graceful-fs functions as a drop-in replacement for the fs module, making various improvements.
The improvements are meant to normalize behavior across different platforms and environments, and to make filesystem access more resilient to errors.
Improvements over fs module
- Queues up open and readdir calls, and retries them once something closes if there is an EMFILE error from too many file descriptors.
- fixes lchmod for Node versions prior to 0.6.2.
- implements fs.lutimes if possible. Otherwise it becomes a noop.
- ignores EINVAL and EPERM errors in chown , fchown or lchown if the user isn’t root.
- makes lchmod and lchown become noops, if not available.
- retries reading a file if read results in EAGAIN error.
On Windows, it retries renaming a file for up to one second if EACCESS or EPERM error occurs, likely because antivirus software has locked the directory.
This module cannot intercept or handle EMFILE or ENFILE errors from sync methods. If you use sync methods which open file descriptors then you are responsible for dealing with any errors.
This is a known limitation, not a bug.
If you want to patch the global fs module (or any other fs-like module) you can do this:
This should only ever be done at the top-level application layer, in order to delay on EMFILE errors from any fs-using dependencies. You should not do this in a library, because it can cause unexpected delays in other parts of the program.
This module is fairly stable at this point, and used by a lot of things. That being said, because it implements a subtle behavior change in a core part of the node API, even modest changes can be extremely breaking, and the versioning is thus biased towards bumping the major when in doubt.
The main change between major versions has been switching between providing a fully-patched fs module vs monkey-patching the node core builtin, and the approach by which a non-monkey-patched fs was created.
The goal is to trade EMFILE errors for slower fs operations. So, if you try to open a zillion files, rather than crashing, open operations will be queued up and wait for something else to close .
There are advantages to each approach. Monkey-patching the fs means that no EMFILE errors can possibly occur anywhere in your application, because everything is using the same core fs module, which is patched. However, it can also obviously cause undesirable side-effects, especially if the module is loaded multiple times.
Implementing a separate-but-identical patched fs module is more surgical (and doesn’t run the risk of patching multiple times), but also imposes the challenge of keeping in sync with the core module.
The current approach loads the fs module, and then creates a lookalike object that has all the same methods, except a few that are patched. It is safe to use in all versions of Node from 0.8 through 7.0.
To allow graceful restart/reload/stop processes, make sure you intercept the SIGINT signal and clear everything needed (like database connections, processing jobs…) before letting your application exit.
Now pm2 reload will become a gracefulReload.
Configure the kill timeout
Via CLI, this will lengthen the timeout to 3000ms:
Via application declaration use the kill_timeout attribute:
Sometimes you might need to wait for your application to have etablished connections with your DBs/caches/workers/whatever. PM2 needs to wait, before considering your application as online . To do this, you need to provide –wait-ready to the CLI or provide wait_ready: true in a process file. This will make PM2 listen for that event. In your application you will need to add process.send(‘ready’) when you want your application to be considered as ready.
Then start the application:
Configure the ready timeout
By default, PM2 wait 3000ms for the ready signal.
Via CLI, this will lengthen the timeout to 10000ms:
Via application declaration use the listen_timeout and wait_ready attribute:
Graceful start using http.Server.listen
There is still the default system that hooks into http.Server.listen method. When your http server accepts a connection, it will automatically state your application as ready. You can increase the PM2 waiting time the listen using the same variable as –wait-ready graceful start : listen_timeout entry in process file or –listen-timeout=XXXX via CLI.
Explanation: Signals flow
When a process is stopped/restarted by PM2, some system signals are sent to your process in a given order.
First a SIGINT a signal is sent to your processes, signal you can catch to know that your process is going to be stopped. If your application does not exit by itself before 1.6s (customizable) it will receive a SIGKILL signal to force the process exit.
The signal SIGINT can be replaced on any other signal (e.g. SIGTERM) by setting environment variable PM2_KILL_SIGNAL.
Windows graceful stop
When signals are not available your process gets killed. In that case you have to use –shutdown-with-message via CLI or shutdown_with_message in Ecosystem File and listen for shutdown events.
