dry enough not to stick to a ball and stick to garden tools.

Begin preparing your soil by cultivating the bed 8-10 inches deep with a garden spade o r tiller/cultivator. Remove debris. Break up clumps of soil. Work in 2-3 inches of compost or other organic matter up to the first 6 inches. This is un passaggio particolarmente importante nella soil preparation per piantare i pomodori, sia che tu abbia argilla nera fertile o terra terribile.

2. Cover the ground to warm it

How to prepare a garden plot

Tomatoes love warm soil. Even if the air temperature starts to warm up in the spring, the dirt will take some time. You can prevent transplant shock by covering the tomato field with black plastic sheeting, which absorbs the sun’s heat and speeds up the heating process.

Purchase plastic rolls at a local home improvement store or daycare center. So, a few weeks before planting tomatoes, start preparing the soil for the temperature. Place the black plastic on your garden and secure it with stones, bricks, buckets, or any other solid anchor. Remove plastic when placing tomato plants in your garden, unless you choose to use it as a weed repellent around newly planted seedlings.

3. Test your terrain

It is also necessary to prepare the soil by checking its nutrient and chemical content. WITHr贸b prosty test gleby na swojej glebie, aby wiedzie膰, jak j膮 zmieni膰. Purchase an inexpensive soil test kit online or at a garden center. Or, contact your local extension office and inquire about local soil analysis services.

4. Check the pH of the soil

Soil tests will determine the pH of the soil. You can use a simple pH test kit to determine the pH in a tomato slice. If you are planting a large number of tomatoes, try different areas in the planting area. The neutral pH level is 7.0. Numbers below 7.0 indicate acidic soil: the lower the number, the more acidic the soil. Numbers greater than 7.0 indicate alkaline medium: the higher the number, the more alkaline the soil.

Tomatoes grow best in slightly acidic soils with a pH between 6.0 and 7.0 – optimally between 6.5 and 7.0. If the soil pH is outside this range, make the appropriate adjustments. To lower the pH of the soil, add sulfur. To increase the pH of the soil, add lime. Il corretto pH 猫 un ingrediente importante nella soil preparation per la semina dei pomodori.

5. WITHmie艅 sk艂adniki od偶ywcze

Check the results of the soil test to get an even balance of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium needed for strong tomato production. La valutazione dei nutrienti richieder脿 molto tempo nella soil preparation poich茅 saprai cosa devi aggiungere.

Nitrogen helps your tomatoes keep their green leaves healthy. Older yellowed leaves and slow growth indicate a nitrogen deficiency. But when you apply too much nitrogen before you attach the fruit, the stems get quite large, the leaves are dark green and soft, and there are few, if any, flowers. Tomatoes need about 1-4 pounds of nitrogen per 500 square feet. Introduce nitrogen to the soil just before planting.

Good Sources of Nitrogen in Organic Fertilizers:

  • alfalfa flour
  • blood meal
  • compost
  • feather meal
  • fish dish
  • legumes
  • leaf mold

Good sources of inorganic nitrogen:

  • ammonium nitrate
  • ammonium sulfate
  • anhydrous ammonia
  • calcium nitrate
  • potassium nitrate
  • Sodium Nitrate
  • urea

Phosphorus helps your tomatoes develop strong root systems, develop disease resistance, and grow fruit and seeds. Slow, stunted growth and redness of stems and leaves indicate phosphorus deficiency. Fertilizers containing phosphorus should be incorporated into the soil before planting, rather than sprinkling the surface over them.

Good sources of phosphorus in organic fertilizers

  • bone meal
  • compost

Good sources of inorganic phosphorus

  • rock phosphate
  • superphosphate

Potassium supports the growth and disease resistance of tomato plants. Weak plants and slow growth indicate a potassium deficiency. In severe cases, the edges of the leaves turn brown. An easy way to change the soil is to add wood ash, which contains 5% potassium. The best rate is around 拢 10-15 for a 300 square foot bed. Working in ash in autumn or winter.

Good organic sources of potassium in fertilizers

  • Ash wood
  • granite dust (also called rock potash) 胁袀鈥 slow-releasing leaf mold

Good inorganic sources of potassium

  • potassium sulfate
  • rocky sand

Compost is decomposed organic matter. It胁袀鈩 not particularly high in nutrients but it胁袀鈩 a fantastic way to improve your soil. Compost improves soil structure, increases soil cultivation, helps retain nutrients, reduces compaction, attracts earthworms, increases the amount of microbes and protects plants from disease. Adding compost is the singular most important step you can take to preparing your soil for planting tomatoes. You can save money and make your own compost when you start your own compost pile at any time of the year.

Read more about preparing a garden and planting tomatoes

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