How to install a sprinkler system

How to install a sprinkler system

Before you know it, spring is coming and taking care of your lawn will be a priority again. Keeping your lawn properly watered, especially in the warmer months, can be quite painful. Un sistema di irrigazione può aiutare a mantenere il tuo prato sano e a eliminare le congetture per ottenere la giusta quantità d’acqua. However, there are some things you should know before buying a lawn sprinkler system.

Problems with water

One of the key things to know before purchasing a sprinkler system is that it must be connected to the external branch. If you don’t have one available, you’ll need to have one installed by a professional plumber.

Water pressure plays an important role in the operation of the sprinkler system. Insufficient water pressure can wreak havoc on your system and cause irregular watering of lawn areas. Too much pressure can overload the pumps. It is essential that the system is tuned to maximize its performance.

Have a power source available

Your sprinkler system’s control unit needs to be connected to a power source. Ideally, this device is located in a utility room or garage. The system’s solenoids are controlled by low-voltage wiring. Solenoids are an important part of your system as each is responsible for regulating a specific area in your yard.

Dealing with tree roots

Tree roots can complicate the irrigation system. Despite the best planning, installation may take longer than expected if tree roots are encountered. When creating an irrigation system, the installation team will try to avoid roots that could potentially interfere with lines and heads in the future.

What is included in sprinkler planning

Different areas of the yard are considered when planning where to place sprinkler heads and how to set up each area that each head will water, along with adjusting the water jet. Care needs to be taken to ensure that areas like sidewalks aren’t excessively watered because they could become slippery, leaving you open to liability issues S someone falls. The installer will adjust the sprinkler heads to prevent the jet of water from hitting your home and patio / porch.

The best time of day to water

You want your sprinkler system set to water your lawn in the morning, not at night. Watering at night can lead to the formation of mold and mildew due to increased humidity. When watering in the morning, excess moisture evaporates in the sun.

The importance of wintering

ANDven in northern Texas, there is always the possibility of sudden cold bursts throughout the winter. Before purchasing an irrigation system, be aware that it will require wintering and commissioning in the spring. Winterization prevents damage from the freezing of water that may be present in the system’s water lines and valves. Water expands when it freezes and can cause lines to break. Spring commissioning is a good time to make changes and replace any faulty parts in the system.

If you keep these things in mind before purchasing a lawn sprinkler system, you will have a more rewarding experience.

Installation of a sprinkler system

Now that you know this, let’s plan your sprinkler installation and keep your garden in great condition all year round!

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How to install a sprinkler system

You can easily make a homemade lawn and garden sprinkler from a plastic bottle. That’s how.

How to make a sprinkler:

  1. Drill 1/8 holes in the side of the 2-liter plastic bottle.

Watch this video to find out more.

Further information

  • Free DIY drip irrigation system for your garden (video)
  • Repair of a damaged garden hose (article)
  • How to water plants (video)

Joe Truini: The next time you need to water a newly planted tree or flowerbed or grass seed, and you don’t have a sprinkler, you have a few options. You can go out and buy, borrow from a neighbor, or make from an empty pitcher.

It’s just a two-liter soda jug and it drilled three 8-inch holes in it. So I attached the female end to the female end of the tube.

First I wrapped the threads of the bottle in Teflon tape, because the threads of the fitting don’t exactly match the bottle threads. This way you’ll get a watertight seal. Then just attach it. With this adapter, you can connect the bottle to the end of the garden hose.

Then you simply place it in your flower bed or near your shrubs, as we do here, with the openings facing slightly outward. And fix it. Okay, turn on the water.

Last updated: October 8, 2020 References

This article was written by Mike Garcia. Mike Garcia is a licensed landscape contractor and founder of ANDnviroscape LAND, a full-service landscape design and construction company based in Los ANDngeles, California. With over 30 years of experience, Mike specializes in sustainable landscaping practices. Mike has degrees in ornamental horticulture, C-27 Landscape Contractor and D-49 Tree Service Contractor licenses, as well as Permaculture Design, CalJ Ifornia Naturalist, International Certified Professional Pond Contractor, and Pond Building. He is one of eight internationally certified pond builders in the world. ANDnviroscape LAND has won landscape and water feature awards from the International ANDssociation of Professional Pond Builders (IPPCAND), the National ANDssociation of Pond Professionals (NANDPP) and the Kal of Iforn Landscape Builders ANDssociation (CLCAND). Mike is the former president of CLCAND and currently sits on the local board of directors. ANDnviroscape LAND has appeared in PONDS USANDMagazine, Pond and Garden L. Sestyles Magazine and Los ANDngeles Times. Mike has appeared on ANDxtreme Home Makeover, HGTV’s Landscapers Challenge, and AND& AND’s series Fix That Yard.

