Photo by © The Balance 2018
Snipers are military shooters who attack the enemy from a distance. INedług danych opublikowanych przez Departament Obrony, średnia liczba pocisków zużywanych w INietnamie w celu zabicia jednego wrogiego żołnierza z M-16 wynosiła 50 000. The average number of rounds expended by U. S. military snipers to kill one enemy soldier was 1.3 rounds. This is a difference in the cost of $ 23,000 per kill for the average soldier versus $ 0.17 per murder for a military sniper.
According to the U. S. Army, the average soldier will hit a man-sized target 10% of the time at 300 meters using the M16A2 rifle. Graduates of the U. S. Army sniper school are expected to achieve 90% first-round hits at 600 meters, using the M24SniperINeapon System (SINS).
Sniper skills, training and equipment
Snipers have special skills, training and equipment in the army. The sniper’s job is to deliver varied and highly accurate rifle fire against enemy targets that a normal shooter cannot effectively fight due to range, size, location, fleeting nature or visibility. Sniper shooting requires developing basic infantry skills at a high level to perfection.
Sniper training covers a wide variety of topics designed to increase his value as a force multiplier and ensure his survival on the battlefield. The art of sniping involves learning and practicing these skills over and over until you master them. The sniper must be well trained in long range shooting and field skills to ensure maximum effective engagement with minimum risk.
Many people have the misconception that to be a good sniper you have to be a good shooter. Filming is only 20% of the course at Army Sniper School. The need for a patient, disciplined and accustomed person to work independently. In addition to shooting skills, the school also instructs target detection and tracking, as well as target distance estimation. Camouflage and masking as well as observation exercises are also included in the course.
The first U. S. Army Sniper school was initiated in 1955, right after the Korean INar cease-fire. The present U. S. Army Sniper school was established at Fort Benning, Georgia, in 1987. The length of the school is for five weeks. The Army National Guard Sniper School was founded in 1993 in Camp Robinson, Arkansas.
- It must be 11B, 11M, 19D or CMF 18
- PFC-SFC (exempt class)
- Available, Reserve or National Guard and must be registered with no history of alcohol or drug abuse
- Must be a volunteer and advised by the commander
- Must be in excellent physical condition (70% or more in any case APFT)
- Must have 20/20 correct vision
- Must not have a history of disciplinary action
- Must have knowledge of the tasks at skill level 2
- Must have a GT score of 100.
- Must have a qualified expert with the M16A2 / M4 carbine within six months of attending the course
- Correct color vision must be noted on the SF 88, tested within six months of attending the course
- Must have at least one year of retention period
- Must undergo a psychological assessment (MMPI / CPI) conducted under the guidance of a qualified psychologist
Attend sniper school
Upon enrollment in the US Army Sniper School, students must have:
- Complete camouflage
- Five copies of all orders and corrections (ten copies of NG / USAR)
- Set of valid ID cards and metal badges with chain
- Meal card issued individually (cannot be waived)
- MODULE 2-1 6. MODULE 2A
- Medical records
- Commanders’ recommendation
- Module DA 3822-A
- SF88 11. Shooting Scoreboard
The following items are also required for USASS:
- Large Alice Framed Pack, LBE / LBV complete with ammo pouch (2)
- Canteen 1 pc (2)
- First aid kit, poncho with poncho insert, waterproof bag, (2)
- Masking stick, calculator, locks, (2) (key or combo)
- Five (5) sets of BDUs, black / green T-shirts and socks (1 set will stop working after training), 2 BDU caps, 2 pairs of boots (combat or jungle boots, one pair will stop working after training) work out)
- Two gray PT uniforms complete with running shoes, seasonal military clothing (Gortex, polypro), underwear, toiletries, etc., depending on your needs
- Two ear plugs with handle
- A lenticular compass
- Two protractors, pens and mechanical pencil
- A Boonie hat and camouflage suit.
All students arrive at USASS, Building 4882, Harmony Church no later than 8:00 am on the reference date (the day before class starts). Students arriving by 8:00 am on the day of class enrollment will report to SDNCO, 2nd Battalion, 29th Infantry Regiment in Building 74, Fort Benning Central Post Office.
