How to pray in hindu temples

How to pray in hindu temples

The statues of deities at a Hindu temple in this Pakistani city have been destroyed, the police said on Tuesday, the latest incident of vandalism against the places of worship of the minority community in this country.

The incident took place at the Narayan Mandir in Karachi’s old city of Narainpura on Monday evening, they said.

A man, identified as Muhammad Waleed Shabbir, has been arrested for damaging the statues of the deities, a senior police officer official, Sarfaraz Nawaz, said.

“He was arrested on the complaint of a Hindu man, Mukesh Kumar, who with his wife was at the Narayan Mandir for prayers when they saw this man damaging the statues of Hindu deities with a hammer,” he said.

An eyewitness said that angry Hindus, who were at the temple, caught hold of the miscreant and handed him over to the police.

Later, the Hindu residents of the area staged a protest outside the police station, demanding the government to provide security to Hindus.

They also raised slogans and protested that they were feeling insecure in the area after the incident.

The area is mostly inhabited by poor and low-income Hindu families who have been living in Narainpura for decades.

The police and Pakistani Rangers reached the spot and cordoned off the area.

Sindh’s Minister for Minority Affairs Gyanchand Israni said that a case should be registered.

He said that such incidents create unrest in the society.

“We condemn such attacks,” he said.

Another Hindu resident said that there were lots of Hindu families in the area and they had never seen such an incident and there had never been any incident of Hindu-Muslim tension in the area.

“We are labourers and very poor people. We do not harm anyone and always pray people will respect our worship places too,” he said.

The police official said that they were investigating the motive behind the incident.

The videos of broken holy statues were seen circulating on social media.

Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz’s Member of National Assembly Kheeal Das Kohistani condemned incident, saying that one out of two attackers has been held by the police.

“No religion allows such kinds of acts,” he said.

There have been incidents of Hindu temples being vandalised in other parts of the country as well.

In October, a historical Hindu temple located at the bank of Indus River in Kotri city was desecrated by unidentified people.

In August, the Ganesh temple in Punjab’s Rahim Yar Khan district was vandalised by a mob of over 200 people. In March, a group of unidentified people attacked an over 100-year-old Hindu temple in Rawalpindi.

In December last year, century-old Shri Param Hans Ji Maharaj temple in Teri village in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa’s Karak district was vandalised and demolished by a mob led by some local clerics. Last month, it was opened to devotees by Chief Justice Gulzar Ahmed who had ordered authorities to reconstruct it.

Hindus form the biggest minority community in Pakistan. According to official estimates, 75 lakh Hindus live in Pakistan. However, according to the community, over 90 lakh Hindus are living in the country.

The majority of Pakistan’s Hindu population is settled in Sindh province where they share culture, traditions and language with Muslim residents. They often complain of harassment by extremists.

How to pray in hindu temples

Gurgaon – Dinesh Bharti drives around with other activists on Fridays heckling and harassing Muslims praying outside in Gurgaon, the latest flashpoint of sectarian tensions under India’s Hindu nationalist government.

Muslims praying in the open “create problems in the country and the entire world”, the thickset Hindu man in his 40s said, a red tilak on his forehead marking him out as a devout member of India’s majority religion.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s election in 2014 emboldened hardline groups who see India as a Hindu nation and its 200 million-strong Muslim minority as potentially dangerous outsiders.

Gurgaon is a modern satellite city of the capital New Delhi. Around 500 000 Muslims either live there, have migrated to the area for work or labour there during the day.

The city has 15 mosques for them, but the local government has refused permission to build more – even as the number of Hindu temples has grown.

This has forced the community to hold Friday afternoon prayers – the most important of the week for Muslims – in open spaces.

In recent years, Hindu groups have sprayed cow dung at Islamic prayer sites and called worshippers terrorists and Pakistanis – referencing India’s Muslim-majority neighbour and arch-rival.

