How to defrag windows vista

For normal computer users, once per month should be enough

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When you use your computer, you see each file as a single unit of information but that’s not how your computer treats it. Each file is actually an amalgam of segments that the computer puts together on demand.

This article pertains to Windows 10, Windows 8, and Windows 7.

As you use your computer over time, file parts can get scattered across your hard drive. When the scattering becomes too widespread, your computer takes much longer to grab all the right bits to put together your files. This process slows down your system’s responsiveness. This can result in program errors. A common error in Photoshop can be fixed by a simple defrag is the “Scratch Disk Full” error.

How to defrag windows vista

The process of restoring the file segments to a more centralized state is called defragmentation, and it’s something you can and should perform on your computer periodically. The question for many people is, “How often?”

Defragment at Least Once per Month

The word “defragment” is often shortened to “defrag.”

If you’re a normal user (meaning you use your computer for occasional web browsing, email, games, and the like), defragmenting once per month should be fine. If you’re a heavy user, meaning you use the PC eight hours per day for work, you should do it more often, approximately once every two weeks. Also, if your computer is running slowly, consider defragmenting, as the fragmentation may be the cause of slower operation.

As a general rule, any time your disk is more than 10% fragmented, you should defragment it.

Note that in Windows 10, Windows 8, and Windows 7, you can schedule defragmentation to happen as often as necessary. You can check inside the defrag desktop program to see how and when it’s scheduled to run and then adjust accordingly.

Defragmentation and SSDs

While defragmenting helps keep a hard drive in tip-top shape, it doesn’t help solid-state drives (SSDs). The good news is if you’re running Windows 10, Windows 8, or Windows 7, the operating system is smart enough to identify when you have an SSD, and it won’t run the traditional defragmenting operation. Instead, it might run something called “optimization” to improve the performance of your SSD.

Defrag Tutorials & Ratings and Reviews

>How to defrag on Windows Vista

Disk De-fragmenting on Windows Vista is very different compared to previous Windows operating systems as they have decided to make the program layout different in an attempt to make it more easier to use. Our tutorial will show you How to Defrag on Windows Vista.

This tutorial will explain how to defragment your hard disk on Windows Vista using the Windows Disk Defragment tool built into Vista. While it’s recommended to defrag your computer on a regular basis there are other alternative programs than the in-built one into Vista – We’ve listed the best commercial programs for defragmentation on our website.

How to defrag on Windows Vista

1. Make sure your computer is on and your desktop and startbar have both loaded up on the screen. On the start-bar click the “Start” button (Depending on theme it might be the round “Windows” logo) from there select “All Programs” and then find the directory named “Accessories” and once you’re in the Accessories directory select the sub-directory named “System Tools” and then in this directory the “Disk Defragmenter” tool should be listed, double click it.

2. If you followed the instructions below the Windows Vista Disk Defragmenter tool should now be open on your screen like the image below.

3. To begin to defragment your hard drive(s) select the “Defragment now” button as seen in the print screen above. Once you click the “Defragment now” it should prompt you asking what drives you want to defragment – Select the desired drive(s) but we recommend defragmenting them all.

4. Click “OK” to start the Disk Defragmentation, once you have the defrag process should now have started. On Windows Vista there is no progress bar showing you how far its got, so it could take hours or minutes.

5. Once the defragmentation has been completed it should tell you.

6. Congragulations you have succesfully defragmentated your hard drive! This will help protect against problems and it will ensure your computer speed remains fast. How to Defrag on Vista is using the inbuilt tools If you are intrested in better programs to defrag your computer we recommend you visit our Top Defragmentation Programs page were we have listed the best alternative programs that will ensure system stabailty and performance.

Link your friends to our tutorial on How to Defrag on Vista to help speed up there system and improve performance. If you have any suggestions for this tutorial please e-mail us.

Defrag Tutorials & Ratings and Reviews

>How to defrag on Windows Vista

Disk De-fragmenting on Windows Vista is very different compared to previous Windows operating systems as they have decided to make the program layout different in an attempt to make it more easier to use. Our tutorial will show you How to Defrag on Windows Vista.

This tutorial will explain how to defragment your hard disk on Windows Vista using the Windows Disk Defragment tool built into Vista. While it’s recommended to defrag your computer on a regular basis there are other alternative programs than the in-built one into Vista – We’ve listed the best commercial programs for defragmentation on our website.