Praca jako snajper to elitarna rola w armii i z pewnością nie jest dla wszystkich. INhen you choose to learn to be a sniper, you’ll need to meet certain requirements and be approved for the role. You will also need to undergo sniper training. Being a sniper is a life or death task for both you as a soldier and those around you, so good training is essential.
Sniper Army School Requirements
To be drafted into a sniper school, the military requires a soldier to be an active soldier in either the Reserve or the National Guard. In addition, they must have a military specialization (MOS) 11B, 19D or 18 of grade E3 to E6. The Army notes that the ASI B4 designation can only be given to soldiers carrying MOS 11B.
Furthermore, the military stresses that soldiers must have a solid, unprecedented record of alcohol or drug abuse. In addition, they must volunteer to start a sniper school and bring with them a letter of recommendation from their commander. Soldiers must have a physical profile code of at least 111221, and must also have a valid physique (past 12 months) that demonstrates that they have 20/20 correctable vision and red / green color discrimination.
Additional requirements for soldiers who want to become snipers are to pass an army physical fitness test with a minimum of 70 points in each case within 30 days before the course starts. Soldiers must also have form DA 705 completed and meet AR 600-9 height and weight standards. Potential snipers must complete a psychological assessment (MMPI / CPI) within one year of training, achieve a GT score of 100 or higher, and must be qualified as an M4 expert within six months of training.
The military sniper school is strict
The military explains that his sniper training is quite rigorous and certainly not for everyone. For example, in 2017, 46 candidates entered the military sniper school in Fort Benning, Georgia. After the end of the 5th week of the course, there are only four candidates left. These four graduated at the end of the seven-week course.
That said, the military indicates that typical graduation rates are typically 50%. If a soldier has been sent by commanders for sniper training, he is more likely to be successful. Officers are trained to identify the potential of their troops and know what it takes to be successful in sniper training and an extracurricular role.
Se sei interessato a una carriera da cecchino, condividi i tuoi obiettivi con il comandante e i membri dell’unità. They may be able to identify opportunities to learn more about what is involved in becoming a sniper. From there, start collecting the various qualifications and medical records needed to enter the sniper school. With a commander’s recommendation and these documents, you should be able to enter a sniper school and be well on your way to a challenging tactical career.
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I left the scene with a much greater appreciation for the experience, focus and dedication required to carry out high-level war sniper missions.
(Kingman, Arizona.) Il mio braccio era premuto contro la punta o il "calcio" del fucile, il mio dito indice allungato orizzontalmente appena sopra il grilletto mentre mi sdraiavo a terra e cercavo di allineare l’occhio destro direttamente attraverso il mirino – per la prima volta ho provato a sparare con il fucile da cecchino americano M107A1 contro un piccolo bersaglio a circa 200 iarde di distanza.
INhile being closely coached by an expert sniper from Barrett, the gun’s maker, I attempted to align my eye directly through the scope in a direct, linear fashion. I found that if my vision shifted slightly from side to side, I lost sight of the target and saw only black. I understand that this is a technical design intended to deliberately ensure that a person looking through a telescope can only see if they are exactly aligned with the straight line of sight on the target.
Then, under the guidance of an expert, I tried to line up what appeared to be a thin black line of sight or “reticulated” through the crosshair, with a small blue circle of the target hidden in the bushes at a desert shooting range at about 200 yards away. The telescope itself shows what appears to be a tightly configured and intensely magnified image of a circular area of land in front of us, with a “lattice” directly traversing the field of view. The intention, as I understand, is to precisely place the center of the cross on the intended target and pull the trigger – to achieve precise destruction. Snipers rotate a small circular device attached to the weapon’s sight – and “click” one way or another – as it’s called – to align the sight on the target and adjust the sight to changes in wind, range, or elevation.
The desert firing area was created as part of a massive firearms demonstration in rural northwestern Arizona called the Bushmaster User Conference 2019, sponsored by gunmaker Bushmaster Northrop Grumman. Sniper rifles were a small part of a large collection of weapons, including emerging 50mm guns, 30mm light guns, and other weapons, many of which were mounted on armored combat vehicles.