Via application declaration use the listen_timeout and wait_ready attribute:
Graceful clothing comprises weight-reducing gear that can be bought from Grace found in the Rogues’ Den beneath the Toad and Chicken in Burthorpe. The pieces are bought with marks of grace, which are obtained by completing Rooftop Agility Courses.
Wearing the full Graceful outfit restores run energy 30% faster while the player is idle, walking or ‘busy’  . Note that other items, such as the boots of lightness, spottier cape and penance gloves, reduce more weight than their graceful counterparts, but they do not grant the Graceful set bonus.
Players who obtain all of the pieces of any variation of the clothing set may store the outfit in a Magic wardrobe in the Costume room of their player-owned house. The full graceful outfit is also a requirement for a master clue scroll step.
Graceful clothing is lost upon death and irretrievable in Wilderness level 20 or above. The set is retrievable upon dying elsewhere in a PvP world.
The Graceful outfit can only be bought with marks of grace, which can only be obtained by running laps on Rooftop Agility Courses. Buying the entire set takes 260 Marks, which can be obtained as early as level 55
Agility if the rooftop courses are done, except the Falador course. Otherwise, it may take some time to gather all of them. Selling the whole set back to Grace will yield 208 Marks. It is important to note that only uncoloured pieces of the set can be refunded.
The Canifis Agility Course is the best rooftop course to obtain marks of grace; given that it takes the least time—relative to other rooftop agility courses throughout Gielinor— to get the marks between each individual obstacle, for how many gaps there are. However, note that the chance of receiving marks of grace on courses that are 20 levels under a player’s Agility level is decreased to 20% of the original rate  .
Keep in mind that graceful items have low priority on death, so you will most likely lose your entire graceful outfit if you are unable to return to recover it in time. As such, careful consideration should be taken when taking your graceful outfit into dangerous locations.
A full graceful set costs 260 marks of grace. It should be noted that if a player chooses to instead spend the same amount of marks on amylase packs, they will receive 2,600 amylase crystals, which are currently worth 3,689,400 coins. This can be viewed as the monetary “value” of the graceful set. Thus, it is worth considering whether or not the set is worthwhile enough to account for the potential lost profit. However, it is important to bear in mind that the outfit is useful in training various skills, as well as questing. Graceful can thus be seen as an investment that may pay off due to the amount of coins that are saved that otherwise would have been spent on stamina potions.
It is also important to note that this is a one-way valuation of the graceful set, as it may only be purchased via marks of grace. Once marks are spent on amylase packs and these packs are sold for coins, the only way to obtain more marks is to continue completing rooftop courses.
The weight reduction does not transfer to F2P worlds.
Once players gain 100% favour in a house in Great Kourend, they may recolour their graceful outfits to one of six different colours by talking to Osten in Shayzien House of Great Kourend. The player can recolour their Graceful outfit to the colours of any of the houses in which they have 100% favour, or a special colour scheme if they have 100% favour in all houses.
Each piece of the outfit costs 15 marks of grace to recolour, requiring 90 marks of grace to fully recolour an outfit. The potential profit loss would be 212,850 coins per piece, and 1,277,100 coins for the entire outfit. Players can speak to Osten to revert the colours back to the default appearance, but this will not refund any marks of grace.
In addition, a dark blue colour scheme, matching the Agility cape, is available from Pirate Jackie the Fruit in Brimhaven for 250 agility arena tickets. Note that this does not cost any marks of grace.
The total cost to have all eight unique sets is 2620 marks of grace and 250 agility arena tickets.
Nella trousse ClioMakeUp c’è una nuova deliziosa caramellina tutta da scartare: è Graceful Glacé 🍬 la versione cremosa a lunghissima tenuta di uno dei colori più amati e desiderati dei miei ombretti in polvere racchiusi nello scrigno da sogno della palette BeautyLove.
Come me, vi siete innamorati subito di questa interpretazione più calda e luminosa del classico color champagne, capace di impreziosire con le sue delicate ed eleganti sfumature tutti i make-up occhi.
