How to cite a newspaper article

When citing scholarly sources with multiple authors, include all of the information necessary in your references. American Psychological Association style provides clear guidelines for citing journal articles with any number of authors.

Three to Seven Authors

The basic APA reference page format for a journal article is as follows:

Author Last name, First Initial(s). (Date). Article title. Periodical name, volume number(issue number), article pages.

When an article has between three and seven authors, all authors are listed in the order they appear in that article’s credits. Each author name is separated by commas, and an ampersand is used between the last two author names. For example:

Vargas, L.S., Choi, H., Karsten, F., Ichijouji, K., & Tsumura, K. (2004). Probability and advantage. Game theorists monthly, 14(4), 13-18.

More Than Seven Authors

When an article has more than seven authors, all authors between the sixth and the last are replaced by an ellipsis. No ampersand is used. For example:

Flores, M., Marshall, B.D., Cooper, L., Cooper, B., Gaignun, J., Conriesque, L., . . . Mihara, M. (2008). Theories and practices: Researching outside of the box. The question, 29(7), 23 – 50.

In-Text Citation

When referencing a journal article in the body of your text, use a parenthetical citation containing the authors’ last names and the date of publication.

For an article with three to five authors, list all authors names the first time you cite the article in your paper. For example:

(Vargas, Choi, Karsten, Ichijouji, & Tsumura, 2004)

If you cite the article again in your paper, replace all author’s names past the first with “et al.”

(Vargas et al., 2004)

For an article with more than five authors, replace all author’s names past the first with “et al.” in all in-text citations.

(Flores et al., 2008)

  • Cornell University: APA Citation Style
  • University of Maryland: APA Citation Examples
  • Purdue University Online Writing Lab: Reference List – Author/Authors

Jon Zamboni began writing professionally in 2010. He has previously written for The Spiritual Herald, an urban health care and religious issues newspaper based in New York City, and online music magazine eBurban. Zamboni has a Bachelor of Arts in religious studies from Wesleyan University.

Newspaper – A daily or weekly publication that contains news; often featuring articles on political events, crime, business, art, entertainment, society, and sports.

Some examples of popular newspapers include The New York Times, Wall Street Journal, USA Today, and The Chicago Tribune.

How to cite a newspaper in print

Last, First M. “Article Title.” Newspaper Title [City], Day Month Year published, section name (if applicable), p. page number.

Bowman, Lee. “Bills Target Lake Erie Mussels.” Pittsburgh Press, 7 Mar. 1990, p. A4.

(Author Last Name Page #)

When citing a newspaper in print:

  1. City: You do NOT need to include the [City] name if:
    • The city name is in the name of the newspaper.
    • It is a national or international newspaper.
  2. Page numbers: One page number is “p. #” More than one page is “pp. ##-##.”

How to cite a newspaper article found online

Last, First M. “Article Title.” Newspaper Title [City], Day Month Year published, URL. Accessed Day Month Year.

Coldwell, Will. “Hawaii Becomes First US State to Ban Sunscreens Harmful to Coral Reefs.” The Guardian, 3 May 2018, www.theguardian.com/travel/2018/may/03/hawaii-becomes-first-us-state-to-ban-sunscreens-harmful-to-coral-reefs. Accessed 28 July 2020.

(Author Last Name)

When citing a newspaper found online:

  1. City: You do NOT need to include the [City] name if:
    • The city name is in the name of the newspaper.
    • It is a national or international newspaper.
  2. URL: Omit the https://.
  3. Accessed date: Technically, the access date is supplemental and does not always need to be included. However, due to the easily changeable nature of online information, many teachers prefer to include it in the citation.

How to cite a newspaper article found on a database

Last, First M. “Article Title.” Newspaper Title [City], Day Month Year published, section name (if applicable), p. page number. Database Name, URL. Accessed Day Month Year.

Bahr, Lindsey. “‘Jurassic World’ Takes Bite Out of Record.” Charlotte Post, 18 Jun. 2015, p. 6B. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=f6h&AN=103368082&site=ehost-live.