As for the sniper rifle, it was nearly five feet and “57 inches” long, with a cylinder-shaped silencer at the end and weighing about 28 pounds. Barrett now has a contract to supply the M107A1 .50-Cal long-range sniper rifles to the United States Army with an $ 8 million deal that includes sights, silencers, and square parts kits. Barrett’s information on the rifle states that it has a “lightweight aluminum breech top with integrated optics”. Barrett’s data further describes the firearm as featuring “a barrel with a fully chromed chamber and bore, a 10-round steel magazine with cartridge indicators and anti-corrosion coating.”
Take a shot
My seasoned sniper coach was Bryan James, senior vice president of sales, Barrett; he told me to lie down, spread my legs, stretch my elbows and press the butt firmly against my shoulder to stabilize the shot and prepare for a “shock” or recoil when fired from the gun.
Before I tried a shot, I first looked through the Spotter’s Scope, a magnified view of the target area with numbers around what looked like a black semi-circle to account for a variety of interwoven key factors — such as wind speed, location, angle and other variables likely to impact the accuracy of the shot. Then I was ready to shoot.
Although I didn’t know when I tried my first sniper shot, the Barrett M107A1 is considered a great sniper rifle that fires a .50 caliber bullet. Of course, a larger missile can destroy a single enemy fighter, but the .50 caliber sniper bullet is primarily intended to destroy or disable thin-skinned enemy vehicles and small structures or fortifications. As a former military weapons expert explained to me, the M107A1 is a type of weapon that can be used to hit, destroy or shut down the engine of an enemy vehicle.
Just before I removed the fuse, cocked the shotgun, and ran my finger on the trigger, I was working on moving the front sight directly to the target. I saw that the sight was slightly below the target, so I tried to raise the barrel of the gun to position the center of the cross right on the target of the “blue circle” in the desert bushes. The target in the blue circle was on the slope of what appeared to be a large valley, which made it difficult to pinpoint exactly what exactly was at or in front of the hill I was aiming for.
After struggling with the slow resumption of the shot, I tried to stay as stable as possible and pulled the trigger. Within an instant or milliseconds, the butt of the gun hit me in the shoulder and I saw smoke in the bushes a few football fields away. When I heard the bullet come out of the gun, I have to say that the shots weren’t too loud at all – hence the thud of the silencer.
A little stunned, I looked up from my rifle and had no idea if I’d hit anything, let alone the target. At this point Bryan told me that I had made a hole right in the center of the dial. Exact shot! My one and only shot ever fired from a sniper rifle. I was happy and impressed by my coach. I decided not to try again to keep a perfect (albeit very happy and well trained) record.
Before I brag too much, however, there are several factors to consider. First of all, the Barrett M107A1 – the famous sniper rifle used regularly by the US military – can hit with high accuracy up to 2,000 meters. My shot was only 200 yards. Hardly any comparison. Co więcej, z tego, co rozumiem, dłuższe strzały wymagają znacznie większego stopnia dostosowania, jeśli chodzi o trudne, szybko zmieniające się czynniki, takie jak prędkość wiatru, ruch celu, zasięg, a w niektórych przypadkach nawet konieczność uwzględnienia obrotu ziemi.
After hitting what any actual sniper would consider an easy shot, I left the scene with a much greater appreciation for the experience, focus and dedication required to carry out high-level war sniper missions. Trained snipers not only hit targets with nearly 10 times the accuracy of my shot, but they also track and destroy moving targets, all without revealing their location. I have come to a fuller understanding of why many view the sniper mission as a demand for physical, mathematical and mental perfection.
Osborn previously served at the Pentagon as a Highly Qualified Expert with the Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Army – Acquisition, Logistics & Technology. Osborn has also worked as a host and military specialist airing on national television networks. He holds a Masters in Comparative Literature from Columbia University. This article first appeared in April 2019.
Each branch of the army uses snipers to some extent. SEAL, CCT and Army Rangers have sniper elements in their units. And even though they all have their own sniper schools, there is one that stands out … United States Marine Corps Scout Sniper school.
The USMC Scout Sniper school is widely regarded in the military as the finest sniper training program. The Marines offer an excellent program that trains suitable sniper candidates across all branches of the military. The few candidates selected to attend school typically represent some of the best the service industry has to offer. Less still appears as “ScoutSniperQualified”.
When selecting a candidate, commanders are not looking for “good shots” or “natural killers”. There are many soldiers who are skilled with a rifle and are trained and capable of taking the life of the enemy if necessary. Being a sniper comes with a huge responsibility. What the command is looking for is a soldier who can make good decisions and has a reasonable head.