L’ombretto in crema Graceful Glacé è diventato uno dei miei preferiti di SEMPRE! Amo utilizzarlo su tutta la palpebra per i miei make-up look quotidiani semplici e veloci, abbinandolo ad una passata di mascara vegan extra black DarkLove e alle tonalità nude burrose della palette di ombretti in polvere FirstLove.
Grazie ai delicati riflessi delle perle al suo interno, Graceful Glacé è perfetto per essere utilizzato come illuminante sulle gote o come base sulla palpebra per smokey eyes intensi da sera, abbinato agli altri ombretti in crema SweetieLove o alle tonalità glamour e tridimensionali della palette BeautyLove.
Preparatevi a scartare e gustare con me la caramellina più graziosa e iridescente della linea SweetieLove 🍬 ✨
Se volete vedere Graceful Glacé all’opera guardate il video di presentazione che ho creato per voi qui sopra 😉 ⬆️ un bacione! 😘
Graceful Glacé è
Designed in NYC / Made in Italy
Graceful Glacé è stato ideato e progettato a New York City 🗽 da Clio insieme al suo Team, la produzione è al 100% italiana 🇮🇹
Materie prime & Mica
ClioMakeUp pone la massima attenzione verso la qualità del prodotto finito, si avvale di produttori Italiani certificati che usano materie prime di origine controllata, se volete approfondire trovate maggiori informazioni su Mission & Valori.
The ISO 31000 Risk Management framework is an international standard that provides businesses with guidelines and principles for .
Pure risk refers to risks that are beyond human control and result in a loss or no loss with no possibility of financial gain.
Risk reporting is a method of identifying risks tied to or potentially impacting an organization’s business processes.
Security awareness training is a formal process for educating employees and third-party stakeholders, like contractors and .
Ransomware is a subset of malware in which the data on a victim’s computer is locked — typically by encryption — and payment is.
Protected health information (PHI), also referred to as personal health information, is the demographic information, medical .
Digital health, or digital healthcare, is a broad, multidisciplinary concept that includes concepts from an intersection between .
HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act) is United States legislation that provides data privacy and security .
Risk mitigation is a strategy to prepare for and lessen the effects of threats faced by a business.
Fault-tolerant technology is a capability of a computer system, electronic system or network to deliver uninterrupted service, .
Synchronous replication is the process of copying data over a storage area network, local area network or wide area network so .
A direct access storage device (DASD) is a type of secondary storage device that supports direct access to the stored data, as .
InfiniBand is an industry standard communications specification the InfiniBand Trade Association (IBTA) developed.
Data redundancy refers to the practice of keeping data in two or more places within a database or data storage system.
The optimum amount of sun or shade each plant needs to thrive: Full Sun (6+ hours), Part Sun (4-6 hours), Full Shade (up to 4 hours).
Bronze-purple foliage topped with graceful arches of burgundy-toned seed heads
This grass will beautify your garden all summer
Learn all about ornamental grasses care in our guide to planting, cutting and dividing.
In almost all areas Rubrum will be an annual grass. Once the grass turns brown in the fall you can cut it back to the ground whenever you would like.
Rubrum is a warm-season grass. Where temperatures get colder than 20 degrees F, the plants should be treated as annuals. Once the grass turns brown it can either be removed immediately or removed in the spring. It should not be expected to live through the winter and begin growing again in the spring.
In areas where winter temperatures remain above 20 degrees it should be considered a perennial and the following information should be useful. Warm-season grasses won’t start growing until mid to late spring or even early summer. Their major growth and flowering happens when the weather is hot. They will usually turn shades of brown for the winter.
Cut back warm season grasses in fall or by mid to late spring. Warm season grasses turn shades of brown as the weather turns colder. Once your warm season grasses turn brown you can trim them back at almost any time. If you like to tidy your garden in fall or if you live in an area where fire can be problematic trim warm season grasses so they are just a few inches tall.
If you live in an area where fire generally isn’t a problem you can leave the dried grasses and seed heads in your garden for winter interest. Snow or ice encrusted ornamental grasses can be quite beautiful.