How to defrag on Windows Vista

1. Make sure your computer is on and your desktop and startbar have both loaded up on the screen. On the start-bar click the “Start” button (Depending on theme it might be the round “Windows” logo) from there select “All Programs” and then find the directory named “Accessories” and once you’re in the Accessories directory select the sub-directory named “System Tools” and then in this directory the “Disk Defragmenter” tool should be listed, double click it.

2. If you followed the instructions below the Windows Vista Disk Defragmenter tool should now be open on your screen like the image below.

3. To begin to defragment your hard drive(s) select the “Defragment now” button as seen in the print screen above. Once you click the “Defragment now” it should prompt you asking what drives you want to defragment – Select the desired drive(s) but we recommend defragmenting them all.

4. Click “OK” to start the Disk Defragmentation, once you have the defrag process should now have started. On Windows Vista there is no progress bar showing you how far its got, so it could take hours or minutes.

5. Once the defragmentation has been completed it should tell you.

6. Congragulations you have succesfully defragmentated your hard drive! This will help protect against problems and it will ensure your computer speed remains fast. How to Defrag on Vista is using the inbuilt tools If you are intrested in better programs to defrag your computer we recommend you visit our Top Defragmentation Programs page were we have listed the best alternative programs that will ensure system stabailty and performance.

Link your friends to our tutorial on How to Defrag on Vista to help speed up there system and improve performance. If you have any suggestions for this tutorial please e-mail us.

Unless you’re using an SSD, your system will eventually suffer from performance loss when the data stored on your hard drive becomes fragmented. There’s no reason to worry when this happens – defragging your hard drive is a simple fix.

Hard disk drives fragment data because they are random by nature. Consisting of an actuator, platter, spindle, actuator arm, and read/write head (among other parts), hard drives work by storing and seeking out information on a rotating disk.

When data is written (stored), it’s written to the first empty portion of the drive that the write head can access. When a hard disk drive has written a significant amount of data, the empty portions become rarer. It becomes harder and harder for the drive to find all the information or programs you want it to access in a timely manner. By defragmenting your hard drive, you are asking the computer to consolidate the information in one area of the drive. This will allow the drive to find information faster and find open portions to write new information faster.

The best way to defrag your hard drive is to use the Microsoft ® Windows ® Disk Defragmenter utility. Follow these quick steps to defrag your hard drive.

How to defragment your Windows 8/7/Vista/10 PC

Method 1: Allow Disk Defragmenter to run automatically

Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Vista ® , and Widows 10 are built with an updated Disk Defragmenter utility, which automatically performs periodic defrags. Unless you need to perform a manual defrag, you don’t have to do anything – just let it run!

If you want to change when Disk Defragmenter runs, follow these steps:

  1. Click the Start menu or Windows button
  2. Select Control Panel,thenSystem and Security
  3. UnderAdministrative Tools, clickDefragment your hard drive
  4. Click Configure schedule…
  5. Select the schedule you want. Pick a date and time that the computer will be on but no one is typically using it. The computer can be asleep.
  6. Click OK

Method 2: Manually run Disk Defragmenter

To run Disk Defragmenter manually, it’s usually best to analyze the disk first.

  1. Click the Start menu or Windows button
  2. Select Control Panel, then System and Security
  3. Under Administrative Tools, click Defragment your hard drive
  4. Select Analyze disk. The report you get will indicate if you need to defrag your disk.
  5. If you need to manually defrag your disk, click Defragment disk

After defragmenting, you should experience a performance increase from your computer.

How to defragment your Windows XP PC

To access the Disk Defragmenter in Windows XP, follow these steps:

1. Click the Start button and select My Computer

2. Select the local disk volume that you want to defragment by right-clicking it, then click Properties.

3. On the Tools tab, click Defragment Now, then click Defragment

Defragmenting your hard drive isn’t difficult, but unless it’s set up to run automatically, it is one more maintenance item to remember. If you want to avoid the hassle, look into upgrading your computer by replacing your hard drive with a solid state drive. Like Mac ® systems, SSDs don’t need to be defragged. They store data in larger, consecutive blocks so the data doesn’t become fragmented. Learn how to install an SSD in your desktop here.