This article mentions 8 references that can be found at the bottom of the page.

This article has been viewed 312,060 times.

Installing an irrigation system will allow you to irrigate areas that would otherwise dry out and dry out in the dry season. ANDvaluate the size and shape of the areas you intend to water and determine which types of sprinklers are most effective for your situation. Remember that you can use many types of sprinklers. Then dig the trenches and install the pipes and control manifold. You should be able to purchase all the necessary supplies from a large hardware store or home improvement store.

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Are you thinking of installing an irrigation system in your garden and don’t know where to start? We have written this guide in colorful and easy to follow steps that will guide you step by step on how to install an irrigation system.

You don’t have to be afraid of this project, installing an irrigation system can be a do-it-yourself project that will save you a lot of money. Do-it-yourself can be very affordable as the sprinkler components and accessories available today are very easy to use and maintain.

However, S you must install a sprinkler system, the importance of adequate preparation can’t be overemphasized. Submit your theses below before entering this project.


Step 1: Make the right contacts

The first step in installing an underground sprinkler system is establishing proper contacts with local authorities and water companies in your area to obtain building permits and codes for backflow devices. Devices are needed to protect groundwater from contamination.

Step 2: Define your property for resizing

Clearly draw and outline your property on the chart sheet. The small square in the graph should correspond to one square foot on the actual property. To do this correctly, you will need to use a tape measure to properly outline your property. Remember to:

  • Measure and draw your property to scale
  • Identify areas of obstruction such as expanses of trees.
  • Carefully measure the perimeter of your property, showing grass, flower beds, and landscaping
  • Finally, specify the type of soil, i. e. sandy, clayey or clayey.

Step 3: Helpful Information Cards

Next, you will need to create a small fact sheet in which you will write down all your preparation requirements. Without which you can lose a lot of things.

  • First, determine the water pressure level in the external tap using a standard pressure gauge. Avoid the pressure gauge on the meter, making sure no other faucets are open inside or outside. Record this information on your fact sheet.
  • Be sure to also note the size of the counter on the information sheet.
  • Then it is necessary to identify and register the type of power line. The power lines are galvanized, copper or PVC. PVC’s are white, copper has a unique copper color while galvanized lines are generally silver in color.
  • Then write down and identify the size of the supply line on the information sheet.

Step 4: Determine the type of pipes you need

Now that you have important information written down on the fact sheet, the next thing you need to do is use that information to determine the type of hose you are using. The most popular pipes in stores are PVC and polyethylene pipes. Some even use rubber garden hoses or stainless steel garden hoses when installing an irrigation system.

Step 5: Prepare the lawn and garden

Now that you have all the essentials to know, it’s time to get your garden ready for watering. Dividi la tua proprietà in sezioni o zone designando aree come il prato davanti, le aiuole e i prati laterali. Draw it on a piece of paper

Correctly mark all areas of your garden that you want to water. There are two common types of sprinkler heads available: impact sprinklers and oscillating sprinklers. Read our related guide to choosing the best products for your irrigation needs.

Step 6: Lining the sprinklers, valves, and pipes

It’s time to prepare and plan where to place sprinklers, valves, and hoses.

  • Now that you have the entire yard divided into sections, you need to plan the sprinkler positions and heads so that the water from one sprinkler reaches the other sprinklers. This way, all areas of your garden will be watered
  • For smaller areas, choose small to medium area sprinklers. For larger areas, choose medium to large area sprinklers. Be sure to use butt sprinklers for even distribution.
  • By now you ought to know your home’s water capacity. Knowing your home’s water capacity will give you an idea of how many sprinklers can run at once.
  • Now that you know how many sprinklers your home’s water capacity can serve, it’s time to divide your home into zones.
  • Dividing your home into sprinkler zones will help you pull the pipes and number of valves you need.
  • Remember that for each valve you install in each zone, you will need a valve control system.
  • Next in this section, now that you know how many valves and sprinkler heads you require it’s time to draw out the pipes you need. After drawing the pipes on the paper, count how many feet of pipe you need to cover your yard.
  • Finally, order additional hoses, valves, and sprinkler heads in case something goes wrong or you misjudge the calculations.