(Author Last Name Page #)

When citing a newspaper article found on a database

  1. City: You do NOT need to include the [City] name if:
    • The city name is in the name of the newspaper.
    • It is a national or international newspaper.
  2. Page numbers: One page number is “p. #” More than one page is “pp. ##-##.”
  3. URL: Omit the https://.
  4. Accessed date: Technically, the access date is supplemental. However, some teachers will request to have it included.

Published October 31, 2011. Updated May 18, 2021.

Published on January 14, 2021 by Jack Caulfield. Revised on June 16, 2021.

To cite a newspaper article in MLA style, list the author, title, name of the newspaper, date of publication, and URL (for online articles) or page number (for print articles). Use the interactive example below to explore the format.

Table of contents

  1. Page numbers in newspaper citations
  2. Citing a newspaper from a database
  3. Citing local newspapers
  4. Frequently asked questions about MLA citations

Page numbers in newspaper citations

In your Works Cited entry, always include page numbers when available. Use “p.” for a single page or “pp.” for multiple pages. Page numbers in newspapers are often written with letters, e.g. “D3”; make sure to include the letters if present.

Use an en dash for a range of consecutive pages (e.g. “pp. 4–6”). For articles that appear on non-consecutive pages (e.g. starting on the first page but continued on the sixth), MLA recommends just writing the first page number followed by a plus sign.

  • pp. 1, 6–8
  • pp. 1+

In an in-text citation, only add a page number if the article extends across multiple pages. If the article is entirely on one page, the page number is already specified in the Works Cited, so you just write the author’s last name in your in-text citation.

Citing a newspaper from a database

To cite a newspaper article you accessed through a database, just include the usual information for a print newspaper, followed by the name of the database in italics.

Format Author last name , First name . “ Article Title .” Newspaper Name , Day Month Year , p. Page number . Database Name .
Works Cited entry “Hoover Favors Stand in Pacific.” The Washington Observer, 3 Jan. 1950, pp. 1+. Google News Archive.
In-text citation (“Hoover” 2)

Note that a shortened version of the title is used in the in-text citation, since no author is listed for the article in this case.

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How to cite a newspaper article

Citing local newspapers

When citing a local newspaper (one that is not published nationally or internationally), it’s sometimes necessary to clarify the publication you mean by including the city name in square brackets after the name of the newspaper. You don’t need to do this if the city is already part of the newspaper name.

  • Dallas Observer [Dallas]
  • Dallas Observer
  • The Gazette
  • The Gazette [Montreal]

Frequently asked questions about MLA citations

In an MLA style Works Cited entry for a newspaper, you can cite a local newspaper in the same way as you would a national one, except that you may have to add the name of the city in square brackets to clarify what newspaper you mean, e.g. The Gazette [Montreal].

Do not add the city name in brackets if it’s already part of the newspaper’s name, e.g. Dallas Observer.

When an article (e.g. in a newspaper) appears on non-consecutive pages (e.g. starting on page 1 and continuing on page 6), you should use “pp.” in your Works Cited entry, since it’s on multiple pages, but MLA recommends just listing the first page followed by a plus sign, e.g. pp. 1+.

The title of an article is not italicized in MLA style, but placed in quotation marks. This applies to articles from journals, newspapers, websites, or any other publication. Use italics for the title of the source where the article was published. For example:

Use the same formatting in the Works Cited entry and when referring to the article in the text itself.

If a source has no author, start the MLA Works Cited entry with the source title. Use a shortened version of the title in your in-text citation.

If a source has no page numbers, you can use an alternative locator (e.g. a chapter number, or a timestamp for a video or audio source) to identify the relevant passage in your in-text citation. If the source has no numbered divisions, cite only the author’s name (or the title).

If you already named the author or title in your sentence, and there is no locator available, you don’t need a parenthetical citation:

  • Rajaram argues that representations of migration are shaped by “cultural, political, and ideological interests.”
  • The homepage of The Correspondent describes it as “a movement for radically different news.”

