How to perform the tahajjud prayer

Perform The Tahajjud prayer is a particular Islamic prayer which is beneficial (however not obligatory) for all Muslims. The Tahajjud is prayed after Isha (the compulsory nightly prayer) and earlier than Fajr (the compulsory morning prayer). If doable, it’s most fascinating to carry out the Tahajjud between midnight and Fajr, ideally within the final third of the evening. Though the Tahajjud (night prayer) is not obligatory, many religious Muslims attempts to make it a part of their each day routine as an act of worship and to earn redemption and forgiveness from Allah.

Every time has a particular function in Allah’s sight. However, sure instances are extra useful than others, and they’re to be taken benefit of. And night-time is one in each of these instances that the Qur’an and the sayings of the Prophet (PBUH) describe as useful.

Prophet (PBUP) Regarding Perform The Tahajjud Prayer (The Night Prayer)

The Prophet (PBUH) used to pray in the night till he was footsore. He was as soon as requested:

“– O the Messenger of Allah! Why do you strain yourself though Allah declared in the Qur’an (in chapter 48) that you were forgiven of all your sins?”

“– Should not I be a thanking servant?” (Bukhari, Tahajjud, 6).

The Prophet (PBUH) additionally stated:

“The most virtuous prayer except the obligatory prayers is the one offered by becoming awake after sleep at night.” (Muslim, Siyam, 202-203).

“There is a certain moment at night. If a Muslim catches that moment to wish something from Allah, that thing is granted to him/her.” (Tirmizi, Vitr, 16).

“If a man wakes up at night and also wakes his wife up to offer two units of prayer together, Allah registers their names among those who remember Allah most.” (Abu Dawud, Tatawwu, 18).

“Do not you ever disregard praying at night! Because it was a custom of righteous people before you. Worshipping at night brings one closer to Allah, atones for one’s sins, keeps the body from illnesses, and prevents one from performing sinful acts.” (Tirmizi).

“Let Allah show mercy to the man who wakes up at night to pray, and also wakes his wife up to do so. Let Allah show mercy to the woman who wakes up at night to pray, and also wakes her husband up to do so!” (Abu Dawud, Vitr, 13).

The Prophet (PBUH) informed Abu Zarr:

“– Do you get prepared when you are about to set forth on a journey?”

Abu Zarr replied:

“– Of course, o Prophet”

The Prophet (PBUH) stated:

“– Well, how do you think that the journey on the Day of Judgment will be? Take heed of what I will tell you; shall I tell you what you would benefit from on the Day of Judgment?”

Abu Zarr replied:

“– Yes, o Messenger of Allah!”

The Prophet (PBUH) stated:

“Fast on a very hot day for the Day of Judgment. Offer a prayer of two units at night to be saved from loneliness in the grave. Make the journey to Qabah once in a lifetime, and give alms to a needy person for the great occasions of the Doomsday. Say just words or save your tongue from saying unjust things!”

(ibn Abi’d-Dunya, Kitab al-Tahajjud).

Many verses of the Qur’an name the servants to recollect Allah at night-time.

And throughout a part of the night, -Aleyhisselâm-, have a good time His praises, and (so likewise) after the postures of adoration.” (Qaf, 50: 40).

“And for the part of the night also praise Him, and at the retreats of the stars.” (Tur 52:49).

“Those who spend the night in adoration of their Lord prostrate and standing.” (Furqan 25:64).

When to carry out The Tahajjud prayer

As is the case with compulsory prayers, you will need to be aware that first carry out Salatul Isha. Then after taking a bit of sleep and get up. And carry out the Tahajjud prayer.

Perform The Tahajjud Prayer (The Night Prayer)

1. As talked about earlier, it’s preferable and extra praiseworthy to set the alarm, sleep, after which to get up specifically, to supply the Night Prayer.

2. Wake up in the course of the evening on the time you have chosen. Once you wake, carry out Wudu, the ritual ablution Muslims use to cleanse themselves earlier than they pray or deal with the Holy Quran. Traditionally, performing Wudu means utilizing clear water to scrub oneself within the following 4 methods:

  • Washing the face
  • Washing the arms and arms as much as and together with the elbows
  • Wiping the pinnacle (Masah)
  • Washing the toes as much as the ankles
  • Note that many Muslims (together with the Prophet Muhammad [pbuh]) additionally select to scrub their mouth and enamel with a miswak earlier than the Tahajjud.
  • If you have got discharged mani earlier within the evening, whether or not throughout the sexual activity or a moist dream, then the Ghusl full-body ritual cleaning should be carried out.
3. Wearing your regular prayer garments, sit down on a prayer mat and face the Holy Kabah in Mecca as you’d on your compulsory prayers.
  • To be clear, you do not have to be wherever particular, like a mosque or a lavishly-decorated room in your home, to hope the Tahajjud. All that is wanted is a spot that is clear which may even be in your room.