Step 7: Position of the timer

Installing a timer system with your sprinklers is an absolute must. You need timers to help regulate valve stations. I timer e i regolatori delle valvole sono facilmente accessibili. A place like a garage or basement is a great place to start. Wi-Fi irrigation controllers are often used today to control irrigation systems.

If you have six valves, purchase 7 to 8 strands of wire. One core per value and 1 or 2 additional cores for connection to the timer system.

Step 8: Install hoses, sprinklers and connect to the water supply

Now that you have planned well and are better informed about what you need to buy. It’s time to go shopping for the required equipment. Take along your information sheet and the graphical sketch of your property layout to ensure you don’t miss anything.

After purchasing everything you need, follow these steps to get it repaired properly:

  • Before starting, make sure you have all the necessary permits to install the sprinkler system.
  • It’s time to install an irrigation system on the main water lines. Using a hoe, shovel or other means of excavation, start excavating the regions where the pipes will be laid.
  • You can use markers to mark off the areas of the yard where pipes and wires will be laid. Stay on course and ensure you don’t dig outside these regions.
  • Without welding, use a tee to connect the sprinklers to the water supply. Also, to avoid complications, connect the irrigation system to the main water tap or garden tap.
  • Install shut-off valves: In addition, shut-off valves can be installed in the irrigation system. Shut-off valves are useful when repair is needed.


ANDxcept in cases in the back where you may need help, the steps outlined above should be fine for most garden sprinkler installations. Keep this guide handy to guide you through the main sprinkler installation processes.

Do not drag this sprinkler across the lawn for an extra minute. Here’s how to install your underground irrigation system.

How to install a sprinkler system

The ground sprinkler system is by far the simplest and most effective way to water your lawn. You can program it to automatically water the grass on a regular schedule, which means you won’t have to drag out the hose and sprinkler every few days. ANDnd a properly designed sprinkler system provides total coverage, ensuring there aren’t any grassy areas that are left either parched and dry, or over-watered to the point of drowning. By metering out a precise, consistent amount of water, automatic sprinklers not only make it easier to maintain a lush, green lawn they’ll also save you money by not wasting water.

In-ground sprinkler systems are available from professional contractors, but they’re not cheap, costing on average between $2,500 and $3,500 for a one-quarter acre lot. However, there are DIY irrigation systems available today that can save up to 40% compared to a professional installation. Some you can even control with your smartphone app. Sprinkler components are affordable, readily available, and easier than ever to install.

How to install a sprinkler system

Check the water pressure

It’s important to first determine the water pressure at an outdoor faucet, using a simple pressure gauge. So use 5 gallons. bucket to measure how much water your home’s plumbing delivers in one minute. Send the water pressure information to the sprinkler manufacturer of your choice along with a sketch of your property, including all critical dimensions.

In return, you’ll receive a system layout and a list of all the sprinkler parts you’ll need, including those not sold by the manufacturer, but available at most hardware stores. For this installation, we used Rain Bird, a company that’s been designing and manufacturing irrigation products since the early 1930s. The layout of the plant they provided divided our lawn into zones, each of which is controlled by a zone valve. In this case, there were eight zones and 48 sprinklers to ensure full coverage. Price: $ 1,500.

In warmer climates, a PVC hose can be used to supply water to the sprinkler heads. Here we have used a polyethylene pipe which is more flexible and resists freeze-thaw cycles. Consult your local construction office to find out if a building permit is required to install an irrigation system.

The hardest part of installing a self-contained irrigation system is laying all the underground water pipes. This is, S dig trenches by hand. Opting for the faster, easier route, we rented a pipe pulling machine for $ 180 a day, saving an immeasurable amount of time and effort.

We also purchased several self-tapping saddles which provide the fastest way to guide polyethylene pipes without having to cut or drill the pipe. Simply push the saddle onto the hose at each point of the sprinkler head, then rotate the handle to puncture the hose to allow the water to drain into the sprinkler.

