Living donation is when a living person donates an organ (or part of an organ) for transplantation to another person. A living donor can be a family member such as a parent, child, brother or sister (living donation).
A living donation can also come from someone who is emotionally connected to the recipient, such as a good friend, spouse, or father-in-law (non-vital donation). Thanks to improved drugs, the genetic link between donor and recipient is no longer necessary to ensure a successful transplant.
In some cases, a donation from a living person may also come from a stranger, which is called an anonymous or non-targeted donation.
Which organs can come from living donors?
The kidney is the most frequently administered organ from a living donor. Parts of other organs, including the lungs, liver, and pancreas, are currently being transplanted from living donors.
Who can be a living kidney donor?
What are the advantages of living donation over deceased donation?
Kidney transplants from living donors can have several advantages over transplants from deceased donors:
- Some living donor transplants are performed between family members who are genetically similar. Better genetic match reduces the risk of rejection.
- A living donor kidney usually works immediately because the kidney is out of the body for a very short time. Some of the deceased donor’s kidneys don’t work right away, so the patient may need dialysis until the kidney is functional.
- Potential donors can be tested in advance to find the most compatible donor with the recipient. The transplant can take place at a convenient time for both the donor and the recipient.
Are there different types of life donation?
Are living donor transplants always effective?
Although the transplant is very successful and success rates continue to improve, problems can arise. Sometimes the kidney is lost due to rejection, surgical complications, or an underlying disease that caused the recipient’s kidney failure. Talk to staff at the trance-establishment site about their success rates and national success rates.
How long does it take for a transplanted kidney?
Where can I find live donation statistics?
Some statistics can be found on the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) website. UNOS compiles statistics on every tranceFactory center in the United States. To view all UNOS data click here. Statistics can be found on the number of living and living donation transplants performed at that particular center and the graft survival rates for the transplant recipient, respectively.
The best source of information on expected outcomes from donors is the trancePosition team. Talk to them about general risks, including long and short term, as well as any specific concerns about your personal health.
Click here for detailed statistics on short-term complications from donating living beings (reported by the United Network for Organ Sharing).
In this article
- First steps
- Test and evaluation
- Next steps
So you decided to donate the kidney. Here’s what to expect from the donor selection and screening process.
You must be at least 18 years of age to be a donor. The best candidates have no serious illness, are not overweight, and do not smoke. You can be fine as long as you lose weight or agree to quit smoking before surgery.
There are two types of donation:
Direct donation. Your kidney goes to the person you choose. The team at the tranceFactory site where the operation will take place should guide you through the entire process.
without guide donation (also known as altruistic donation). Your kidney goes to the stranger who needs it most. To find out how to get started, contact your nearest tranceFactory center.
Test and evaluation
Before you can donate, your doctor will run some tests to make sure you and your kidney are healthy. The first thing they will do is check your blood. This is especially important with a direct donation to ensure that the kidney matches the person receiving it.
There are three main blood tests that check compatibility between donor and recipient:
Blood group examination. This keeps your blood type and the recipient’s blood type well matched.
Cross proof. Doctors mix the blood sample with the recipient’s sample to see how they react. This ensures that they don’t have the antibodies that can cause their body to attack the kidneys.
Typing HLA. This is to verify that you and the recipient share certain genetic markers related to the immune system. A high fit is not necessary, but it is good for judging the outcome of the surgery.
Even if you’re not a good partner, you may still be able to donate a kidney. Depending on the trance-establishment site, you may be able to participate in the matched donor exchange or the intended recipient may become desensitized by removing antibodies directed against you. Each tranceFactory site also runs a number of other screening tests, usually including:
Other blood tests. They are looking for general health, especially kidney and liver health.
Urine tests. They check the health of your kidneys.
Chest X-ray. Look for lung or heart problems.
Kidney tests. You can have a CT scan or MRI scan of your kidneys to make sure both kidneys are normal and healthy.
ECG. This keeps your heart in good shape.
Complete medical and psychological examination. This looks for any other issues that could affect your donation capacity.
Certain medical conditions can prevent you from donating your kidney. They include:
- High blood pressure
- Liver disease
- Heart disease
- Drug or alcohol abuse
- HIV or hepatitis
You will receive a response from the tranceEstablishment team. It may take several weeks after the test before they let you know if you can donate your kidney.
