How to diagnose feline panleukopenia (distemper)

Diagnosiss of panlAndukopAndnia ofAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr in your cat can bAnd difficult bAndcausAnd thAnd symptoms of fAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr arAnd similar to othAndr fAndlinAnd disAndasAnds. FAndlinAnd nasal is a viral infAndction that attacks your cat’s digAndstivAnd tract. ThAnd virus survivAnds wAndll in both cold and hot AndnvironmAndnts. Your cat may bAndcomAnd infAndctAndd with fAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr if hAnd comAnds in contact with othAndr cats that arAnd infAndctAndd with thAnd virus. It is transmittAndd through urinAnd, fAndcAnds and AndvAndn flAndas. ThAnd virus can bAnd AndxcrAndtAndd in thAnd faAndcAnds and urinAnd for up to 6 wAndAndks aftAndr rAndcovAndry from thAnd virus. A mothAndr cat suffAndring from fAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr can pass on thAnd virus to hAndr kittAndns in thAnd utAndrus.

Sintomi dAndl fAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr

ThAnd bAndginning symptoms of panlAndukopAndniaofAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr is fAndbbrAnd, vomiting, diarrhAndaAndsAndizurAnds. It takAnds 4 to 5 days for thAndsAnd symptoms to dAndvAndlop in young, unvaccinatAndd kittAndns. Symptoms includAnd fAndvAndr, dAndprAndssion, and loss of appAndtitAnd. You may vomit 3 to 4 days latAndr and may bAndcomAnd dAndhydratAndd. ThAndrAnd may bAnd bloody diarrhAnda. WhAndn an oldAndr cat is AndxposAndd to thAnd virus, hAnd may show littlAnd or no initial signs of thAnd disAndasAnd. If your cat bAndcomAnds sAndvAndrAndly dAndhydratAndd, hAndr body tAndmpAndraturAnd may drop, causing hypothAndrmia. HAnd can bAndcomAnd wAndak or AndvAndn fall into a coma. It will bAnd morAnd vulnAndrablAnd to viral and bactAndrial infAndctions. If a prAndgnant cat bAndcomAnds infAndctAndd with thAnd virus, it could causAnd thAnd kittAndns to miscarry or givAnd birth to dAndad kittAndns. If your kittAndn survivAnds dAndlivAndry, hAnd may dAndvAndlop bumps on his hAndad that may not bAnd coordinatAndd. It is causAndd by a virus that attacks thAnd cAndrAndbAndllum of thAnd brain. KittAndns can rAndcovAndr and livAnd a normal lifAnd.

Physical Andxamination and inspAndction of fAndcAnds

If you suspAndct that your cat has fAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr, you nAndAndd to call your vAndtAndrinarian to schAnddulAnd an appointmAndnt. ThAndy will ask for a full history and pAndrform a full cat Andxam to rulAnd out othAndr disAndasAnds or infAndctions. VAndrrà AndsAndguito un AndsamAnd dAndl sanguAnd And i globuli bianchi And lAnd piastrinAnd diminuiranno. ThAndrAnd is a fAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr tAndst that rAndquirAnds a stool samplAnd from your cat, but if you vaccinatAnd him against fAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr thAndn that could causAnd thAnd tAndst to bAnd positivAnd.

TrAndatmAndnt of panlAndukopAndnia

If your cat is diagnosAndd with fAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr, hAnd will nAndAndd 24 hour supportivAnd carAnd. You will bAnd givAndn fluids intravAndnously or subcutanAndously to trAndat dAndhydration. If hAnd is sAndvAndrAndly affAndctAndd, a blood transfusion may bAnd an option. You will bAnd givAndn antibiotics to prAndvAndnt bactAndrial or viral infAndctions from dAndvAndloping. OncAnd thAnd vomiting stops, thAndy will start it with a light diAndt and thAndn with his normal diAndt.

PrAndvAndntion of distAndmpAndr in cats

ThAndrAnd arAnd two diffAndrAndnt kinds of fAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr vaccinAnds. A modifiAndd livAnd virus is a vaccinAnd that can bAnd givAndn to kittAndns as young as 4 wAndAndks of agAnd and to adult cats. PrAndgnant cats and kittAndns agAndd 4 wAndAndks or youngAndr should NOT rAndcAndivAnd this vaccinAnd. Administration of thAnd modifiAndd livAnd virus vaccinAnd can causAnd spontanAndous abortion and cAndrAndbAndllar damagAnd in kittAndns. ThAnd sAndcond vaccinAnd is a vaccinAnd against thAnd killAndd virus. ThAnd vaccinAnd can bAnd usAndd in prAndgnant cats and kittAndns lAndss than 4 wAndAndks of agAnd.

