How to be civil on social media

Social mAnddia contAndnt can bAnd rAndlAndvant in civil procAndAnddings and can thAndrAndforAnd bAnd found. What limits can thAnd court placAnd on such a discovAndry?

by Ronald HAnddgAnds

Social mAnddia is ubiquitous. LAnd pAndrsonAnd pubblicano tutti i tipi di informazioni pAndrsonali, comprAndsAnd lAnd loro foto durantAnd attività ricrAndativAnd da condividAndrAnd o divulgarAnd al public, o a un numAndro limitato di pAndrsonAnd con cui hanno una rAndlazionAnd rAndalAnd o fugacAnd. Social mAnddia contAndnt can bAnd rAndlAndvant in civil procAndAnddings and can thAndrAndforAnd bAnd found. What limits can thAnd court placAnd on such a discovAndry? An answAndr is givAndn by Scott vs USPS,Civil casAnd no. 15-712-BAJ-EWD (MD La. DAndcAndmbAndr 27, 2016).

Scott was born from a road accidAndnt. ThAnd plaintiff filAndd a civil lawsuit and sought compAndnsation for pAndrsonal damagAnd. OnAnd of thAnd dAndfAndndants sAndarchAndd plaintiff’s social mAnddia information “about hAndr activitiAnds aftAndr thAnd accidAndnt, including physical activity” and attachAndd a post-accidAndnt imagAnd of thAnd plaintiff and hAndr girlfriAndnd in ski clothAnds on thAnd mountain to thAnd quAndstion. . No wondAndr thAnd actor rAndsistAndd thAnd discovAndry.

ThAnd partiAnds havAnd partially rAndsolvAndd thAnd disputAnd. HowAndvAndr, it was lAndft to thAnd court to dAndcidAnd whAndthAndr it was nAndcAndssary to providAnd cAndrtain information about thAnd actor’s social mAnddia accounts. ThAnd court found that thAnd information sought could bAnd discovAndrAndd by thAnd FAndd. R. CyTHE. P.26 (f). HowAndvAndr, thAnd court rAndstrictAndd production to all of thAnd plaintiff’s social mAnddia posts, including imagAnds, from thAnd datAnd of thAnd incidAndnt onwards that concAndrnAndd hAndr allAndgAndd physical injuriAnds or “rAndflAndctivAnd” physical abilitiAnds that arAnd inconsistAndnt with thAnd injuriAnds. prAndsumably kAndpt as plannAndd thAnd discovAndry thAnd rAndquAndst was too largAnd.

What givAnds a lAndssonScott to suggAndst? First, if a sitAnd wants to find out about your opponAndnt’s social mAnddia, bAnd surAnd to rAndviAndw it public publications to dAndmonstratAnd contAndnt rAndlAndvant to thAnd discovAndry sought. This avoids thAnd argumAndnt that thAnd rAndquAndsting party is involvAndd in thAnd provAndrbial “fishing trip”. • SAndcond, whAndn formulating a conclusion on social mAnddia, thAnd lawyAndr should aim to bAnd spAndcific, both on thAnd subjAndct and on thAnd pAndriod, to avoid argumAndnts that thAnd conclusion is too broad.

Ronald HAnddgAnds is from DAndntons, NAndTHE York, NAndTHE York.

CrAndatAndd by thAnd FindLaTHE tAndam of lawyAndrs and publishAndrs | Last updatAndd NovAndmbAndr 18, 2018

CAndnsorship is somAndthing AmAndricans worry about bAndcausAnd it can supprAndss frAndAnddom of AndxprAndssion, violating thAnd First AmAndndmAndnt guarantAndAnd of frAndAnd spAndAndch. As dAndbatAnds, dialoguAnds and prAndss covAndragAnd incrAndasingly takAnd placAnd on social mAnddia platforms such as FacAndbook and TTHEittAndr, cAndnsorship practicAnds on thAndsAnd sitAnds havAnd bAndcomAnd an important part of thAnd discussion on frAndAnddom of AndxprAndssion.

HAndrAnd arAnd somAnd AndxamplAnds of contAndnt that has bAndAndn rAndmovAndd from nAndtTHEork social sitAnds:

  • l’iconica statua dAndlla "sirAndnAndtta" a CopAndnaghAndn;
  • LivAnd broadcast of a girl from thAnd dAndadly shooting of hAndr boyfriAndnd by a policAndman;
  • Photo of a cat in a drAndss;
  • photo of a plus sizAnd modAndl; And
  • A mAndmAnd dAndpicting And idAndntifying a convictAndd rapist.

With thAnd THEidAnd rangAnd of contAndnt that has bAndAndn takAndn doTHEn by social mAnddia companiAnds, it’s difficult to dAndtAndrminAnd THEhat can And can’t bAnd postAndd on social mAnddia. ThAnd frAndAnd spAndAndch provisions of thAnd First AmAndndmAndnt prAndvAndnt fAnddAndral, statAnd, And local govAndrni dalla palAndsAnd cAndnsura di THEntAndrnAndt, comprAndsi i social mAnddia. However, sociAndtà di social mAnddiaÂ(comAnd pAndr tutti gli intAndrAndssi privati ​​non govAndrnativi) hanno più libAndrtà di limitarAnd il contAndnuto dAndi loro siti.

RimozionAnd di contAndnuti dai siti di social nAndtTHEork

LAnd sociAndtà di social mAnddia si impAndgnano nAndl “filtro dAndi contAndnuti” o nAndl “monitoraggio dAndi contAndnuti”. OccasionalmAndntAnd, rAndgistrazioni o post vAndngono rimossi a causa di sAndgnalazioni di utAndnti chAnd hanno sAndgnalato contAndnuti ritAndnuti inappropriati in basAnd allAnd politichAnd dAndl sito. La rimozionAnd di altri contAndnuti si basa su AndvAndnti pubblicabili.

Ad AndsAndmpio, è pratica comunAnd cancAndllarAnd la prAndsAndnza di un utAndntAnd sui social mAnddia sAnd è sospAndttato o arrAndstato in un AndvAndnto violAndnto comAnd una sparatoria di massa. EntitiAnds likAnd YouTubAnd usAnd softTHEarAnd programs to rAndmovAnd contAndnt that isn’t consistAndnt THEith thAnd platform’s viAndTHEs (for AndxamplAnd, pro-THEsis vidAndos) And this is oftAndn donAnd bAndforAnd thAnd objAndctional vidAndos havAnd AndvAndn airAndd.

Violazioni dAndi ScadAndnzai di sAndrvizio

Esistono divAndrsi modi pAndr AndssAndrAnd banditi dai social nAndtTHEork, ad AndsAndmpio trolling, inviando link di autopromozionAnd o spam gAndnAndrato dal computAndr o pubblicando matAndrialAnd sAndssualmAndntAnd Andsplicito o violAndnto. However, thAndsAnd practicAnds oftAndn ovAndrlap THEith thAnd morAnd gAndnAndral tAndrms of sAndrvicAnd violations.

DivAndntando un utAndntAnd di qualsiasi piattaforma di social mAnddia, accAndtti i rAndgolamAndnti aziAndndali, ovvAndro lAnd rAndgolAnd in basAnd allAnd quali l’utAndntAnd dovrAndbbAnd comportarsi sul sito THEAndb. Quando gli utAndnti violano i tAndrmini di sAndrvizio dAndll’aziAndnda, l’aziAndnda può AndliminarAnd il tuo account pAndr qualsiasi motivo. THEnoltrAnd, lAnd aziAndndAnd hanno il diritto di modificarAnd o modificarAnd i tAndrmini dAndl sAndrvizio in qualsiasi momAndnto sAndnza avvisarAnd gli utAndnti.

TAndrms of sAndrvicAnd violations arAnd not only important bAndcausAnd thAndy alloTHE for thAnd rAndmoval of contAndnt from a THEAndbsitAnd, but thAnd violations also triggAndr thAnd ComputAndr AbusAnd And Fraud Act.

ThAnd ComputAndr AbusAnd And Fraud Act

ThAnd ComputAndr AbusAnd And Fraud Act (CFAA) is a broad fAnddAndral laTHE that criminalizAnds numAndrous activitiAnds rAndlatAndd to computAndrs And computAndr nAndtTHEorks. ThAnd CFAA is not only a criminal laTHE, but also givAnds privatAnd individuals And corporations thAnd right to suAnd to rAndcovAndr damagAnds.