© 2017 Micron Technology, Inc. All rights reserved. Information, products, and/or specifications are subject to change without notice. Neither Crucial nor Micron Technology, Inc. is responsible for omissions or errors in typography or photography. Micron, the Micron logo, Crucial, and the Crucial logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Micron Technology, Inc. Microsoft, Window, and Windows Vista are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries. Mac is a trademark of Apple, Inc., registered in the United States and other countries. All other trademarks and service marks are the property of their respective owners.

Windows 7 or Vista automatically configures Disk Defrag to schedule defragment to run once a week, usually at 1am on Wednesday. I don’t know about you, but I’m usually awake at 1am on wednesday, and I’d rather schedule it for a different time.

To open up the defragment utility, just type defrag into the Start menu search box, and hit enter. Vista users will have to click through a UAC prompt, but you should see this screen:

How to defrag windows vista

Windows 7 users will see a very similar dialog, and will need to click the Configure Schedule button:

How to defrag windows vista

From this screen, you can disable automatic defrag by unchecking the box. You can also modify the schedule by clicking the Modify schedule button (no surprise there)

How to defrag windows vista

Much better.. Not like I’m ever awake at 8am.

If you are on Vista and using at least Service Pack 1, you can also select which volumes will be automatically defragmented during this scheduled defrag. (Windows 7 users can select the volumes from the start screen).

How to defrag windows vista

I only have one drive in this computer, but you would see the list of all the drives here.

Original Title: DISK DEFRAGMENTER IS MISSING.

I used a windows vista for laptop,but my disk defragmenter was missing when i want to defragmenter files. so anyone can help me. maybe i was deleted it. anyway can setup again?

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Were you able to see the disk defragmenter on the comptuer earlier?

Step 1

I would suggest you to check for the defrag.exe or defrag file in the following location and check if you can run the disk defragmenter from that location.

  1. Click on Start.
  2. Click on Computer.
  3. Navigate to the followinf location.
  4. C drive > Windows > System 32.
  5. Check for defrag.exe or defrag file.
  6. If you find the file try to run it from there and check if you can run disk defragmenter.

If you want the file to be put into Start menu, you may right click on defrag or defrag.exe and click on pin to start menu and check if it appears in the start menu.

Access the link below to know how to run Disk defragmenter on the computer.

Step 2

If the above steps do not help, you may try to run System File Checker ( SFC scan). The System File Checker tool to determine whether the issue that you are experiencing is caused by one or more system files that are used by Windows Vista, The System File Checker tool scans system files and replaces incorrect versions of the system files by using the correct versions.

To run the System File Checker tool, follow these steps:

a. Click Start, and then type cmd in the Start Search box.

b. Right-click cmd in the Programs list, and then click Run as administrator.

If you are prompted for an administrator password or confirmation, type your password or click Continue

c. At the command prompt, the following line, and then press ENTER: sfc /scannow

When the scan is complete, verify if you can find the disk defragmenter is back on the computer. Access the link below to know more information about System File Checker tool

Hope this helps. Let us know the results.

Thanks and Regards,

Srinivas R

Microsoft Support.

Visit our Microsoft Answers Feedback Forum and let us know what you think.

Vista defraging runs for days. I don’t like it. I never know if it ever finishes completely or if it for sure continues the next day until it does finish.

Can you please recommend an alternative? I would like one that shows progress and finish during 1 night. My HD is 750GB.

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Here are excellent free 3rd party defraggers which I use.

MyDefrag – FREE – very powerful
http://www.mydefrag.com/

Defraggler – Free – defrag your entire hard drive, or individual files – unique in the industry.
This compact and portable Windows application supports NTFS and FAT32 file systems.
http://www.piriform.com/defraggler

Auslogics Disk Defrag – FREE – works easily and does a great job
http://www.auslogics.com/en/software/disk-defrag

Also check these and the other “Related Links” here :

Hope this helps.

Rob Brown – Microsoft MVP Rob Brown – past Microsoft MVP – Windows Insider MVP 2016 – 2021
Microsoft MVP Windows and Devices for IT 2009 – 2020

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Auslogics Disk Defrag is a disk defragmentation tool that supports FAT 16, FAT 32, and NTFS volumes. It offers scheduled defrags, automatic defrags when your system is idle and advanced options to customize which files will be defragmented.