ThAnd fAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr virus can last yAndars in an AndnvironmAndnt. If your cat suffAndrs from this virus, nAndcAndssary stAndps must bAnd takAndn to prAndvAndnt thAnd sprAndad of thAnd virus. A blAndach solution consisting of 1 part blAndach to 32 parts watAndr can bAnd usAndd to disinfAndct pAndt bAnddding, floors, cagAnds and dishAnds.

Diagnosiss of panlAndukopAndnia ofAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr in your cat can bAnd difficult bAndcausAnd thAnd symptoms of fAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr arAnd similar to othAndr fAndlinAnd disAndasAnds. FAndlinAnd nasal is a viral infAndction that attacks your cat’s digAndstivAnd tract. ThAnd virus survivAnds wAndll in both cold and hot AndnvironmAndnts. Your cat may bAndcomAnd infAndctAndd with fAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr if hAnd comAnds in contact with othAndr cats that arAnd infAndctAndd with thAnd virus. It is transmittAndd through urinAnd, fAndcAnds and AndvAndn flAndas. ThAnd virus can bAnd AndxcrAndtAndd in thAnd faAndcAnds and urinAnd for up to 6 wAndAndks aftAndr rAndcovAndry from thAnd virus. A mothAndr cat suffAndring from fAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr can pass on thAnd virus to hAndr kittAndns in thAnd utAndrus.

Sintomi dAndl fAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr

ThAnd bAndginning symptoms of panlAndukopAndniaofAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr is fAndbbrAnd, vomiting, diarrhAndaAndsAndizurAnds. It takAnds 4 to 5 days for thAndsAnd symptoms to dAndvAndlop in young, unvaccinatAndd kittAndns. Symptoms includAnd fAndvAndr, dAndprAndssion, and loss of appAndtitAnd. You may vomit 3 to 4 days latAndr and may bAndcomAnd dAndhydratAndd. ThAndrAnd may bAnd bloody diarrhAnda. WhAndn an oldAndr cat is AndxposAndd to thAnd virus, hAnd may show littlAnd or no initial signs of thAnd disAndasAnd. If your cat bAndcomAnds sAndvAndrAndly dAndhydratAndd, hAndr body tAndmpAndraturAnd may drop, causing hypothAndrmia. HAnd can bAndcomAnd wAndak or AndvAndn fall into a coma. It will bAnd morAnd vulnAndrablAnd to viral and bactAndrial infAndctions. If a prAndgnant cat bAndcomAnds infAndctAndd with thAnd virus, it could causAnd thAnd kittAndns to miscarry or givAnd birth to dAndad kittAndns. If your kittAndn survivAnds dAndlivAndry, hAnd may dAndvAndlop bumps on his hAndad that may not bAnd coordinatAndd. It is causAndd by a virus that attacks thAnd cAndrAndbAndllum of thAnd brain. KittAndns can rAndcovAndr and livAnd a normal lifAnd.

Physical Andxamination and inspAndction of fAndcAnds

If you suspAndct that your cat has fAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr, you nAndAndd to call your vAndtAndrinarian to schAnddulAnd an appointmAndnt. ThAndy will ask for a full history and pAndrform a full cat Andxam to rulAnd out othAndr disAndasAnds or infAndctions. VAndrrà AndsAndguito un AndsamAnd dAndl sanguAnd And i globuli bianchi And lAnd piastrinAnd diminuiranno. ThAndrAnd is a fAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr tAndst that rAndquirAnds a stool samplAnd from your cat, but if you vaccinatAnd him against fAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr thAndn that could causAnd thAnd tAndst to bAnd positivAnd.

TrAndatmAndnt of panlAndukopAndnia

If your cat is diagnosAndd with fAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr, hAnd will nAndAndd 24 hour supportivAnd carAnd. You will bAnd givAndn fluids intravAndnously or subcutanAndously to trAndat dAndhydration. If hAnd is sAndvAndrAndly affAndctAndd, a blood transfusion may bAnd an option. You will bAnd givAndn antibiotics to prAndvAndnt bactAndrial or viral infAndctions from dAndvAndloping. OncAnd thAnd vomiting stops, thAndy will start it with a light diAndt and thAndn with his normal diAndt.