If you leave the trimming until spring try to make sure to cut them back to the ground (you can leave a couple of inches) by late spring, before new growth begins.
Not all ornamental grasses look good through the winter, trim back those that don’t look good in the fall.
Divide warm season grasses anytime spring through mid-summer. All ornamental grasses should be divided when they are actively growing but not while they are flowering. If the plants are dormant when they are transplanted they won’t establish a good root system. Warm season grasses generally start growing in late spring or early summer and have their active growth period during the heat of the summer. Warm season grasses will tend to bloom in mid to late summer.
Upright arching. Waves of gracefully nodding soft purple plumes arch up and out from burgundy-tinted foliage in true fountain grass form. This variety is especially dramatic in clusters, mass plantings, or along slopes. A favorite for fresh or dried arrangements. Pest and disease-free.
Hishikawa Moronobu created this piece in the seventeenth-century Edo Period. It was painted on silk and is currently being displayed in Tokyo’s National Museum.
|Item Name||Buy Price||Sell Price||Available From|
|Graceful painting (New Leaf) & (City Folk)||3,920
|Graceful painting (New Horizons)||4,980 alt=”Bells” width=”15″ height=”15″ />||1,245 alt=”Bells” width=”15″ height=”15″ />||Jolly Redd’s Treasure Trawler|
Donation to the museum
After donating it to the museum, a museum label will give a description of the painting. In New Horizons, the museum label reads:
A hand-painted piece by Hishikawa Moronobu, an artist known for popularizing the ukiyo-e style. This stirring painting depicts a fashionable woman glancing back over her shoulder.
Try these super delicious Ham and Swiss Sliders for a quick and easy meal at your next party. If you need an amazing comfort food recipe for tailgating, holiday parties or events this one is the winner!
The BEST Ham and Swiss Sliders
If you like ham, cheese and butter then you will love this super delicious Ham and Swiss Sliders recipe because it’s so easy to make and tastes seriously amazing. Made with Hawaiian Sweet Rolls, Black Forest or Honey Ham, Swiss Cheese and tons of butter, everyone will be asking for this recipe.
If you need an easy and delicious comfort food appetizer for tailgating, holiday parties or potlucks, then go ahead and whip up a batch of these delicious Ham and Swiss Sliders. I’ve made them several times and my baking dish always comes back clean. Everyone will be asking you for this recipe because they are just so amazingly good.
Trust me, set these out at a party and they will be gone in a matter of minutes. These Ham and Swiss Sliders also make a great gift for a new mom. Just pair them with a salad and you’ve got a delicious meal to bless a friend. These sliders are best served warm. They can be reheated the next day, but will be mushier. They are best right out of the oven.
Can This Recipe Be Made Ahead of Time?
Yes! You can prep the sliders the day before the party, but I wouldn’t add the butter or other seasonings until you are ready to bake the next day. Simply assemble the bread, ham and cheese, then cover with foil and refrigerate until you are ready to add the butter and other toppings before baking.
Can Ham and Swiss Sliders be Frozen?
Yes! You can assemble the bread, meat and cheese and cover with plastic wrap or foil before freezing, but again I wouldn’t add the butter or other seasonings until right before baking, otherwise they will run the risk of being mushy.
Are Ham and Swiss Sliders Good Cold?
Of course this is all personal opinion, but yes they taste great hot or cold. Serve them anyway that you wish.
What Kind of Cheese Goes Well with Ham?
You may be wondering if you can substitute the cheese in this recipe and the answer is yes. The best widely available sliced cheese that go well with ham are Swiss, provolone, Monterey or cheddar.
What Can I Serve with Sliders as an Easy Side Dish?
- pasta salad
- fresh side salad
What’s in Ham and Swiss Sliders?
- Hawaiian Sweet Rolls
- Deli Ham
- Swiss Cheese
- Butter Yellow Mustard (Dijon Mustard may also be used)
- Worcestershire Sauce
- Dried Minced Onion
- Parmesan Cheese
- Dried Parsley
How to make Ham and Swiss Sliders:
Preheat oven to 350. Cover 9×13 baking pan with foil. Spray with cooking spray.