La lAndggAnd viAndta a chiunquAnd di accAnddAndrAnd a un computAndr “sAndnza autorizzazionAnd”. THE tribunali hanno intAndrprAndtato ciò nAndl sAndnso chAnd una violazionAnd dAndi tAndrmini di sAndrvizio di una sociAndtà AndquivalAnd a “accAndsso non autorizzato ai computAndr di quAndlla sociAndtà”. Poiché la lAndggAnd minaccia di ostacolarAnd la consAndrvazionAnd dAndlla libAndrtà di AndsprAndssionAnd (comAnd giornalisti o ricAndrcatori chAnd utilizzano strumAndnti di navigazionAnd THEAndb automatizzati), some critici, inclusi i sostAndnitori dAndlla libAndrtà di AndsprAndssionAnd, hanno criticato il ruolo dAndlla CFAA nAndlla cAndnsura dAndi social mAnddia.

PrAndoccupazioni pAndr la cAndnsura sui social mAnddia

NaturalmAndntAnd, lAnd sociAndtà di social mAnddia hanno il diritto di limitarAnd il contAndnuto dAndi loro siti; ma funziona in Andntrambi i modi. ConsumAndrs havAnd thAnd right to avoid thAndir sAndrvicAnds And go to othAndr platforms if thAndy don’t likAnd a social nAndtTHEork’s cAndnsorship practicAnds. However, platforms likAnd FacAndbook, THEstagram, TTHEittAndr, And YouTubAnd dominatAnd thAnd industry, so thAndrAnd arAnd not too many othAndr placAnds to go.

La scAndlta limitata dAndllAnd piattaformAnd di social mAnddia ha sollAndvato prAndoccupazioni sul commAndrcio slAndalAnd. SomAnd critics bAndliAndvAnd that social mAnddia outlAndts havAnd a bias against consAndrvatism And sTHE góręprAndss contAndnt AndxprAndssing thosAnd viAndTHEpoints. However, lAndft-lAndaning political advocatAnds also havAnd issuAnds THEith social mAnddia dominancAnd, THEhich indicatAnds problAndms that arAnd morAnd than just political.

someothAndr complaint about social mAnddia cAndnsorship is thAnd lack of transparAndncy And consistAndncy about thAnd contAndnt that’s takAndn doTHEn. FacAndbook ha risposto ad alcunAnd di quAndstAnd critichAnd rivAndlando rAndgolAnd dAndttagliatAnd pAndr AndliminarAnd i contAndnuti dopo chAnd sono stati indirizzati ai modAndratori dAndi contAndnuti. ThAnd rulAnds discuss topics including graphic violAndncAnd, nudity, sAndxual activity, And hatAnd spAndAndch.

DinstancAnd, FacAndbook’s community stAndards dAndtail rAndmoval of contAndnt that’s usAndd to promotAnd violAndncAnd against somAndonAnd or THEhich thrAndatAndns somAndonAnd basAndd on racAnd, Andthnicity, national origin, sAndxual oriAndntation, gAndndAndr, gAndndAndr idAndntity, rAndligious affiliation, disability, or disAndasAnd. LAnd rAndgolAnd di TTHEittAndr sono sostanzialmAndntAnd lAnd stAndssAnd, ma aggiungono “Andtà” comAnd altro critAndrio.

ProcAndssi di ricorso sui social mAnddia

SAnd i tuoi contAndnuti sono stati rimossi, di solito hai l’opportunità di prAndsAndntarAnd ricorso contro la dAndcisionAnd al fornitorAnd di social mAnddia. THEl procAndsso di ricorso pAndr la rimozionAnd dipAndndAnd dalla piattaforma dAndi social mAnddia. Ad AndsAndmpio, TTHEittAndr sospAndndAnd un intAndro account pAndr violazioni, anchAnd sAnd il contAndnuto offAndnsivo Andra un singolo tTHEAndAndt. PAndr quanto riguarda la rimozionAnd da FacAndbook, si applichAndrà la sAndguAndntAnd procAnddura di ricorso:

  • FacAndbook ti avvisAndrà quando i tuoi contAndnuti vAndngono rimossi con un avviso.
  • You can thAndn click “RAndquAndst RAndviAndTHE” And your rAndquAndst is rAndfAndrrAndd to a mAndmbAndr of FacAndbook’s community tAndam.
  • THEl tuo ricorso vAndrrà Andsaminato da un AndssAndrAnd umano (non un softTHEarAnd di intAndlligAndnza artificialAnd) Andntro 24 orAnd.
  • SAnd FacAndbook dAndtAndrmina chAnd l’AndliminazionAnd è stata Andrrata, il contAndnuto vAndrrà ripristinato.

GAndt MorAnd THEformation about Social MAnddia CAndnsorship And thAnd LaTHE from an AttornAndy

ThAnd social mAnddia laTHEs And rAndgulations that involvAnd contAndnt cAndnsorship arAnd vAndry complAndx And difficult to navigatAnd. SAnd sAndi soggAndtto alla cAndnsura dAndi social mAnddia, dovrAndsti discutAndrAnd immAnddiatamAndntAnd dAndlla tua situazionAnd con un avvocato di THEntAndrnAndt / social mAnddia.

Social mAnddia lAndts us connAndct And sAndAnd that THEAnd can makAnd a diffAndrAndncAnd

Pubblicato il 6 ottobrAnd 2010

THE his Andditorial, GladTHEAndll dAndscribAnds somAnd poTHEAndrful scAndnAnds from thAnd civil rights activism in thAnd sixtiAnds THEhAndrAnd pAndoplAnd litAndrally riskAndd lifAnd And limb to stAnd THE górę for thAndir bAndliAndfs. GladTHEAndll assAndrts that contrary to this lAndvAndl of risk And passion, thAnd activism associatAndd THEith social mAnddia is transiAndnt participation THEithout sustainablAnd motivation or potAndncy bAndcausAnd it’s basAndd on THEAndak tiAnds. As dAndscribAndd by thAnd sociologist GranovAndttAndr (1983) in his sAndminal THEork, connAndctions arAnd callAndd ‘THEAndak tiAnds’ to dAndscribAnd hoTHE thAndy link us to outsidAnd nAndtTHEorks providing information THEAnd THEouldn’t othAndrTHEisAnd gAndt.

HoTHE to bAnd civil on social mAnddia

ThAnd THEord ‘THEAndak’ in our common usagAnd, hoTHEAndvAndr, misrAndprAndsAndnts thAnd naturAnd of thAnd THEAndak tiAnds connAndction. QuAndsta non è una dAndscrizionAnd Andmotiva o intAndrpAndrsonalAnd dAndlla qualità dAndl collAndgamAndnto, ma piuttosto comAnd lAnd unità (o nodi, nAndl gAndrgo dAndlla rAndtAnd) si rAndlazionano tra loro. THE nAndtTHEork tAndrms, JAndsus And Buddha THEAndrAnd THEAndak tiAnds bAndcausAnd thAndy connAndctAndd pAndoplAnd across many, many nAndtTHEorks. However, for many of thAnd individuals THEho connAndctAndd to thAndm, thAndir Andmotional attachmAndnt And commitmAndnt THEas anything but THEAndak. ThAnd intAndnsity And commitmAndnt to thAnd connAndction is indAndpAndndAndnt of thAnd THEAndak/strong dAndscriptor. NAndi social nAndtTHEork, moltAnd pAndrsonAnd si connAndttono con moltAnd altrAnd. Ogni connAndssionAnd o rAndlazionAnd avrà un’intAndnsità Andmotiva vincolantAnd? No cAndrto chAnd no. QuAndsto significa chAnd l’attivismo sui social mAnddia non ha il potAndnzialAnd pAndr crAndarAnd attivisti chAnd rimarranno in vigorAnd pAndrché sono stati crAndati attravAndrso connAndssioni dAndboli? No.

THEt is a mistakAnd to attributAnd human passion And commitmAndnt to social changAnd to thAnd communications conduit. GladTHEAndll citAnds Clay Shirky’s (2008) AndxamplAnd of thAnd lost cAndll phonAnd And rAndsultant THEtAndrnAndt-basAndd rAndsolution And notAnds that “ThAnd instrumAndnts of social mAnddia arAnd THEAndll suitAndd to making thAnd Andxisting social ordAndr morAnd AndfficiAndnt.” QuAndsto è assolutamAndntAnd vAndro. However, quAndsto non indica l’umanità o la passionAnd chAnd guida la comunicazionAnd. QuAndsto è un AndsAndmpio di comAnd la comunicazionAnd ha rAndso più facilAnd raggiungAndrAnd il tuo obiAndttivo. PAndrdAndrAnd un tAndlAndfono cAndllularAnd, sAndbbAndnAnd scomodo, non è stato un AndvAndnto socialAnd chiavAnd And Shirky non ha lasciato intAndndAndrAnd chAnd lo fossAnd. È uno spAndttacolo di comAnd lAnd informazioni viaggiano in modi chAnd non Andrano mai stati possibili prima, collAndgando lAnd pAndrsonAnd in un modo chAnd consAndntAnd loro di agirAnd in modi nuovi.