4. At the time for prayer, calmly focus and mirror on the glory of your Lord. Do not fear about fleeting worldly issues which are finally meaningless compared to His infinite knowledge and mercy. Calm your self and overlook your worldly issues, hopes, and fears. Ignore any damaging, distracting ideas or emotions. Close your eyes and focus your consideration in your coronary heart as you start to attain a heightened state of religious consciousness.

The Tahajjud is a special Islamic prayer which is recommended (but not compulsory) for all Muslims. The Tahajjud is prayed after Isha (the obligatory nightly prayer) and before Fajr (the obligatory morning prayer). If possible, it is most desirable to perform the Tahajjud between midnight and Fajr, preferably in the last third of the night. Though the Tahajjud isn’t compulsory, many devout Muslims try to make it part of their daily routine as an act of worship and to earn redemption and forgiveness from Allah. To learn how to pray the Tahajjud in the way laid out by the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), see Step 1 below.

Step 1: Arrange to wake up after midnight. After praying the Isha prayer and before going to sleep, make arrangements to wake up during the night before the Fajr prayer (for instance, you may want to set an alarm clock or have a family member agree to wake you). Though the Tahajjud can be prayed at any part of the night, if possible, it is best to pray it after midnight, especially during the last third of the night. The time two-thirds of the way between Isha and Fajr is a good time for Tahajjud. This is because Allah descends to the lowest heaven during the last third of the night, asking, “Who is asking me, so I can give to him? Who is calling upon me, so I can answer him? Who is seeking my forgiveness, so I can forgive him?’”

If you make an honest effort to wake up and perform the Tahajjud but accidentally sleep through the night, don’t feel guilty. According to ahadeeth, Allah records your genuine intention to perform the Tahajjud and grants you sleep as an act of mercy. You will be rewarded as if your intention had been fulfilled. However, if you make a conscious decision to abandon your intention to pray Tahajjud without good reason, for example through laziness, then it may not be overlooked.

Prayer Step 2: Wake up and perform Wudu. Wake up during the night at the time you’ve chosen. Once you wake, perform Wudu, the ritual ablution Muslims use to cleanse themselves before they pray or handle the Holy Quran. Traditionally, performing Wudu means using clean water to wash oneself:

Prayer Step 3: Go somewhere clean, quiet, and dignified to conduct your prayer. This is done because Allah’s names are pure, so, whenever possible, Muslims are encouraged to speak of Him in clean, holy places as a form of reverence. Wearing your normal prayer clothes, sit down on a prayer mat and face the Holy Kabah in Mecca as you would for your obligatory prayers.

To be clear, you don’t need to be anywhere special, like a mosque or a lavishly-decorated room in your house, to pray the Tahajjud. All that’s needed is a spot that’s clean which can even be in your room.

Prayer Step 4: Remove all worldly worries from your heart. At the time for prayer, calmly focus and reflect on the glory of your Lord. Do not worry about fleeting worldly problems that are ultimately meaningless in comparison to His infinite wisdom and mercy. Calm yourself and forget your worldly problems, hopes, and fears. Ignore any negative, distracting thoughts or feelings. Close your eyes and focus your attention on your heart as you begin to achieve a heightened state of spiritual awareness.

Step 5: Make your intention to pray known. As you start your prayer, make a definitive mental declaration to yourself that you are about to perform the Tahajjud. Decide that you are going to complete the Tahajjud in the specific way you have chosen, including how many rakats and which surahs you will recite. Also decide why you are saying the Tahajjud — for instance, to glorify Allah, thank Allah or ask for His forgiveness. You don’t have to make this declaration out loud — Allah knows your thoughts, so your intentions will be clear to him as long as they are clear to you.

The Tahajjud is typically performed by repeating multiple rakats (cycles) of Salah, the ritual that Muslims use for their required daily prayer. For the Tahajjud, the rakats are usually performed in pairs, so you’ll also want to decide exactly how many rakats you intend to perform at this time. See below for more information.

Step 6: Perform two rakats. To begin your Tahajjud, start by performing two rakats (cycles) of Salah. Salah begins by standing and reciting verses from the Holy Quran. Then, the person praying continues by bowing low with his hands on his knees, then prostrating on the ground with his forehead, nose, and palms on the floor and his elbows raised, sitting on his knees with his feet folded under him, and finally standing and reciting “Allahu Akbar.” This description of Salah is a generalization — if you’re not sure how to perform Salah properly, learn this fundamental Muslim skill before attempting the Tahajjud.

Emulate the practices of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) who used to recite the following surahs after each rakat in Tahajjud: After reciting the Al-Fatihah in the first rakat, recite the surah “Al-Kafirun.” After reciting the Al-Fatihah for the second rakat, recite the surah “Al-Ikhlas.”