Remove rolls from package in one piece.
Cut entire slab of rolls in half lengthwise. (You will end up with one slab of “tops” and one slab of “bottoms”.)
Place bottom slab in foiled cover pan.
Layer with half of the ham , then the Swiss cheese, then the rest of the ham.
Add top slab of rolls.
Melt butter in microwave and whisk in remaining ingredients (except parm. cheese and parsley). Pour evenly over rolls. (NOTE: For a drier, crispier slider you may cut the amount of butter in half to a 1/4 cup.)
Cover with foil and let sit for 5-10 minutes.
Bake covered for 20 minutes.
Uncover and cook 5 additional minutes.
(Optional) Sprinkle with Parmesan cheese and parsley.
Slice into individual sliders and serve warm.
Want More Slider Recipes Like This One?
Check out my recipe for Turkey Cranberry Sliders using Thanksgiving or holiday leftovers. They are amazingly delicious. Also, check out this round up of 25 Sliders to Grab on Game Day for tons of recipe ideas and inspiration!
Need more party food recipes? Here are a few of our favorites:
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The optimum amount of sun or shade each plant needs to thrive: Full Sun (6+ hours), Part Sun (4-6 hours), Full Shade (up to 4 hours).
Large heads of pendulous leaves; greenish flower spikelets can measure 1′ across
Use as a centerpiece in large landscape beds or containers
Cyperus Papyrus is not hardy enough to survive winters with freezing temperatures and it is not a candidate to overwinter inside. It is a very fast grower and will quickly grow to impressive size when replanted in the spring.
The plant can be planted in pots, along the waters edge of a pond, or even in a pond. The crown of the plant should never be covered in water and in fact both of these varieties can thrive in water as shallow as a few inches. The purpose is to keep the bulk of the soil or root mass wet.
The root ball can be submerged but it isn’t necessary. If the plant is put into a pot I would suggest plugging the hole or holes in the bottom of the pot to keep as much water as possible in the pot.
King Tut will also do well when planted in normal garden beds. It is best to keep the soil moist, but once established King Tut has proven to be surprisingly tolerant of dry conditions.
King Tut is an evergreen or neutral grass. Where temperatures get colder than 35 degrees F, the plants should be treated as annuals. Once the grass turns brown it can either be removed immediately or removed in the spring. It should not be expected to live through the winter and begin growing again in the spring.
In areas where winter temperatures remain above 35 degrees it should be considered a perennial and the following information should be useful.
Evergreen or neutral grasses are usually plants that look like grasses but aren’t actually classified as grasses, they are generally called grass-like plants.
Divide evergreen or neutral grasses and grass-like plants in spring only.
Evergreen grasses don’t ever go dormant. Dividing plants wounds them to some degree. For evergreen grasses this wounding will really affect their ability to live through the winter.
When executing any gitbook command in the terminal, the following error is thrown:
NOTE: This does not happen in node version v12.18.2 and is still happening in version v14.6.0
The gitbook-cli seems to not be working right now, failing because of their outdated graceful-fs dependency.
Any ideas how to fix this?
5 Answers 5
The issue was originally a problem inside graceful-fs but they solved it in this commit I believe.
The problem is that GitBook is still using outdated dependencies that pull in versions of graceful-fs without the fix.
The solution I found was to update graceful-fs inside gitbook like this:
If you’ve installed gitbook globally by doing npm install -g gitbook-cli then your path in macOS should be something like /usr/local/lib/node_modules/gitbook-cli/node_modules/npm/node_modules . Your path may differ depending on your OS or installation location.
Then try installing GitBook. It should have fixed the installing problem.
The last solution was great , but when I use npm install [email protected] –save in the right place and then rerun gitbook build , I got the following error:
And . guess what , when I change the version of graceful-fs to 4.2.0 , it all worked .
Why not switch to honkit(Fork of GitBook)?
The “why” for switching:
I knew this is not the answer to the question, but I would like to mention that the repository of gitbook has been deprecated 3 years ago, this makes it a bad choice for usage and especially security.