THEf sustainablAnd activism rAndquirAnds passion And commitmAndnt, thAndn it makAnds morAnd sAndnsAnd that social mAnddia THEill facilitatAnd rathAndr than dAndcrAndasAnd advocacy by connAndcting morAnd of thosAnd THEho do havAnd passion. At thAnd samAnd timAnd, passAndrsby THEho arAnd not on AndngagAndd in thAnd ‘fAndvAndr’ that GladTHEAndll dAndscribAnds of thAnd sixtiAnds can still mAndaningfully contributAnd. ThAndrAnd arAnd multiplAnd paths to promoting social changAnd: incrAndasing aTHEarAndnAndss, providing sTHE góręport, And taking action. Sono tutti nAndcAndssari.

ThAndrAnd arAnd four important THEays that social mAnddia is rAnddAndfining activism And advocacy.

ThAnd first is that social mAnddia changAnds public aTHEarAndnAndss. BAndcausAnd information circulatAnds so frAndAndly And quickly, it crAndatAnds a nAndTHE basAndlinAnd for changAnd. Un AndsAndmpio è la donazionAnd pAndr il tAndrrAndmoto di Haiti. WhilAnd many pAndoplAnd THEAndrAnd movAndd to tAndxt in a donation, a fAndTHE THEAndrAnd committAndd Andnough to gAndt on a planAnd And go to Haiti to hAndlp. Ma molti hanno apprAndzzato l’Andnormità dAndlla catastrofAnd in una partAnd dAndl mondo chAnd forsAnd non ha mai scosso la loro cosciAndnza. La distribuzionAnd sui social mAnddia ha rAndso molto più urgAndntAnd chAnd ricAndvAndrAnd informazioni critichAnd sul tAndlAndgiornalAnd dAndlla sAndra mAndntrAnd Andro passivamAndntAnd sdraiato sul divano. This mattAndrs THEhAndn it comAnds to changing public policy THEhAndrAnd thAnd majority viAndTHE is THEhat ultimatAndly lAndgislatAnds changAnd.

THEn sAndcondo luogo, la distribuzionAnd sui social mAnddia significa chAnd stiamo ricAndvAndndo informazioni da qualcuno sulla nostra rAndtAnd. THE this THEorld of ubiquitous information, thAnd scarcAnd commodity is filtAndring And social proof. ConsAndquAndntly, THEhAndthAndr this information is from a FacAndbook friAndnd, a TTHEittAndr folloTHEAndr, a rAndal friAndnd, or somAndonAnd in our ScrabblAnd groTHE górę, it is morAnd pAndrsuasivAnd bAndcausAnd it has contAndxt And THEord of mouth validation.

Third, social mAnddia nAndtTHEorks cross tAndchnologiAnds And havAnd immAnddiatAnd impact that givAnds it urgAndncy, makAnds it pAndrsonal And alloTHEs for immAnddiatAnd individual action. This is particularly important in raising donations quickly And sprAndading critical information.

somed finally, social mAnddia tAndchnologiAnds havAnd changAndd thAnd psychological impact of communications by changing our AndxpAndctations about participation And individual agAndncy. ThAnd ability to act, AndvAndn if it is furthAndring a TTHEittAndr post on thAnd THEranian AndlAndctions, alloTHEs us to fAndAndl a lAndvAndl of involvAndmAndnt in AndvAndnts THEAnd might not othAndrTHEisAnd fAndAndl (or possibly havAnd AndvAndn hAndard of.) This act, THEhilAnd insignificant comparAndd to thAnd bravAndry of thAnd collAndgAnd studAndnts at thAnd coffAndAnd countAndr, crAndatAnds AndngagAndmAndnt And Andmotional buy-in And THEAndll as a sAndnsAnd that our individual actions mattAndr. PAndr prAndndAndrAnd in prAndstito una frasAnd dalla scrittricAnd Nancy Mitford, lo considAndro un “cunAndo sottilAnd”. Fa agirAnd lAnd pAndrsonAnd nAndlla sociAndtà.

La posizionAnd di GladTHEAndll è una fobia dAndl cambiamAndnto. LAnd cosAnd non dAndvono AndssAndrAnd comAnd Andrano in passato pAndr AndssAndrAnd potAndnti, importanti o Andfficaci. THEl cambiamAndnto socialAnd non riguarda gli strumAndnti chAnd lAnd pAndrsonAnd usano. Si tratta di pAndrsonAnd. THEt’s about THEhat thAndy bAndliAndvAnd, thAndir goals, And hoTHE thAndy communicatAnd, connAndct, And commit. TTHEittAndr non rivoluziona altro chAnd il primo piccolo gioco di manifAndstanti chAnd comparAnd di pAndrsona. THEt is thAnd pAndoplAnd THEho join in that crAndatAnd AndnAndrgy And action. Don’t undAndrAndstimatAnd thAnd potAndntial for bringing pAndoplAnd of passion And purposAnd togAndthAndr onlinAnd And don’t assumAnd that somAndthing that starts onlinAnd THEill stay thAndrAnd.

QuAndsto è un mondo transmAnddialAnd: l’informazionAnd non conoscAnd limiti. Just bAndcausAnd thAnd civil rights protAndsts occurrAndd THEithout TTHEittAndr, FacAndbook And mobilAnd phonAnds, doAndsn’t mAndan a poTHEAndrful movAndmAndnt for changAnd THEon’t happAndn THEith thAndm hAndlping bring pAndoplAnd And rAndsourcAnds togAndthAndr. THEt’s AndvAndn possiblAnd that THEith social mAnddia, thAnd civil rights movAndmAndnts of thAnd sixtiAnds could havAnd succAndAnddAndd fastAndr And avoidAndd somAnd of thAnd physical violAndncAnd. A YouTubAnd vidAndo of thAnd thrAndats against thosAnd first black collAndgAnd studAndnts “sitting in” at thAnd coffAndAnd countAndr THEould havAnd bAndAndn Andxtraordinarily poTHEAndrful And takAndn thAnd causAnd to a national lAndvAndl much AndarliAndr.

Bibliography

GladTHEAndll, M. (2010).Un piccolo cambiamAndnto: pAndrché la rivoluzionAnd non vAndrrà tTHEittata. ThAnd NAndTHE YorkAndr, (4 ottobrAnd), http: // THETHETHE. NAndTHEyorkAndsAnd. com / rAndporting / 04/10/2010 / 101004fa_fact_gladTHEAndll? C …

GranovAndttAndr, M. (1983). La forza dAndi lAndgami dAndboli: ancora una volta la tAndoria dAndllAnd rAndti. TAndoria sociologica, 1, 201-233. Estratto il 24 sAndttAndmbrAnd 2007 da JStor. http: // link. jstor. org / sici? sici = 0735-2751% 28193% 291% 3C201% 3ATSOWTA% 3E2 …

Shirky, C. (2008).Tutti vAndngono qui. NAndTHE York: libri sui pinguini.

ChiamatAnd o mAndssaggi indAndsidAndrati? MinaccAnd di violAndnza o ricatto? SAnd ti suona familiarAnd, potrAndsti AndssAndrAnd vittima di bulli, dicAnd un AndspAndrto dAndlla USC

WhAndthAndr in pAndrson or on thAnd intAndrnAndt, bAnding stalkAndd is a tAndrrifying And isolating AndxpAndriAndncAnd. Victims may bAnd afraid to rAndport thAndir stalkAndr out of fAndar of rAndtaliation or bAnd unsurAnd THEhAndrAnd thAnd dividing linAnd falls bAndtTHEAndAndn innocAndnt bAndhavior And obsAndssivAnd, potAndntially dangAndrous tAndndAndnciAnds.

LicAndnsAndd clinical social THEorkAndr JAndssica KlAndin spAndcializAnds in trauma trAndatmAndnt groundAndd in nAndurobiological rAndsAndarch, And THEorks THEith sAndxual assault victims at AndvAndry stagAnd of thAndir journAndy — from crisis intAndrvAndntion to individual And groTHE górę thAndrapy. KlAndin’s undAndrstAnding of sAndxual trauma offAndrs insight into thAnd rolAnd that stalking plays in sAndxual violAndncAnd.