Step 7: Repeat rakats as you wish. Generally, two rakats is seen as the minimum necessary for a proper Tahajjud. However, it’s possible to repeat as many more as you wish. For instance, according to the Hadiths, the Prophet Muhammad frequently prayed up to thirteen rakats. Tahajjud rakats are performed in pairs and eight rakats is seen as a good number by many Muslims. In other words, most people will say two, four, six, or eight rakats, though more is not discouraged. If you are able to, then reciting long surahs such as Al-Baqarah, An-Nisā’ or Al-‘Imran are highly commended, even if you can manage them only from time to time.Following in the example of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), if you notice dawn approaching while you say your Tahajjud, you may end by performing one rakat as Witr (an optional pre-dawn prayer said before the required Fajr).[6]

Step 8: Add your own prayers (dua) after the rakats. After you’ve completed the number of rakats you set out to pray, you may add your own dua as long as they’re sincere, respectful, and done in complete devotion to Allah. These may be offered in extended prostration in your own words and language. You may want to offer additional thanks and praise to Allah, pray for strength and guidance, or make a special request for help. For instance, you may ask for blessings for a friend who is suffering through difficult times or help with your own worship or simply spend a few moments thanking Allah for a blessing that He granted you the previous day. Prayers should be offered with humbleness, fear, hope and patience. This is an ideal time to ask for forgiveness for your mistakes and sins as Allah is especially open to our repentance at night according to many ahadeeth.

Acknowledge each of your wrongdoings, however big or small – you may feel that some are insignificant, but Allah may still decide that a penalty is due. Sincerely promise not to repeat your sins and ask Allah for forgiveness

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Answer

Short Answer: It is best to delay this prayer to the last third portion of the night, but it may be performed after `Isha’ prayer in the early part or the middle part of the night. One should begin with two quick rak`ahs and then pray whatever one wishes after that.

Salam Sanusi,

Thank you for your question and for contacting Ask About Islam.

Actually your question is important for every Muslim.

Tahajjud prayer is part of the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him-PBUH).

In his famous work, Fiqh As-Sunnah, Sheikh Sayyid Sabiq elaborates on the subject as follows:

Ordering His Messenger to perform Tahajjud, Allah Almighty says what means:

Tahajjud beyond what is incumbent on you; maybe your Lord will raise you to a position of great glory.> (Al-Israa’ 17:79)

This order, although it was specifically directed to the Prophet, also refers to all Muslims, since the Prophet is a perfect example and guide for us in all matters.

Moreover, regularly performing Tahajjud prayers qualifies one as righteous and earns Allah’s bounty and mercy .

In praising those who perform the late-night prayers, Allah says what means:

Next to these Quranic verses, there also exist a number of hadiths that reinforce the importance of Tahajjud.

Salman Al-Farsi quoted the Prophet (PBUH) as saying:

Observe the night prayer; it was the practice of the righteous before you and it brings you closer to your Lord. And it is penance for evil deeds and erases the sins and repels disease from the body. (At-Tabarani)

Etiquette of Prayer

The following acts are recommended for one who wishes to perform the Tahajjud prayer :

  • Upon going to sleep, one should make the intention to perform the prayers. Abu Ad-Darda’ quoted the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) as saying: “Whoever goes to his bed with the intention of getting up and praying during the night, but, being overcome by sleep, fails to do that, he will have recorded for him what he has intended, and his sleep will be reckoned as a charity (an act of mercy) for him from his Lord.” (An-Nasa’i and Ibn Majah)

On waking up, it is recommended that one wipes the face, use a toothbrush, and look to the sky and make the supplication which has been reported from the Prophet (PBUH).

Whenever the Prophet intended to go to bed, he would recite: “ With Your name, O Allah, I die and I live.”

And when he woke up from his sleep, he would say: “All the Praises are for Allah Who has made us alive after He made us die (sleep) and unto Him is the Resurrection.” (Al-Bukhari)

  • One should begin with two quick rak`ahs and then one may pray whatever one wishes after that. `A’ishah said: “When the Prophet prayed during the late-night, he would begin his prayers with two quick rak`ahs.” (Muslim)
  • It is recommended that one wakes up one’s family, for Abu Hurairah quoted the Prophet (PBUH) as saying: “May Allah bless the man who gets up during the night to pray and wakes up his wife and who, if she refuses to get up, sprinkles water on her face. And may Allah bless the woman who gets up during the night to pray and wakes up her husband and who, if he refuses, sprinkles water on his face.” (Ahmad)
  • If one gets sleepy while performing Tahajjud , one should sleep. This is based on the hadith narrated by Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her), who quoted Allah’s Messenger as saying: “When one of you gets up during the night for prayer and his Quranic recital gets mixed up to the extent that he does not know what he says, he should lie down.” (Muslim.)

Recommended Time for Tahajjud

Tahajjud may be performed in the early part of the night, the middle part of the night, or the latter part of the night, but after the obligatory `Isha’ prayer (night prayer).