Finally, every sprinkler system needs a backflow preventer to keep the sprinkler system from contaminating the home’s potable water supply. A standard surface level disconnector will work, but it should be placed 12 inches above the highest point in the yard. Here we have installed a low pressure backflow preventer and installed it in the basement where the system will be emptied every winter.

Racing tubes

For manual digging, dig the main water lines first, then the shorter branches. Trenches should be at least 6 inches deep, but 8 to 10 inches deep will provide more room to work.

S wypożyczyłeś ściągacz do rur, zacznij od przymocowania końca polietylenowej rury do ostrza maszyny. When running the main line, it is best to wrap the low voltage electrical cable around the pipe and pull both at the same time. After connecting the hoses, advance the machine and lower the blade to the ground.

Then drill the house edge joist and run the copper pipe and electrical wire through the hole and into the ground. Copper to PVC conversion at ground level with threaded joint. Bring the main PVC line with cable up to the first position of the zone valve. Mount the above ground zone valve and then glue it to the underground piping.

Install a plastic drain nipple in line downstream of each valve and connect the wiring. Our cable had 10 wires and each zone valve had two wires. Connect one of each pair of valve wires to the white common wire that will serve all valves. Join a dSferent color-coded wire to the other lead of each zone valve. Continue making connections like this until you reach the last valve. After all the valves have been connected and wired, install the valve boxes and then fill the trenches.

The power line requires the installation of a drain at the lowest point. Avoid the brass drain nipple in the threaded end of the PVC tee and assemble the tee downward at a 45 degree angle. Dig a small depression under the drain and fill it with sand and gravel.

The care of the lawn, which continues but is rarely the responsibility of the owner of the house, becomes much less annoying for those who install an underground irrigation system.

How to install a sprinkler system

Nowadays, lawn care can be particularly challenging. Long periods of no rain can turn your lush green carpet into a brown wasteland, while a week-long rain shower can make your grass look like a neglected swamp.

A programmable sprinkler that turns on and off automatically at specific times is a convenient way to keep your lawn in good condition. Though not the easiest task, installing an underground sprinkler system yourself means signSicant savings over the cost of hiring a professional to complete the project.

PANDSSO 1: Get an officer

Check with your local council if there are any restrictions on sprinkler systems intended for use in residential buildings (a joint ordinance provides for neighboring properties to fail). Also warn your service companies; they’ll want to mark the locations of all underground lines planned as part of your system.

PANDSSO 2: Make a plan

Reputable companies—Toro’s Water Smart Design Service and Rain Bird’s Sprinkler Design Service—offer assistance to ease the frustration of designing a sprinkler system layout. For an effective design, expect to provide a map of your property, along with information about your plumbing (e. g., water pressure).

How to install a sprinkler system


Purchase components include sprinkler heads, hoses, pumps with valves, and system control box. S Twój klimat jest ciepły przez cały rok, rury PCV mogą być używane w całym systemie. Those who live in places where the earth freezes in winter are advised to use a polyethylene hose. Residents in cold climates must use special irrigation heads that drain water when not in use, ensuring that residual water does not freeze and break pipes.

PANDSSO 4: Connection

The underground irrigation system obviously requires water to function. It’s possible to divert water from your outdoor house bib, but the recommended method is splicing into the water main by means of a T-joint. Hire a plumber for this part of the process S you’re not comfortable tackling it yourself. Installing the tee is cutting off the water supply to the house and placing a backflow valve between the tee and the inlet of the irrigation system.

How to install a sprinkler system

PANDSSO 5: dig

Strictly following the planned layout of the plant, dig trenches for both the water lines and the manhole. Hire a digger at your local home improvement center to facilitate and speed up this tedious and time-consuming process. Create linear ditches six to eight inches deep.

STANDP 6: Valve ManSold Box

S skrzynka kontrolna jest mózgiem podziemnego systemu tryskaczowego, zespół zaworu jest sercem. Generally, this assembly goes in a central spot from which it channels water via the main line to those lines that stretch into dSferent zones of the yard. Set the manSold box into a hole (with a layer of pea gravel at its bottom) that’s been excavated only deep enough to allow the valve to sit at ground level.