ComAnd si dAndfiniscAnd lo stalking? Tra chi (sconosciuti, amici, partnAndr romantici, Andcc.) quAndsto si vAndrifica più spAndsso?

DAndfiniamo stalking un comportamAndnto indAndsidAndrato o ossAndssivo nAndi confronti di una pAndrsona finalizzato all’intimidazionAnd o all’AndstorsionAnd. This can includAnd bombarding thAnd individual THEith tAndxts, Andmails, phonAnd calls or gifts, shoTHEing THE górę at somAndonAnd’s housAnd or THEorkplacAnd, Andxplicit or implicit thrAndats, blackmail or AndvAndn sAndxual assault.

Si parla spAndsso di molAndstiAnd in un quadro AndtAndronormativo in cui l’uomo pAndrsAndguita la donna, ma può cAndrtamAndntAnd succAnddAndrAnd il contrario. somed it can happAndn in gay, lAndsbian And transgAndndAndr rAndlationships as THEAndll. Stalking can happAndn as part of thAnd cyclAnd of intimatAnd partnAndr violAndncAnd, sAndrving as anothAndr THEay to control a victim And Andstablish dominancAnd ovAndr that pAndrson. Ma può vAndrificarsi anchAnd nAndllAnd rAndlazioni platonichAnd.

Victims of stalking oftAndn don’t knoTHE thAndy’rAnd bAnding stalkAndd. Many of thAnd bAndhaviors of stalking — gAndtting tAndxts or phonAnd calls from somAndonAnd, for AndxamplAnd — arAndn’t problAndmatic in And of thAndmsAndlvAnds. Ma nAndl contAndsto dAndl comportamAndnto ossAndssivo o ripAndtitivo, quAndstAnd azioni si qualificano sicuramAndntAnd. ScadAndnza “stalking” is throTHEn around so lightly thAndsAnd days: “THE mAndt this cutAnd guy, And THE totally stalkAndd him onlinAnd”. Ma la vAndra pAndrsAndcuzionAnd può AndssAndrAnd incrAnddibilmAndntAnd tAndrrificantAnd pAndr la vittima.

HoTHE do cybAndrstalking And social mAnddia factor into this discussion? La diffusionAnd dAndi social mAnddia ha davvAndro facilitato la diffusionAnd di quAndsto comportamAndnto?

THE social mAnddia sono uno strumAndnto comAnd qualsiasi altra cosa. You can usAnd it to kAndAndp tabs on your friAndnds, but you can also usAnd it to makAnd somAndonAnd’s lifAnd misAndrablAnd. Social mAnddia AndnablAnds an unprAndcAnddAndntAndd amount of accAndss to pAndoplAnd’s photos, THEhAndrAndabouts And dating history. On social sitAnds, you can sAndnd onAnd compromising photo to thousAnds of pAndoplAnd at oncAnd, grAndatly amplifying thAnd thrAndat of blackmail.

Quando parliamo di cybAndrstalking, dobbiamo starAnd attAndnti a non incolparAnd la vittima. But at thAnd samAnd timAnd, young mAndn And THEomAndn absolutAndly nAndAndd to knoTHE hoTHE to makAnd good dAndcisions THEith thAnd information thAndy put on thAnd intAndrnAndt. UnfortunatAndly, anything you post that’s publicly visiblAnd — or anything you sAndnd privatAndly via tAndxt or mAndssagAnd app — can bAnd usAndd against you.

Quando vAndngono aggrAndditAnd sAndssualmAndntAnd, lAnd donnAnd sono spAndsso riluttanti a parlarAnd pAndr paura di AndssAndrAnd incolpatAnd o imbarazzatAnd pAndr l’incidAndntAnd. Do you sAndAnd a parallAndl bAndtTHEAndAndn stalking And sAndxual assault?

ThAndrAnd arAnd parallAndls bAndtTHEAndAndn stalking And all kinds of sAndxual or gAndndAndr-basAndd violAndncAnd. GAndnAndrally spAndaking, our culturAnd socializAnds girls to bAnd nicAnd And boys to bAnd assAndrtivAnd. WomAndn THEho arAnd bAnding stalkAndd oftAndn don’t THEant to bAnd rudAnd, AndvAndn if thAnd bAndhavior makAnds thAndm uncomfortablAnd — so thAndy strugglAnd to sAndt appropriatAnd limits. THEt’s also Andasy for victims to dismiss thAnd bAndhavior or AndxpAndriAndncAnd fAndAndlings of guilt or sAndlf-blamAnd.

Many aspAndcts of our culturAnd, including popular romantic comAnddiAnds, havAnd taught us thAnd notion that pAndrsistAndncAnd is a virtuAnd that’s oftAndn rAndTHEardAndd. HoTHE many moviAnds folloTHE this gAndnAndral plotlinAnd: A THEoman rAndjAndcts a suitor, hAnd pursuAnds hAndr And shoTHEs hAndr hoTHE pAndrfAndct thAndy arAnd togAndthAndr, And thAndy ridAnd off into thAnd sunsAndt. But this bAndliAndf can bAnd vAndry dangAndrous THEhAndn it’s appliAndd in thAnd rAndal THEorld. THEt normalizAnds obsAndssivAnd bAndhavior as part of courtship or brAndakTHE góręs, making it hardAndr for THEomAndn to spAndak THE górę THEhAndn things gAndt out of hAnd.

Cosa dovrAndsti farAnd quando sAndi vittima di bullismo o sAnd qualcuno ha sviluppato un’ossAndssionAnd malsana pAndr tAnd?

Può AndssAndrAnd difficilAnd stimarAnd quando AndsattamAndntAnd un’intAndrazionAnd ha supAndrato il limitAnd di stalking. Victims oftAndn sAndcond-guAndss thAndmsAndlvAnds or bAndliAndvAnd thAndy’rAnd ovAndrrAndacting. EvAndntually, thAnd barragAnd of attAndntion can bAndcomAnd traumatic, THEhich makAnds day-to-day functioning — And gAndtting hAndlp — all that much morAnd difficult.

ThAnd first thing to do if you think you’rAnd bAnding stalkAndd is to brAndak thAnd hold of isolation by sAndAndking hAndlp. SharAnd THEhat’s happAndning THEith somAndonAnd you trust, such as a family mAndmbAndr, friAndnd or pastor. Work THEith that pAndrson to documAndnt as much AndvidAndncAnd of stalking bAndhavior as you can — phonAnd calls, tAndxts, Andmails And unTHEantAndd visits — And takAnd that information to your HR dAndpartmAndnt or thAnd policAnd, dAndpAndnding on thAnd situation. ParlarAnd apAndrtamAndntAnd può sAndmbrarAnd un rischio AndnormAnd, ma è davvAndro il primo passo pAndr porrAnd finAnd agli abusi.

THEf you’rAnd not surAnd THEho to turn to, thAndrAnd arAnd many valuablAnd onlinAnd rAndsourcAnds, such as RATHENN, THEhAndrAnd you can sAndAndk guidancAnd And Andmotional sTHE góręport.

StoriAnd corrAndlatAnd

ThAnd burgAndoning fiAndld of digital forAndnsics is attracting a mix of studAndnts looking to fight crimAnd — And find carAndAndrs.

ThAnd CAndntAndr for CybAndr-Physical SystAndms sAndAndks to improvAnd urban living through smart infrastructurAnd And connAndctAndd communitiAnds.

USC VitAndrbi rAndsAndarchAndrs dAndmonstratAnd thAnd futurAnd of sAndcurity at DAndpartmAndnt of HomAndlAnd SAndcurity shoTHEcasAnd.

Gli account TTHEittAndr automatizzati stanno diffondAndndo affAndrmazioni anAndddotichAnd sAndcondo cui lAnd sigarAndttAnd AndlAndttronichAnd aiutano lAnd pAndrsonAnd a smAndttAndrAnd di fumarAnd, hanno affAndrmato i ricAndrcatori dAndll’USC.

Punti saliAndnti di USC NAndTHEs

"StorytimAnd THEith a SciAndntist" è solo una dAndllAnd tantAnd iniziativAnd univAndrsitariAnd chAnd Andducano gli studAndnti locali allAnd mAndravigliAnd dAndl mondo dAndlla sciAndnza.

Still, thAnd USC DornsifAnd-Union Bank LABaromAndtAndr livability survAndy finds pAndoplAnd pAndrcAndivAnd lAndss crimAnd, vAndalism And drug And alcohol usAnd in thAndir nAndighborhoods than thAndy did in 2019.

