23 April 2017 at 7:208.9 thousandViews
About 70 million of the US adult population has high blood pressure (BP). However, only half of these people are in control of the disease, according to the 2013 report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Secondo il cardiologo Dr. Andrew Freeman della National Jewish Health di Denver: "La pressione alta è una malattia del mondo occidentale e se facciamo del nostro meglio per lavorare su dieta, esercizio fisico e alleviare lo stress, possiamo ridurre considerevolmente tale onere ".
10 quick signs to help you know if you have high blood pressure
The risk of hypertension is relatively common even if you don’t have a family history of the condition as it can also be related to lifestyle. High and low blood pressure problems are something that shouldn’t be taken for granted and should be treated promptly to keep the ailment under control and not lead to serious complications. Here are ten quick signs that tell you whether you have high blood pressure or not.
1. Severe headache
Headache is a common symptom when something is wrong with your body, such as the common cold and the flu. However, it could also be the only warning sign of high blood pressure or hypertension. If you have constant and frequent headaches and feel unwell most of the time, especially under normal circumstances, it is best to see a doctor.and monitor your blood pressure level.
2. Tiredness or persistent fatigue
As high blood pressure increases the amount of work your heart needs, it makes your heart grow to cope with work and will require more oxygen-rich blood. As a result, you will feel weak, tiredness or fatigue will persist, and you will not be able to engage in physical activity or exercise. If left untreated, it can lead to heart failure.
3. Reduced alertness or confusion
These can be symptoms of a serious illness, especially for the elderly and the elderly. Although awareness levels may decrease as part of the aging process and older people cannot remember where they put their car keys, it is still important to see a doctor to have their car keys checked. the root cause of your confusion problemas it may be associated with high blood pressure and treatment should be started immediately.
4. Vision problems
Untreated hypertension can cause heart and kidney problems and eye problems.Hypertension can cause damage to your retina’s blood vessels. Since the retina is an important area in the back of the eye where the images you see around are in focus, it will blur your vision and lead to hypertensive retinopathy.It is important to treat high blood pressure to prevent more serious damage.
5. Chest pain
Chest pain arises when the muscles of your heartyou are not getting enough oxygen-rich blood which require. Normally your chest will feel pressure. Chest pain can also be a sign of other medical conditions, such as heart, lung, or nerve problems.Therefore, this sign should be taken seriously and requires proper guidance from a qualified doctor to determine the underlying cause to help you get the treatment you need.
6. Difficulty in breathing
C’è qualcosa chiamato ipertensione polmonare che è descritto come "hypertension in the heart-lung system, which supplies fresh oxygenated blood to the heart while returning used (oxygen-free) blood to the lungs"Early symptoms of this condition include difficulty and shortness of breath, particularly felt during routine activities. Shortness of breath can also be attributed to the development of heart problems caused by untreated hypertension, as the heart is unable to pump blood well.
7. Irregular heartbeat
It will be high blood pressureincrease the risk of heart attack, coronary heart disease (CAD), stroke, and other serious problems.If you have heart problems,You may feel an irregular heartbeat known as an arrhythmia.Hypertensive heart disease is known to be the leading cause of death in people with high blood levels. Hence, the severity of the problem is very real and should be dealt with carefully and quickly.
8. Blood in the urine
Hypertension also affects the kidneys and can:increase the risk of developing kidney disease.During a visit to the clinic, yoursYour doctor may do a urinalysis to check for blood or protein in your urine.When either of these two are noticed, your kidney disease has developed and should be treated.
9. A blow to the neck or ears
It’s a pounding on the neck and earsoften referred to as tinnitus. It’s an annoying feeling when there is a sound that is not physically present. High blood pressure and other factors that can raise blood pressure, such as alcohol, caffeine, and stress, can make tinnitus more noticeable and noticeable.
10. Bleeding from the nose
Sudden and rapid increases in blood pressure can cause a hypertensive crisis, a medical emergency that:can lead to nosebleeds. Although hypertension is a fairly common cause of acute bleeding in patients, The percentage of undiagnosed hypertension at follow-up is no higher than expected than the percentage of the general population.The presence of high blood pressure in an actual episode of epistaxis cannot establish a causal relationship with the nose. However, it can lead to a preliminary diagnosis of high blood pressure that is already known.