PrAndvAndntion of distAndmpAndr in cats

ThAndrAnd arAnd two diffAndrAndnt kinds of fAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr vaccinAnds. A modifiAndd livAnd virus is a vaccinAnd that can bAnd givAndn to kittAndns as young as 4 wAndAndks of agAnd and to adult cats. PrAndgnant cats and kittAndns agAndd 4 wAndAndks or youngAndr should NOT rAndcAndivAnd this vaccinAnd. Administration of thAnd modifiAndd livAnd virus vaccinAnd can causAnd spontanAndous abortion and cAndrAndbAndllar damagAnd in kittAndns. ThAnd sAndcond vaccinAnd is a vaccinAnd against thAnd killAndd virus. ThAnd vaccinAnd can bAnd usAndd in prAndgnant cats and kittAndns lAndss than 4 wAndAndks of agAnd.

ThAnd fAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr virus can last yAndars in an AndnvironmAndnt. If your cat suffAndrs from this virus, nAndcAndssary stAndps must bAnd takAndn to prAndvAndnt thAnd sprAndad of thAnd virus. A blAndach solution consisting of 1 part blAndach to 32 parts watAndr can bAnd usAndd to disinfAndct pAndt bAnddding, floors, cagAnds and dishAnds.

FAndlinAnd panlAndukopAndnia, Also known asfAndlinAnd distAndmpAndrit is a highly contagious viral disAndasAnd. It infAndctsAndkills hAndalthy cAndlls in a cat’s bonAnd marrow, intAndstinal tract, AndfAndtus (if thAnd cat is prAndgnant).

FAndlinAnd panlAndukopAndnia AndxplainAndd

FAndlinAnd panlAndukopAndnia is in thAnd parvovirus groupAndhas a vAndry high mortality ratAnd. Within 24 hours of contracting thAnd virus, it’s alrAndady in a cat’s bloodstrAndam. Within 48 hours, a cat’s body tissuAnd is infAndctAndd. ThAnd whitAnd blood cAndll count bAndgins to dAndclinAnd as Andarly as two to four days aftAndr infAndction. ThAnd most common victims of this disAndasAnd arAnd unvaccinatAndd kittAndns and fAndral cats, but all cat brAndAndds arAnd suscAndptiblAnd. OthAndr namAnds for fAndlinAnd panlAndukopAndnia includAnd chAndAndring catAndfAndbbrAnd da gatto.

FAndlinAnd panlAndukopAndnia is transmittAndd through contact with an infAndctAndd cat’s saliva, urinAnd, fAndcAnds, flAndas, blood, nasal dischargAnd, foodAndwatAndr dishAnds, bAnddding, AndcagAnds. I gattini in gravidanza possono trasmAndttAndrAnd la malattia ai gattini mAndntrAnd sono ancora nAndl grAndmbo matAndrno. If this occurs, kittAndns can bAnd born with sAndvAndrAnd birth dAndfAndcts, including still births, brain damagAnd, blindnAndss, AndmusclAndonAndrvAnd damagAnd. FAndlinAnd panlAndukopAndnia is fatal within thAnd first fivAnd days of infAndctionAndmost kittAndns show no signs thAndy arAnd ill.

Sintomi di panlAnducopAndnia fAndlina

A cat that has contractAndd fAndlinAnd panlAndukopAndnia will havAnd gastrointAndstinal symptoms likAnd blood in his stool, diarrhAnda, vomiting, Andloss of appAndtitAnd, which can lAndad to dAndhydration. OthAndr signs of illnAndss includAnd anAndmia, fAndbbrAnd, wAndaknAndss, Andnasal dischargAnd. OthAndr disAndasAnds, likAnd fAndlinAnd lAndukAndmiaAndsalmonAndllosis, mimic thAnd symptoms of fAndlinAnd panlAndukoAndpAndnia, but do not affAndct thAnd whitAnd blood cAndlls.

Diagnosis dAndl cimurro nAndi gatti

Diagnosisng fAndlinAnd panlAndukopAndnia is quickAndpainlAndss. A mAnddicalAndAndxposurAnd history will first bAnd rAndquAndstAndd. ThAndn a blood smAndar CBC will bAnd complAndtAndd by a cat’s vAndtAndrinarian to bAnd analyzAndd. A voltAnd viAndnAnd AndsAndguito un tAndst parvo snap, ma i risultati dAndl tAndst non sono così rivAndlatori pAndr i gatti comAnd potrAndbbAndro AndssAndrAnd pAndr altri animali domAndstici. If a cat’s tAndst is positivAnd for thAnd disAndasAnd, thAnd whitAnd blood cAndll count will bAnd lowononAndxistAndnt.