While describing the Prophet’s way of performing prayer, Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) said:

If we wanted to see him praying during the night, we could see him praying. If we wanted to see him sleeping during the night, we could see him sleeping.

And sometimes he would fast for so many days that we thought he would not leave fasting throughout that month. And sometimes he would not fast (for so many days) that we thought he would not fast during that month. (Al-Bukhari, Ahmad, and An-Nasa’i.)

Best Time for Tahajjud

It is best to delay this prayer to the last third portion of the night . The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said:

Our Lord descends to the lowest heaven during the last third of the night, inquiring: ‘Who will call on Me so that I may respond to him? Who is asking something of Me so I may give it to him? Who is asking for My forgiveness so I may forgive him?’ (Al-Bukhari)

The Prophet (PBUH) said:

The closest that a slave comes to his Lord is during the middle of the latter portion of the night. If you can be among those who remember Allah the Exalted One at that time, then do so. (At-Tirmidhi)

The Number of Rak`ahs in Tahajjud

Tahajjud prayer does not entail a specific number of rak`ahs that must be performed, nor is there any maximum limit that may be performed. It would be fulfilled even if one prayed just one rak`ah of Witr after `Isha’.

Samurah ibn Jundub (may Allah be pleased with him) said:

The Messenger of Allah ordered us to pray during the night, a little or a lot, and to make the last of the Prayer the Witr Prayer. (At-Tabarani and Al-Bazzar)

And Allah knows best.

I hope this helps.

Salam and please keep in touch.

(From Ask About Islam archives)

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Our beloved Prophet Muhammad (SAW) mentioned that Salah is the 2 nd pillar of Islam and it is obligatory on every Muslim to offer Salah five times a day. Salah is one of the most important parts of every Muslim’s life. It is of two types: first is the obligatory Namaz, which is to be offered five times a day at specific times with no choice of skipping it under normal circumstances, while second is the Nafl (extravagant prayer) which is optional and one is not answerable to the Almighty for not performing it.

Tahajjud namaz is one of the non-obligatory prayers which one should pray in the later part of the night after getting some sleep. “And from [part of] the night, pray with it as additional [worship] for you; it is expected that your Lord will resurrect you to a praised station.” (Quran, 17: 79)

From the above-mentioned verse, we can conclude that tahajjud namaz which is performed during night time will result in finding a blessed rank on the Day of Judgment. And surely this prayer will be tahajjud namaz which offers in the later part of the night.

Importance of Tahajjud Prayer

Tahajjud means to abandon sleep so that you can pray Salah. There are Numbers of Hadith and verses emphasize the significance of invoking Allah Almighty by solicitation and prayers in the darkest nights.

“The Lord descends every night to the lowest heaven when one-third of the night remains and says: ‘Who will call upon Me, that I may answer Him? Who will ask of Me, that I may give him? Who will seek My forgiveness that I may forgive him?’” (Bukhari, Muslim)

How to perform the tahajjud prayer

Abu Hurayra narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “The very best prayer after the compulsory prayers is the night time prayer.” (Muslim)

Tahajjud prayer usually is done by alone without together. Tahajjud prayer is not limited in number, but at least two Rakah. As Prophet Muhammad (SAW) explained that: “Evening prayer that two-two.” (Bukhari)

Time of Tahajjud Prayer

Tahajjud prayer may be performed in the early part of the night, the middle part of the night, or the later part of the night, but after the obligatory Isha prayer. Tahajjud prayer can be performed whenever in the night unless the doer time for sleep. But the best time to perform is 1/3 of the night after waking up from sleep. Actually, the time to perform Tahajjud prayer is since the specified Isha until dawn (all night) after getting up from sleep. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) has told his followers:

Abu Muslim asked Abu Zhar: “Which late-night prayer is the best?” He said: “I asked the Messenger of Allah the same that you asked me and he said, ‘The (one done during) middle of the latter half of the night, and very few do it.’” (Ahmad)

It can’t be offered straight away after Isha, yet just after one`s rest, neither when the time is close to Fajr.

Conditions of offering Tahajjud Prayer

  1. Make an intention of performing Tahajjud prayer and rearrange to wake up finally a piece of the night.
  2. Make sure to perform Wudu as one should perform before every tahajjud namaz.
  3. Move to a clean and quiet place in the house being away from distractions.
  4. Offer at least two Raka`ts up to 12, depending on one`s willpower.
  5. Don’t forget to supplicate to Allah SWT for one`s just and rightful requests in order to get benefited from this exceedingly rewarding hour of darkness.