The list of characters mentioned above may not always be present. Some people with high blood pressure don’t have any symptoms, even if they already have very high blood pressure. Since stress is one of the main factors that can make the difference between high and low blood pressure, it is often advisable to stay away from stress and anxiety issues. Lowering your stress levels will also significantly reduce your blood pressure risk. Additionally, a healthier lifestyle is a good way to prevent, control, and control high blood pressure.
What tests should be done in case of high blood pressure?
Your doctor may recommend some of the following tests to correctly diagnose high blood pressure and its severity.
The doctor will ask for a family history of high blood pressure and other medical conditions, check your blood pressure, and review blood reports. Blood tests include urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine, which can be elevated if there is kidney disease. A blood urea nitrogen test is done to see how your kidneys are working. If the kidneys are unable to remove urea from the blood normally, BUN levels will rise. BUN levels also rise during heart failure, dehydration, and a high-protein diet.
Blood pressure measurement
- Fasting blood glucose and fasting lipid profile: this is to establish the overall cardiovascular risk.
- Liver function test
- Urinalysis: This helps determine if there is damage to the target organ of the kidneys that requires a more aggressive approach to treatment.
Specific cardiological tests
Electrocardiography (ECG) records the electrical activity of the heart.
Test the treadmill: The patient is exercising on the treadmill while his heart rate is being monitored. This measures the heart’s ability to respond to physical stress.
Echo 2D:This test uses ultrasound to get a picture of the heart and see how it works.
Angiography:This helps identify blockages in the blood vessels
Early pulmonary hypertension is difficult to diagnose on routine physical examination. It can take two to three years after symptoms appear and they become severe enough to be noticed.
Pulmonary hypertension is diagnosed mainly by echocardiography, which is an ultrasound examination of the heart. An echocardiogram measures the size and shape of the heart by using sound waves to create an image of the heart and can estimate pulmonary artery pressure.
- An electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) to measure the electrical activity of the heart
- Right heart catheterization to measure blood pressure in the heart and blood vessels of the lungs and measure blood flow. This test is performed on all patients to confirm the diagnosis and assist with therapy.
- Six-minute walk trial
- Assess how well you are doing your daily activities
If your doctor determines that you have pulmonary hypertension, the next task is to find out what causes it. Tests to determine the cause include:
- A computed tomography scan, called a CT or CAT scan to see if you have a blood clot or other disease in your lungs
- Pulmonary function test to rule out obstructive pulmonary disease
- A sleep test to see if you have sleep apnea, a condition where you can stop breathing while you sleep
- Laboratory tests to rule out hepatitis, collagen disease, HIV, or other medical conditions
Primary pulmonary hypertension is diagnosed in the absence of a discernible cause of pulmonary hypertension. If the cause is found, the diagnosis is secondary pulmonary hypertension.
The New York Heart Association and the World Health Organization (WHO) use the following classification system for pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Pulmonary hypertension is classified into four classifications:
- Class 1 You have been diagnosed with the disease but show no symptoms. Normal physical activity does not cause excessive discomfort.
- Class 2Your symptoms only appear when you are active, not when you are resting
- Class 3There are no symptoms at rest, but they appear with little effort
- Class 4You have symptoms even at rest
UCSF Health medical specialists have reviewed this information. It is for educational purposes only and is not intended to replace the advice of a health care or other health care practitioner. Feel free to discuss any questions or concerns with your supplier.
Note: masks included!
If you are a patient or a visitor to one of our hospitals or clinics, you must wear a face mask.
With a screenplay by Emily Lunardo
| –> Blood Pressure | –> Published on July 21, 2017
More than 410,000 Americans died from complications of hypertension in 2014, attributing more than 1,100 deaths per day.