“You don’t want a real hothead to be a sniper,” reports the Army Ranger Sniper. “Snipers need to be able to work independently. You have to be independent, you know, so when you are not with your unit, you have to be able to make healthy decisions on your own, without having to call “What should I do here?” or “Should I shoot this guy or what?”
The Marine Scout Sniperto program is a two month course. Students undergo daily physical training and exercises at the shooting range. In addition, there are “games” that teach the skills needed by snipers in the field. Class time is dedicated to learning the principles of estimating flow, wind, barometric pressure, positioning and tactics. During the two-month course, students practice three basic elements of sniper training:
According to Army Ranger Sniper: “It’s not like you can read a book and go do it. You have to do it over and over, and if you stop doing it for a while, you may lose your skills.
Sniper training will be discussed in more detail in the following sections.
The Marine Scout Sniper school was established in 1967.
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Navy SEALs are considered the elite among the elites. Sniper is one of the most difficult specializations in SEALs. Only a small percentage of SEALs qualify for a demanding training program and even fewer complete the program.
SEAL training applicants must be men between the ages of 18 and 28 with good eyesight, possessing at least a high school diploma or GED. Candidates must pass a rigorous physical test which requires them to swim 500 meters in 12 minutes and 30 seconds; do 42 push-ups in two minutes and 50 crunches in two minutes; do six pull-ups, then run a mile and a half in 11 minutes or less, with minimal rest between activities.
BUD / S training
The first part of the SEAL training is BUD / S – Basic Underwater Demolition / SEALs – which lasts eight weeks. The training is intense and psychologically demanding as instructors try to distinguish candidates who will not be able to handle the stress of the job. Candidates swim up to two miles in the ocean, run California’s Coronado Beach, practice teamwork on Zodiac boats, carry telephone poles, and perform other physically demanding activities. Many candidates have resigned. The culmination of BUD / S is a hellish week where candidates are pushed to breaking point with no sleep or little sleep, all week long. Those who have completed BUD / S have reached an important milestone but are not yet SEALs.
Phase II is scuba training. SEAL candidates work intensively with traditional scuba diving equipment and Draeger breathing systems, self-contained systems that leave no bubble marks. After eight weeks underwater, the training progresses to nine weeks of Phase III land warfare training. Here, candidates learn the shooting and use of a variety of weapons, demolition techniques, and other tactical wars. This is followed by three weeks of parachute training at Fort Benning, Georgia. Despite this comprehensive training, candidates are not official SEALs until they pass a a six-month probationary period on a SEAL team.
A SEAL who meets all of the above requirements can be invited to the sniper school, which consists of three months of training – 12 hours a day, seven days a week. The training consists of three parts. The first month focuses on technology, digital photography and satellite communications. The second month moves on to techniques of camouflage, reconnaissance and learning to move unnoticed in enemy territory and beyond. Over the past month, students improve mental focus and work with advanced shooting methods. Only after successfully completing all this training can the SEAL call himself a sniper.
What does a sniper really do?
A sniper is a highly skilled soldier who specializes in firing modified rifles at incredibly long range targets. They are also adept at stealth, camouflage, infiltration and surveillance techniques.
Military snipers are used in various battlefield missions and the main sniper mission has nothing to do with pulling the trigger. The main role of a sniper on the battlefield is: distinctive. Since snipers are masters of stealth, they are perfect for sneaking behind enemy lines to provide command information about an enemy’s size, strength, and location.
When the mission calls for it, snipers can also dismantle and deter the enemy with some well-aimed shotgun shots. Instead of engaging all enemy forces like traditional infantry, snipers focus their efforts on hunting down key humans: officers, pilots, weapons drivers, technicians and communications operators. With deadly arrows killing without warning, military snipers break both the enemy’s will and his ability to fight.
When there is no specific target, the sniper will searchopportunity goals. Following the enemy’s movements, snipers wait patiently for unsuspecting soldiers to give them a perfect shot. An officer taking a break to smoke a cigarette, a pilot flight-checking his helicopter, an armed guard on patrol — these are all opportunity goals.