Published on November 5, 2020 by Jack Caulfield. Revised on December 21, 2020.

This article reflects the APA 7th edition guidelines. Click here for APA 6th edition guidelines.

An APA Style newspaper citation includes the author, the publication date, the headline of the article, and the name of the newspaper in italics.

Print newspaper citations include a page number or range; online newspaper citations include a URL.

Table of contents

  1. Citing newspaper articles in print
  2. Citing online newspaper articles
  3. Online-only news sites
  4. Frequently asked questions about APA newspaper citations

Citing newspaper articles in print

Printed newspapers are sometimes divided into sections, which are identified by a letter before the page number (e.g. A1, B4). Always include the letters when page numbers are formatted in this way.

Newspaper articles may also appear on discontinuous pages (for example, an article which begins on the front page but continues on page 20). Make sure to only cite the relevant pages, separating different pages and page ranges with commas.

Format Last name , Initials . ( Year , Month Day ). Article title . Newspaper Name , pages .
Reference entry Schwartz, J. (1993, September 30). Obesity affects economic, social status. The Washington Post, A1, A4.
In-text citation (Schwartz, 1993)

Note that the same format can be used for a newspaper in PDF form, provided page numbers are visible in the PDF.

Citing online newspaper articles

If you accessed the article on the newspaper’s website, include a URL instead of page numbers.

Format Last name , Initials . ( Year , Month Day ). Article title . Newspaper Name . URL
Reference entry Schwartz, F., & McBride, C. (2019, November 18). Trump administration says Israeli settlements aren’t illegal. The Wall Street Journal. https://www.wsj.com/articles/trump-administration-to-say-israeli-settlements-arent-illegal-11574104691
In-text citation (Schwartz & McBride, 2019)

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How to cite a newspaper article

Online-only news sites

Don’t use the newspaper citation format for articles on news sites, such as Reuters and BBC News, that are not linked to a print newspaper.

Instead, use the format of a website citation. The article title is italicized, and the name of the site is written in plain text.

Format Last name , Initials . ( Year , Month Day ). Article title . Site Name . URL
Reference entry Ahmad, J., & Shalizi, H. (2019, November 19). Taliban frees two Western prisoners, U.S. sees hope for wider Afghan peace. Reuters. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-afghanistan-taliban/u-s-australian-hostages-freed-by-afghan-taliban-in-swap-idUSKBN1XT0GF
In-text citation (Ahmad & Shalizi, 2019)

Frequently asked questions about APA newspaper citations

When no individual author name is listed, but the source can clearly be attributed to a specific organization—e.g. a press release by a charity, a report by an agency, or a page from a company’s website—use the organization’s name as the author in the reference entry and in-text citations.

When no author at all can be determined—e.g. a collaboratively edited wiki or an online article published anonymously—use the title in place of the author. In the in-text citation, put the title in quotation marks if it appears in plain text in the reference list, and in italics if it appears in italics in the reference list. Shorten it if necessary.

When you quote or paraphrase a specific passage from a source, you need to indicate the location of the passage in your in-text citation. If there are no page numbers (e.g. when citing a website) but the text is long, you can instead use section headings, paragraph numbers, or a combination of the two:

(Caulfield, 2019, Linking section, para. 1).

Section headings can be shortened if necessary. Kindle location numbers should not be used in ebook citations, as they are unreliable.

If you are referring to the source as a whole, it’s not necessary to include a page number or other marker.

The abbreviation “et al.” (meaning “and others”) is used to shorten in-text citations with three or more authors. Here’s how it works:

Only include the first author’s last name, followed by “et al.”, a comma and the year of publication, for example (Taylor et al., 2018).

APA Style usually does not require an access date. You never need to include one when citing journal articles, e-books, or other stable online sources.

