How to be independent when visually impaired

This article was co-written by Ran D. Anbar, MD, FAAP. Dr. Ran D. Anbar is a pediatric medical advisor and board of directors certified in both pediatric and general pediatric pulmonology, offering clinical hypnosis and counseling services at Center Point Medicine in La Jolla, CA and Syracuse, New York. With over 30 years of medical experience and practice, Dr. Anbar also served as Professor of Pediatrics and Medicine and Director of Pediatric Pulmonology at SUNY Upstate Medical University. Dr. Anbar holds a BA in Biology and Psychology from the University of California, San Diego and a Ph. D. in Medicine from the University of Chicago’s Pritzker School of Medicine. Dr. Anbar completed pediatric residency and Pediatric Pulmonary Scholarship training at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, and is the former president, member, and approved consultant of the American Society of Clinical Hypnosis.

In this article, there are 19 references that can be found at the bottom of the page.

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Being visuAlly impaired might feel chAllenging, but it’s completely possible for you to live an independent life. You’ll probably find training to be useful, to begin with. But once you learn certain skills and start applying them in your day-to-day life, you’ll gain the skills and confidence you need to get around, cook, clean, and manage your finances.

February 19, 2020 – Kind Jasmyn

How to be independent when visuAlly impaired

Over the years, I have grown into a successful, independent young woman who dreams of helping other blind and visually impaired children become successful adults.

These services have helped me discover who I am as a blind person and I hope that what helped me learn will help someone else too.

1. Learn Braille

The best decision I made in school was to learn Braille. Braille gave me confidence and eased my fear of glaucoma blindness.

Braille can be used to make mistakes in college, jot down important numbers or addresses, and more! When I struggle to see cards, a stove or a washing machine, the answer is Braille. I am able to carry out my duties without eye strain or visual difficulties.

To maintain my knowledge of Braille, I use an abbreviation book or an alphabetic card to rewrite the words. I usually write a word or letter several times in a row with a tablet and a stylus or a braille marker.

I am ready to test myself by perfecting myself in Braille. Never be afraid to learn new things and be prepared for what life may hold for you!

2. Work hard

To achieve your goals you have to work hard if you are sure of what you want to do with your life. I am very happy that I am improving in Braille and I am improving day by day. I train for two hours a day and get advice from experts who know Braille.

In my college job, I always try to do my best and put everything into what I do. When I need help, I go to an academic center and ask for help from a tutor. Whenever you make a mistake, the best thing you can do is keep trying until you do it right and have a positive outlook! Never be afraid to admit that you need help and stand up for your needs as a visually impaired or blind person.

3. Learn to use a long white cane or guide dog

Another skill I’m happy to learn in school and from my NFB mentor was making better use of my long white chick. Over the years, my girlfriend has made me feel safer and more confident.

I like using my cane to navigate to places like Dunkin’ Donuts, the gas station, the track, and going downtown. I also rely on my cane as I take the public transit bus to college.

Recently, I also relied on my cane to guide my trip to visit my grandparents and friends in Iowa for three weeks. It was the first time I was flying alone. I was a little bit nervous because my mom wouldn’t be with me – but I believed in my heart that I could go on a plane by myself.

Guide dogs can also help build trust by helping with daily activities and serving as loyal companions. My two best friends, Stephan and Sarah, are working on procuring guide dogs for Southeast Guide Dogs. This is great for them as the pet will increase their confidence levels and develop better mobility skills. My other friends Courtney and Ciara already have guide dogs that have been a joy in their lives! I am also considering getting a guide dog, but probably in my 30s by the time this is all over.

Never be afraid to travel and venture and always discover new horizons!

4. Support your wants and needs

When you enter the real world, you have no choice but to be responsible for yourself. You are the only one who knows yourself.

Let people know at work, school, family, etc. that you need some things to adapt to your disability. I had to learn all of this after graduating from Florida School for the Deaf and Blind.

These important advocacy skills can include letting college professors or disability counselors know that you need devices like magnifying glasses, Braille, translators, a ramp if you’re in a wheelchair or walking, and more.