The local government, meanwhile, has steadily cut the number of approved outdoor worship sites.

‘No longer tolerated’

Earlier this month, the Haryana state chief minister, a member of Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party, declared that outdoor prayers in Gurgaon “will no longer be tolerated”.

Undermining their argument that religion can be practised only indoors, Hindu groups celebrated last Friday by setting up a makeshift temple and community kitchen to feed hundreds as devotional music blared.

Across town, hundreds of Muslims queued to take turns to worship at one of only six remaining prayer venues still available.

At another site, Muslims were heckled and forced to chant slogans such as “Hail Lord Ram” – a Hindu deity – that have proliferated under Modi among his supporters.

“If the government doesn’t find a solution to the issue… it will become more complicated and serious,” Sabir Qasmi, a Muslim cleric at the prayer meeting, told AFP.

Lifelong hardliner

Modi is a lifelong member of the hardline Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) Hindu nationalist group.

He was briefly barred from the United States over religious riots in Gujarat in 2002 when he was state chief minister.

Since his coming to power, a string of lynchings of Muslims by Hindu mobs for so-called cow protection – a sacred animal for many Hindus – and other hate crimes has sown fear and despair in the community.

Several states have brought in legislation criminalising conversion to Christianity and Islam, including through marriage – or “love jihad” as Hindu hardliners call it.

This week, a video emerged from a recent gathering of right-wing Hindu groups in which some delegates called for Muslims to be killed, reports said.

Hindu protesters in Gurgaon say outdoor prayers pose a “security” risk, cause traffic problems and prevent children from playing cricket.

But critics say the real reason is simply that Muslims have no place in Modi’s new intolerant India, where Hindu zealots are dictating government policy.

Arati R. Jerath, a political commentator, said there is an agenda to convert India from a pluralistic and secular nation into a “Hindu country”.

“Whether it is economic spaces or spaces for worship, or spaces for the food and customs or anything with a Muslim identity, that is going to be part of the project,” Jerath told AFP.

“It is not necessarily a government-sponsored project, but certainly a project by the supporters of this government, who… get tacit support from the government.”

On Sunday, the head of a Hindu umbrella group proposed a solution: Muslims should convert.

“They will have their temples to pray and this (prayer) issue will end,” said Mahaveer Bhardwaj, chairman of the Sanyukt Sangharsh Samiti.

How to pray in hindu temples

Prime Minister Narendra Modi's election in 2014 emboldened hardline groups who see India as a Hindu nation and its 200 million-strong Muslim minority as potentially dangerous outsiders. (File photo: AFP/Sajjad HUSSAIN)

GURGAON: Dinesh Bharti drives around with other activists on Fridays heckling and harassing Muslims praying outside in Gurgaon, the latest flashpoint of sectarian tensions under India’s Hindu nationalist government.

Muslims praying in the open “create problems in the country and the entire world”, the thickset Hindu man in his 40s said, a red tilak on his forehead marking him out as a devout member of India’s majority religion.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s election in 2014 emboldened hardline groups who see India as a Hindu nation and its 200 million-strong Muslim minority as potentially dangerous outsiders.

Gurgaon is a modern satellite city of the capital New Delhi. Around 500,000 Muslims either live there, have migrated to the area for work or labour there during the day.

The city has 15 mosques for them, but the local government has refused permission to build more – even as the number of Hindu temples has grown.

This has forced the community to hold Friday afternoon prayers – the most important of the week for Muslims – in open spaces.

In recent years, Hindu groups have sprayed cow dung at Islamic prayer sites and called worshippers terrorists and Pakistanis – referencing India’s Muslim-majority neighbour and arch-rival.

The local government, meanwhile, has steadily cut the number of approved outdoor worship sites.

“NO LONGER TOLERATED”

Earlier this month, the Haryana state chief minister, a member of Modi’s Bharatiya Janata Party, declared that outdoor prayers in Gurgaon “will no longer be tolerated”.