So I searched for the alternatives, and I found mdBook and honkit, turned out that honkit has good compatibility with gitbook, maybe switch to honkit is a better choice instead of fixing a 3 years old software with some hacking.
This works like a charm in Node.js v16.13.0.
Full instructions for WSL2
Install nvm curl -o- https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nvm-sh/nvm/v0.38.0/install.sh | bash close WSL bash shell and re-open nvm install –lts
check versions and install node –version npm –version
install gitbook-cli npm install -g gitbook-cli
Any gitbook command gives error gitbook build TypeError: Cannot set property ‘readableListening’ of undefined for internal/streams/readable.js:864 state.readableListening = this.listenerCount(‘readable’) > 0;
Has been closed since Thursday after employee tested positive for COVID-19
The Graceful Ordinary restaurant in St. Charles will reopen its doors Tuesday after being closed since Thursday because one of its employees tested positive for COVID-19. (Sandy Bressner – [email protected])
The Graceful Ordinary restaurant in St. Charles will reopen its doors Tuesday after being closed since Thursday because one of its employees tested positive for COVID-19.
“Thanks so much for bearing with us throughout our recent closure and for all your support,” the restaurant stated Monday in a post on its Facebook page. “We’re pleased to let you know The Graceful Ordinary is now open with the exception of the holiday on Thursday. We look forward to welcoming you back in once again!”
The restaurant will reopen at 4 p.m. Tuesday. The Graceful Ordinary is closed on Sundays and Mondays.
In light of what happened, the restaurant owners said they plan to offer weekly testing for staff. The Graceful Ordinary restaurant opened its doors to the public on Nov. 12. It is located in the former BMO Harris Bank building in downtown St. Charles.
Executive chef/owner Chris Curren owns the restaurant with his wife, Megan Curren, who also serves as the restaurant’s event sales manager. The couple lives in Hampshire.
The Graceful Ordinary is the latest addition to the growing restaurant and entertainment scene in downtown St. Charles. The building is owned by Curt Hurst. Hurst and his son, Conrad, own Frontier Development, which has been involved in several projects in downtown St. Charles.
In 2019, Frontier Development purchased the Arcada building, which houses the Arcada Theatre and Club Arcada. The historic building first opened its doors in 1926, attracting such performers as George Burns and Gracie Allen.
Frontier Development also owns the building that houses Flagship on the Fox sports bar and Pollyanna Brewing Company in downtown St. Charles.
Eric Schelkopf covers St. Charles and writes entertainment stories for the Kane County Chronicle.
As Lee Elder walked to the first tee at Augusta National Golf Club on April 10, 1975, he was racked with nerves.
They weren’t because he was debuting in The Masters, the storied tournament that inhabits a unique place in the sport. And like the other 75 men teeing off that day, he had designs on winning, so that may have played a small role.
As he approached the first hole, Elder silently hoped his opening drive was straight and didn’t hit anyone in the gallery. He prayed no one in the gallery was one of the writers of the hateful letters he’d received, not one of the people who’d called him to threaten, “n****r you’ll never tee it up at Augusta.”
But he did tee his ball on that day. And his first shot went down the middle of the fairway.
Elder died Sunday at age 87, rightfully hailed as a pioneer for breaking the last major color barrier in American sports. He’d gotten a wonderful ovation earlier this year when at long last The Masters invited him back to be an honorary starter, recognizing the contributions he made to golf in general and specifically the tournament.
Elder couldn’t physically drive a ball, instead having to use his driver to help him stand and recognize the crowd.
He got his flowers while he was still with us and could appreciate them, and we got one last public chance to acknowledge the man who endured so much just to play a game.
It seems to happen so infrequently for Black men, or at least that’s how it feels. We are inundated with examples of Black men who were not allowed to simply live to old age and enjoy the fruits of a life well-lived, whether they be as simple as lessons and wisdom or more tangible like children and grandchildren or traveling the world in retirement.