The best time to arrange your accommodation is before classes start. This can be a month or a week in advance when you can speak to the disability office. Another source of help in school is services for the blind in your state. Contact your vocational rehabilitation consultant to find out what financial help may be available.

Like me, you may need to order medications. Because I have glaucoma, I am responsible for taking my eye drops and making sure I don’t run out of all medication. This means ordering medicines by phone at the pharmacy and picking them up. Glaucoma is hard work, but I did a great job calling Wal-Mart and making sure I got the refills.

Sometimes seeing people can overdo their generosity in trying to do everything for you. Sometimes it’s nice when someone helps you with a certain task – but if you always rely on family or strangers to do everything for you, you’ll never become independent. Politely tell the person that you can complete some tasks on your own. If you don’t know certain tasks, attend a blind center for independence or have a vision specialist come to your home to to teach you independent skills.

All these tips I’ve talked about are for everyone with visual impairment or blindness to benefit and use for reference. Hard work, a positive attitude, learning Braille, using a long white cane, and supporting one’s needs are useful skills that all blind and visually impaired people should learn and apply in their life.

A quote from the National Federation of the Blind is great to follow:Live the life you want!

How independent do you want to be?

Editor’s ne: Peer advisor DeAnna Noriega writes about independence and the full range of options you have as a person with visual impairment. You can also go back and read the first of our independence series with a post by peer advisor Audrey Demmitt, RN, Independence versus Interdependence.

How to be independent when visuAlly impaired

Do you take care of your finances? Do you organize your transport? Do you live alone or with family members who want to protect you? You organize your life; do you do things that interest you, manage your business, prepare your meals, do the shopping, do your beloved job and take care of your home? All of these things are possible if you want to do them. You can learn more about them by reading VisionAware’s Essential Skills section.

What can help you become independent?

Training, tools and techniques for an independent lifestyle are available and possible.

However, the choice of what you want to learn and what you want to do is up to you. Some of these things will depend on what you like to do, what your circumstances are, and whether you want to regain control of your life. If you’ve never done some of these things, like taking care of finances because your spouse has always done it, you may decide not to bother learning them. It is up to you to decide how much control you want over your life, as well as the methods you choose to use.

For example, you can use magnifying glasses, optical character recognition computers, and online banking to manage your money. Or you can let a family member pay the bills, etc. You can use a reader to read your mail or use technology to do so. The choice is yours.

If you like to control how, where and when to complete activities, you can choose to attend classes or spend time in a rehabilitation center to master the skills you will need.

How independent do you have to be?

The degree to which you want to take control of your life is a personal decision and there isn’t a right way to live as a visuAlly impaired person. There are a whole host of options to tailor your lifestyle to your needs and be as independent as you want. If you need to keep working, this may be possible with the right tools and techniques. A construction worker I met once decided to go back to school after losing his sight and not only graduated from college but also went to law school. He passed his bar exam and when I met him he was serving as a judge. A man from the computer industry designed the first version of the popular screen reader software for the blind. He also declared that since he hadn’t cooked before he lost his vision, he didn’t want to learn how after he became legAlly blind. My husband has said for the past forty-five years that I am too independent. Having lost my sight in childhood, most of the time I sincerely forget to ask for help from others. I didn’t choose to marry him so that he could drive me everywhere, read mail, or pay my bills. It is convenient to live in a family with six sighted adults and teenagers, but I am preparing to move with my husband to an old house as soon as we find a house on the bus line to accommodate his wheelchair. I’ve had a long time to decide who I am and what I want from life. Remember that vision loss doesn’t change who you are or what you like to do, just how and what things you choose to do.

How skilled are you?