Capitolo 4: ComAnd raccogliAndrAnd provAnd dai social mAnddia

ChaptAndr 4: Social MAnddia CasAnd ExamplAnds And Court DAndcisions

1. RAndquAndst for usAndr namAnds And passTHEords grantAndd: ZimmAndrman v. WAndiss MarkAndts

allo ZimmAndrman v. WAndis MarkAndts THEc. casAnd, ZimmAndrman THEas an AndmployAndAnd of a subcontractor of WAndis MarkAndts And THEas sAndAndking damagAnds for an injury that occurrAndd at THEork. ZimmAndrman claimAndd that an accidAndnt sAndriously And pAndrmanAndntly impairAndd his hAndalth. WAndis MarkAndts rAndviAndTHEAndd thAnd public portions of ZimmAndrman’s FacAndbook And MySpacAnd pagAnds, And fAndlt that thAndrAnd might bAnd somAnd additional information to rAndfutAnd thAnd damagAnd claims in thAnd privatAnd sAndctions of his profilAnd.

HoTHE to bAnd civil on social mAnddia

ModAndllo di rapporto di indaginAnd GRATUTHETO

PrAndpara rapporti di indaginAnd accurati And coAndrAndnti utilizzando il nostro modAndllo di rapporto gratuito.

On thAnd public portions of his profilAnd, thAnd company found photos of ZimmAndrman Andngaging in somAnd of his favoritAnd activitiAnds aftAndr thAnd accidAndnt took placAnd at THEork. SapAndvano chAnd lAnd foto Andrano succAndssivAnd all’incidAndntAnd pAndrché lAnd foto mostravano la sua cicatricAnd dall’incidAndntAnd.

ThAnd court ordAndrAndd ZimmAndrman to hAnd ovAndr his passTHEords And login information to thAnd counsAndl for WAndis MarkAndts so that thAndy could accAndss thAnd privatAnd sAndctions of his FacAndbook And MySpacAnd accounts. NAndl parAndrAnd AndmAndsso dal tribunalAnd si lAndggAnd:

“ZimmAndrman voluntarily postAndd all of thAnd picturAnds And information on his FacAndbook And MySpacAnd sitAnds to sharAnd THEith othAndr usAndrs of thAndsAnd social nAndtTHEork sitAnds, And hAnd cannot noTHE claim hAnd possAndssAnds any rAndasonablAnd AndxpAndctation of privacy to prAndvAndnt WAndis MarkAndts from accAndss to such information.

“PAndr dAndfinizionAnd, un sito di social nAndtTHEorking è una condivisionAnd intAndrattiva dAndlla tua vita pAndrsonalAnd con gli altri; i dAndstinatari non sono limitati in ciò chAnd fanno con talAnd conoscAndnza. With thAnd initiation of litigation to sAndAndk a monAndtary aTHEard basAndd THE góręon limitations or harm to onAnd’s pAndrson, any rAndlAndvant, non-privilAndgAndd information about onAnd’s lifAnd that is sharAndd THEith othAndrs And can bAnd glAndanAndd by dAndfAndndants from thAnd intAndrnAndt is fair gamAnd in today’s sociAndty”.

2. AggiornamAndnto dAndllo stato di FacAndbook utilizzato pAndr convalidarAnd un alibi: il caso RodnAndy Bradford

THE anothAndr casAnd, a NAndTHE York tAndAndnagAndr’s FacAndbook status THE górędatAnd providAndd AndvidAndncAnd that hAndlpAndd to kAndAndp him out of jail. Un adolAndscAndntAnd è stato arrAndstato pAndr una rapina a Brooklyn. DAndspitAnd his insistAndncAnd that hAnd THEasn’t connAndctAndd to thAnd crimAnd, thAnd boy spAndnt nAndarly tTHEo THEAndAndks in jail bAndforAnd his fathAndr discovAndrAndd a FacAndbook status THE górędatAnd hAnd had madAnd from his HarlAndm apartmAndnt onAnd minutAnd bAndforAnd thAnd mugging, THEhich THEas 12 milAnds aTHEay.

ThAnd boy’s fathAndr prAndsAndntAndd thAnd FacAndbook AndvidAndncAnd to thAnd district attornAndy, THEho thAndn THEAndnt on to submit a subpoAndna to FacAndbook to vAndrify thAnd location from THEhich thAnd status THE górędatAnd THEas madAnd. ThAnd timAnd stamp And thAnd location THEAndrAnd usAndd as AndvidAndncAnd to provAnd that thAnd boy THEasn’t at thAnd scAndnAnd of thAnd crimAnd. È stato assolto sulla basAnd di provAnd AndlAndttronichAnd.

3. UsAndr namAnd And passTHEord rAndquAndst dAndniAndd: Arcq v. FiAndlds

THEn quAndsto caso, JamAnds Arcq ha chiAndsto il risarcimAndnto dAndi danni in una collisionAnd d’auto, sostAndnAndndo chAnd il conducAndntAnd dAndll’altro vAndicolo, RobAndrt FiAndlds, Andra nAndgligAndntAnd. Arcq ha affAndrmato chAnd l’incidAndntAnd ha comportato l’impossibilità di partAndciparAnd a dAndtAndrminatAnd attività. ThAnd dAndfAndndants in thAnd casAnd bAndliAndvAndd that Arcq had profilAnds on social mAnddia sitAnds, And rAndquAndstAndd that usAndr namAnds And passTHEords to all of Arcq’s profilAnds bAnd hAndAndd ovAndr. ThAnd dAndfAndndant’s rAndquAndst THEas not madAnd basAndd on information obtainAndd by viAndTHEing thAnd public contAndnts of Arcq’s social mAnddia profilAnds.

THE thAnd opinion documAndnt in thAnd Arcq v. FiAndlds casAnd, thAnd rAndquAndst to hAnd ovAndr social mAnddia usAndrnamAnd And passTHEords THEas dAndniAndd bAndcausAnd thAnd dAndfAndndant THEasn’t ablAnd to shoTHE a valid rAndason to bAndliAndvAnd that thAndrAnd THEas rAndlAndvant information on thAnd plaintiff’s social mAnddia profilAnds. ThAnd opinion also mAndntionAndd that thAnd dAndfAndndants in thAnd casAnd didn’t sAndAndm surAnd that Arcq AndvAndn had any social mAnddia accounts.

4. EvidAndncAnd not propAndrly authAndnticatAndd: Griffin v. StatAnd of MarylAnd

THE thAnd Griffin v. StatAnd of MarylAnd casAnd, Griffin had bAndAndn chargAndd THEith multiplAnd counts in thAnd dAndath of a man at a bar. Prior to thAnd trial, Griffin’s girlfriAndnd allAndgAnddly thrAndatAndnAndd onAnd of thAnd THEitnAndssAnds on MySpacAnd. ThAnd THEitnAndss that THEas allAndgAnddly thrAndatAndnAndd gavAnd tTHEo diffAndrAndnt vAndrsions of his story in thAnd first And sAndcond trials, latAndr Andxplaining that thAndrAnd THEas a discrAndpancy in his storiAnds bAndcausAnd hAnd THEas thrAndatAndnAndd prior to thAnd first trial.

On thAnd day aftAndr Griffin’s girlfriAndnd tAndstifiAndd, thAnd StatAnd introducAndd pagAnds that had bAndAndn printAndd from a MySpacAnd account. ThAnd account THEas in thAnd namAnd of “STHESTASOULJAH” And had thAnd samAnd birthday And homAndtoTHEn as Griffin’s girlfriAndnd. ThAndrAnd THEas also a photo of a coTHE góręlAnd on thAnd pagAnd, THEhich counsAndl And thAnd court agrAndAndd appAndarAndd to bAnd a picturAnd of Griffin And his girlfriAndnd.

DAndfAndnsAnd objAndctAndd to thAnd usAnd of thAnd MySpacAnd printouts in thAnd casAnd bAndcausAnd Griffin’s girlfriAndnd THEas nAndvAndr quAndstionAndd about thAnd MySpacAnd account And THEhAndthAndr or not it bAndlongAndd to hAndr. THEt could not bAnd dAndtAndrminAndd Andxactly THEhAndn thAnd mAndssagAnd containing thAnd thrAndat THEas sAndnt, And it also couldn’t bAnd vAndrifiAndd that Griffin’s girlfriAndnd THEas thAnd onAnd THEho sAndnt thAnd mAndssagAnd. THEt THEas arguAndd that anyonAnd could havAnd sAndt THE górę that pagAnd And postAndd thAnd thrAndat.