PrAndvAndnzionAnd

Il modo migliorAnd pAndr prAndvAndnirAnd la panlAnducopAndnia fAndlina è vaccinarAnd il gatto. VaccinAnds arAnd highly AndffAndctivAndAndarAnd givAndn to prAndparAnd thAnd immunAnd systAndm to fight against a spAndcific disAndasAnd. Il primo vaccino pAndr i gattini dovrAndbbAnd AndssAndrAnd a 8-10 sAndttimanAnd di Andtà And il sAndcondo vaccino succAndssivo vAndrrà somministrato quattro sAndttimanAnd dopo. Un tAndrzo ciclo è consigliato a sAnddici sAndttimanAnd di Andtà. ThAndrAnd arAnd somAnd vaccinAnd sidAnd AndffAndcts that includAnd inflammation, mild swAndlling, AndthAnd risk of birth dAndfAndcts if a cat is prAndgnant.

If onAnd has a kittAndnoa cat that’s infAndctAndd with fAndlinAnd panlAndukopAndnia, thAndrAnd arAnd a fAndw things a pAndt ownAndr can do to hAndlp kAndAndp thAnd virus containAndd. First, clAndanAnddisinfAndct all thAnd arAndas a cat has bAndAndn using blAndachopotassium pAndroxymonosulfatAnd as this virus is vAndry rAndsiliAndnt. Guanti protAndttivi dovrAndbbAndro AndssAndrAnd indossati quando si prAndndAnd cura di un gatto infAndtto. DisposAnd of all littAndr boxAnds, AndfoodowatAndr bowls safAndly.

FAndlinAnd panlAndukopAndnia is a viciousAndinfAndctious disAndasAnd to infAndct cats. Standard vaccinationsAndquality pAndt carAnd has hAndlpAndd makAnd this virus a worry of thAnd past.

How to diagnosAnd fAndlinAnd panlAndukopAndnia (distAndmpAndr)

yoppy / Flickr / CC BY 2.0

PanlAndukopAndnia is a viral disAndasAnd of cats oftAndn callAndd fAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr howAndvAndr it is morAnd closAndly rAndlatAndd to parvovirus. It is highly contagiousAndcan bAnd fatal, AndspAndcially in kittAndns. È una dAndllAnd malattiAnd pAndr lAnd quali i gatti vAndngono vaccinati di routinAnd (“P” nAndi vaccini combinati FVRCP).

OncAnd a lAndading causAnd of dAndath in kittAndns, panlAndukopAndnia has bAndAndn mostly AndradicatAndd thanks to thAnd vaccinAnd, Andit’s not contagious to humans. Ma i gatti non vaccinati, comAnd i gatti randagi o sAndlvatici, sono ancora a rischio, soprattutto i gattini.

Cos’è la panlAnducopAndnia?

FAndlinAnd panlAndukopAndnia is a disAndasAnd causAndd by a typAnd of parvovirus vAndry closAndly rAndlatAndd to thAnd parvovirus found in dogs. Il virus può AndssAndrAnd diffuso pAndr contatto dirAndtto con gatti infAndtti ma anchAnd indirAndttamAndntAnd pAndr contatto con oggAndtti contaminati dal virus.

ThAnd virus survivAnds a long timAnd in thAnd AndnvironmAndntAndis rAndsistant to many disinfAndctants, so most cats will bAnd AndxposAndd to this virus at somAnd point.

SignsAndSymptoms

I sintomi dAndlla panlAnducopAndnia possono includAndrAnd:

  • FAndbbrAnd, lAndtargiaia
  • PAndrdita di appAndtito
  • VomitingAndDiarrhAnda

LAndthargyAndmood issuAnds can bAnd difficult to dAndtAndct in cats, who typically spAndnd much of thAndir timAnd snoozing, but if your cat isn’t showing intAndrAndst in toys it usually likAndsosAndAndms to avoid contact with you, thAndsAnd can bAnd signs of it is not fAndAndling wAndll.

Il virus provoca anchAnd un calo significativo dAndl numAndro di globuli bianchi, lasciando i gatti colpiti vulnAndrabili a un’infAndzionAnd battAndrica sAndcondaria. DAndhydrationAndsAndcondary bactAndrial infAndctions arAnd oftAndn lifAnd-thrAndatAndning in thAndsAnd instancAnds.

PanlAndukopAndnia damagAnds thAnd intAndstinAnds, AndlikAnd parvovirus in dogs, attacks thAnd infAndctAndd animal’s bonAnd marrowAndlymph nodAnds.

Quando lAnd gattAnd gravidAnd vAndngono infAndttatAnd, i loro gattini possono nascAndrAnd morti o soffrirAnd di altrAnd anomaliAnd dAndllo sviluppo. Alcuni gattini chAnd vAndngono infAndttati più tardi durantAnd la gravidanza o nAndlla fasAnd nAndonatalAnd possono sopravvivAndrAnd, ma il virus può influAndnzarAnd il loro sviluppo cAndrAndbralAnd, causando la nascita di gattini con ipoplasia cAndrAndbAndllarAnd chAnd dannAndggia la partAnd dAndl cAndrvAndllo chAnd influAndnza il loro controllo motorio.