How to cite a newspaper article

To cite a newspaper article in a reference entry in Harvard style include the following elements:

  1. Author of the newspaper article: Give the last name and initials (e. g. Watson, J.) of up to three authors with the last name preceded by ‘and’. For four authors or more include the first name followed by et al., unless your institution requires referencing of all named authors.
  2. Year of publication: Give the year in round brackets.
  3. Title of the newspaper article: Give the title of the article in single quotation marks.
  4. Title of the newspaper: Give the title in italics and capitalize the first letter of the first word and proper nouns.
  5. Edition: Give the edition number if available.
  6. Day and month: Give the day month and year.
  7. Page reference: Give the full page range or page number.

Here is the basic format for a reference list entry of a newspaper article in Harvard style:

Author of the newspaper article . ( Year of publication ) ‘ Title of the newspaper article ‘, Title of the newspaper ( Edition ), Day and month , Page reference .

Take a look at our reference list examples that demonstrate the Harvard style guidelines in action:

An article from the print version of a newspaper

Macmillan, D. (2018) ‘Google Blasts Through Hurdles’, Wall Street Journal, 24 July, p. A1, B12.

An article from the print version of a newspaper

Belluck, P. (2018) ‘Promising Alzheimer’s Drug Attacks Brain Changes and Symptoms’, The New York Times, 26 July, p. A1.

This citation style guide is based on the Cite Them Right (10 th edition) Harvard referencing guide.

How to cite a newspaper article

To cite an online newspaper article in a reference entry in APA style 6th edition include the following elements:

  1. Author(s) of the article: Give the last name and initials (e. g. Watson, J. D.) of up to seven authors with the last name preceded by an ampersand (&). For eight or more authors include the first six names followed by an ellipsis (…) and add the last author’s name.
  2. Date of publication: Give the year, month and day in brackets followed by a full stop, e.g. (2019, June 13).
  3. Title of the article: Only the first letter of the first word and proper nouns are capitalized.
  4. Title of newspaper: Give the full, non-abbreviated title of the periodical in title case. It should also be italicized.
  5. Retrieved from URL: Start with ‘Retrieved from’ followed by the URL. If the URL is long or contains personal identifiers, give only the domain name, e.g. Retrieved from Amazon Prime.

Here is the basic format for a reference list entry of an online newspaper article in APA style 6th edition:

Author(s) of the article . ( Date of publication ). Title of the article . Title of newspaper . Retrieved from URL

To cite an online newspaper article in a reference entry in APA style 7th edition include the following elements:

  1. Author(s) of the article: Give the last name and initials (e. g. Watson, J. D.) of up to 20 authors with the last name preceded by an ampersand (&). For 21 or more authors include the first 19 names followed by an ellipsis (…) and add the last author’s name.
  2. Date of publication: Give the year, month and day in brackets followed by a full stop, e.g. (2019, June 13).
  3. Title of the article: Only the first letter of the first word and proper nouns are capitalized.
  4. Title of newspaper: Give the full, non-abbreviated title of the periodical in title case. It should also be italicized.
  5. URL: Give the full URL of the web page including the protocol (http:// or https://).

Here is the basic format for a reference list entry of an online newspaper article in APA style 7th edition:

Author(s) of the article . ( Date of publication ). Title of the article . Title of newspaper . URL

APA reference list examples

Take a look at our reference list examples that demonstrate the APA style guidelines for an online newspaper article citation in action:

An article from the digital version of a newspaper

Greenslade, R. (2018, July 29). Opinion is valued more than fact in this digital era. The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/

An article from the digital version of a newspaper

Greenslade, R. (2018, July 29). Opinion is valued more than fact in this digital era. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/

An article from the digital version of a newspaper

Steinhauser, G. (2018, July 30). Zimbabweans turn out in droves for first vote without Mugabe. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from https://www.wsj.com/

An article from the digital version of a newspaper

Steinhauser, G. (2018, July 30). Zimbabweans turn out in droves for first vote without Mugabe. Wall Street Journal. https://www.wsj.com/

This citation style guide is based on the official Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association ( 6 th edition).

This page contains reference examples for newspaper articles, including the following:

1. Newspaper article

Harlan, C. (2013, April 2). North Korea vows to restart shuttered nuclear reactor that can make bomb-grade plutonium. The Washington Post, A1, A4.

