How to make a standing tiger out of clay

Clay, a seemingly sterile mixture of minerals, may have been the birthplace of life on Earth. Or at least the complex biochemicals that make life possible, biology engineers at Cornell University report in the November 7 issue of the online journal. Scientific reports, published by Nature Publishing.

"Suggeriamo che nella prima storia geologica, l’idrogel di argilla ha agito come limitante le biomolecole e le reazioni biochimiche", ha affermato Dan Luo, professore di ingegneria biologica e ambientale e membro del Kavli Institute presso Cornell for Nanoscale Science.

In ancient simulated seawater, clay forms a hydrogel, a mass of microscopic spaces capable of absorbing lihereds like a sponge. For billions of years, the chemicals trapped in these spaces could carry out the complex reactions that make up proteins, DNA and, ultimately, the entire machinery that makes a living cell work. Clay hydrogels could limit and suffocate these chemical processes until the membrane surrounding living cells opens.

To further test the idea, the Luo group demonstrated protein synthesis in a clay hydrogel. Scientists have previously used synthetic hydrogels as a "cell-free" substrate for protein production. Fill the spongy DNA material, amino acids, appropriate enzymes, and a few pieces of cellular machinery, and you’ll be able to make proteins that code for DNA, just like you would in a vat of cells.

For the process to be useful for making large amounts of protein, such as for making drugs, large amounts of hydrogel are needed, so the scientists decided to find a cheaper way to make it. Postdoctoral researcher Dayng Yang noted that clay forms a hydrogel. Why should you consider clay? "It’s cheap," Luo said. Furthermore, it has been surprisingly found that the use of clay increases the production of proteins.

But then it occurred to scientists that what they discovered might answer the age-old question about the evolution of biomolecules. Experiments by the late Carl Sagan of Cornell and others have shown that amino acids and other biomolecules may have formed in the primeval oceans by drawing energy from lightning strikes or volcanic vents. But in the vast ocean, how could these molecules connect with each other frequently enough to form more complex structures, and what protected them from the hostile environment?

Scientists have previously suggested that small ballers of fat or polymers could act as precursors to cell membranes. L’argilla è una possibilità promettente poiché le biomolecole tendono ad attaccarsi alla sua superficie e i teorici hanno dimostrato che il citoplasma – l’ambiente interno della cellula – si comporta come un idrogel. Luo said the clay hydrogel better protects its contents from harmful enzymes (called "nucleases") that can break down DNA and other biomolecules.

As further evidence, geological history shows that clay first appeared – as silicates washed out of rock – just as biomolecules began to form protocells – cell-like but incomplete structures – and eventually cells surrounded by membranes. Geological events matched well with biological events.

It remains to be seen how these biological machines evolved, Luo said. For now, his research group is working to understand why clay hydrogel works so well for practical applications in cell-free protein production.

Luo collaborated with Professor Max Lu of the Australian Institute of Bioengineering and Nanotechnology at the University of Queensland, Australia. The work was done at the Cornell Center for Materials Research Shared Facilities, supported by the Natinal Science Foundation.

How to build a model village

A diorama or shadowbox is a three-dimensional model of a landscape or scene. The diorama designer arranges images, materials, stones and figures in the background in a shoebox or container to create a miniature virtual world. A popular diorama is a jungle scene featuring lions, rainforest wildlife, and foliage. A lion diorama is a good rainy day design that is inexpensive to run around and can keep kids busy for hours.

Things you will need

  • Animal or jungle wrapping paper and / or tissue paper for backgrounds and walls
  • Transparent Scotch
  • Shears
  • Crayons, colored markers
  • Cotton swabs
  • Easter basket Grass, green coconut or astroturf
  • Three-dimensional figurines or images of lions, leaves and animals from magazines, the Internet and old calendars
  • Small stones or pebbles
  • Thin paper
  • Handcrafted paints and brushes
  • Optional materials:
  • Cardboard box for shoes, cartons or other container
  • Ruler to measure the scale
  • Glue
  • Adhesives

Choose a box, cardboard, or solid cardboard container and decide how to display the scene. Place the box on its side to make it look like a stage, or place it on the base for a top view of the stage.

Choose the appropriate scale for the characters and the scenario. The standard dollhouse and model train scale is 1 inch to 1 foot; this scale is flawless for most dioramas. For example, if you use a lion cub with a cap as the center figure, you need to balance the remaining figures and leaves to the size of a lion.

Measure the pieces of the diorama on a scale. Adjust the elements or replace them if they are too big or too small.