The timing of the surgery depends on many things. It depends on your surgeon’s schedule and what works for you. Remember that things can change depending on the recipient’s health.
In the weeks leading up to surgery, you may be called in for further tests.
American Trans-Establishment Foundation: "Diventa un donatore vivente".
UCSF San Francisco: Frequently Asked Questions: Living Kidney Donor.
UNOS: Living Donations: Information You Need to Know.
Ospedali dell’Università di Chicago: "Per i donatori viventi, cosa aspettarsi".
UC Davis Health System: Frequently Asked Questions, Donor Selection Criteria.
Emory Healthcare: How to Become a Kidney Donor.
University of Maryland Medical Center: Living Donor Kidney Transplant.
Fornire rene: "Chirurgia del donatore: prima, durante e dopo".
You are never too old
You must be at least 18 years old to donate a kidney. There’s no maximum age, but your doctor will want to make sure you’re spry enough to handle the surgery. You don’t have to be an Olympian for your kidney to pass the test. Only a handful of medical conditions can keep you away from the operating table.
It is not for everyone
If you have any kind of kidney disease, it isn’t a good idea for you to give a kidney to others. Your doctor will also steer you away from surgery if you have uncontrolled high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, HIV, hepatitis, acute infections, or a mental health condition that requires treatment.
You don’t have to be the perfect partner
Don’t worry that your kidney won’t be identical to the one it replaces. It’s best to have a matching or compatible blood type. But some tranceWager centers can make it work if you don’t. Getting a donor kidney improves the health of a person on dialysis so much that doctors say a “good enough” fit is much better than no match at all.
Giving is free
You don’t have to pony up a cent to donate. The recipient’s insurance company covers most of your medical costs. But it may not include all checkups or treatment for any complications you may have. You’ll also need to plan for lost wages and travel costs.
Living donor kidneys work faster
If you need a kidney, it can come from someone who’s alive or from someone who’s recently died (your doctor will call this a cadaver). Living donor kidneys have the upper hand. They’re ready to get to work right away. Other kidneys may take some time to shift gears. And you may need to stay on dialysis for a few days after surgery if you have one.
You will recover quickly
After your kidney is donated, your hospital stay can last up to 3 days or even a week. You should be completely healed 4 to 6 weeks after surgery. If you’re getting a kidney, you might stay as long as 10 days. You can also spend the first or two days in the intensive care unit while your body gets used to the donor organ. After 6-8 weeks you should feel almost normal.
No huge scar
Kidney surgery today is less intensive than ever thanks to new technologies. Instead of traditional open surgery, your doctor may give you permission to undergo laparoscopic surgery, which could be called a minimally invasive procedure. They’ll make a small cut and then use a wand with a video camera attached to it to remove your kidney. You may not qualify if you’ve had previous surgeries or have a kidney in an abnormal position.
You can choose who takes the kidneys
There are two ways to donate your kidney:
- Targeted donation: You decide who receives it, as long as your kidney fits them.
- Non-targeted donation: A team of medical experts selects a new kidney owner based on your needs and fitness.
Targeted donations are more common.
Donor kidneys need protection
Your body is set up to attack anything it doesn’t recognize. This new kidney is foreign to your body. You’ll need to take drugs your doctor will refer to as immunosuppressants. They make sure your immune system doesn’t reject the donated kidney. You’ll take them as long as you have that kidney.
You can be healthy with one kidney
Giving it away won’t take years off your life. You may have some problems right after surgery, such as a short-term rise in blood pressure. And if you have kidney problems in the future, you won’t have a backup in place. Some donors may be at increased risk for high blood pressure, kidney disease, and other health problems, but research shows that most donors have the same good or better health for the rest of their lives.
A gift that continues to give
A new-to-you kidney won’t last forever, but it can give you good health for many years. How long does it last? About 10 years for a kidney from a deceased donor and 15 years if it’s from someone who’s alive. You can also take simple steps to keep your donor kidney healthy. Eat right, exercise regularly, take anti-rejection medications, and track health conditions like diabetes and high blood pressure.