Benefits of Tahajjud Prayer

Following benefits one could get by offering Tahajjud prayer:

  • It gives inner strength
  • It gives mental toughness
  • Seek forgiveness and surely Allah will listen
  • The doors of Mercy and Forgiveness are open during the last 1/3 of night
  • If someone wishes his/her Dua to be accepted this is the best time to ask
  • Huge incentive for the believer to wake up when everyone else is asleep and remember Allah (SWT) alone
  • Tahajjud prayer can strengthen religious understanding
  • It can bring fresh inspiration and innovation
  • Tahajjud prayer can delete wickedness and prevent act of sin
  • Tahajjud prayer can strengthen the memory

Conclusion

Tahajjud prayer is one of the best among non-obligatory prayers, it is the cause of getting Allah`s great Blessings and Mercy. As stated in Hadith

“The Messenger of Allah ordered us to pray during the night, a little or a lot, and to make the last of the Prayer the Witar Prayer.” [At-Tabarani]

We all should make a practice to offer this tahajjud namaz so that we can come more and more close to Almighty Allah.

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Our beloved Prophet Muhammad (SAW) mentioned that Salah is the 2nd pillar of Islam and it is obligatory on every Muslim to offer Salah five times a day. Salah is one of the most important parts of every Muslim’s life. It is of two types: first is the obligatory Namaz, which is to be offered five times a day at specific times with no choice of skipping it under normal circumstances, while second is the Nafl (extravagant prayer) which is optional and one is not answerable to the Almighty for not performing it.

Tahajjud namaz is one of the non-obligatory prayers which one should pray in the later part of the night after getting some sleep. “And from [part of] the night, pray with it as additional [worship] for you; it is expected that your Lord will resurrect you to a praised station.” (Quran, 17: 79)

From the above-mentioned verse, we can conclude that tahajjud namaz which is performed during night time will result in finding a blessed rank on the Day of Judgment. And surely this prayer will be tahajjud namaz which offers in the later part of the night.

Importance of Tahajjud Prayer

Tahajjud means to abandon sleep so that you can pray Salah. There are Numbers of Hadith and verses emphasize the significance of invoking Allah Almighty by solicitation and prayers in the darkest nights.

“The Lord descends every night to the lowest heaven when one-third of the night remains and says: ‘Who will call upon Me, that I may answer Him? Who will ask of Me, that I may give him? Who will seek My forgiveness that I may forgive him?’” (Bukhari, Muslim)

Abu Hurayra narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “The very best prayer after the compulsory prayers is the night time prayer.”(Muslim)

Tahajjud prayer usually is done by alone without together. Tahajjud prayer is not limited in number, but at least two Rakah. As Prophet Muhammad (SAW) explained that: “Evening prayer that two-two.” (Bukhari)

Time of Tahajjud Prayer

Tahajjud prayer may be performed in the early part of the night, the middle part of the night, or the later part of the night, but after the obligatory Isha prayer. Tahajjud prayer can be performed whenever in the night unless the doer time for sleep. But the best time to perform is 1/3 of the night after waking up from sleep. Actually, the time to perform Tahajjud prayer is since the specified Isha until dawn (all night) after getting up from sleep. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) has told his followers:

Abu Muslim asked Abu Zhar: “Which late-night prayer is the best?” He said: “I asked the Messenger of Allah the same that you asked me and he said, ‘The (one done during) middle of the latter half of the night, and very few do it.’” (Ahmad)

It can’t be offered straight away after Isha, yet just after one`s rest, neither when the time is close to Fajr.

Conditions of offering Tahajjud Prayer

  1. Make an intention of performing Tahajjud prayer and rearrange to wake up finally a piece of the night.
  2. Make sure to perform Wudu as one should perform before every tahajjud namaz.
  3. Move to a clean and quiet place in the house being away from distractions.
  4. Offer at least two Raka`ts up to 12, depending on one`s willpower.
  5. Don’t forget to supplicate to Allah SWT for one`s just and rightful requests in order to get benefited from this exceedingly rewarding hour of darkness.

Benefits of Tahajjud Prayer

Following benefits one could get by offering Tahajjud prayer:

  • It gives inner strength
  • It gives mental toughness
  • Seek forgiveness and surely Allah will listen
  • The doors of Mercy and Forgiveness are open during the last 1/3 of night
  • If someone wishes his/her Dua to be accepted this is the best time to ask
  • Huge incentive for the believer to wake up when everyone else is asleep and remember Allah (SWT) alone
  • Tahajjud prayer can strengthen religious understanding
  • It can bring fresh inspiration and innovation
  • Tahajjud prayer can delete wickedness and prevent act of sin
  • Tahajjud prayer can strengthen the memory

Conclusion

Tahajjud prayer is one of the best among non-obligatory prayers, it is the cause of getting Allah`s great Blessings and Mercy. As stated in Hadith

“The Messenger of Allah ordered us to pray during the night, a little or a lot, and to make the last of the Prayer the Witar Prayer.” [At-Tabarani]

We all should make a practice to offer this tahajjud namaz so that we can come more and more close to Almighty Allah.