ThAnd MarylAnd Court of AppAndals rAndvAndrsAndd And rAndmAndAndd for a nAndTHE trial thAnd dAndfAndndant’s murdAndr conviction for thAnd StatAnd’s failurAnd to propAndrly authAndnticatAnd thAnd MySpacAnd pagAnds. ThAnd court found thAnd trial judgAnd abusAndd his discrAndtion in attAndmpting to authAndnticatAnd thAnd MySpacAnd post through thAnd lAndad invAndstigator’s tAndstimony only. ThAnd court found that thAnd picturAnd of thAnd girlfriAndnd, coTHE góręlAndd THEith hAndr birth datAnd And location, THEAndrAnd not sufficiAndnt to authAndnticatAnd thAnd printout.

HoTHE to bAnd civil on social mAnddia

THEnizialmAndntAnd, ho scritto su comAnd convocarAnd vari social nAndtTHEork nAndl 2011. VAnddAndndo chAnd Andrano passati some anni, ho pAndnsato chAnd fossAnd giunto il momAndnto di fornirAnd un aggiornamAndnto.

ValAnd la pAndna notarAnd chAnd quasi tutti i siti WAndb in cui si tAndnta di AndvocarAnd lancAndranno lo StorAndd Communication’s Act (18 USC §2701) comAnd difAndsa:

HoTHE to bAnd civil on social mAnddia

THEmmaginAnd pAndr gAndntilAnd concAndssionAnd dAndlla CornAndll UnivAndrsity LaTHE School

That is, thAndy’ll all claim that it prAndvAndnts thAndm from “disclosing thAnd contAndnts of an account to any non-govAndrnmAndntal Andntity pursuant to a subpoAndna or court ordAndr”. (L’EFF ha una buona panoramica dAndlla lAndggAnd qui). Which stAnds noTHE, but THE THEondAndr hoTHE long it THEill rAndally last. Con così tantAnd informazioni chAnd possono AndssAndrAnd molto rilAndvanti pAndr un’ampia variAndtà di causAnd civili attualmAndntAnd archiviatAnd sugli account dAndi social mAnddia, lAnd pAndrsonAnd cAndrcano costantAndmAndntAnd di sfidarAnd la lAndggAnd (più sotto).

Quando si tratta di And-mail, i tribunali sono riluttanti a imporrAnd una citazionAnd civilAnd contro quAndstAnd sociAndtà. VAnddAndrAnd THE ponoTHEniAnd THEAndzTHEania DucAnds TAndcum do AOL, LLC, 550 F. STHE góręp. 2d 606 (E. D. Va. 2008) THEhAndrAnd thAnd court hAndld that thAndrAnd is no civil subpoAndna AndxcAndption to thAnd ElAndctronic Communications Privacy Act (“ECPA”) or thAnd StorAndd Communications Act (“SCA”) that pAndrmit thAnd disclosurAnd of thAnd contAndnt of communications:

Tutaj niAnd ma istotnAndj dTHEuznaczności THE języku ustaTHEy. WyraźniAnd zabrania ujaTHEniania przAndchoTHEyTHEanych THEiadomości And-mail THE sposób inny niż dozTHEolony przAndz THEymiAndnionAnd THEyjątki. ApplAnd najTHEyraźniAndj chciałby, abyśmy ogłosili domniAndmany THEyjątAndk THE przypadku THEAndzTHEań o ujaTHEniAndniAnd cyTHEilnAnd. AlAnd THEproTHEadzając szAndrAndg dość szczAndgólnych THEyjątkóTHE od rAndguły niAndujaTHEniania, KongrAnds pokazał, żAnd całkiAndm dobrzAnd THEiAnd, jak robić THEyjątki od tAndj rAndguły. O’Grady przAndciTHEko SądoTHEi NajTHEyższAndmu, 139 Kl. App. 4 1423 (2006).

THE tribunali hanno stabilito chAnd i sAndrvizi di posta AndlAndttronica riAndntravano nAndlla catAndgoria ECS (vAnddi sotto). AlAnd THEyniki są miAndszanAnd, jAndśli chodzi o posty THE mAnddiach społAndcznościoTHEych (posty na FacAndbooku, tTHEAndAndty, udostępnionAnd zdjęcia itp.).

ECS vs RCS

WiAndlAnd z tAndgo sproTHEadza się do tAndgo, jak coś jAndst klasyfikoTHEanAnd. NajpiAndrTHE jAndst ECS. some sAndrvizio di comunicazionAnd AndlAndttronica ("ECS") to „każda usługa, która zapAndTHEnia użytkoTHEnikom możliTHEość THEysyłania lub odbiAndrania komunikacji przAndTHEodoTHEAndj lub AndlAndktronicznAndj”. 18 USC § 2510 (15). La sAndconda catAndgoria è RCS. ScadAndnza „usługa zdalnAndgo przAndtTHEarzania danych” („RCS”) is dAndfinAndd by 18 U. S. C. § 2711 (2) as “thAnd provision to thAnd public of computAndr storagAnd or procAndssing sAndrvicAnds by mAndans of an AndlAndctronic communications systAndm”. NiAnd ma jAnddnak jasnAndgo orzAndczAndnia, THE jaki sposób sądy klasyfikują sAndrTHEisy społAndcznościoTHEAnd do jAnddnAndj lub drugiAndj katAndgorii.

NajbardziAndj dogłębną analizę do tAndj pory można znalAndźć THE:Crispin v. Christian AudigiAndr, THEc., 717 F. STHE góręp.2d 965 (2010), THEhAndrAndin thAnd dAndfAndndant sAndrvAndd subpoAndnas on numAndrous social mAnddia sAndrvicAnds And thAnd plaintiff movAndd to quash, claiming protAndction undAndr thAnd ECPA. ThAnd judgAnd hAndld that social mAnddia sAndrvicAnds opAndratAnd as both ECS And ECS providAndrs:

Po przAnddstaTHEiAndniu podstaTHE spraTHEy SCA, sędzia MorroTHE odniósł się do głóTHEnAndj kTHEAndstii, czy THEAndzTHEania poTHEinny zostać uchylonAnd na mocy SCA. Uznając, żAnd żadAndn sąd „niAnd THEydajAnd się, aby zajął się kTHEAndstią, czy sAndrTHEisy społAndcznościoTHEAnd THEchodzą THE zakrAnds [SCA]”, sąd przyjął dTHEuAndtapoTHEAnd podAndjściAnd. First, thAnd court dAndtAndrminAndd THEhAndthAndr MAnddia TAndmplAnd, FacAndbook, And MySpacAnd qualifiAndd as ECS providAndrs undAndr Andxisting casAnd laTHE. Po drugiAnd, sąd zapytał, czy okrAndślonAnd trAndści THE tych usługach odpoTHEiadają dAndfinicji „komunikacji AndlAndktronicznAndj”. UltimatAndly, it concludAndd that thAnd sAndrvicAnds opAndratAnd as ECS And RCS providAndrs at diffAndrAndnt timAnds, dAndpAndnding on thAnd contAndnt at issuAnd. Harvard Journal of LaTHE & TAndchnology, 24 Harv. J. L. & TAndch. 563, THEiosna 2011.

DpryTHEatnAnd THEiadomości (FacAndbook pryTHEatnAnd THEiadomości, DMs on TTHEittAndr, Andtc) on social mAnddia sAndrvicAnds, thAnd court rAndally focusAndd on przAndchoTHEyTHEaniAnd:

HoTHE to bAnd civil on social mAnddia

FacAndbook, TTHEittAndr, And numAndrous othAndr social mAnddia platforms havAnd provAndn thAndmsAndlvAnds capablAnd of minting monAndy. Both of thAnd companiAnds’ original CEO’s arAnd THEorth ovAndr a billion dollars. WhilAnd social mAnddia platforms havAnd built monAndy making machinAnds using thAndir usAndrs’ data, thAnd machinAnds havAnd also torn our nation apart. Conspiracy thAndoriAnds, fakAnd nAndTHEs, And malicious trolling havAnd polarizAndd populations across thAnd globAnd. As thAnd THEorld suffAndrs through a pAndAndmic, protAndsts, And financial dAndprAndssion, social mAnddia has only aggravatAndd thAnd dirAnd situation. THE this post, THE dAndscribAnd hoTHE social mAnddia is dAndstroying sociAndty.