High blood pressure can also lead to a condition called hypertensive headache. Often occurring in episodes, high blood pressure headaches are usually quite severe and occur when blood pressure is 200/100 or higher. Blood pressure reaching these heights can become malignant hypertension: emergency.
Hypertension or hypertension affects about 75 million Americans today, about one in three adults. Blood pressure is exerted on the walls of the arteries that carry blood from the heart to other parts of the body. Blood pressure is a dynamic measurement with high and low fluctuations throughout the day. Overall, there is a small range within which blood pressure is considered optimal.
Those who have high blood pressure beyond the normal range are exposed to constant levels of destructive force on their blood vessels. Over time, high blood pressure can put you at risk for heart disease and stroke.
How does high blood pressure cause headaches?
Pain levels depend on how high someone’s blood pressure is. Hypertension headaches can range from mild to severe and are regulated by the amount of blood that reaches the brain. During times of high blood pressure, blood vessels in the tissue under the skull constrict or narrow, causing headaches.
It is also possible that high blood pressure medications cause headaches.Blood pressure controlduring headaches can be a good indicator that this is due to abnormal blood pressure levels.
Some doctors believe that a headache due to high blood pressure is a signhypertensive crisiswhich is when blood pressure reaches critical levels.
Recognizing hypertensive headache
People with uncontrolled hypertension usually suffer from this type of headache. Hypertension is a silent disease with little visible signs and symptoms. A feature of hypertensive headache is a feeling of pressure behind the eyes, which may be accompanied by a feeling of dizziness. Affected patients may also experience palpitations or irregular heartbeats. Other symptoms include nervousness, shortness of breath, and fatigue.
Hypertensive headache often occurs in the morning. Pain is usually felt around the back of the head.
Additional symptoms of hypertensive headache include:
- Pain in the face
- Synovial pressure
- Visual distortions including auras, floaters, blurred vision, sensitivity to light
- A ringing in the ear
- Irregular heartbeat
It is very important that people with hypertension constantly monitor themselves for any signs of hypertension. Keeping blood pressure within the optimal range will help people with symptoms manage their symptoms and lead healthy, comfortable lives.
Risk factors for hypertensive headache:
- Women are more at risk
- Obesity and other physiological conditions such as pregnancy
- over 50 years old
- Increased stress levels
How to prevent and treat hypertension headaches?
Here are some things you can do to prevent and treat headaches caused by high blood pressure:
Changes in diet and lifestyle
- Reduce your salt intake. Too much salt can raise blood pressure.
- Limit your intake of unsaturated fats, especially red meat. These foods contribute to high blood pressure levels.
- Lose weight. Being overweight can raise your blood pressure.
- Increase your metabolism. This helps increase blood circulation and reduce the risk of hypertension.
- Minimize stress. Contributes to the development of high blood pressure and the increased frequency of hypertensive headaches.
It can be difficult to make changes to your lifestyle. But by starting with small changes, like losing a kilogram a week or just being more aware of the salt content of your food, you’ll be well on your way to making sure your blood pressure is under control.
However, not all aspects of health are under our control and there may be times when you may need the attention of a qualified physician. There are excellent antihypertensive medications available that are great for maintaining normal blood pressure.
Veterans are more likely than civilians to suffer from hypertension due to the stress they face while on active military service. Because high blood pressure often causes additional health problems, many veterans wonder if they can qualify for the VA disability pension. Since your condition must be service-related to get your VA disability for hypertension claim approved, we’ll explain the process below.
Risk of hypertension
Every heartbeat pumps blood through your body’s arteries. Blood pressure measures the force exerted on the artery walls throughout the circulatory system. Hence, when blood pressure rises to a higher than normal level, the heart works much harder to circulate blood throughout the body. Ideal blood pressure numbers stay consistently below 120/80 (the top number’s called “systolic,” and the bottom one’s called “diastolic”). If your blood pressure usually ranges anywhere from 120/80 to 129/89, you may have what’s known as “prehypertension”. Below are the American Heart Association’s current number ranges for diagnosing hypertension:
- 130 / 80-130 / 89: Hypertension, stage 1. If this is the case, ask your doctor for a 10-year evaluation of heart disease and stroke. At a risk of 10% or less, you can probably control your blood pressure with medications and lifestyle changes. Schedule a follow-up visit to reassess your status in 3-6 months.