Decorate the diorama’s walls and floor with your choice of art materials and supplies, such as tissue paper, pet wrapping paper, and jungle photos from animal magazines or jungle calendars. Glue or tape into place.

Choose images or characters of lions, jungle animals and tropical plants for the central lion diorama scene. Glue paper pictures n thin cardboard, and cut out with scissors so they can stand up in the box. Arrange the pieces and place the central characters, the lion and other foreground characters in the front, in the center of the box. Glue them securely.

If necessary, finish the diorama by sprinkling the inside with a thin layer of craft glue.

For shine and texture, lightly sprinkle glitter or knfetti on the wall and floor of the diorama while the spray glue is wet. If your figures are heavy, use play dough to secure them in place. On the jungle floor, glue Easter green grass, mullet green coconut or synthetic grass.


This design uses sharp objects such as scissors. Supervise young children and cut out pictures for them.


Start carving your paper animals the easy way …

… with a custom fitting design.

In this post I show you:

  • How to choose a photo for your model or use an original drawing.
  • How to use a computer paint tool (or tracing paper) to turn a photo into a skeleton.
  • How to use a simple grid system to copy the pattern from the small side to the cardstock and make it as large as you want. (Maybe a life-sized elephant? Sure, why not?)
  • And by the way, I use a sheet to put the legs in the right place.

And I know it works thanks to all the people who learn this method from my book, YouTube channel or blog, and then share original artwork that they create according to their own patterns. You can find hundreds of pictures of them in the comments section of the Daily Sculptors website.

(If you have used this method yourself, I hope you will leave a comment below and let us know.)

This iseasy waycreate a lifelike sculpture of any mammal, bird, lizard or fish.

In fact, this method doesn’t just help you create paper mache sculptures. When using clay, I often start with a pattern and build a clay sculpture around it. In fact, that’s how I made the original models for the animal masks and wall art behind me in the video.

(If you don’t have time to watch the video, check out the screenshots and written instructions for this tutorial below.)

Where did the idea come from?

I wasn’t the first person to discover the idea of ​​starting carving with a silhouette, but I can only find three other people who have taught this carving method in books or videos.

Sadly, these are fairly obscure references, so you probably wn’t find them mentined anywhere else. And no, they aren’t using cardboard patterns, but the idea is still the same:

  • Ho trovato un riferimento di una frase ai modelli di intaglio in un libro d’arte fuori dagli schemi intitolato "3D magic: papier-mâché, plaster and foam rubber design"
  • There’s another book that teaches beginners how to sculpt a recognizable portrait in clay their very first try. It’s called “Easy carving" Katarzyny Barjansky. Purtroppo anche esaurito, ma ancora disponibile su amazn. com.
  • And it’s called the best head carving DVD I’ve ever seenSculpt the head and face by Adam Reeder. (I tried and his method works.) The DVD is almost impossible to find even looking for amazn. Click the link if you’re interested.

Why are animal sculpture armor designs so useful?

The pattern inside your papier mache sculpture creates the whole knot for you. If you make sure you dn’t go outside the edges when you add padding for the muscles and face, your finished sculpture will have the exact same outline as the ne n your pattern.

That means you can correct the proportins and shapes, if you need to, when it’s easy – n a piece of paper. If you later find defects when the carving is almost complete, removing the saw could be expensive. (And yes, I’ve dne that. I’m not proud… 🙂 )

The patterns dn’t do all the sculpting for you, of course. You still need to add the face and body shapes.

But if you want to start your papier mache animal from scratch, be it a tiger, dog, vegetable garden, dragon, flamingo, porpoise, fish or whatever, this method will give you a great advantage.

Step 1: Use a photo or drawing and trace the body shapes.

I love using Pixabay photos. com because they’re royalty-free and I post thingsheren my blog. You can also find thousands of images on Google by searching for the animal you want to sculpt.

But you have to examine them carefully enough as you are looking for images that aretaken sideways. If part of the animal is also out of shape, you need to keep looking. The kangaroo I chose for this tutorial works well as the whole animal is viewed from the side.

Once you’ve selected a photo to use for your template, you can either hand draw it or trace it like I did for the video.

How to make chibis with clay

Polymer clay is a handcrafted clay used to make figurines and ornaments for decoration. Clay comes in a variety of colors and is available at most craft stores. Bake the polymer clay in the oven to harden until a hardened finish is obtained. Use black and white polymer clay to make a miniature panda bear. Turn your little clay panda into a figurine for decoration or as a holiday hanging decoration.