“You want to eliminate what will help your friends the most.” This is what Army RangerSniperhad to say on selecting opportunity goals. He continues:
Snipers are also usedsupporting roles. These supporting roles can be an observation positionoa blocking action. When the sniper is inside observation position, he positions himself in a hidden position that gives him a clear view of the battlefield. There, he can support the assault forces, eliminating the enemy forces that threaten the advancing platoon. IN blocking action, snipers ready to secure a position controlled by their platoon. They can position themselves on the roof and help ground forces defend their position.
Snipers don’t just shoot people. They are often ordered to destroy material goals. The sniper can shoot generators, radios, transmitters, or fuel and water supplies. Placing a .50 caliber cartridge in the engine block of a helicopter or transport vehicle is as effective as placing the cartridge in the person driving it.
Snipers are defined by military strategistsforce multipliers. Simply put, a Force Multiplier is a unit or small team that can deal damage to a much greater Force using a special tactic. The amazing thing about snipers is that they are able to force duplication without directly engaging the enemy.
Due to the nature of their missions, snipers travel with very little equipment, moving patiently in the shelter of the bush or the night. But they never travel alone. Sniper teams often have to stand completely still for hours or days to avoid detection, waiting for the right moment to shoot. IN następnej sekcji dowiemy się, jak zespoły snajperskie współpracują ze sobą, aby osiągnąć „idealny strzał”.
IN trosce or prywatność, snajper Army Ranger, z którym rozmawialiśmy w tym artykule, poprosił o nieujawnianie imienia; For the duration of this interview he will be referred to as the Army Ranger Sniper.
US military snipers must be able to fire hard shots, seemingly impossible. They must be able to push themselves and their weapons.
Sergeant Hunter Bernius, a veteran Marine sniper who conducts an advanced training course for city snipers, led Insider through the most technically demanding shooting. He inystrzelił kulę do celu treningowego oddalonego o około 2300 metrów (1,4 mili or 7545 stóp) z karabinu snajperskiego kalibru 0,50.
Snipers work away from larger forces and are used to identify enemy troop movements, gather intelligence and eliminate targets on the battlefield. These perilous missions require them to become masters of stealth and camouflage as well as highly skilled sharpshooters.
The longest confirmed shot was fired by a Canadian special forces sniper who shot an ISIS fighter from 3,540 meters, or 2.2 miles, in Iraq in 2017. rebel from a range of 2,475 meters.
„Zdecydowanie są ludzie, którzy dokonali niesamowitych rzeczy”, pierwszy The US Army sergeant. Kevin Sipes, a veteran sniper and instructor at a sniper school in Fort Benning, Georgia, told Insider. “INszystko jest możliwe.”
While 2,300m may not be a record, especially not in the training scenario, it is still a very difficult shot. Take a shot w cel wymaga dużo pracy.
US military snipers typically operate at ranges between 600 and 1,200 meters. At extreme distances, the Marine exceeds its limits. For example, the M107 long-range semi-automatic sniper rifles used by the Marine Corps can fire effectively at ranges of only approximately 1,800 meters.
“Shooting on the ground can be easy, especially when shooting 600 meters deep or 1000 meters deep. It’s almost second nature, “he explained to Bernius Insider.” But when you extend it to the extreme beyond what the weapon system can do, you have to consider a lot of different things. “
A queste distanze più lunghe, il cecchino deve fare molto più affidamento sulla "matematica dura" che sul solo istinto del tiratore.
Bernius, pochodzący z Teksasu, który przebywał w Iraku the innych miejscach na Bliskim INschodzie, powiedział, że najtrudniejszy technicznie strzał oddał, gdy był uczniem zaawansowanego Kursu snajperskiego, programu szkoleniowego dla Strzelców wyborowych Korpusu Piechoty Morskiej, którzy ukończyli już podstawowe szkolenie snajperskie.
“When I passed as a student on the track where I am running, my partner and I were shooting at the target from a distance of about 2,300 meters,” said Bernius. „IN rzeczywistości udało nam się to, ale zajęło to około 20 do 25 minut planowania, myślenia or wszystkim, co musieliśmy zrobić z obliczeniami, z odczytami”.
At this range, Insider learned, the missile can reach its target in seconds, meaning many external factors can affect where it lands.