- 140/90 or higher: Hypertension, stage 2. Your doctor will likely recommend lifestyle changes, prescribe two or more blood pressure medications, and monthly checkups. Once your BP’s under control, your doctor may potentially decrease your medications. Losing weight, eating less salt, drinking less alcohol, exercising regularly, and not smoking can improve blood pressure.
High blood pressure can lead to long-term adverse health effects, including heart attacks, strokes, aneurysms, and even heart failure. 2016 National Veterans Health Report shows that hypertension is the most commonly diagnosed condition among veterans. In fact, hypertension affects an average of 51% of veterans.
VA disability due to hypertension: eligibility requirements
Doctors must clearly document the diagnosis of hypertension before VA disability can be obtained in a high blood pressure assessment. To apply for VA disability for hypertension, you must:
- Get an information form from your doctor to fill out and submit with your request. If your healthcare provider doesn’t have this form, that’s okay! Download forms 21-4142 and 21-414a to complete and submit with your VA hypertension disability claim.
- If you have federal files from any agency, tell them on both VA 21-4141a and 21-4142. Don’t worry about your Service Treatment Records (STRs) from VA medical hospitals or facilities. The VA already has access to them and can download them automatically.
Your doctor should measure your blood pressure two or more times a day for three different days to accurately diagnose your condition. The VA also asks for pertinent information about any additional health problems related to high blood pressure. The doctor should include a detailed medical history and any conditions, symptoms, etc. that may influence the VA’s determination decision. The VA also wants to hear your doctor’s professional opinion on whether hypertension affects your ability to work.
What determines your high blood pressure rating?
The claim examiner reviews your medical history and physician’s opinion before assigning a VA disability for hypertension rating. Below are the ratings that determine your VA high blood pressure compensation, according to the agency’s Schedule for Rating Disabilities page:
- 60%if your diastolic blood pressure is usually 130 or higher (higher number)
- 40%if your diastolic blood pressure is consistently 120 or higher
- winds%if your diastolic blood pressure is usually 110 or higher, or your systolic blood pressure is usually 200 or higher (bottom number)
- 10%if your diastolic blood pressure is usually 100 or higher (or your systolic blood pressure is 160 or higher) while being in control with prescribed medications
These grade rates help application examiners determine if you might be eligible for a month of VA Disability for Hypertension Benefits. If your combined disability rating’s 30% or higher and you have a spouse, child or dependent parent, then the VA may increase your monthly payments.
Do you have undiagnosed hypertension? Check for these symptoms
Regular blood pressure readings are the best way to know whether you’re in danger of developing hypertension. However, some signs and symptoms commonly associated with hypertension include:
- Chronic headache
- Vertigo / loss of balance
- Difficulty with vision
- Unusual fatigue
- Chest pain
- Difficulty catching breath or general breathing difficulties
- Irregular heartbeat o anomalo (es. aritmia o tachicardia)
- Blood in the urine
Physicians should document the diagnosis of hypertension before requesting VA disability due to hypertension. Without sufficient medical evidence to support your VA disability due to high blood pressure, your claim for benefits may be denied. For more information on hypertension symptoms, management strategies and nutrition, see Lower Blood Pressure: A 10 Step Plan to Lower Blood Pressure in 4 Weeks – No Prescription Medication.
You could benefit from legal aid
If you’re a veteran with high blood pressure, then you may qualify for VA disability for hypertension benefits. With nearly 1 in 10 veterans reporting they have received an incorrect VA disability assessment, why not speak to a VA accredited attorney first? You can sign up for a free, no-obligation consultation today and get a confidential consultation on your request today. This can happen over the phone, costs nothing, and helps you avoid costly and time-consuming mistakes. In fact, if your case doesn’t win, you owe your lawyer $0 in legal fees. And if you do win, then you’ll only pay a small, one-time fee.
Ready to see if you can qualify? Click the button below to start your free online benefits evaluation now!