Undermining their argument that religion can be practised only indoors, Hindu groups celebrated last Friday by setting up a makeshift temple and community kitchen to feed hundreds as devotional music blared.

Across town, hundreds of Muslims queued to take turns to worship at one of only six remaining prayer venues still available.

At another site, Muslims were heckled and forced to chant slogans such as “Hail Lord Ram” – a Hindu deity – that have proliferated under Modi among his supporters.

“If the government doesn’t find a solution to the issue . it will become more complicated and serious,” Sabir Qasmi, a Muslim cleric at the prayer meeting, told AFP.

How to pray in hindu templesMuslim devotees offer Friday prayers in an open ground in Gurgaon, after several prayer sites were closed by the authorities. (File photo: AFP/Sajjad HUSSAIN) How to pray in hindu templesSeveral states have brought in legislation criminalising conversion to Christianity and Islam, including through marriage – or "love jihad" as Hindu hardliners call it. (File photo: AFP/Sajjad HUSSAIN) How to pray in hindu templesIn recent years, Hindu groups have sprayed cow dung at Islamic prayer sites and called worshippers terrorists and Pakistanis – referencing India's Muslim-majority neighbour and arch-rival. (File photo: AFP/Sajjad HUSSAIN)

LIFELONG HARDLINER

Modi is a lifelong member of the hardline Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) Hindu nationalist group.

He was briefly barred from the United States over religious riots in Gujarat in 2002 when he was state chief minister.

Since his coming to power, a string of lynchings of Muslims by Hindu mobs for so-called cow protection – a sacred animal for many Hindus – and other hate crimes has sown fear and despair in the community.

Several states have brought in legislation criminalising conversion to Christianity and Islam, including through marriage – or “love jihad” as Hindu hardliners call it.

This week, a video emerged from a recent gathering of right-wing Hindu groups in which some delegates called for Muslims to be killed, reports said.

Hindu protesters in Gurgaon say outdoor prayers pose a “security” risk, cause traffic problems and prevent children from playing cricket.

But critics say the real reason is simply that Muslims have no place in Modi’s new intolerant India, where Hindu zealots are dictating government policy.

Arati R Jerath, a political commentator, said there is an agenda to convert India from a pluralistic and secular nation into a “Hindu country”.

“Whether it is economic spaces or spaces for worship, or spaces for the food and customs or anything with a Muslim identity, that is going to be part of the project,” Jerath told AFP.

“It is not necessarily a government-sponsored project, but certainly a project by the supporters of this government, who . get tacit support from the government.”

On Sunday, the head of a Hindu umbrella group proposed a solution: Muslims should convert.

“They will have their temples to pray and this (prayer) issue will end,” said Mahaveer Bhardwaj, chairman of the Sanyukt Sangharsh Samiti.

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Hinduism is a religion followed by people predominantly from the Indian Subcontinent, now found majorly in countries such as India and Nepal, with its teachings reaching as far as Balochistan, Indonesia, Mauritius, Fiji, UAE, Qatar, Sri Lanka, Ghana, Trinidad, Tobago, and Bangladesh. It is not just one spiritual philosophy, but an aggregation of numerous schools of darshanas and different schools of thoughts and faiths. Otherwise, known as Sanatana, the eternal, Hinduism broadly concerns itself with one’s Dharma, or moral uprightness, and Karma, the principle of action, in order to break the cycle of Samsara, the endless repetition of birth, death and reincarnation. Unlike many major religions, Hinduism does not adhere to any strict concept of orthodoxy, and therefore converting to the Hindu faith is as easy as being willing to understand its beliefs and engage in its practices.

Religion makes us different from one another. It dictates how we live our lives in different communities. And while we like to believe that the purpose of all religions is that of offering specific spiritual guidance, there are still so many ways to practice it. This is why a Christian will be different from a Buddhist and a Hindu will be different from a Muslim. Let’s look more into this last comparison.