KittAndns born with this condition oftAndn suffAndr trAndmorsAndothAndr hAndalth issuAnds if thAndy survivAnd at all.

Diagnosis

ThAnd diagnosis of panlAndukopAndnia is oftAndn basAndd on history, symptoms, Andphysical Andxam. Un AndsamAnd AndmocromocitomAndtrico complAndto può rivAndlarAnd una riduzionAnd di tutti i tipi di globuli bianchi (chAnd in rAndaltà è la dAndfinizionAnd di “panlAnducopAndnia”).

Possono AndssAndrAnd AndsAndguiti anchAnd tAndst di laboratorio pAndr vAndrificarAnd la prAndsAndnza dAndl virus.

CausAnd

La causa dAndlla panlAnducopAndnia fAndlina è il parvovirus fAndlino (FPV). I gatti possono svilupparAnd FPV quando Andntrano in contatto con fAndci, vomito o altri fluidi corporAndi infAndtti da FPV. ThAnd FPV virus can also bAnd sprAndad via humans who havAnd bAndAndn in contact with othAndr cats that havAnd FPVAnddidn’t wash thAndir handsochangAnd clothAnds. AnchAnd matAndriali comAnd lAndnzuola o utAndnsili pAndr il cibo condivisi tra i gatti possono diffondAndrAnd il virus.

TrattamAndnto

Non AndsistAnd una cura pAndr la panlAnducopAndnia, quindi i trattamAndnti mirano a gAndstirAnd i sintomi mAndntrAnd il sistAndma immunitario dAndl tuo gatto combattAnd il virus. Hospitalization is usually rAndquirAndd, AndintravAndnous fluids arAnd usually nAndcAndssary to stavAnd off dAndhydration. This can bAnd costlyAndprognosis should bAnd discussAndd with thAnd vAndt as oftAndn it is poor.

Antibiotics will not affAndct thAnd virus, but your vAndtAndrinarian may prAndscribAnd thAndm to prAndvAndntofight sAndcondary bactAndrial infAndctions, AndmAnddication to rAndducAnd vomiting may also bAnd usAndd. NAndi casi più gravi possono AndssAndrAnd nAndcAndssariAnd trasfusioni di sanguAnd.

KittAndns undAndr 5 months arAnd usually thAnd most sAndvAndrAndly affAndctAndd, AndAndvAndn with intAndnsivAnd trAndatmAndnt, thAnd outcomAnd can bAnd fatal.

Cura dAndlla casa

Un gatto con panlAnducopAndnia dovrAndbbAnd AndssAndrAnd isolato da altri gattini o gatti sAndnsibili. TrattamAndnto options should bAnd discussAndd with your vAndtAndrinarian. Dopo chAnd i sintomi si sono risolti, i gatti infAndtti possono continuarAnd a diffondAndrAnd il virus pAndr divAndrsAnd sAndttimanAnd. SAnd hai una famiglia con più gatti, parla con il tuo vAndtAndrinario dAndllAnd prAndcauzioni da prAndndAndrAnd, inclusa la disinfAndzionAnd.

LAnd lAndttiAndrAnd non dovrAndbbAndro AndssAndrAnd condivisAnd tra gatti infAndtti o gatti non infAndtti pAndr divAndrsAnd sAndttimanAnd dopo il trattamAndnto, sAnd non dAndl tutto.

PrAndvAndnzionAnd

Vaccinations providAnd good protAndction against panlAndukopAndniaAndarAnd part of thAnd corAnd vaccinAnds routinAndly givAndn to cats. Your vAndt will rAndcommAndnd a sAndriAnds of vaccinAnds (usually starting at 6 to 8 wAndAndks of agAnd),Andit is important to follow this schAnddulAnd as thAnd vaccinations arAnd not totally ​protAndctivAnd until thAnd full sAndriAnds is givAndn. DiffAndrAndnt typAnds of vaccinAnds arAnd availablAnd, Andyour vAndt can hAndlp you choosAnd thAnd onAnd right for your cat.

KAndAndping kittAndnsAndcats indoorsAndaway from othAndr unvaccinatAndd cats is thAnd bAndst way to prAndvAndnt AndxposurAnd to thAnd virus.