To determine if you have high blood pressure, your doctor will take a blood pressure reading. Preparation for the test, arm position, and other factors can alter your blood pressure reading by 10% or more. This may be enough to hide high blood pressure, start taking a medication you don’t need, or ask your doctor to adjust medications incorrectly.
National and international guidelines provide detailed instructions for measuring blood pressure. If your doctor, nurse, or medical assistant is not doing well, don’t hesitate to ask them to follow the guidelines.
Here is what you can do to ensure correct reading:
Do not drink caffeinated beverages or smoke for 30 minutes before the test.
Sit quietly for five minutes before starting the test.
During the measurement, sit in a chair with your feet on the ground and your arm supported so that your elbow is approximately level with your heart.
The inflatable part of the cuff should completely cover at least 80% of the upper arm and the cuff should be placed on bare skin, not on the shirt.
Do not speak during the measurement.
Measure your blood pressure twice, with a short pause in between. If the readings differ by 5 points or more, do it a third time.
There are times to break these rules. If you sometimes feel lightheaded when getting out of bed in the morning or when standing after sitting, you should measure your blood pressure while sitting and then standing to see if it drops from one position to another.
Because your blood pressure changes throughout the day, your doctor will rarely diagnose you with a single reading for high blood pressure. Instead, he will want to confirm the measurements at least twice, usually several weeks apart. The exception to this rule is a blood pressure reading of 180/110 mm Hg or higher. Such a high result usually requires immediate treatment.
It is also a good idea to measure the blood pressure in both arms at least once, as the reading in one arm (usually the right arm) can be higher than the reading in the left arm. 2014 study in American Journal of Medicine nearly 3,400 people reported an average difference in systolic blood pressure between the upper arm of about 5 points. The higher number should be used to make treatment decisions.
In general, blood pressure between 160/100 mm Hg and 179/109 mm Hg should be rechecked within two weeks and measurements between 140/90 and 159/99 should be repeated within four weeks. People in the prehypertensive category (120/80 to 139/89 mmHg) should be re-checked within four to six months, and those with correct readings (less than 120/80 mmHg) should be checked annually. However, your doctor may schedule a checkup earlier if your previous blood pressure measurements were significantly lower; if there are signs of damage to the heart, brain, kidneys and eyes; or if you have other cardiovascular risk factors. Also, most doctors regularly check your blood pressure every time you visit the office.
For more information on controlling blood pressure, purchase Controlling Blood Pressure, a special health report from Harvard Medical School.
Photo: cheyennezj / Getty Images
Share this page:
- Share this page on Facebook
- Share this page on Twitter
- Share this page on Google Plus
- Email this page
Print this page:
As a service to our readers, Harvard Health Publishing provides access to our archived content library. Note the date of the last revision or update of all articles. Nothing on this site, regardless of date, should ever replace direct medical advice from a physician or other qualified physician.
If something went wrong with your heart, would you know?
Not all heart problems have clear warning signs. There is always an alarming friction in the chest followed by a fall to the ground as seen in the videos. Some cardiac symptoms don’t even appear in the chest, and it’s not always easy to tell what’s going on.
"Se non sei sicuro, dai un’occhiata", ha detto il dottor Charles Chambers, direttore del laboratorio di cateterizzazione cardiaca presso il Penn State Hershey Heart and Vascular Institute.
This is especially true if you’re 60 or older, overweight, have diabetes, high cholesterol, or high blood pressure, says Dr. Vincent Bufalino, a spokesperson for the American Heart Association. „Im więcej masz czynników ryzyka”, mówi lui, „tym bardziej powinieneś się martwić or wszystko, co może być związane z sercem”.
Pay particular attention to these problems:
1. Chest discomfort
This is the most common sign that your heart is in danger. If you have a blocked artery or have a heart attack, you may feel pain, pressure, or tightness in your chest.
“Everyone has a different word for this sentiment,” says Chambers. “Some people say it’s like an elephant is sitting on them. Inni mówią, że to szczypanie lub pieczenie “.