Summary Table

Hindu Muslim
Worships one of many gods; Hinduism is a polytheistic religion Worships only Allah; Islam is a monotheistic religion
There are 1 billion Hindus in the world There are 1.6 billion Muslims in the world
Worships in temples Worships is mosques
Practices meditation, yoga and contemplation Practices prayer, fasting and pilgrimage
Has representations of its gods and goddesses Does not have a representation of Allah
Lives in a caste-based society Thinks all other people are his equals
Practices monogamy Practices polygamy
There is no religious dictate of what to wear Religion dictates how women should dress
Believes in Karma Must ask Allah for forgiveness
Can take guidance from the Veddas Can take guidance from the Qu’ran
Has no official clergy The Imam leads the congregation into prayer, but he is not the intermediary between the believer and God
Main goal is to live a peaceful and righteous life that will break the reincarnation cycle Main goal is to lead a life which is pleasing to Allah
Does not eat beef as the cow is considered sacred Does not eat pork as the pig is considered dirty

Descriptions

How to pray in hindu temples

A Hindu couple on their wedding day

A Hindu is a person who practices Hinduism. The religion is widespread and it originated on the Indian Subcontinent. There are about 1 billion Hindus worldwide. Their practices include meditation, yoga, temple offerings and contemplation. One of the most distinctive traits of Hindus is that they consider cows sacred and therefore do not eat beef. Also, they can choose from a Pantheon of Hindu gods. The main goal in the life of a Hindu is to attain Nirvana and break the cycle of reincarnation.

How to pray in hindu temples

A Muslim family

A Muslim is a person who believes in Allah and who practices Islam. The religion is widespread and it originated in the Arabian Peninsula. There are about 1.6 billion Muslims worldwide. Their practices include daily prayer, fasting, and pilgrimage. Islam is a monotheistic religion and Muslims only worship Allah. The main goal in the life of a Muslim is that of living a life pleasing to Allah. A distinctive trait of Muslims is that they do not eat pork as they see it as coming from a dirty animal.

Hindu vs Muslim

Let’s look deeper into the difference between a Hindu and a Muslim.

Type of religion

Hindus have a large number of gods and goddesses to choose from when it comes to worship, but a true Hindu will be dedicated to one god throughout his life. Islam is a monotheistic religion, Allah being the only object of worship for a Muslim.

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12 Reasons for Praying and 7 Techniques of Successful Prayer

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Many of you, I’m sure, are confused about the underlying philosophy of prayer. Consequently, often your prayers are not answered. Here, I attempt to provide some insights into the success of prayers.

Why We Pray

To begin with, we must understand as to why do we pray? There are basically 12 reasons for prayer:

  1. We pray to depend on God for help in distress.
  2. We pray for asking God for enlightenment.
  3. We pray for communion with God through single-minded devotion.
  4. We pray for asking for peace from God when the mind is restless.
  5. We pray for surrendering ourselves to God completely.
  6. We pray to God for giving us the ability to comfort others.
  7. We pray for thanking God for his blessings.
  8. We pray for expecting God to decide what is best for us when we are in a dilemma.
  9. We pray for making friendship with God.
  10. We pray for melting the mind and ego in silence in God.
  11. We pray for requesting God to give strength, peace and pure intellect.
  12. We pray for asking God to purify the heart and make us abide in Him forever.

Two Parts of a Prayer

In essence, what the above 12 reasons convey to us is that a prayer has two parts: one is soliciting a favor from the Almighty and the other is surrendering ourselves to His will. While the first part is practiced by most of us on a daily basis, the second part is the real and ultimate goal because it implies dedication. Dedication means feeling the light of God within your heart. If your heart is devoid of divine light, you will not be happy, cheerful and successful in your lives.