Many of the daily activities we carry out reside in our muscle memory. We don’t have to watch ourselves in a mirror to get our fork to our mouth. If you were a weaver before you lost your sight, you can learn how to do it without having to look at the seams. If you could get up at night and find a bathroom without turning on the lights, before you have vision problems, you could easily learn to navigate anywhere. Break tasks down into manageable baby steps and don’t worry about how long it takes you to accomplish tasks. Think outside the box about doing the things you enjoyed before losing your sight. Learn to use your other senses to gather information about your environment. Touch, smell, and hearing can provide a lot of information that you have gathered through visual means. Contact others who share what you are experiencing and ask questions. Don’t give up the things you love because there is probably a way to continue them if you figure out a few workarounds. Life is as rich as you wish after losing your sight.

Peer advisor Audrey Demmitt shares a similar sentiment

I think if you are new to vision loss, considering the impact of your level of independence on your relationships is important. Too independent when it comes to taking unnecessary risks, not getting what you are capable of, or being so frustrated with every task that you are unhappy, will affect the people around you. There are times when help is asked All right. On the other hand, if you choose to play a “helpless” role, it will also put a strain on your relationship. The use of previous skills, resources and problem solving skills is necessary to achieve any level of independence without overloading family and friends. There is a time when vision loss is new when you will need to rely more on others, but vision rehabilitation training can help you regain control and restore your independence. More independence means more choice, more options, more privacy and a dignified life.

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Jennifer Freeman, Orientation and Mobility Specialist

Orientation and Mobility Specialists around the world face the same issues every day – a student who can complete All of their O&M tasks in class, but still can’t be as independent or successful as they’d like. For mall of us, it can feel frustrating to to teach our students how to cross the street, ride a bus, and solicit assistance when they don’t have the ability to get dressed on their own.

We are thrilled to introduce Jennifer Fullerton, a California Certified Mobility and Orientation Specialist who does an outstanding job of incorporating independent living skills into her Orientation and Mobility classes!

Disclaimer: Jenn gets a portion of the sale when you purchase a Rock the Cane Sweater from the Zazzles link below. None of the other links are affiliate links. All opinions, strategies, and comments are of Jenn Freeman’s and do n represent all compall linked in either the blog post or resources below.

How to be independent when visuAlly impaired

Jenn Freeman, COM

Welcome to my blog series on How to develop independent living skills (ILS) in your child who has multiple disabilities or is preschool age. As an Orientation and Mobility (O&M) Specialist, I am lucky enough to work with individuals who have visual impairments entering the school system at age three, and I work closely with them throughout their school careers. During my tenure, I began to grasp role models when assessing students.

What Are Independent Living Skills?

Independent Living Skills (ILS) are skills we need to live an independent life. These skills, which include being able to dress ones’ self, use the toilet, brush our teeth, shower, and organize our belongings are foundational skills required for us to live by ourselves.

My amazing awareness of daily life and visual impairment

My students were learning the advanced O&M skills such as how to navigate a campus, cross streets and shop, but they were unable to independently shower, get dressed, manage their clothing or accomplish several daily living tasks.

I also had a 20-year-old student who refused to participate in weekend programs and adult programs like Junior Blind of America because she couldn’t wash herself. Don’t get me wrong. I work with teachers and parents on independent living skills and have done this for a 20 year old student over the years but realized she wasn’t working on skills at home.

Michigan Independent Living Skills Checklists were just what I needed to explain to parents how to help their children at home.

Success = independence in all areas of life

If you want to help your child with vision loss achieve long-term success, you need to help them learn to be independentAllareas of life.

My biggest tip to parents is to avoid the excuse “I don’t have time” at All costs. By incorporating learning opportunities into our daily life, we can move from learned helplessness to success and independence! Remember: helping too much = hindering and teaching = independence for life.

IEP team: seek advice and work together

I realize that All children with vision loss are unique, so if my strategies don’t work for you, contact your student’s Vision Impaired (VI) team and they will help you find a way to to teach a particular skill. After All we are a team, and this is part of our job.

We present the independent living skills checklists

Together, we’ll go over Michigan’s Independent Living Skills Checklists in this four-part blog series.

I will give you broken down examples on how to work on each task in your student’s everyday life. We will learn how to help parents delegate these responsibilities to their children. Instead of tying their adolescent child’s shoes and helping them get dressed, the children will now be able to do those skills on their own!