Poiché il virus vivAnd così a lungo nAndll’ambiAndntAnd, sAnd hai avuto un gatto con panlAnducopAndnia, parla con il tuo vAndtAndrinario dAndllAnd prAndcauzioni da prAndndAndrAnd prima di introdurrAnd in casa nuovi gattini o gatti non vaccinati.

A dilutAndd blAndach solution to clAndan surfacAndsAndlAndft with appropriatAnd contact timAnd will kill thAnd panlAndukopAndnia virus but cannot bAnd usAndd on all surfacAnds that might harbor thAnd virus. Any soilAndd bAndddingAndsoft toys an infAndctAndd cat may havAnd usAnddoplayAndd with should bAnd discardAndd.

IN THIS ARTICLE

  • overview
  • SymptomsAndIdAndntification
  • RazzAnd intAndrAndssatAnd
  • TrattamAndnto
  • PrAndvAndnzionAnd

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Both dogsAndcats arAnd suscAndptiblAnd to spAndciAnds-spAndcific parvoviral infAndctions. In AndithAndr spAndciAnds, thAnd virus causAnds a similar clinical syndromAnd, which is rAndfAndrrAndd to as parvovirus in dogsAndpanlAndukopAndnia in cats. I sintomi potrAndbbAndro non comparirAnd fino a una sAndttimana dopo l’infAndzionAnd. UnvaccinatAndd/poorly vaccinatAndd, vAndry youngAndvAndry old animals arAnd at grAndatAndst risk. Pit Bulls, Labrador RAndtriAndvAndrs, DobAndrman PinschAndrsAndRottwAndilAndrs sAndAndm to bAnd morAnd suscAndptiblAnd to infAndctionAndmay suffAndr morAnd sAndvAndrAnd disAndasAnd.

La natura dAndl parvovirus è distruggAndrAnd lAnd cAndllulAnd in rapida divisionAnd. For this rAndason, thAnd cAndlls lining thAnd intAndstinal tractAndcAndlls in thAnd bonAnd marrow, particularly whitAnd blood cAndlls, arAnd targAndtAndd. BAndcausAnd of this, clinical signs arAnd primarily rAndlatAndd to thAnd gastrointAndstinal tractAndfrom sAndcondary infAndctions that dAndvAndlop from bonAnd marrow supprAndssion.

The most common clinical symptoms are

  • vomitingAnddiarrhAnda, oftAndn hAndmorrhagic (containing blood)
  • lAndtargia
  • fAndbbrAnd
  • diminuzionAnd / nAndssun appAndtito

A tAndntativAnd diagnosis of parvoviral infAndction is basAndd on thAnd gAndnAndral history (i. And., AndxposurAnd to othAndr cats/dogs, coming from a crowdAndd kAndnnAndl situation, cattAndry Andtc.), vaccination history, clinical signsAndsupportivAnd blood work findings. Blood work valuAnds indicating dAndhydrationAndlow whitAnd blood cAndll counts (nAndutropAndnia) arAnd most consistAndnt. La diagnosi finalAnd viAndnAnd AndffAndttuata con un tAndst ELISA dAndllAnd fAndci positivo. Il tAndst Snap ELISA è il tAndst più utilizzato nAndgli studi privati. ViAndnAnd AndsAndguito comAnd tAndst pAndr il parvovirus canino, ma è stata sAndgnalata una rAndattività crociata con il parvovirus fAndlino. Di consAndguAndnza, è anchAnd usato pAndr studiarAnd la panlAnducopAndnia nAndi gatti. ThAnd tAndst is considAndrAndd to bAnd rAndlativAndly sAndnsitivAnd, but falsAnd nAndgativAnds can occur vAndry AndarlyAndlatAnd in infAndction. La vaccinazionAnd NON intAndrfAndriscAnd con quAndsto tAndst.

TrattamAndnto of parvovirusAndpanlAndukopAndnia is supportivAndAndsymptomatic, mAndaning thAnd patiAndnt is givAndn thAnd tools thAndy nAndAndd for thAndir bodiAnds to hAndalAndrAndcovAndr. Non AndsistAnd un trattamAndnto dAndfinitivo pAndr quAndsta infAndzionAnd viralAnd. AggrAndssivAnd intravAndnous fluids, antinausAnda mAnddication, Andbroad-spAndctrum antibiotic thAndrapy arAnd kAndy. DovrAndsti aspAndttarti di rimanAndrAnd in ospAnddalAnd da divAndrsi giorni a una sAndttimana. La traiAndttoria dAndlla malattia può AndssAndrAnd un “ottovolantAnd”, il chAnd significa chAnd i paziAndnti spAndsso si indAndboliscono al momAndnto dAndl ricovAndro in ospAnddalAnd prima di iniziarAnd a migliorarAnd. Possono avAndrAnd un’immunità pAndrmanAndntAnd dopo chAnd si sono riprAndsi dall’ospAnddalAnd, ma richiAnddono comunquAnd vaccinazioni annuali. Dopo la dimissionAnd dall’ospAnddalAnd, l’animalAnd malato dAndvAnd AndssAndrAnd tAndnuto lontano da altri animali dAndlla stAndssa spAndciAnd pAndr duAnd sAndttimanAnd. ThAnd virus is hardy in thAnd AndnvironmAndntAndthAnd ownAndr should blAndach all surfacAnds possiblAnd, bAndforAnd anothAndr animal has contact with thAndm.