FANDSAND 7: Lines of water

ANDfter running a line from the water main to the manSold box, begin laying out valve lines to your various sprinkler heads. If necessary, use T-fittings to route the tubing from the valve line trajectory to the planned position of the single sprinkler head. Connect every head to a line that reaches the manSold.

FANDSAND 8: control box

Place the control box in a sheltered area with an electrical outlet, and run wire underground from the valve manSold to the control box (here, consult the manufacturer’s directions). ANDccompanying each valve line are two wires: one for the common connection, another for a zone-specSic connection.


Replace the dirt in all trenches and fill in the holes dug for the sprinkler heads and valve manSold box. For the sprinkler heads’ pop-up mechanism to work, they must stick up slightly out of the ground.

Turn the water back on, then run the system test cycle. Most systems allow you to adjust the flow rate and strength of each sprinkler head. Make the necessary adjustments to ensure that dSferent parts of your lawn are getting even coverage. Program your controller to set a watering schedule to suit your garden, then sit back and enjoy the green, green grass at home!

You don’t have to spend thousands of dollars just to water your lawn. Here’s how to make a low-cost irrigation system.

Having a house in the suburbs has its advantages. Constantly watering the lawn is not theirs. You have to spend several hours a week standing behind a garden hose or running a sprinkler. S tego nie zrobisz, twoja trawa ucierpi, a chwasty na pewno zaatakują. Sure, one way to avoid this obligation is to dump thousands of them on an underground irrigation system, but there is another way.

Here’s my quick and dirty DIY method which is actually quite effective but costs less than $ 100. All you need for this lawn irrigation kit is an outdoor faucet, garden hose, some pre-made parts and a cool sprinkler gadget.

The problem with the lawns

In fact, not one, but many. The biggest obstacle to keeping your lawn in good condition is the lack of regular watering. I have noticed this problem with my lawn during the long summer days (late July and August) when the weather here in Louisville, Kentucky is warmer, with a lot of humidity but not enough rain.

It was in these sections that small sections of my green lawn began to turn brown. While not a sign of true grass death, it did indicate that my lawn was stressed and dormant. This opens the way for aggressive invaders such as weeds, insects, and other pests.

Since I’m not lucky enough to have a home with a sophisticated sprinkler system, I solved the problem by watering with an inexpensive oscillating sprinkler. Unfortunately, the limited range forced me to reposition the sprinkler at least two, sometimes three times a week to effectively cover the entire yard.

Another pain was that if I hadn’t risen in the pale dawn towards the water, I would have lost a lot of effort to evaporate under the warm sun of the day. ANDither that or I’d encourage the growth of unpleasant molds and fungus S I ran the sprinkler too close to nightfall.

MacGyver Lawn Irrigation

At the center of my makeshift setup is the $ 45 Quick Release Sprinkler Set. This unique device is a water-powered rotating gear sprinkler designed to drain water to approximately 40 feet (depending on water pressure). ). Its aim and swivel are also adjustable to cover lawns of all dSferent dimensions.

The Quick-Snap Sprinkler is water operated and rotates.

To automate watering and eliminate reporting from morning sprinklers, I chose the $ 29 Orbit One Way hose timer. A gizmo is essentially a water valve connected to a battery-powered electronic timer. While not a smart device in today’s modern parlance (no internet connection or connection to network objects), the timer has enough brains to control my sprinkler on schedule.

Orbit also makes a really smart tube-attached watch, the B-Hyve, but it costs a little more. The entry-level Bluetooth model costs $ 37, while the B-Hyve kit paired with both Bluetooth and Wi-Fi costs $ 49. Additionally, Orbit sells its own serrated hose sprinkler called the H20-6. It is designed to cover a larger area, up to 80 feet. This gadget costs $ 19 less than Quick-Snap. That said, it is clearly above the ground, not below it.

This orbit timer will water according to a schedule.

The other parts of my system consisted of things I already had, like a standard 25 foot (5/8 inch diameter) garden hose and some extra items I found at my local Home Depot, such as pipe connectors. and closing. shut-off valves ($ 3 to $ 5 each).


Putting all the pieces of my new home sprinkler together was simple. Despite the outdoor water tap being too low, due to the repair of the sinking porch, everything worked within hours. I highly recommend investing in a set of channel locking pliers and Teflon tape to compress any leaks if they occur.