The sensation usually lasts more than a few minutes. This can happen when you rest or do something physical.
If it’s just a very brief pain – or if it’s an area that hurts the most when you touch or press it – it’s probably not your heart, says Chambers. You should still have it checked by a doctor. If your symptoms are more severe and don’t go away after a few minutes, you should: Call 911.
Also, remember that you can have heart problems – even a heart attack – without chest pain. This is especially common among women.
2. Nausea, Indigestion, Heartburn, or Stomach Pain
Some people have these symptoms during a heart attack. They might even throw up, Chambers says.
Women report this type of symptoms more often than men.
Of course, you can get stomach pain for many reasons that have nothing to do with your heart. After all, it might just be something you’ve eaten. But you need to be aware that this can also happen during a heart attack.
So, if you feel this way and are at risk of having a heart problem, let your doctor find out what’s going on, especially if you also have other symptoms on this list.
3. Pain that spreads to the arm
Another classic symptom of a heart attack is pain that radiates to the left side of the body.
“It almost always starts from the chest and moves outward,” says Chambers. „Ale miałem kilku pacjentów, którzy honeys głównie ból ramion, który okazał się być zawałem serca”.
4. You feel lightheaded or lightheaded
Many things can cause you to lose your balance or pass out for a while. Maybe you didn’t eat or drink enough, or you got up too quickly.
But if you suddenly feel insecure and also have chest discomfort or shortness of breath, call a doctor right away.
"Potrebbe significare che la pressione sanguigna è diminuita perché il cuore non è in grado di pompare come dovrebbe", afferma Bufalino.
5. Sore throat or jaw
The sore throat or the jaw itself is probably not related to the heart. More likely it is due to muscle problems, colds or sinus problems.
But if you have pain or pressure in the center of your chest that extends to your throat or jaw, it could be a sign of a heart attack.Call 911and consult your doctor for advice to make sure you are well.
6. You tire easily
If you suddenly feel tired or out of breath after doing something you haven’t had a problem with in the past, like climbing stairs or carrying purchases from your car, make an appointment with your doctor right away.
"Questo tipo di cambiamenti significativi per noi sono più importanti di qualsiasi piccolo dolore che potresti provare", afferma Bufalino.
Extreme exhaustion or unexplained weakness, which sometimes lasts for several days, can be a symptom of heart disease, especially in women.
It is normal to snore while taking a nap. But unusually loud snoring, which sounds like hissing or choking, can be a sign of sleep apnea. This is when you stop breathing for short moments several times during the night while you are still sleeping. This puts a strain on your heart.
Your doctor might check if a sleep test is needed to see if you have this condition. If you do, you may need a CPAP device to make it easier for you to breathe while you sleep.
A splash of cold sweat for no apparent reason can signal a heart attack. If it occurs in conjunction with any of these other symptoms, Call 911 go to the hospital right away. Don’t try to lead yourself.
9. A cough that doesn’t go away
In most cases, this isn’t a sign of heart problems. But if you have heart disease or know you are at risk, pay close attention to this possibility.
If you have a long-lasting cough that produces white or pink mucus, it could be a sign of heart failure. It happens when the heart cannot keep up with what the body requires, causing blood to leak into the lungs.
Ask your doctor to check what’s causing your cough.
10. The legs, feet and ankles are swollen
This could mean that your heart isn’t pumping blood as efficiently as it should.
When the heart fails to pump fast enough, blood flows through the veins and causes gas.
Heart failure can also make it difficult for the kidneys to remove excess water and sodium from the body, which can lead to gas formation.
11. Irregular heartbeat
It is normal for your heart to rise when you are nervous or excited, or jump or add a beat every now and then.
But if you feel your heart is beating out of time for more than a few seconds, or if it happens frequently, talk to your doctor.
“Most of the time it’s caused by something that’s easy to fix, like too much caffeine or not enough sleep,” Bufalino says. But it can sometimes signal a condition called atrial fibrillation that needs treatment. So ask your doctor to check it out.
Charles Chambers, MD, director of the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory, Penn State Hershey Heart and Vascular Institute.