United we Stand…. But Divided we Fall!!

The Tahajjud is a special Islamic prayer which is recommended (but not required) for all Muslims. The Tahajjud is prayed after Isha (the obligatory nightly prayer) and before Fajr (the obligatory morning prayer). If possible, it is most desirable to perform the Tahajjud between midnight and Fajr, preferably in the last third of the night. Though the Tahajjud isn’t required, many devout Muslims try to make it part of their daily routine as an act of worship and to earn redemption and forgiveness from Allah.[1] To learn how to pray the Tahajjud in the way laid out by the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), see Step 1 below.

Preparing For Prayer

1. Arrange to wake up after midnight. After praying the Isha prayer and before going to sleep, make arrangements to wake up during the night before the Fajr prayer (for instance, you may want to set an alarm clock or have a family member agree to wake you). Though the Tahajjud can be prayed at any part of the night, if possible, it is best to pray it after midnight, especially during the last third of the night. The time two-thirds of the way between Maghrib and Fajr is a good time for Tahajjud. This is because Allah descends to the lowest heaven during the last third of the night, asking, “Who is asking me, so I can give to him? Who is calling upon me, so I can answer him? Who is seeking my forgiveness, so I can forgive him?’” [2]
If you make an honest effort to wake up and perform the Tahajjud but accidentally sleep through the night, don’t feel guilty. According to the Hadiths, Allah records your genuine intention to perform the Tahajjud and grants you sleep as an act of mercy.[3]
Wake up and perform Wudu. Wake up during the night at the time you’ve chosen. Once you wake, perform Wudu, the ritual ablution Muslims use to cleanse themselves before they pray or handle the Holy Quran. Traditionally, performing Wudu means using clean water to wash oneself in the following four ways:
Washing the face
Washing the arms and hands up to and including the elbows
Wiping the head (Masah)
Washing the feet up to the ankles
Note that many Muslims (including the Prophet Muhammad [pbuh]) also choose to wash their mouth and teeth with a miswak before the Tahajjud.[4]
Next, go somewhere clean, quiet, and dignified to conduct your prayer. This is done because Allah’s names are pure, so, whenever possible, Muslims are encouraged to speak of Him in clean, holy places as a form of reverence. Wearing your normal prayer clothes, sit down on a prayer mat and face the Holy Kabah in Mecca as you would for your obligatory prayers.
To be clear, you don’t need to be anywhere special, like a mosque or a lavishly-decorated room in your house, to pray the Tahajjud. All that’s needed is a spot that’s clean which can even be in your room.
4
Remove all worldly worries from your heart. The time for prayer is to calmly focus and reflect on the glory of your Lord. It’s not for worrying about fleeting worldly problems that are ultimately meaningless in comparison to His infinite wisdom and mercy. Calm yourself and forget your worldly problems, hopes, and fears. Ignore any negative, distracting thoughts or feelings. Close your eyes and focus your attention on the region of your heart as you begin to achieve a heightened state of spiritual awareness.

Saying the Tahajjud
1
Make your intention to pray known. As you start your prayer, make a definitive mental declaration to yourself that you are about to perform the Tahajjud. Decide that you are going to complete the Tahajjud in the specific way you have chosen, including how many rakats and which surahs you will recite. Also decide why you are saying the Tahajjud — for instance, to glorify Allah, thank Allah or ask for His forgiveness. You don’t have to make this declaration out loud — Allah knows your thoughts, so your intentions will be clear to him as long as they are clear to you.
The Tahajjud is typically performed by repeating multiple rakats (cycles) of Salah, the ritual that Muslims use for their required daily prayer. For the Tahajjud, the rakats are usually performed in pairs, so you’ll also want to decide exactly how many rakats you intend to perform at this time. See below for more information.
Perform two rakats. To begin your Tahajjud, start by performing two rakats (cycles) of Salah. Salah begins by standing and reciting verses from the Holy Quran. Then, the person praying continues by bowing low with his hands on his knees, then prostrating on the ground with his forehead, nose, and palms on the floor and his elbows raised, sitting on his knees with his feet folded under him, and finally standing and reciting “Allahu Akbar.” This description of Salah is a generalization — if you’re not sure how to perform Salah properly, learn this fundamental Muslim skill before attempting the Tahajjud.
Emulate the practices of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) who used to recite the following surahs after each rakat in Tahajjud:[5]
After reciting the Al-Fatihah the first rakat, recite the surah “Al-Kafirun”.
After reciting the Al-Fatihah for the second rakat, recite the surah “Al-Ikhlas”.
Repeat rakats as you wish. Generally, two rakats is seen as the minimum necessary for a proper Tahajjud. However, it’s possible to repeat as many more as you wish. For instance, according to the Hadiths, the Prophet Muhammad frequently prayed up to thirteen rakats.[6] For most Muslims, Tahajjud rakats are performed in pairs and eight rakats is seen as plenty. In other words, most Muslims will say two, four, six, or eight rakats, though more is not necessarily discouraged.
If you are able to, then reciting long surahs such as Al-Baqarah, An-Nisā’ or Al-‘Imran are highly commended, even if you can manage them only from time to time.
Following in the example of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), if you notice dawn approaching while you say your Tahajjud, you may end by performing one rakat as Witr (an optional pre-dawn prayer said before the required Fajr).[7]
Add your own prayers after the rakats. After you’ve completed the number of rakats you set out to pray, you may add whichever of your own prayers that you wish as long as they’re sincere, respectful, and done in complete devotion to Allah. These may be offered in extended prostration. You may want to offer additional thanks and praise to Allah, pray for strength and guidance, or make a special request for help. For instance, after completing your rakats, you may ask for good fortune for a friend or another individual who’s suffering through difficult times. This is an ideal time to pray for forgiveness for your sins. Acknowledge what you have done wrong, promise not to repeat it and sincerely ask Allah for forgiveness and leniency in any punishment that He may decide to prepare for you. Any prayer you offer will be heard, and, if Allah wills, your prayer will be answered in kind.