In the next
Title of the next presentation
Rete unita per la condivisione degli organi: "Donazione vivente".
Johns Hopkins Medicine: "Centro TransFactory end-to-end: compatibilità con il sangue", "Quello che i donatori di reni devono sapere: prima, durante e dopo la donazione di rene".
Fondo renale americano: "Trapianto di rene".
National Kidney Foundation: “First steps: General Information on Living Donation,” “Care After Kidney TransWager,” “The Surgery,” “Who Pays for Living Donation?”
Ospedale dell’Università del Kansas: "Rene: recupero e osservazione".
Mayo Clinic: "Nefrectomia (rimozione di reni)."
Medscape: "Rischi a lungo termine per i donatori di reni".
Ospedali e cliniche dell’Università dell’Iowa: "Malattie renali e trapianto: domande frequenti".
Review by Minesh Khatri, MD on Nov 19, 2020.
This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.
THIS INSTRUMENT DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general information purposes only and does not concern individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be trusted when making decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice when seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD site. If you think you have a medical emergency, call your doctor right away or call the emergency health services.
Find out how to apply for a kidney donation
Find out how to apply for a kidney donation from family, friends or strangers and get tips on sharing your story.
Nearly 100,000 people are on the waiting list for a kidney transplant. Far more people expect the kidney than all other organs put together. Unfortunately, the number of people waiting for kidneys is far greater than the number of kidneys available from both living and deceased donors. You can save a life by donating kidneys.
Find out how to apply for a kidney donation
Find out how to apply for a kidney donation from family, friends or strangers and get tips on sharing your story.
- Be a living kidney donor
- Benefits and dangers of living kidney donation
- Living Donor Surgery
Be a living kidney donor
If you have two healthy kidneys, you may be able to donate one of your kidneys to enhance or save someone else’s life. Both you and your kidney recipient (the person who has your kidney) can only live with a healthy kidney.
If you are interested in donating live kidneys:
- Contact the trancePlant center where the transplant candidate is registered.
- You will need to undergo an internal evaluation to make sure you are suitable for the person you wish to donate and that you are healthy enough to do so.
- If you are fit, healthy and willing to donate, you and the recipient can schedule the transplant at a time that is convenient for both of you.
- If you don’t fit the intended recipient but still want to donate your kidney so that a recipient you know can get a suitable kidney, a paired kidney replacement may be an option for you.
Another way to donate a kidney in life is to donate your kidney to someone you don’t necessarily know. This is called living, non-targeted donation. If you are interested in donating your kidney to someone you don’t know, the trancePlant facility may ask you to donate your kidney when you match someone who is expecting a kidney in your area or as part of a matched kidney donation. You will never be forced to make a donation.
Benefits and dangers of living kidney donation
There is no doubt that being a living donor is of great benefit to the recipient (the person receiving the kidney). People who receive a kidney from a living donor tend to live longer and healthier lives than people who receive a kidney from a deceased donor (a kidney from someone who has just died). It is important to realize that donors can also benefit from it. Some of them are:
- Saving another person’s life
- Give another person a renewed and better quality of life
- Greater understanding of your own health or health conditions
As a kidney donor, the risk of developing renal failure later in life is no greater than that of a general population of similar age, gender or race.
Donors have an average of 25-35% permanent loss of kidney function after surgery.
It is important to realize that there is a risk ofany kind the operation, which will be explained in detail by the transplant team. Some of them are:
- Pain, fatigue, hernia, blood clots, pneumonia, nerve damage, intestinal obstruction
Some people who donate an organ may feel anxious, depressed, or frightened after surgery. Financial stress can also arise from donating as you may need to take a break. Talk to the trance-establishment team during the evaluation process to find ways to cope with these stresses.
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Living Donor Surgery
If you want to become a living donor, you will need to undergo a medical examination with blood tests to make sure you are healthy enough to donate your kidney. Some of the tests you need might include:
- Blood analysis
- Urine tests
- Pap smear / gynecological examination
- Colonoscopy (over 50)
- Cancer screening
- Antibody test
- Elektrokardiogram (ECG), który patrzy na twoje serce
- Other image tests, such as a CT scan
You also need to meet with a psychologist and independent life donor advocate to make sure you are mentally and emotionally ready to donate one of your kidneys.