Stobbe, M. (2020, January 8). Cancer death rate in U.S. sees largest one-year drop ever. Chicago Tribune.

  • Parenthetical citations: (Carey, 2019; Harlan, 2013; Stobbe, 2020)
  • Narrative citations: Carey (2019), Harlan (2013), and Stobbe (2020)
  • In the source element of the reference, provide at minimum the title of the newspaper in italic title case.
  • If the newspaper article is from an online newspaper that has a URL that will resolve for readers (as in the Carey example), include the URL of the article at the end of the reference. If volume, issue, and/or page numbers for the article are missing, omit these elements from the reference.
  • If you used a print version of the newspaper article (as in the Harlan example), provide the page or pages of the article after the newspaper title. Do not include the abbreviations “p.” or “pp.” before the page(s).
  • If the newspaper article is from an academic research database, provide the title of the newspaper and any volume, issue, and/or page numbers that are available for the article. Do not include database information in the reference. If the article does not have volume, issue, or page numbers available, the reference in this case ends with the title of the newspaper (as in the Stobbe example).
  • If the article is from a news website (e.g., CNN, HuffPost)—one that does not have an associated daily or weekly newspaper—use the format for a webpage on a news website instead.

2. Comment on an online newspaper article

sidneyf. (2020, October 7). Oh, I don’t know; perhaps the common-sense conclusion that packing people together — for hours — like sardines — may be an [Comment on the article “When will it be safe to travel again?”]. The Washington Post. https://wapo.st/3757UlS

  • Parenthetical citation: sidneyf (2020)
  • Narrative citation: sidneyf (2020)
  • Credit the person who left the comment as the author using the format that appears with the comment (i.e., a real name or a username). The example shows a username.
  • Provide the comment title or up to the first 20 words of the comment; then write “Comment on the article” and the title of the article on which the comment appeared (in quotation marks and sentence case, enclosed within square brackets).
  • Link to the comment itself if possible. Either the full URL or a short URL is acceptable. The example shows a URL that the writer has shortened with the bitly URL shortening service.
  • If the comment belongs to an article from a news website (e.g., CNN, HuffPost)—one that does not have an associated daily or weekly newspaper—use the format for a comment on a webpage on a news website.

Newspaper article references are covered in Section 10.1 of the APA Publication Manual, Seventh Edition

This guidance has been revised from the 6th edition.

How to cite a newspaper article

To cite an online newspaper article in a reference entry in MLA style 8th edition include the following elements:

  1. Author(s) name: Give the last name and name as presented in the source (e. g. Watson, John). For two authors, reverse only the first name, followed by ‘and’ and the second name in normal order (e. g. Watson, John, and John Watson). For three or more authors, list the first name followed by et al. (e. g. Watson, John, et al.)
  2. Title of the article: Titles are italicized when independent. If part of a larger source add quotation marks and do not italize.
  3. Title of the newspaper: Container titles are italicized and followed by a comma.
  4. Date of publication: Give the day, month and year of publication. All months, excluding June and July, are abbreviated as three letters (e.g. 9 Aug. 2019.)
  5. URL: Copy URL in full from your browser, omit http:// or https:// and do not list URLs created by shortening services.

Here is the basic format for a reference list entry of an online newspaper article in MLA style 8th edition:

Author(s) name . ” Title of the article .” Title of the newspaper , Date of publication , URL .

Take a look at our works cited examples that demonstrate the MLA style guidelines in action:

An article from the digital version of a newspaper

Greenslade, Roy. “Opinion is valued more than fact in this digital era.” The Guardian, 29 July 2018, www.theguardian.com/media/2018/jul/29/digital-media-opinion-facts-comment.

An article from the digital version of a newspaper

Steinhauser, Gabriele. “Zimbabweans Turn Out in Droves for First Vote Without Mugabe.” Wall Street Journal, 30 July 2018, www.wsj.com/articles/zimbabwe-votes-in-hope-of-reviving-a-tattered-economy-1532937677.

This citation style guide is based on the MLA Handbook (9 th edition).