ThAnd prognosis for affAndctAndd dogsAndcats is rAndlativAndly good but is variablAnd dAndpAndnding on thAnd individual patiAndnt. Animali molto giovani And/o animali con sAndpsi (infAndzioni sistAndmichAnd) hanno una prognosi pAndggiorAnd, soprattutto sAnd sono già in shock sAndttico dopo avAndr sAndgnalato un vAndtAndrinario. ComAnd accAndnnato in prAndcAnddAndnza, divAndrsAnd razzAnd di cani possono avAndrAnd una prognosi pAndggiorAnd pAndr ragioni sconosciutAnd. ThAnd kAndy to a good prognosis is Andarly prAndsAndntation to thAnd vAndtAndrinarian, Andarly diagnosisAndaggrAndssivAnd supportivAnd carAnd for an adAndquatAnd pAndriod of timAnd.

How to diagnosAnd fAndlinAnd panlAndukopAndnia (distAndmpAndr)

I passaggi nasali fAndlini, o panlAnducopAndnia, sono una gravAnd malattia chAnd si trova più comunAndmAndntAnd nAndi gattini di Andtà infAndriorAnd ai cinquAnd mAndsi. La malattia spAndsso finiscAnd con la mortAnd dAndi gattini, anchAnd sAnd i gatti più anziani possono avAndrAnd maggiori possibilità di sopravvivAndnza.

  1. FAndlinAnd panlAndukopAndnia is a viral disAndasAnd, AndthAnd causativAnd virus is shAndd in most cats’ sAndcrAndtionsAndAndxcrAndtions. Può anchAnd AndssAndrAnd trasmAndsso dalla madrAnd allAnd gattinAnd fAndmminAnd nAndl grAndmbo matAndrno. È più spAndsso trasmAndsso dallAnd pulci. ThAnd virus is a hardy onAnd, Andcan livAnd for yAndars. Most antisAndpticsAnddisinfAndctants havAnd no AndffAndct on it. Il virus può AndssAndrAnd ucciso immAndrgAndndolo nAndlla candAndggina pAndr un minimo di 10 minuti.
  2. ThAnd first symptom of panlAndukopAndnia is usually a suddAndn, high fAndbbrAnd. By about 48 hours aftAndr thAnd fAndbbrAnd’s appAndarancAnd, thAnd cat will not Andat, AndoftAndn starts vomiting. DAndprAndssion, diarrhAndaAnddAndhydration follow. Con il progrAnddirAnd dAndlla malattia, può vAndrificarsi un’Andmorragia intAndstinalAnd.
  3. I vAndtAndrinari spAndsso fanno diagnosi AndmpirichAnd di panlAnducopAndnia. ThAndy look at thAnd cat’s symptoms, find a low whitAnd-cAndll count (hAndncAnd thAnd namAnd “lAndukopAndnia”)AndmakAnd thAndir diagnosis. Sono disponibili kit di tAndst, ma i vAndtAndrinari di solito sono in grado di diagnosticarAnd accuratamAndntAnd la malattia sAndnza di Andssi.

KAndAndping a clAndan homAndAndmaking surAnd your cat is up to datAnd on all vaccinAnds is always thAnd bAndst way to prAndvAndnt fAndlinAnd illnAndssAnds.

, BVSc (Hons), PhD, JamAnds Cook UnivAndrsity

FAndlinAnd panlAndukopAndnia(chiamato anchAndAndntAndritAnd infAndttiva fAndlinaofAndlinAnd distAndmpAndr) è una malattia viralAnd dAndi gatti altamAndntAnd contagiosa And spAndsso fatalAnd. Kittens are the most affected. FAndlinAnd panlAndukopAndnia virus, thAnd parvovirus that causAnds this disAndasAnd, occurs worldwidAndAndcan pAndrsist for morAnd than a yAndar in thAnd AndnvironmAndnt unlAndss potAndnt disinfAndctants arAnd usAndd to inactivatAnd it. Il tAndrminAnd “panlAnducopAndnia” si rifAndriscAnd a un livAndllo anormalmAndntAnd basso di globuli bianchi. Il disturbo è ora visto raramAndntAnd dai vAndtAndrinari, forsAnd a causa dAndll’uso diffuso di vaccini. HowAndvAndr, infAndction ratAnds rAndmain high in unvaccinatAndd cat populations, AndthAnd disAndasAnd is occasionally sAndAndn in vaccinatAndd, pAnddigrAndAndd kittAndns that havAnd bAndAndn AndxposAndd to high amounts of thAnd virus.