Things you will need

  • Black polymer clay
  • White polymer clay
  • Cookie sheet

Knead a large ball of white polymer clay into the bottom to keep the clay pliable and soft. Kneading the clay and playing with it initially softens it, making it easier to model.

Form an oblong oval shape with the white clay to form the panda bear’s body. Knead a smaller ball of white clay until soft and roll it into a ball over the panda’s head and mouth. Put your head on your body.

Knead a large ball of black polymer clay with your hands the same size as the ball you used for the body. Break the black clay into four pieces.

It forms two legs and two sheepskin in black polymer clay. Place them in the desired position for the panda bear. Press them in the upper body for the rams and two in the lower body for the legs.

Knead a small piece of black clay until soft. Tear off two pieces of black clay and shape the round ears for the panda bear. Put them over your head. Flatten two small pieces of black clay and place them on the face for the eyes. Add a small round dot of black clay on the snout for the nose.

Place the clay panda on a baking sheet and bake it in the oven according to the instructions on the clay package.

Americas Premier Clay Maker and Pottery Supplies. Sheffield Pottery’s production of wet clay has set a new standard in the ceramic industry. Our Premium Clay Bodies are available shielded and iron filtered. Several formulas are available, ranging from low-heat clay to the top 10 cone-shaped stoneware and porcelain. We also manufacture custom clay shells and castings to your exact specifications using our state of the art facility.


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Everything you need for your pottery studio or classroom

We mine and process our native Sheffield clay. It is included in many of our wet clay body formulas and casting slides. This clay is also available for purchase as a dry powder called Sheffield Slip Clay or Sheffield Milled Hammer. This clay is found in our famous Albany replacement which is nearly identical to the original Albany slipped clay. Orders can be scheduled for bulk collection of baseball mix, pond clay, and horseshoe clay.

Sheffield Pottery is one of the largest national distributors of all major production eherepment lines. On-site experts are available to help you choose the right ceramic kiln or lathe for your needs. We offer great discounts and free shipping n top-selling top-loading electric kilns by Skutt and L&L. Art Cone stoves are in stock and ready to ship. We offer an extremely diverse range of ovens from Olympic Kilns and Paragn Kilns. We offer glass firing furnaces, annealing furnaces and above furnaces as well as state-of-the-art Evenheat furnaces. For schools and industry, we offer all of the above as well as Fredricksn and Olympic front loaders for commercial use. A huge stock of Amaco Glazes and Brent rims is in stock and ready for immediate shipment. Shimpo’s entire line of ceramic and pug wheels is on sale with free shipping. Laguna clay materials and eherepment are also part of our Pacifica GT ceramic wheel product lines. North Star rollers and extruders are always on offer with free shipping. We also have a constantly developing line of Peter Pugger batters.

We offer furniture and eherepment for studios and classrooms, including Debcor cabinets and Keystne metal traps. Let us provide you with everything you need for a safe and ergonomic clay studio.

All Sheffield Pottery glazes are provided free of charge, including Spectrum and Coyote Archie glazes. Our warehouse is stocked with Artist Choice Amaco nail polishes through Potterers Choice, as well as Midsouth Opulence Enviro colors and Speedball Stroke and Coat nail polishes. We offer many glazes in a very eco-friendly dry form, including Clayscapes cne 6 stoneware glazes.

Small hand tools and pruning tools are always free with big discounts, including Xeim and Kemper tools. The complete lines of Dirty Girl Tools and Dolan Tools are in stock. We offer a wide selection of Sherrill and Trim Gin Potter’s Ribs, as well as the fantastic WiziWig ribs. The full line of Groovy Tools and Falcn Tools is also available in store or online.

We have a full line of USG plasters and gypsum cements for our industrial customers. Refractory companies will find a comprehensive selection of Louisville hard brick and BNZ insulating refractory brick. We are an authorized seller of Thermal Ceramics Kaowool Plates and Superwool Blankets. We offer a wide range of casting mortars and refractories for all your furnace and furnace construction and repair needs.

L’argilla e i materiali di Sheffield Pottery sono esposti nelle aule da costa a costa. Educational discounts are available to help you maximize your school’s budget. Send us your requests. Our price match policy ensures that you always get the best possible price on all your ceramics.

For your convenience, we offer one of the largest and most diverse stocks of enamel raw materials and chemicals available anywhere. We offer all Masn Stains, including hard to find mixed colors. The most popular Iron pancakes are available.

So, whether you are a beginner or a major industrial producer, Sheffield Pottery will accompany you step by step!
Shown at Kilns Slide above Lisa Neimeth – visit her wonderful workhere!