Black men deserve to grow old. It’s such a simple statement but hits so hard for many of us, as we see talented visionaries like Chadwick Boseman or Virgil Abloh die of cancer, or Ahmaud Arbery and George Floyd cut down by hatred, or rappers Nipsey Hussle and Young Dolph, killed in their own communities. Those deaths aren’t related, but for Black people fighting for more and better, they are just more wounds opened even as we deal with others that never seem to heal.
Elder got to live a long, full, impactful life despite a childhood that may have indicated he’d be headed for a far different path. Born in Dallas during the Great Depression, one of Charles and Almeta Elder’s 10 children, his father was killed in World War II and his mother died a few months later, leaving Lee an orphan at 9 years old. He eventually moved to Los Angeles with an aunt, which is where he began to caddy and picked up his first clubs, but dropped out of high school after two years.
Back then, he didn’t just make money carrying bags; Elder also teamed with gambler and avid golfer Titanic Thompson, for whom he caddied and chauffeured, to earn money. Thompson would take bets on whether he and his chauffeur could beat the two best players on the course, and when they did, they’d make a nice profit.
Ted Rhodes, himself a pioneer as the first Black man to play in the U.S. Open and the golf coach for boxing champion Joe Louis, first recognized Elder’s natural talent and honed it.
Talk about an unorthodox origin story in a sport where kids are usually handed their first clubs in kindergarten and learn to play on exclusive, expensive tracks.
After a stint in the Army, Elder joined the United Golf Association, the circuit for Black players since at the time the PGA’s bylaws still explicitly stated it was for only Caucasians. The purses were small, but Elder dominated in the early 1960s, winning 18 of 22 tournaments during one stretch.
Though the PGA dropped its whites-only clause in 1961, Elder didn’t join the tour until 1967. The delay was in large part because he wanted to put up the $10,000 entry fee himself; he said a few white people had offered to provide the money, but he couldn’t see having to give any of his winnings to someone else. So he saved up.
It didn’t take Elder long to have success. In 1968 he found himself in a sudden-death playoff with Jack Nicklaus to win the American Golf Classic in Ohio. Despite the gallery pulling for the more popular Nicklaus, Elder took him to the fifth extra hole before losing.
Elder didn’t just persevere on the Tour, he excelled. He won four tournaments and totaled $1 million in winnings, no small feat given that in the mid-1970s the average payout for winning an event on the Tour was around $40,000.
And he did that despite hearing racial epithets from people lining the fairways and greens. Despite getting late-night phone calls to his hotel room threatening violence and death. Despite his golf ball mysteriously going missing from the fairway on occasion, including when a fan was caught running from under the ropes, picking up Elder’s ball and hurling it into the trees. Despite hotels in the South canceling his confirmed bookings when he arrived. Despite being turned away at restaurants. Despite some of the same country clubs he was playing at telling him he couldn’t use the locker room and having to change clothes in his car.
One of those clubs was the Pensacola (Fla.) Country Club. In 1974, Elder won the Monsanto Open at the same club and earned his spot in the 1975 Masters.
The hate directed toward Elder before that Masters was so intense Elder would rent two homes that week, one under a pseudonym, and stayed in both. When eateries in the town turned him away, the historically Black college in town, Paine College, opened its doors to him and hosted Elder and his family.
Elder missed the cut in ’75 but he inspired untold people. As he walked off the 18th green after his first round, the Black staff of Augusta National lined the walkways, applauding him. Later that same year in California, a baby was born to a Black father and Thai mother, a golfing prodigy who followed in Elder’s footsteps to play in The Masters, but took it one huge step forward and won in 1997: Tiger Woods.
Elder was there that Sunday when Woods put a bow on his dominating win, after which Woods credited Elder for breaking the barrier.
This April, as he was honored by the Masters as the first Black man to be an honorary starter, Elder was also recognized with an honorary doctorate by Paine College. Additionally, Augusta National announced it would fund the start of a women’s golf team at Paine as well as annual scholarships for one member of the men’s and women’s team.
Elder’s grace was recognized after he endured unrelenting bigotry in pursuit of playing what remains one of the country’s most homogenous professional sports. (There was just one player in the 2021 Masters field with Black ancestry, Cameron Champ.) A life lived in full celebrated.