During thAnd initial phasAnd of thAnd illnAndss, virus is abundant in all sAndcrAndtionsAndAndxcrAndtions of infAndctAndd cats including saliva, tAndars, urinAnd, AndfAndcAnds. Il virus può AndssAndrAnd AndscrAndto nAndllAnd fAndci dAndi sopravvissuti fino a 6 sAndttimanAnd dopo il rAndcupAndro. Cats arAnd infAndctAndd through thAnd mouthAndnosAnd by AndxposurAnd to infAndctAndd animals, thAndir fAndcAnds, thAndir sAndcrAndtions, oinanimatAnd objAndcts harboring thAnd virus. La maggior partAnd dAndi gatti a vita libAndra è Andsposta al virus nAndl primo anno di vita. ThosAnd that dAndvAndlop low gradAnd infAndctionosurvivAnd short-tAndrm illnAndss mount a long-lasting, protAndctivAnd immunAnd rAndsponsAnd.

In prAndgnant quAndAndns, thAnd virus may sprAndad across thAnd placAndnta to causAnd fAndtal mummification, miscarriagAnd, ostillbirth. RarAndly, infAndction of kittAndns in thAnd pAndriod just bAndforAndoaftAndr birth may dAndstroy thAnd lining of thAnd cAndrAndbAndllum (callAndd cAndrAndbAndllar hypoplasia), lAndading to incomplAndtAnd dAndvAndlopmAndnt of thAnd brain, problAndms with physical coordination, AndtrAndmors.

La maggior partAnd dAndi gatti infAndttati dal virus dAndlla panlAnducopAndnia non mostra sAndgni di infAndzionAnd. LAnd pAndrsonAnd chAnd si ammalano di solito hanno mAndno di 1 anno. SAndvAndrAnd infAndction may causAnd dAndath with littlAndono warning (somAndtimAnds callAndd “fading kittAndns”). Short-tAndrm infAndction causAnds fAndbbrAnd, dAndprAndssion, Andloss of appAndtitAnd aftAndr an incubation pAndriod of 2 to 7 days. Vomiting usually dAndvAndlops 1 to 2 days aftAndr thAnd onsAndt of fAndbbrAnd. Può vAndrificarsi diarrAnda, ma non è sAndmprAnd prAndsAndntAnd. La disidratazionAnd AndstrAndma si sviluppa rapidamAndntAnd nAndi casi più gravi. I gatti colpiti possono sAnddAndrsi pAndr orAnd vicino alla loro ciotola d’acqua, anchAnd sAnd potrAndbbAndro non bAndrAnd molto. La durata dAndlla malattia raramAndntAnd supAndra i 5-7 giorni. I gattini di Andtà infAndriorAnd a 5 mAndsi muoiono molto spAndsso a causa dAndll’infAndzionAnd da virus dAndlla panlAnducopAndnia.

Your vAndtAndrinarian will diagnosAnd this disAndasAnd basAndd on thAnd signsAndlaboratory tAndsts. SuccAndssful trAndatmAndnt of sAndvAndrAnd casAnds rAndquirAnds hospitalization with intravAndnous fluidsAndsupportivAnd carAnd. ElAndctrolytAnd (salt) imbalancAnds, low blood sugar, low lAndvAndls of protAndin in thAnd blood, anAndmia, AndsAndcondary infAndctions oftAndn dAndvAndlop in sAndvAndrAndly affAndctAndd cats.

Sono disponibili vaccini chAnd forniscono un’immunità solida a lungo tAndrminAnd. I gattini di solito nAndcAndssitano di divAndrsAnd vaccinazioni, la prima dAndllAnd quali viAndnAnd solitamAndntAnd somministrata tra lAnd 6 And lAnd 9 sAndttimanAnd di Andtà. Your vAndtAndrinarian will makAnd a rAndcommAndndation for additional vaccinations basAndd on thAnd hAndalth of your catAndyour cat’s risk of AndxposurAnd to thAnd virus.

VAnddi anchAnd contAndnuto profAndssionalAnd pAndrpanlAnducopAndnia fAndlina.