Vincent Bufalino, MD, Senior Director of Cardiology, Advocate Medical Group, Chicago; former American Heart Association Physician of the Year; spokesperson for the American Heart Association.
Medically proven by drugs. com. Last updated March 4, 2021
- Care instructions
- Outpatient care
- Care of discharge
- Careless care
- In Spanish
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:
What is portal hypertension?
Portal hypertension is high blood pressure in the portal vein of the liver. The portal vein is the main blood supply to the liver. Some diseases cause scarring that constricts the veins in the liver. Scar tissue slows blood flow through the liver. This raises the blood pressure in the liver.
What are the causes or increased risk of portal hypertension?
- Cirrhosis (liver failure) caused by alcohol abuse or hepatitis
- A clot or blockage of blood in the portal vein or in a vein that carries blood from the liver to the heart
- Schistosomiasis (parasite) or liver virus
- Cardiac arrest
- Too much iron in the blood
- Family history of portal hypertension or portal vein stenosis at birth
What are the signs and symptoms of portal hypertension?
- Pale skin, swollen fingers, or red or itchy skin or hands
- Yellowing of the whites of the eyes or dark brown urine
- swollen abdomen, swollen veins on the abdomen or varicose veins on the abdomen or back
- Tumors with new and visible blood vessels
- Enlarged breast tissue in men or shrunken testicles
- A fast or beating heart
- Muscle twitching or arm movements that you cannot control
- Loss of appetite or sudden weight loss
How is portal hypertension diagnosed?
Your doctor will ask about your signs and symptoms and your history of liver problems. It may also ask you if you have had a stomach injury or blood clotting problems. Tell him if you’ve recently used birth control pills or vitamin A. You may also need one of the following:
- Blood analysisit can be used to show how the liver is working or if it has problems with blood clotting.
- Ultrasound, CT, or MRI it can be used to show liver blood flow problems. The tests can also be used to measure the blood pressure of the liver. You may get contrast fluid to improve the visibility of the liver and portal vein in your photos. Tell your doctor if you have ever had an allergic reaction to contrast fluid.
How is portal hypertension treated?
- Beta blockers lower blood pressure in the portal vein, slowing the heart rate and widening blood vessels. Lower blood pressure can prevent liver damage and prevent bleeding.
- Removal of liquids it may be necessary if fluid in your abdomen prevents you from breathing easily. The needle will be used to remove fluid from the abdomen. The liquid may need to be removed several times.
- Operation it may be needed to improve liver blood flow. You may need a liver transplant if surgery doesn’t improve your condition. Ask your doctor for more information on the types of surgery you may need.
What can I do to deal with portal hypertension?
- Limit sodium (salt) as recommended. Too much sodium can affect fluid balance. Check labels for foods that are low in sodium or with no added salt. Some low-sodium foods use potassium salts to flavor. Too much potassium can also cause health problems. Your doctor will tell you how much sodium and potassium you can safely consume in one day. He or she may recommend a sodium restriction of 2,300 mg per day.
- Follow the meal plan recommended by your doctor. Your dietician or healthcare professional can provide more information on low sodium food plans or the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet plan. The DASH plan is low in sodium, unhealthy fat, and total fat. It is rich in potassium, calcium and fiber.
- Don’t drink alcohol. Alcohol constricts blood vessels more, damages the liver, and makes your condition worse. Talk to your doctor if you need help stopping smoking.
- Talk to your doctor before taking any medication. Some medications can damage the liver. Examples include antibiotics, acetaminophen, and birth control pills.
Call 911 if:
- You have chest pain or shortness of breath.
When should i seek immediate assistance?
- You vomit blood.
- You have bloody or black bowel movements.
- Your legs are swollen.
When should I contact my doctor?
- Your belly swells.
- You urinate very little.
- Your heart beats faster than normal.
- You have increased confusion or oblivion.
- You have questions or concerns about your health or care condition.
Find out more about hypertension on the portal
- Liver disease
- Portal hypertension
IBM Watson Micromedex
Always consult your doctor to make sure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.