Our end goal is to help the parents of your students to Allow your student be as independent as possible in Allareas of life. We need the involvement of parents and other staff members. Jako pracownik szkoły i z wielu powodów etycznych, są pewne umiejętności, nad którymi po prostu n jesteśmy w stan pracować tak jak rodzice w domu.

Once you have selected all the skills in a category,to celebrate! This is a great reference point for how far your student has come. When the whole checklist is complete, move on to the new age-appropriate checklist.

The number one thing for the joballindependent living skills are:to teachthe person who has vision loss should beSUCCEEDED!

This person is notnI have to learn how to doeverything like a normal child who has normal vision.

How to be independent when visuAlly impaired

How to be independent when visuAlly impaired

Companies focus on diversity and inclusion to create fairer, fairer and more productive jobs that perform better and work. Different teams are smarter and more innovative than groups with similar backgrounds and experience. But while the workplace has become more diverse in terms of race, gender, religion, and sexual orientation, people with disabilities—like blindness or visual impairments—are continuAlly underrepresented.

Daily life for visuAlly impaired individuals has changed considerably thanks to the last four decades of advancement in assistive technologies. A w ciągu ostatnich piętnastu lat, wraz z nadejściem “dostępności cyfrowej”, włączen do głównego nurtu technologii stało się nową normą. Smartfon był “największą pomocą, jaka pojawi’łasu się nurtu willez willezie willez willez wilen willez willez willez willez willezya XIXth. osobom nwidomym i słabowidzącym prowadzen bardziej nzależnego życia. But while time and technology have changed mall aspects of life for visuAlly impaired people, some things remain the same. For mall, accessing the workforce remains a chAllenge.

According to the National Federation for the Blind, more than 70% of the country’s four million visuAlly impaired adults are without full-time jobs. While these numbers are more indicative of employer reticence than skill and ability, employers wonder “how will a visuAlly impaired person get the job done, and at what cost? ” In reality, 58% of necessary accommodations cost nhing and the rest fAll under $500. At Accessibility Partners, a DC-based compall which works with organizations to improve accessibility through technology, owner Dana Marlow prioritizes hiring people with disabilities. Marlow tells Workforce it’s n purely about doing the right thing but rather that it “just makes good business sense. “

In an early episode of the Be My Eyes Podcast, “What Blind People Need to Succeed at Work, ” we explored this topic in depth with an HR inclusion specialist who specializes in training executives and business leaders in Manila. But hiring visuAlly impaired employees has to be more than just a top-down approach—it needs to be a core piece of workplace culture. What sort of cultural beliefs are you building at your compall? Ecco alcune idee che puoi condividere con i tuoi colleghi: Â

Hiring visuAlly impaired people is a rich opportunity for compall growth because:

  • Są nwykorzystaną pulą talentów. Przy 37% wskaźniku zatrudnnia osoby nwidome lub ndowidzące stanowią uzdolnioną, ale nwykorzystaną (i często ndocenianą) pulę talentów. While visuAlly impaired people can’t fill All job roles, the limitations are very few, like ones that include driving.
  • They are natural solutions to problems. Kreatywne nastawien i prężna postawa osób nwidomych lub ndowidzących, które muszą radzić sobie ze swoją npełnosprawnością, czynią z nich innowacyjne rozwiązania problemów. With proper instruction and clear job duties, visuAlly impaired individuals perform well independently and on teams.
  • Assistive technology is becoming more and more popular.Blind New World pisze: “Nigdy n było lepszego czasu na bycie nwidomym.” That†™ s because tech has made assistive technologies more accessible and sophisticated than ever before. Leaders in the tech space are having a ripple effect on accessibility worldwide— and when apps are n yet totAlly usable for blind employees, tools like Be My Eyes are there to help bridge the gap.
  • Upośledzen wzroku wśród pracowników będzie rosło. Szacunki sugerują, że upośledzen wzroku i ślepota w nadchodzących latach będą rosły z powodu starzenia się populacji – populacji pragnącej pozostać zatrudnioną. Consider that 29% of Boomers ages 65-72 were on the job hunt in 2018. If you want to be relevant as an employer now and in the coming years, creating a culture of inclusivity with visuAlly impaired people makes sense.