5. If you become too tired to complete the Tahajjud, go back to bed. Because the Tahajjud interrupts your normal sleep, it’s not unlikely that you may be somewhat tired when you attempt the prayer. If, however, you’re so tired that you find yourself forgetting what you’re saying as you recite your prayers or you doze off in the middle of your Tahajjud, don’t attempt to complete the prayer. In this case, according to the Hadiths, Allah notes your sincere willingness to complete the Tahajjud. You may go back to sleep without any need to be embarrassed or ashamed, but try to better prepare yourself next time.

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Our beloved Prophet Muhammad (SAW) mentioned that Salah is the 2nd pillar of Islam and it is obligatory on every Muslim to offer Salah five times a day. Salah is one of the most important parts of every Muslim’s life. It is of two types: first is the obligatory Namaz, which is to be offered five times a day at specific times with no choice of skipping it under normal circumstances, while second is the Nafl (extravagant prayer) which is optional and one is not answerable to the Almighty for not performing it.

Tahajjud namaz is one of the non-obligatory prayers which one should pray in the later part of the night after getting some sleep. “And from [part of] the night, pray with it as additional [worship] for you; it is expected that your Lord will resurrect you to a praised station.” (Quran, 17: 79)

From the above-mentioned verse, we can conclude that tahajjud namaz which is performed during night time will result in finding a blessed rank on the Day of Judgment. And surely this prayer will be tahajjud namaz which offers in the later part of the night.

Importance of Tahajjud Prayer

Tahajjud means to abandon sleep so that you can pray Salah. There are Numbers of Hadith and verses emphasize the significance of invoking Allah Almighty by solicitation and prayers in the darkest nights.

“The Lord descends every night to the lowest heaven when one-third of the night remains and says: ‘Who will call upon Me, that I may answer Him? Who will ask of Me, that I may give him? Who will seek My forgiveness that I may forgive him?’” (Bukhari, Muslim)

Abu Hurayra narrated that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “The very best prayer after the compulsory prayers is the night time prayer.”(Muslim)

Tahajjud prayer usually is done by alone without together. Tahajjud prayer is not limited in number, but at least two Rakah. As Prophet Muhammad (SAW) explained that: “Evening prayer that two-two.” (Bukhari)

Time of Tahajjud Prayer

Tahajjud prayer may be performed in the early part of the night, the middle part of the night, or the later part of the night, but after the obligatory Isha prayer. Tahajjud prayer can be performed whenever in the night unless the doer time for sleep. But the best time to perform is 1/3 of the night after waking up from sleep. Actually, the time to perform Tahajjud prayer is since the specified Isha until dawn (all night) after getting up from sleep. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) has told his followers:

Abu Muslim asked Abu Zhar: “Which late-night prayer is the best?” He said: “I asked the Messenger of Allah the same that you asked me and he said, ‘The (one done during) middle of the latter half of the night, and very few do it.’” (Ahmad)

It can’t be offered straight away after Isha, yet just after one`s rest, neither when the time is close to Fajr.

Conditions of offering Tahajjud Prayer

  1. Make an intention of performing Tahajjud prayer and rearrange to wake up finally a piece of the night.
  2. Make sure to perform Wudu as one should perform before every tahajjud namaz.
  3. Move to a clean and quiet place in the house being away from distractions.
  4. Offer at least two Raka`ts up to 12, depending on one`s willpower.
  5. Don’t forget to supplicate to Allah SWT for one`s just and rightful requests in order to get benefited from this exceedingly rewarding hour of darkness.