Guard Your Selfish Desires

Remember, your success depends on the inward state of your mind. Your mind will create hindrance in your work if it is not in communion with God because He alone is the permanent abode of peace. Yes, I agree that most of us want to have riches, healthy lives, nice children and prosperous future. But if we always approached God with a begging attitude then we are treating Him as our bearer to supply the things required by us at once. This is no devotion to God but devotion to our own selfish desires.

The scriptures indicate that there are seven techniques of successful prayer:

  1. When you pray just talk to God as a little boy would to a father or mother whom he loves and with whom he feels in harmony. Tell Him everything that is on your mind and in your heart.
  2. Talk to God in simple everyday speech. He understands every language. It is not necessary to use an exaggerated formal speech. You would not talk to your father or mother that way, would you? God is your heavenly father (or mother). Why should you be formal to Him or Her? This will make your relationship with Him more natural.
  3. Tell God what you want. You might as well be factual. You want something. Tell Him about it. Tell Him you would like to have it if He thinks it is good for you. But also say and mean it that you will leave it to Him to decide and you will accept His decision as best for you. If you do this regularly it will bring to you what you ought to have, and thus fulfill your own destiny. It will be possible for God to give you things that you should ​have wonderful things. It is really unfortunate, the marvelous things we miss, things God wants to give us and cannot because we insist upon something else, something only a fraction as fine as He wants to give us.
  4. Practice praying as many times during the day as possible. For example, when you are driving your car, instead of the aimless thoughts that go through your mind, talk to God as you drive. If you have a companion in the front seat, you would talk to him or her. Would you not? Then, imagine the Lord is there and, in fact, He is, so just talk to Him about everything. If you are waiting for the subway train or bus, have a little chat with Him. Most importantly say a little prayer before you go to bed. If it is not possible, get into bed, relax and then pray. God will lull you to a wonderful carefree sleep.
  5. It is not always necessary to say words when you pray. Spend a few moments just thinking about Him. Think how good He is, how kind He is and that He is right by your side guiding and watching over you.
  6. Don't always pray for yourself. Try helping others by your prayers. Pray for those who are in trouble or are ill. Whether they are your loved ones or your friends or neighbors, your prayer will profoundly affect them. And.
  7. Last but not the least, whatever you do, do not make all prayers into the form of begging God for something. The prayer for thanksgiving is much more powerful. Make your prayer consisting of a listing of all the fine things you possess or all the wonderful things that have happened to you. Name them over, thank God for them and make that your whole prayer. You will find that these prayers of thanksgiving grow.

Finally, please do not pray to God to run after you to satisfy your selfish desires. You are supposed to do your work as efficiently and skillfully as possible. With faith in God and using the above techniques of prayer, you will have success in every walk of life.

Why has offering namaz in the open become a dread for muslims in Gurugram? we followed Altaf Ahmad on a friday.

Video Editor: Rajbir Singh

Camera: Shiv Kumar Maurya

“Is this not our country? Do we not have freedom ?” asks a visibly enraged Altaf Ahmad, a 45-year-old resident of Gurugram. He is watching a short clip of the Jumma Namaz being offered at a open site in the city, and is disgusted by how it’s interrupted by members of the Hindu right-wing outfits.

How to pray in hindu temples

Ahmad, co-founder of Gurgaon Nagrik Ekta Manch, says that he is saddened to see how Friday prayers, which he says are an integral part of Islam, are being attacked repeatedly. Hindu right-wing groups have been demanding that Namaz in the open be stopped since 2018. These objections have only grown louder since September 2021.

Ahmad explains that a majority of those who offer Namaz in the city are migrant factory workers, who often give-up their lunch, just to offer Friday prayers at open sites in the absence of close-by mosques.

Ahmad had originally planned to visit an open Namaz site in sector 44 but as news of disruptions by right wing groups poured in, he decided to go to the Eidgah instead.

Aware of his privilege, Ahmad says that while he can take out time and drive to a mosque a bit far away, many migrant Muslims in Gurugram’s industrial sectors don’t have that option.