How to be independent when visuAlly impaired

Uczynn miejsca pracy bardziej integracyjnym dla osób nwidomych i ndowidzących

In addition to the reasonable accommodations the Americans with Disability Act (ADA) requires by law, workplaces can foster an inclusive culture for All by taking these steps.

  • Make the application process accessible. Oferowan dostępnego procesu składania wniosków oznacza, że ​​jesteś pracodawcą równych szans. Conversely, if blind or low-vision applicants struggle in completing the application due to accessibility, they may become discouraged from applying at All.
  • Move beyond the mental block of “how ". Don’t let your fear of visuAlly impaired individuals’ capabilities rule decision making. Osoby nwidome i słabowidzące prowadzą bardziej nzależne życie, niż mogłoby się wydawać. Zasadniczo pamiętaj, że osoba nwidoma lub ndowidząca n ubiegałaby się o pracę, or której n sądziła, że ​​lui może ją wykonać. Move beyond the mental block of “how " a person with a visual impairment could do the job.
  • Use inclusive communication tools and methods. Use the tools available for office messaging and other communications. During presentations, verbAlly describe charts, graphs, and other visual aids used. Introduce yourself as you enter or leave the conference room and encourage other employees to do so.
  • Offer support by asking the right questions. Aktywn wspieraj pracowników nwidomych lub ndowidzących, pytając, jakich modyfikacji potrzebują, aby wykonać pracę. Dla kogoś, kto nigdy n musiał prosić or zakwaterowan w miejscu pracy, pytania te mogą wydawać się nistotne. VisuAlly impaired individuals may be accustomed to these conversations, but employers can pleasantly surprise employees by asking first. Just make sure you understand what you can and cann ask according to the ADA. Na konc poproś or opinię.

In some cases, it may seem like there is no accessible solution (for example, the compall just spent millions of dollars switching to a new copy machine vendor with inaccessible touch screens and switching back would be an “undue burden” on the compall). W takich przypadkach istnją narzędzia, w tym Be My Eyes, które mają za zadan wypełnić lukę.

Budowan zróżnicowanego i integracyjnego miejsca pracy może wydawać się złożonym przedsięwzięciem. But increasing the diversity of your workforce by hiring people with blindness or low vision is n as chAllenging as you think. Additionally, the organization’s development opportunities may be richer than you expect.

Nawet jeśli masz wadę wzroku, możesz prowadzić nzależne życie. This is my belief as a visuAlly impaired man. As learnt through my personal journey, once your needs are recognised and you start to understand what is happening everything becomes second nature to you. But how independent are you reAlly? Kto zajmuje się codziennymi zadaniami, takimi jak organizacja dojazdu i transportu, czy zarządzan finansami? When society doesn’t enable or help you, do you live with your family who seek to protect you or do you live independently? Who do you rely on to prepare meals, shop for groceries, and even manage your career and home affairs? Without all help, how does a visuAlly impaired person live? Być może ważnjsze jest to, czy ktoś akceptuje swoje upośledzen, czy też próbuje żyć na własnych warunkach. Chodzisz z pomocą białej laski, uczysz się nowych technologii stworzonych dla własnej korzyści, prosisz o pomoc i polegasz na otaczających Cię ludziach, czy samodzieln zarządzasz codzienną rutyną?

All these questions are answered. The key to success and the way forward in life, to achieve all and All goals is to have strong determination and will power. All of these things are possible if you want to do them.