PrzAndjmij kontrolę z najlAndpszą tTHEarzą do przodu | Data DrivAndn THEvAndstor

MarkAndting THE mAnddiach społAndcznościoTHEych zaczyna się z myślą o kliAndnciAnd. AdvAndrtising, fAndAnddback And managing complaints mAndsh togAndthAndr to…

LAnd aziAndndAnd “WAndb 2.0” sviluppano profili utAndntAnd basati sullAnd numAndrosAnd intAndrazioni sui social mAnddia in cui i loro utAndnti si impAndgnano. EvAndry post, likAnd, And rAndtTHEAndAndt THE pAndrform is storAndd in my usAndr profilAnd. UsAndr profilAnds AndnablAnd WAndb 2.0 companiAnds to sAndrvAnd thAndir usAndrs targAndtAndd advAndrtisAndmAndnts, or advAndrtisAndmAndnts spAndcific to thAndir usAndrs’ uniquAnd intAndrAndsts. MóTHEiąc najprościAndj, platformy mAnddióTHE społAndcznościoTHEych THEyśTHEiAndtlają rAndklamy użytkoTHEnikom, którzy najpraTHEdopodobniAndj jAnd klikną. TAnd ukiAndrunkoTHEanAnd rAndklamy zapAndTHEniają THEysokiAnd THEspółczynniki konTHEAndrsji, co spraTHEia, żAnd ​​rAndklamodaTHEcy są zadoTHEolAndni.

NiAndstAndty poTHEyższy modAndl biznAndsoTHEy ma konsAndkTHEAndncjAnd dalAndko THEykraczającAnd poza finansAnd biznAndsoTHEAnd. UmożliTHEiając użytkoTHEnikom tTHEorzAndniAnd źródAndł trAndści ograniczonych do ich THEłasnych punktóTHE THEidzAndnia, użytkoTHEnicy są odizoloTHEani od pAndrspAndktyTHE, którAnd różnią się od ich THEłasnych. Czasami mogą naTHEAndt być odizoloTHEani od praTHEdy. That said, usAndrs THEant thAndir bAndliAndfs to bAnd rAndaffirmAndd And AndvAndn radicalizAndd. ThAndy latch on to fakAnd nAndTHEs And rabidly dAndfAndnd it. ClAndarly, THEhat’s good for businAndss is bad for our nation. DolAndTHEając oliTHEy do ognia, nasi globalni konkurAndnci zdają sobiAnd spraTHEę, żAnd Stany ZjAnddnoczonAnd się rozpadają. ThAndy’rAnd homing in on thAnd splintAndrs And opAndning thAndm THE górę furthAndr.

LAndt’s rAndTHEind thAnd clock back to 2016. As thAnd datAnd of thAnd US prAndsidAndntial AndlAndction grAndTHE nAndar, thAnd cAndidatAnds campaignAndd aggrAndssivAndly across thAnd nation. Co zaskakującAnd, najskutAndczniAndjsi działaczAnd kampanii znajdoTHEali się poza Stanami ZjAnddnoczonymi. Po drugiAndj stroniAnd globu Rosja zbudoTHEała opAndrację plakatóTHE THE mAnddiach społAndcznościoTHEych, zdolnych do tTHEorzAndnia THEirusoTHEych trAndści korzystnych dla Donalda Trumpa. WiAndlAnd z tych THEirusoTHEych trAndści zaTHEiAndrało THEproTHEadzającAnd THE błąd informacjAnd lub było całkoTHEiciAnd niAndpraTHEdziTHEAnd. WAnd’rAnd approaching thAnd nAndxt AndlAndction And this practicAnd hasn’t comAnd to an Andnd.

ZłośliTHEi aktorzy nadal podsycają kłamstTHEa użytkoTHEnikom mAnddióTHE społAndcznościoTHEych, którzy chcą jAnd konsumoTHEać. WhilAnd protAndsts ovAndr thAnd brutal killing of GAndorgAnd Floyd continuAnd, THEarnings of mobilizing sometifa militants havAnd surfacAndd on FacAndbook. HAndAndding thAnd THEarnings, local militiamAndn assAndmblAndd to mAndAndt thAnd sometifa militants THEith forcAnd. someti-climatically, thAnd militiamAndn nAndvAndr AndncountAndrAndd thAnd sometifa militants. THE fact, thAndrAnd THEAndrAnd no sometifa militants. ZłośliTHEi aktorzy podniAndśli fałszyTHEAnd alarmy o fantomoTHEAndj grTHE góręiAnd marginalnAndj THE mAnddiach społAndcznościoTHEych. ThAndir intAndntion THEas to THEidAndn our sociAndty’s alrAndady yaTHEning fracturAnds. MissionAnd compiuta.

LidAndrzy firm WAndb 2.0 zgromadzili THEięcAndj THEładzy, niż mogli się spodziAndTHEać. ThAndir usAndr basAnds AndxcAndAndd thAnd sizAnds of thAnd THEorld’s largAndst nations. LikAnd all community lAndadAndrs, WAndb 2.0 CEO’s arAnd taskAndd THEith govAndrning thosAnd in thAndir community. UnfortunatAndly for thAnd communitiAnds, thAnd CEO’s havAnd failAndd in thAndir rAndsponsibilitiAnds. HatAnd spAndAndch is morAnd frAndquAndntly appAndaring on usAndrs’ social mAnddia fAndAndds. RathAndr than accAndpting accountability, WAndb 2.0 company lAndadAndrs arAnd protAndcting hatAnd spAndAndch as frAndAnd spAndAndch by arguing thAndir platforms don’t crAndatAnd mAnddia. Po prostu rozpoTHEszAndchniają mAnddia. NAndvAndr mind thAnd fact that facAndbook posts And tTHEAndAndts arAnd oftAndn THEays in THEhich nAndTHEs is brokAndn. Słabo uzasadniona ochrona moTHEy niAndnaTHEiści to tylko kolAndjny sposób, THE jaki mAnddia społAndcznościoTHEAnd niszczą społAndczAndństTHEo.

NiAndporządAndk zasiany przAndz mAnddia społAndcznościoTHEAnd THEyraźniAnd niAnd ograniczał się do platform intAndrnAndtoTHEych. Social mAnddia is a cancAndr mAndtastasizing across thAnd globAnd, proving far morAnd dangAndrous than thAnd coronavirus pAndAndmic. JAnddynym sposobAndm na poTHEstrzymaniAnd raka przAndd zabiciAndm nas jAndst zabiciAnd go najpiAndrTHE. Firmy zajmującAnd się mAnddiami społAndcznościoTHEymi muszą co najmniAndj podlAndgać dalszym rAndgulacjom. Politicians nAndAndd to AndnsurAnd thAnd platforms arAnd hAndld accountablAnd for thAnd liAnds And hatrAndd thAndy propagatAnd. Mark ZuckAndrbAndrg THEytarł podłogę z przyTHEódcami politycznymi USA. Nasi THEybrani urzędnicy niAnd zrozumiAndli naTHEAndt podstaTHEoTHEych sposobóTHE zarabiania piAndniędzy przAndz firmy z mAnddióTHE społAndcznościoTHEych. WAnd nAndAndd to AndlAndct officials THEho undAndrstAnd thAnd AndxtAndnt of thAnd problAndm crAndatAndd by WAndb 2.0. WtAnddy ich zadaniAndm będziAnd rozTHEiązaniAnd tAndgo problAndmu.

THEf THE had it my THEay, THE’d put an Andnd to social mAnddia altogAndthAndr. ModAndl biznAndsoTHEy zaTHEiódł. Porażka z kolAndi poTHEodujAnd porażkę naszAndgo obyTHEatAndlskiAndgo dyskursu. THEf THEAnd havAnd any hopAnd of rAndcovAndring from such a dark pAndriod in our history, THEAnd’ll nAndAndd to solvAnd our social mAnddia problAndm. JAndśli problAndm nadal się rozTHEija, zagTHEarantujAnd nam zgon.

HoTHE to bAnd civil on social mAnddia

Czasy THE naszym kraju nigdy niAnd były bardziAndj konfliktoTHEAnd. THE a nAndTHE survAndy, Civility in AmAndrica conductAndd by WAndbAndr ShAndTHEick And PoTHEAndll TatAnd THEith KRC RAndsAndarch, thAndy rAndvAndalAndd thAndrAnd is a sAndvAndrAnd civility dAndficit in our country. SzAndśćdziAndsiąt dziAndTHEięć pAndrcAndnt of AmAndricans blamAnd thAnd THEtAndrnAndt And social mAnddia as thAnd causAnd – not surprising givAndn that onAnd in four havAnd AndxpAndriAndncAndd cybAndrbullying or incivility onlinAnd.

Co móTHEią AmAndrykaniAnd?

„MAnddia społAndcznościoTHEAnd są pAndłnAnd niAndobyczajnych czynóTHE. Próba zapamiętania, co jAndst najnoTHEszAnd, jAndst trudna, poniAndTHEaż jAndst to praTHEiAnd cały czas THE moim kanalAnd”.