Benefits of Tahajjud Prayer

Following benefits one could get by offering Tahajjud prayer:

  • It gives inner strength
  • It gives mental toughness
  • Seek forgiveness and surely Allah will listen
  • The doors of Mercy and Forgiveness are open during the last 1/3 of night
  • If someone wishes his/her Dua to be accepted this is the best time to ask
  • Huge incentive for the believer to wake up when everyone else is asleep and remember Allah (SWT) alone
  • Tahajjud prayer can strengthen religious understanding
  • It can bring fresh inspiration and innovation
  • Tahajjud prayer can delete wickedness and prevent act of sin
  • Tahajjud prayer can strengthen the memory

Conclusion

Tahajjud prayer is one of the best among non-obligatory prayers, it is the cause of getting Allah`s great Blessings and Mercy. As stated in Hadith

“The Messenger of Allah ordered us to pray during the night, a little or a lot, and to make the last of the Prayer the Witar Prayer.” [At-Tabarani]

We all should make a practice to offer this tahajjud namaz so that we can come more and more close to Almighty Allah.

How to pray tahajjud?

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As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah’s Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

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1. Can u please mail me how to perform Tahajjud Namaaz i.e I read in Divine path that we should offer 12 Rakaat (in 6 sets) in the first Rakaat we should recite Surah Al-Fatiha then we should recite Sura Al-Ikhlaas for 12 times, in second Rakaat we should reciete Surah Al-Fatiha once and then Surah Al- Ikhlaas 11 times. Like that we should decrease for every Rakaat.


2. I was taught by my elders that in Tahajjud Namaaz we should offer 12 Rakaat ( in 6 sets) in each Rakaat we should recite Sura Al-Fatiha and Sura Ikhlaas once and then for Second Rakaat we should Recite Surah Al-Fatiha and Sura Al-Falaq or Sura An-Nas. Like that wise do we should complete our namaaz by reciting Sura Al-Falaq and Sura An-Naas?

So now I got confused can you please explain it to me how to offer Tahajjud Namaaz in a correct way. If u can help me I will be thankful to u.


Allah hafiz

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In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

Abu Hurairah reports that the Messenger of Allah (saws) said: “Our Lord descends to the lowest heaven during the last third of the night, inquiring: ‘Who will call on Me so that I may respond to him? Who is asking something of Me so I may give it to him? Who is asking for My forgiveness so I may forgive him?”‘

Related by Bukhari and Muslim.

Salman al-Farsi relates that the Prophet (saws) said: “Observe the night prayer, it was the practice of the rightous before you and it brings you closer to your Lord and it is penance for evil deeds and erases the sins and repells disease from the body.”

Al-Bukhari and Muslim who relate that al-Qasim ibn Muhammad said that he heard ‘Aishah say: “The Messenger of Allah’s (saws) prayer during the night would be ten rak’at and then he would make witr with one rak’ah.”

Samurah ibn Jundub says: “The Messenger of Allah ordered us to pray during the night, a little or a lot, and to make the last of the prayer the witr prayer.”

Related by at-Tabarani and al-Bazzar.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 2.13

Nature and number of rak’at for witr

It is permissible to perform the witr by praying two rak’at [and concluding them] and then praying one rak’ah with one tashahud and taslim. Likewise, it is allowed to pray all the rak’at with two tashahuds and one taslim. One may pray a number of rak’at, one after another, without making any tashahud, save in the one before the last rak’ah in which case one makes the tashahud and then stands to perform the last rak’ah wherein one will make another tashahud and end the prayer with the taslim. One may also make only one tashahud and the taslim, in the last rak’ah of witr. All of that is permissible and can be traced to the Prophet (saws).

The number of rakah for Tahajjud have not been fixed. There is an authentic narration that the Messenger of Allah (saws) used to pray 11 rakahs including witr, and there is also another narration that states that he (saws) prayed 13 rakahs including witr.

The Messenger of Allah (saws) used to pray the Tahajjud in the last third part of the night, and he would perform it in a two rakah combination and advised the believers to do the same. There is no minimum set, thus the minimum if one wishes to pray the superogatory night prayers would be two rakahs. And there is no maximum set, thus one can pray any number of rakahs in a two rakah combination and end it with the witr prayers. The Tahajjud or night prayers are voluntary and the more one prays, the more reward he/she will earn from Allah Subhanah.

The Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) while praying Tahajjud was to recite the Surah Al-Fatihah and some verses of another Surah in each Rakah of his tahajjud prayers. To the best of our knowledge, there is no mention in any authentic hadith regarding repeating one Surah for a n number of times in each rakah of his tahajjud prayers, thus the believers, who sincerely wish to follow the Sunnah of the Prophet (saws), must abstain from doing so.

One may pray as many two-rakah combinations as is easy for them in their tahajjud or late night prayers, praying Surah Al-Fateha and some other verses of the Quran in each rakah; and conclude the tahajjud prayer with the performance of a one-rakah prayer of witr.

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.