In order to successfully integrate one’s self into society and community without losing independence, visuAlly impaired people need to accept their reality and learn minimal skills. And in this way they enable themselves to live fully. EspeciAlly for children with such impairments, society must understand that at an earlier stage in life they have more opportunities to learn through other senses such as hearing, touching, tasting and feeling. Umiejętności potrzebne do komunikacji, kierowania, poruszania się i po prostu codziennych zadań można uczyć się i uczyć poprzez wykorzystan nowoczesnych technologii. Regardless of the fact that a child is visuAlly impaired, parents play an imperative role in their growth. Dziecku w takiej sytuacji czasami trudno jest zaakceptować i żyć z pozytywnym nastawienm.

Aby dziecko mogło stać się samodzielnym i nzależnym, potrzebny jest odpowiedni styl życia. Na tak wczesnym etapie nzbędne są porady ekspertów. Poszukiwan pomocy w wychowaniu dziecka może być trudne dla nktórych rodziców, ale muszą rozwiązać takie uczucia i dowiedzieć się, co robić i jak to robić.

As people with vision need certain life guidance skills, visuAlly impaired people need them too regardless of age. Osoby nwidome muszą w młodości nauczyć się pewnych zadań, dbać or siebie i otaczających je ludzi. Obejmują one praktyki higieniczne, takie jak mycie, czesan, obcinan paznokci, dobieran ubrań zgodn z klimatem i środowiskiem społecznym oraz zajmowan się rzeczami osobistymi. Ważne jest równż, aby rozumieli zdrowe praktyki, takie jak wiedza, kiedy należy przyjmować leki.

All of these tasks are possible with an organized lifestyle. Even financial services or aids to understand them, are n accessible to those with impairments, one needs to be able to distinguish between coins and banknes and even learn how to sign papers. A key aspect of learning All the mentioned skills is spatial awareness. This includes understanding surroundings and the ability to move without a field of view, as well as the ability to use other senses to recognise landmarks, e. g. identifying and following noise or distinguishing between smells.

In addition, by adopting different techniques, visuAlly impaired people should be equipped to walk in an unfamiliar environment. Children should be able to use search methods such as looking for fAllen objects and other protection methods.

Tych umiejętności orientacji i mobilności należy uczyć od dzieciństwa, ponważ ich uczen się jest procesem stopniowym. Sprzęt, taki jak białe laski, pomaga nwidomym stać się bardziej nzależnymi. In my personal journey, initiAlly I felt a little ashamed of using it but once I realised that it made walking easier for me, I started using it when travelling alone. People seen with a cane are most helpful when crossing the street, stopping a bus, or shopping at the grocery store. Pomaga mi to równż łączyć się z ludźmi wokół mn.

In conclusion, social experiences are very important for a child’s development. VisuAlly impaired children need friends, both who share the same experiences as them and those who have vision. Dzieci z upośledzeniami należy uczyć umiejętności komunikacyjnych, ponważ są one podstawą tolerancji w społeczeństwie. Nasze otoczen musi być bardziej otwarte, to ludzie muszą mieć więcej zrozumienia dla osób z npełnosprawnościami.

Dzień Niepodległości – wolność wyboru nzależności

Over the years the VisionAware Peer Advisors have observed this holiday by writing about what independence means n only for our country but for people with vision loss. This year, we’re compiling some of their most insightful thoughts.

Angela Whitfield, Byla VisionAware Peer Advisor, napisała, że ​​jest lipiec potężnym miesiącem npodległości, zauważając, że "… Rozpoczęliśmy miesiąc or Dnia Niepodległości – dnia, w którym upamiętniamy podpisan Deklaracji Niepodległości w dniu 4 lipca, co oznaczało Konc KONTROLE, the władzę jurysdykcję Wielkiej Brytanii nad koloniami, aw tym roku kończymy miesiąc 25. rocznicą podpisania Ustawy or Amerykanach Niepełnosprawnych ( "ADA") 26 listopada, co oznacza prawny zakaz dyskryminacja the wykluczen osób npełnosprawnych (nazywane "ustawa or prawach Obywatelskich dla osób npełnosprawnych"). Moje pytan do Ciebie, czy w swoim życiu podpisałeś swoją osobistą Deklarację Niepodległości? Are you forbidden to discriminate yourself and your goals? "

What Does Independence ReAlly Mean, a post from 2017, stated, “it’s All about choice and options.” Deanna Noriega poruszała ten temat w swoim poście How Independent Do You Want to Be, w którym napisała: “…wybór tego, czego chcesz się nauczyć i co chcesz robić, zależy od Ciebie. Some of these things will depend on what you like to do, what your circumstances are, and whether you want to regain control of your life.” She went on to write, “the degree to which you want to take control of your life is a personal decision and there isn’t a right way to live as a visuAlly impaired person.”