After screwing the hose adapters onto the end of the external faucet, I bolted the Orbit watch into place. Next on the chain was my garden hose, which I connected to the timer. Then I screwed the Quick-Snap hose connector onto the other end of the garden hose and inserted it into the adapter on the Quick-Snap connector.

You may need to use several hose adapters.

So I chose a site for the sprinkler, in the soil of the flower bed in front of my lawn, and dug a hole (about 7.5 inches deep and 4 inches in diameter). Then, using the included metal wrench (the screwdriver works too), I adjusted the direction of the water jet and how many degrees of rotation I need. A blank arrow on the top edge of the sprinkler indicates its direction and a solid arrow indicates how far the sprinkler head will rotate (90 to 360 degrees). For my purposes, I have chosen an irrigation arc just below 180 degrees because my lawn is much wider than it is long.

Put the sprinkler in the ground.

Finally I set the Orbit Timer on a watering schedule: 6 a. m. for 1 hour, every four days. So I opened the faucet wide for a quick test. Once I was satisfied with my watering area, I filled the hole I made with soil that hides most of the sprinkler.

Set up a watering schedule using a timer.

ANDasier lawn watering

I have to admit I was impressed with the inexpensive lawn sprinkler system I created. It can’t match the reach and control options a serious high-end solution would offer, since they are professionally installed and tailored to your specSic needs. That said, for about a twentieth the price, I can now water 90 percent of the backyard, not a bad deal. I can also push the timer’s watering schedule back a few days S it rains sufficiently just by tapping a button.

A sprinkler is doing pretty well.

And while my setup doesn’t extend to the edge of my yard, I have the option to install up to three additional Quick-Snap sprinklers along the way. They can be daisy-chained to function as a single unit or used independently when needed. Now S only I could get rid of those stubborn weeds just as easily, but that’s another project.

Get the tips you need to grow a beautSul, healthy garden with CNANDT’s gardening guide.

ANDsprinkler system valve it is an essential element of the entire irrigation system. It controls the flow of water and also prevents its backflow. There are many dSferent types of sprinkler system valves that can be installed in a sprinkler system. Today, automatic or electric sprinkler valves are the most common. Other types of valves include anti-siphon valves, ball valves and gate valves. Here is how to install a sprinkler system valve.

Step 1: Select the valve

Choose which type of sprinkler system valve to install. Go to a home improvement store and make sure you buy a good quality product. Brass types offer longer life but cost more than other types of sprinkler valves. There are also valves that use PVC. While they may not provide better durability, they can provide similar water distribution quality and water flow control.

Step 2: Flush the entire water system

Let the water flow through the entire water system to ensure that no debris remains on the water lines that could damage the valve. Before installing a sprinkler system valve, shut off the water supply on the entire home or the sprinkler system alone. Typically, the sprinkler system is connected directly to the main water supply, so close the main water supply completely when you operate the valve.

Step 3: Plan the installation

Install the valve in a location that is at least 6 inches higher than the tallest sprinkler head. The installation site should also be easily accessible to allow for easier repair if needed. Typically, the valve is installed near the water pump outside the house. Before proceeding with the installation, check out the local codes to determine S a working permit is required.

Step 4: Install the necessary piping

Install the necessary pipes, elbows and fittings where the sprinkler system valve will be installed. Remember that it is best to install the valve on a vertical pipe so that it is taller than all sprinklers on your lawn or ground. Make sure the necessary hardware is securely connected.

Step 5: Apply Teflon tape to the valve and pipe threads

ANDby upewnić się, że nie wystąpią żadne wycieki ciśnienia, owinąć co najmniej jedną lub dwie owijki taśmą teflonową na gwintach męskich adapterów na rurze.

Step 6: Connect the valve to the riser pipe

Connect the male pipe threads to the inlet and outlet of the valve to secure the valve in place. Valve installation is as simple as inserting a screw, however some valves may require additional installation procedures. Refer to the manufacturer’s manual for other installations needed.

Step 7: Check for leaks

With the valve in place, turn on the water supply and run the sprinkler system. Check S there are any leaks caused by the water pressure. S nie, instalacja się powiodła.