Above is a good Defrag.

Puran Defrag is an easy to use disk defragmenter that offers boot-time defragmentation, automatic defragmentation, intelligent directory optimization, background (low priority) operation and optimization of free space. Other features include built-in scheduling, automatic restart or shutdown after defragmentation, and integration with Windows Explorer to defrag individual files from the right-click menu. The free version is identical in features to the standard (shareware) version, however it is restricted to private, non-commercial use.

UltraDefrag is an Open Source disk defragmentation tool that offers fast defragmenting, using a kernel based driver. It offers a simple GUI with a cluster map display, as well as a command-line interface and scheduling option. The program supports full defragmentation and space defragmentation (compacting), and allows you to include/exclude files or folders based on their name or size. Other features include HTML reports and boot time defragmentation. (Will not work on Vista x64)

Improve the performance of XP and Vista–at least a little bit–by running its built-in disk defragmenter with your choice of command switches.

If it were up to me, I’d never defragment my PC’s drives. I’m one of those people who prefers to have Windows’ maintenance operations done in the background, without my direct intervention.

So it comes as no surprise that I’m a big fan of Vista’s automatic-defrag setting. But I also know better than to put all my faith in Microsoft’s ability to keep my system healthy. Last year, I started using Auslogics’ free Disk Defrag utility, which works with Windows 2000 and up.

If you prefer to use Windows’ defragger, you can open it by pressing the Windows key (or Ctrl-Esc), pressing R (in XP), typing defrag in Vista or dfrg.msc in XP, and pressing Enter. The interface of Vista’s Disk Defragmenter is nonexistent; the utility is clearly designed for behind-the-scenes operation. Your only options are to set the defrag schedule, select the volumes to defrag, and run the defragger.

How to defrag windows vista Vista’s Disk Defragmenter utility is a no-frills affair. Microsoft

XP’s version of the Disk Defragmenter isn’t much more functional, although it does give you a little more graphical feedback about the state of your drives.

You get more control over your disk defrags by running Windows’ defragger utility from a command prompt and entering command switches that modify its actions. Start by opening a command-prompt window. One way is by pressing the Windows key (or Ctrl-Esc), pressing R (in XP), typing cmd, and pressing Enter. Or click Start > All Programs > Accessories, right-click Command Prompt, and select Run as administrator.

At the command prompt, type defrag ? to see a list of available command switches. In both XP and Vista, you can add -a to the “defrag” command to analyze the drive only, -f to force a defrag with less than 15 percent free space, -b to defrag only boot files, and -v to show a “verbose” report of the defrag.

Vista adds a couple of other switches: -i defrags even when the PC isn’t idle, -c works on all drives, and -w processes chunks of files smaller than 64MB; without this switch, Vista’s defragger ignores all file fragments smaller than 64MB.

Type defrag ? at a command prompt and press Enter to see a list of available command switches. Microsoft

For example, to defrag all your Vista volumes regardless of fragment size and when there’s less than 15 percent free space, enter this line at the command prompt and then press Enter:

defrag -c -w -f

The utility will display a report on the selected volumes prior to beginning the defragmentation.

Windows defrag utility will show a report on the selected volumes prior to defragmenting the drives. Microsoft

Unfortunately, defrags run from a command prompt aren’t any faster than those conducted via the graphical interface. That’s the biggest advantage of specialty defrag programs such as Auslogics’ Disk Defrag, which is much speedier than the defragger in Windows.

The fact is, Vista’s automated defrags were doing a great job of keeping my disk space nice and compact. I didn’t notice much of a performance improvement after I manually defragged my Vista PC, but the defrag did wonders for my ancient XP box, which I admit I had neglected to defrag for many months.

The other day, I was talking to a guy who wanted a PC but didn’t want Vista. He asked me how long he would have to wait for new PCs running Windows 7. When I told him that such systems were still several months away, he indicated that he’d buy a machine from a company that let you “downgrade” Vista to XP.

I didn’t say anything, but part of me thought he was crazy. I’ll take Vista over XP any day of the week. Not having to run a disk-defrag utility is only one of the reasons why. (Yes, I know you can automate disk defrags in XP via Scheduled Tasks, as Microsoft explains in this Knowledge Base article, but doing so is too much hassle for the average Windows user.)