„Masz wszelkie możliwe względy”, powiedział Bernius Insiderowi, wyjaśniając, że snajperzy muszą myśleć o „obrocie Ziemi, w którym kierunku jesteś zwrócony, wiatr nie tylko w pysku, ale na 2300 metrach, na 1000 metrów, jak nazywasz to."
The direction and rotation of the Earth are issues that most people may not be aware of.
The direction the sniper is pointing can affect how the sun hits the viewfinder, possibly distorting the image in the center and rejecting the shot. It also determines how the planet’s rotation affects the bullet, which can go higher or lower depending on the sniper’s position.
"Questo vale solo per tiri estremamente lunghi da oltre 2.000 metri", ha detto Bernius.
Other possible factors are temperature, humidity, time of day, whether the sniper is shooting at a body of water (it can create a mirage), the shape of the bullet and the drift of the bullet.
“We ended up hitting him,” Bernius said. “It was probably the most technically difficult pitch for me.”
If there’s a hostage situation in the busy streets of Los Angelesoa pirate standoff in the rolling ocean off the coast of Thailand, the best person to neutralize the situation is a trained sniper. I cecchini o i cecchini sono tiratori scelti intelligenti, disciplinati, furtivi e molto precisi. They can enter a hostile area, gather intelligence, use their deadly abilities, and leave unnoticed.
They are like modern ninjas.
Sniperzy stali się legendą z wojen takich jak INietnam i I wojna światowa, filmów wysokobudżetowych, takich jakGunslingeroINróg u bram, ovideo games likeSniperElite. But the reality is that the job market is scarce for snipers.
Ma se sei dedicato, il "Sniper" potrebbe essere nel tuo CV.
Snipers must constantly hit targets in all conditions from hidden positions over long distances. It is not an easy task and only the best succeed.
Sniper skills are not skills you will master in the 9 to 5 job. Snipers are praised for their shooting skills, but snipers do more than just pull the trigger. A trained sniper is an expert at shooting, camouflage, spotting, orienteering, stalking, distinctive, observation, infiltration, surveillance, target marking, map reading, sound masking, and much more. Snipers hone these skills through training, competition and constant shooting in the real world. They are in excellent physical and mental condition and have to pass tests to prove it. Snipers must double-check their pasts as they become masters of deadly skill.
Shooting accurately is a challenge. It’s more than just aiming and pulling the trigger. Snipers almost always work as a team: sniper and observer. Both are trained in both professions so they can take turns and avoid fatigue. The team must be prepared for various wind speeds, elevations, firing positions, lighting conditions, ranged projectile angles, gravity and sound masking. They have to do all of this in any and all conditions without being seen, heard, odetected. Often the mission can take several days.
Sniper jobs can be found in two main locations: law enforcement and military. These are works of great value. Law enforcement sniper positions are usually with police departments, SINAT (Special INeapons and Tactics) teams, oFBI.
These snipers are usually on the phone 24 hours a day. Law enforcement snipers work at close range and, when firing, are at shorter ranges, usually less than 100 meters. They can give valuable information to negotiators, dissolve a situation without lethal force, otake a life to save life.
Military snipers work in the army. After completing a physically and mentally challenging Sniper school, they actively seek out hostile territory where they can observe and recon information back to their headquarters. Sometimes they have to take opportunity shots at high profile targets, like enemy officersogenerals. IN takich sytuacjach snajperzy muszą strzelać celnie na odległość setek metrów. The longest recorded sniper shot was 2430 meters. That’s over 1.5 miles.
Working in enemy territory means that snipers are able to help select targets for aerial bombardment, provide field reports on what the enemy is doing, and are capable of firing one shot, one kill.
Le forze dell’ordine e i cecchini militari sono pagati in base al loro grado nelle forze armate. Training can be difficult, but the glory is in the work. Nothing compares to slipping into enemy territory, reaching your goal, and returning unscathed.
Remember that if you are considering becoming a sniper, good snipers are accurate, but bad snipers should stick to video games.
Brief information on sniper jobs
Description:A highly skilled sharpshooter who selectively infiltrates, observes and shoots at targets
Certyfikaty / INykształcenie:No formal education – high shooting scores
Skills required:Precision di tiro, rilevamento, supervisione, occultamento
Potential employers:Marines, Armia, Policja, Drużyna SINAT
Pay:Pay based on grade and seniority