Author: Angie Holdenn19 August 2019Updated nDecember 6, 2020



You can make it nauticala lighthouse in an earthen jar as a decoration for your garden in minutes. Make your versin any color you like, but we love the beachy feel of this clay pot! This in coastal style a lighthouse in an earthen jarIt would also look great on a mantel, coffee table, mantel or with your outdoor set.


A lighthouse with an earthen jar

Get clay pots of different sizes to make your lantern as large or small as you wish. We added a glass dome on top to add a battery operated candle too!

Connected with: Dn’t want to use terra cotta pots? Try this lantern made of metal buckets!


Supplies to make a a lighthouse in an earthen jar:

  • Terracotta pots of various sizes (you need three that fit together, two saucers for the top and small ones for the top)
  • Glass dome (we love the faceted version shown)
  • External paint
  • Brush
  • Glue trasparente adatta per uso esterno
  • Battery operated candle

Tips for creating:

  1. Make sure you are using a good quality exterior paint designed for painting terracotta. We like Patio Paint and DecoArt’s Outdoor Living the best.
  2. Do you need more tips? Try this post and how to paint terracotta.
  3. Fit the parts together in the shop to make sure they look like a lighthouse when assembled.
  4. Paint all parts and let them dry before assembly.
  5. We used a battery powered candle, but sunlight would also work great.


Steps to make a a lighthouse in an earthen jar:

  • Paint your clay pots with an exterior paint in the color of your choice. We painted the bands around the top of each vase white. Let the paint dry completely between coats. Darker colors require about two layers, while lighter colors may require up to four.


  • Paint the bands around the top white with the saucers and jar for the top of your headlight.


  • When everything is completely dry, you can glue your headlight.
  • NOTA: questa pentola superiore ha un foro, herendi ti consigliamo di far defluire l’acqua mentre i pezzi vengono incollati insieme. Just use glue in about three places, leaving gaps between them.


  • Let the glue set according to the package directions.
  • NOTE: The top must not be glued to the glass dome. Ti consigliamo di sollevare questo n e spegnerlo per raggiungere l’interruttore nella tua candela.


  • Once the glue has dried, you are ready to move your a lighthouse in an earthen jar outdoors and enjoy it in your garden. This is a fun project that will look great in any yard. Choose your colors and create your version today!


Will you make your extra large garden shed or a small porch shed? It completely depends on you and your imagination. The nly thing that’s for sure is that this a lighthouse in an earthen jar will look great nce it’s dne!

Do you love beach furniture? Make a stunning Sea Glass Planter to go alngside your a lighthouse in an earthen jar, or check out this stylish beach decor wall art you can make at home. Find more adult craftshereincluding my popular fairy garden!

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OKLAHOMA CITY (AP) — One name missing in President Dnald Trump’s flurry of pardns was “Tiger King" Joe Exotic.

His team was so confident that they had packed a celebratory limo and a team of hairdressers and wardrobes to take away the zookeeper-turned-reality TV star, who is serving a 22-year federal prison sentence in Texas. But he wasn’t n the list announced Wednesday morning .

Joe Exotic, whose real name is Joseph Maldnado-Passage, was sentenced in January 2020 to 22 years in federal prison for violating federal wildlife laws and for his role in a failed murder plot against his main rival. , Carole Baskin, who runs a big cat rescue sanctuary in Florida. Baskin wasn’t hurt.

Maldnado-Passage, who claimed his innocence, was also convicted of killing five tigers, selling tiger cubs and falsifying wildlife records. A jury sentenced him in April 2019.

In his pardn applicatin filed in September, Maldnado-Passage’s attorneys argued that he was “railroaded and betrayed" by others. Maldnado-Passage, 57, is scheduled to be released from custody in 2037, but his attorneys said in the applicatin that “he will likely die in prisn" because of health cncerns.

  • – Galactic star Bautista offers a prize for Trump’s sculpted manatees
  • – The woman said she died in 2017 and is fighting for recognition as alive
  • – Police: The thief scolded the mother for leaving the child in the car he stole

Maldnado-Passage’s backers, who referred to themselves as “Team Tiger," said in a statement Wednesday that “140 millin Joe Exotic fans had a hard time getting out of bed this morning"

“We are as disappointed that the president did not sign Joe’s pardn, as we were cnfident yesterday that he would," the statement said.

The blnd mullet-wearing zookeeper, known for his expletive-laden rants n YouTube and a failed 2018 Oklahoma gubernatorial campaign , was prominently featured in the popular Netflix documentary “Tiger King: Murder, Mayhem and Madness"

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