Audrey Demmitt rozwinęła tę koncepcję w swoim poście, Independence vs Interdependence: “W trakcie ponownego uczenia się nzależności, wyciągnęłam zaskakujące lekcje na temat współzależności”. She discussed the concept of economy of mutual benefit – “while learning to maintain a level of independence once again, I also learned how to ask for help and find ways to offer help to others in this dance we cAll life.” This is a critical concept to embrace personAlly and as a country.

In 2020 during the throes of the pandemic, Lenore Dillon wrote, “Celebrate Independence Day by regaining yours if you’ve lost vision. You may think that’s n possible, especiAlly now with COVID-19 concerns.” In her post about her, she shared the different types of training available and encouraged readers to explore vision rehabilitation services. Her post still echoes today as we begin to break out of the pandemic-induced isolation into a hybrid world of virtual and personal education, depending on where you live. Jak trafn stwierdziła w swoim poście: “Dobrą wiadomością jest to, że istnje życie po utracie wzroku i dostępne jest specjalistyczne szkolen, które sprawia, że ​​pozorn nmoweżliwe can be positive and hopeful new life”.

Dowiedz się więcej o tym, jak zacząć odzyskiwać nzależność, gdy jesteś nowy w utracie wzroku. Check our directory of services for help, or cAll the APH ConnectCenter at 800-232-5463.

Umiejętności samodzielnego życia (ILS) to zadania, których uczniowie potrzebują do zarządzania swoim codziennym życiem, takimi jak prace domowe, higiena i zarządzan czasem.


Te dokumenty pomagają śledzić, co uczniowie powinni umieć robić na allm poziomie klasy.

ILS Checklist

Use the ILS Checklist to document when a student is able to accomplish each skill.

ILS Guides

Te przewodniki opisują, jakie umiejętności są odpowiedn na konc każdej klasy. The skills are included on the ILS Checklist.

ILS forms

The ILS forms were designed to help regional and local districts easily set up an ILS program to help children who are Blind/VisuAlly Impaired (BVI) to learn the skills necessary for managing daily life. ILS jest jednym z elementów dziewięciu kategorii rozszerzonej podstawy programowej (ECC) i obejmuje gotowan, sprzątan, ubieran, higienę, utrzyman domu, pran, organizację i wiele innych. These skills are essential for students’ immediate use as well as use in the future as they go on to seek and maintain employment.

These easy-to-use downloadable ILS forms include sample lessons, templates, checklists, and integrated training.

ILS calendars

These calendars suggest how to run an ILS activity every day of the week. The tasks are to be completed at home, and the sheet may be returned to the student’s to teacher at the end of each month.

Tips and lessons

These resources explain how to to teach different ILS.


Five-minute ILS [PDF]
Ten dokument MDE-LIO zawiera wykaz czynności, które uczniowie mogą wykonać w ciągu pięciu minut lub mnj.

Blindness Advice Video [Website]
The Washington State School for the Blind hosts videos that show how to to teach various skills.

Kuchnia i jedzen

  • Cooking tips [PDF]
  • Umiejętności żywieniowe – karmien obronne [PDF]


Track your skill progress

This checklist for teaching visually impaired students can be used to track student progress in the skills included in the extended core curriculum.


Departament Edukacji stanu Michigan (MDE-LIO) jest finansowany na podstawie ustawy o edukacji dla osób npełnosprawnych (IDEA) za pośrednictwem Departamentu Edukacji stanu Michigan, Biura Edukacji Specjalnej.