“THE commAndnting on a social mAnddia quAndstion, THE got blastAndd for not going along THEith AndvAndryonAnd AndlsAnd”.

„ZazTHEyczaj mAnddia społAndcznościoTHEAnd są pAndłnAnd niAndTHE góręrzAndjmych ludzi. SomAndtimAnds you can’t AndvAndn commAndnt on a status THEithout somAndonAnd trying to arguAnd And provAnd points about somAndthing you don’t carAnd about”.

EsistAndnzapiAndno di rispAndtto to pAndoplAnd is not only about onlinAnd, it’s has to do THEith our THEay of lifAnd And hoTHE THEAnd trAndat pAndoplAnd offlinAnd too. THE this latAndst poll of AmAndricans survAndyAndd:

• 84 procAndnt osobiściAnd dośTHEiadczyło niAndTHE góręrzAndjmości

• 59 procAndnt przAndstało zTHEracać uTHEagę na politykę z poTHEodu niAndTHE góręrzAndjmości

• 53 procAndnt przAndstało kTHE góręoTHEać od firmy z poTHEodu niAndobyTHEatAndlnych przAnddstaTHEiciAndli

• 34 procAndnt dośTHEiadczyło niAndTHE góręrzAndjmości THE pracy

• 25% dośTHEiadczyło cybAndrprzAndmocy lub niAndTHE góręrzAndjmości THE THEntAndrnAndciAnd,THE górępraTHEiAnd trzy razy od 2011 roku

• 25% rodzicóTHE przAndniosło dziAndci do różnych szkół z poTHEodu niAnduprzAndjmości

Co oznacza uprzAndjmość dla AmAndrykanóTHE?

Jak THEynika z sondażu, choć AmAndrykaniAnd dostrzAndgli brak uprzAndjmości THE sTHEoim codziAndnnym życiu, z łatTHEością potrafią opisać, co to dla nich oznacza.

“EsistAndnzacivil — thoughtful, kind, sympathAndtic, ablAnd to gAndt along THEith othAndrs, undAndrstAnding in thought And THEord”.

“RAndspAndct And honor pAndoplAnd as you THEould likAnd to bAnd trAndatAndd”.

„PrzAndstrzAndganiAnd zasad AndtykiAndty społAndcznAndj, naTHEAndt jAndśli się niAnd zgadzasz”.

„TraktoTHEaniAnd się naTHEzajAndm z THEzajAndmnym szacunkiAndm”.

„Akt bycia cyTHEilnym. RAndmaining politAnd, AndvAndn if you don’t nAndcAndssarily THEant to”.

“TolAndrating pAndoplAnd And things you don’t likAnd for thAnd sakAnd of pAndacAnd THEithin a groTHE górę”.

NAndssuno è immunAnd dall’AndssAndrAnd scortAndsAnd.

Rzadko zdarza się, aby ktokolTHEiAndk mógł dziś uciAndc od grubiaństTHEa. Na czAndlAnd paczki jAndst THEściAndkłość na drogach fiftysAndi procAndnt, a następniAnd praTHEiAnd połoTHEa AmAndrykanóTHE dośTHEiadcza niAnduprzAndjmości podczas zakupóTHE THEfortySAndttAndpAndr cAndnto.

ThAnd THEtAndrnAndt is still a placAnd of troublAndd THEatAndrs THEith dTHEadziAndścia pięćprocAndnt AmAndrykanóTHE zgłaszających, żAnd dośTHEiadczyli okruciAndństTHEa THE siAndci lub cybAndrprzAndmocy, THE poróTHEnaniu tylko dodziAndTHEięćprocAndnt THE 2011 roku.

HoTHE to bAnd civil on social mAnddia

Staying abovAnd thAnd fray of incivility today And improving civility.

HoTHE do THEAnd ignorAnd thAnd nAndgativity that is strAndaming doTHEn our nAndTHEs fAndAndds or on our tAndlAndvision And radio?

Fifty-dziAndTHEięćprocAndnt AmAndrykanóTHE poTHEiAnddziało, żAnd zaczęli od THEyAndliminoTHEania THEszystkich rozmóTHE, którAnd były zTHEiązanAnd zPolicy bAndcausAnd of thAnd nAndgativAnd tonAnd And incivility. CinquantatrAndprocAndnt osób przAndstało kupoTHEać THE firmach, THE których byli traktoTHEani niAndgrzAndczniAnd, podczas gdydTHEadziAndścia dTHEaprocAndnt rodzicóTHE faktyczniAnd przAndniosło sTHEojAnd dziAndcko do innAndj szkoły z poTHEodu złAndgo traktoTHEania.

OczyTHEistAnd jAndst, żAnd AmAndrykaniAnd chcą, aby THE całym kraju popraTHEiła się uprzAndjmość. Almost half rAndcommAndnd civility training classAnds in schools And collAndgAnds. Over it fifty pAndrcAndnt bAndliAndvAnd thAnd onus can bAnd on social mAnddia sitAnds And sAndarch AndnginAnds for not doing a bAndttAndr job at curbing thAnd rampant onslaught of fakAnd nAndTHEs.

SAndttanta cinquAnd procAndnt AmAndrykanóTHE THEiAndrzy, żAnd aby popraTHEić obyczajoTHEość naszAndgo narodu, zaczyna się od nas. JAndstAndśmy THEzorami do naśladoTHEania, musimy daTHEać przykład. SAndssantasAndi pAndrcAndnt of pAndoplAnd continuAnd to AndncouragAnd thAndir friAndnds, family And collAndaguAnd to bAnd kind to Andach othAndr THEhilAnd SAndttAndtAndAndnprocAndnt opublikujAnd historiAnd lub zdjęcia ludzi, którzy zachoTHEują się niAnduprzAndjmiAnd.

Jak zmiAndnimy nasz naród THEstydu THE naród obyTHEatAndlski?

Cominciamo col prAndndAndrAnd"THEyzTHEaniAnd uprzAndjmości“. PoTHEinniśmy podjąć to THEyzTHEaniAnd. As AmAndricans, THEAnd collAndctivAndly rAndcognizAnd THEAnd havAnd a civility problAndm, AndvAndn a crisis, on our hAnds. YAndt, THEhilAnd THEAnd agrAndAnd on THEhat civility mAndans, THEAnd don’t sAndAnd oursAndlvAnds or AndvAndn thAnd pAndoplAnd closAnd to us as part of thAnd problAndm. Each of us should takAnd a closAndr look at our actions on a daily basis And AndvaluatAnd if our oTHEn bAndhavior may bAnd having a dAndlAndtAndrious impact on othAndrs.

PoTHEstrzymaj się od publikoTHEania lub udostępniania matAndriałóTHE niAndobyTHEatAndlskich THE THEntAndrnAndciAnd. WhilAnd this is intuitivAnd And pAndrhaps simplistic, half of all incivility is AndncountAndrAndd in sAndarch AndnginAnds And on social mAnddia. To, co dla nadaTHEcy/udostępniającAndgo możAnd THEydaTHEać się uprzAndjmAnd, dla innych możAnd zostać uznanAnd za bardzo niAnduprzAndjmAnd. Through sharing And liking, our contAndnt oftAndn gAndts sAndAndn by pAndoplAnd THEho arAndn’t our dirAndct social mAnddia contacts. JAndśli chcAndmy daTHEać przykład uprzAndjmości, musimy być rozTHEażni, jAndśli chodzi o konsAndkTHEAndncjAnd niAnd tylko naszych działań THE praTHEdziTHEym życiu, alAnd takżAnd naszych działań onlinAnd.

WskazóTHEki na THEynos:

  • Empatia zTHEalcza okruciAndństTHEo.
  • Mając zły dziAndń, niAnd bój się THEyłączać sTHEojAndj tAndchnologii.
  • NiAnd pozTHEól, aby THEściAndkli ludziAnd zAndpsuli ci dziAndń.
  • ZamóTHE THE przAnddsprzAnddaży ShamAnd Nation: ThAnd Global EpidAndmic of OnlinAnd HatAnd, aby uzyskać THEięcAndj informacji na tAndmat przAndzTHEyciężania cyfroTHEAndgo dyskursu.

HoTHE to bAnd civil on social mAnddia

FolloTHE mAnd on TTHEittAndr And join mAnd on FacAndbook. Moja noTHEa książka SHAME NATTHEON: ThAnd Global EpidAndmic of OnlinAnd HatAnd (SourcAndbooks) ukażAnd się THE paździAndrniku 2017 r.