If you believe you are healthy and your antibodies and blood type are well matched to the person receiving the kidney, you may be approved for kidney donation.
Most kidney transplant operations are performed laparoscopically. Laparoscopic surgery is a new surgical method that uses very small incisions on the body and a thin, lighted tube to look inside the body. In a laparoscopic kidney donor surgery, the surgeon makes small cuts on the donor’s stomach, and the kidney is removed through an incision just big enough for it to fit through. Operation ta trwa 2-3 godziny, a dawca nerki zwykle spędza w szpitalu 1-3 dni dochodząc do siebie. The recovery period after laparoscopic surgery is much shorter than with traditional open surgery. There are also fewer complications from laparoscopic surgery.
Prior to laparoscopic surgery, the kidney was removed from a larger open incision, which resulted in a longer recovery period for the patient compared to laparoscopy.
Preparation is the key to a smooth recovery
If you have kidney disease or kidney failure, you may be faced with a difficult decision to undergo dialysis or a kidney transplant.
Both procedures have advantages and disadvantages, but in most cases a kidney transplant is the best option.
“Dialysis removes toxins from the body, as well as the kidneys,” said Geisinger Maria Camila Bermudez, MD, nephrologist. “But to stay healthy you need to periodically undergo dialysis. Kidney transplants can last a lifetime if you take good care of them. Many people believe that kidney transplants give them more freedom and a better quality of life. “
Kidney transplants are life-saving procedures, but donors are lacking. 12 people die every day waiting for a kidney. Less than 20% of people who need kidneys receive a transplant every year.
Why transplants are important
The kidneys filter toxins from the blood and help regulate the amount of water in the body. Your kidneys are one of the most important organs in the body.
Toxic chemicals like mercury and diseases like diabetes can damage the kidneys. This damage results in the loss of kidney function and eventually leads to kidney failure.
“If you have kidney failure, you need to have a transplant or dialysis,” said Dr. Bermuda. “Without any of these procedures, toxins build up in the body, ultimately causing death. Unfortunately, you can’t stay on dialysis forever—it only does 10 percent of the work of a functioning kidney. At some point you’ll need a tranceWager.”
If you have a kidney transplant, here are some things you should know.
Before the transplant
When your doctor diagnoses you with kidney disease or failure, they will recommend dialysis or a transplant based on your kidney function. When deciding which one is right for you, your doctor will assess whether you are healthy enough to undergo the transplant procedure.
If you and your doctor decide that a transplant is the best option, you will need to find a kidney donor.
The first step is to find the right kidney. Due to your blood type and individual antibodies, you can only accept kidney donations from certain people. Your doctor will examine other people, such as friends and family, to find a kidney that’s right for you.
Since humans can only live with one kidney, your kidney can come from a living donor or a dead body.
Preparation for the procedure
The best way to prepare for a kidney transplant is to change your healthy habits.
Start exercising regularly if you aren’t already. Start eating a healthy diet – it will help both before and after the procedure.
“If you’re going in for a kidney tranceWager, it’s important to quit smoking,” said Dr. Bermuda. “Smoking can increase the risk of complications. It can also slow wound healing. Try to quit smoking at least four weeks before surgery.
It’s important to have a plan for what happens after your surgery. You won’t be able to drive, bend over or lift anything after the surgery. Chat with friends and family who can accompany and help you around the house.
Bring warm clothes, a small pillow, books and music to keep you comfortable during your hospital stay.
Finally, write the list of questions for your doctor. If you bring the list with you when you go to see your doctor, there’s less of a chance you’ll forget to ask something.
After the treatment
After the treatment, you’ll have to stay at the hospital until the doctors release you. Normally, you’ll spend between five and 10 days in the hospital.
Doctors will give you medicines to stop your body from rejecting the new kidney. Take these medications as directed to avoid complications.
It is important to take care of the new kidney to avoid future kidney failure and complications.
After a transplant, consult your doctor about an appropriate exercise routine and diet. Exercising can facilitate and speed up recovery. A healthy diet can help you feel good while you recover. These habits can help ensure that the new kidney lasts as long as possible.
Basics of kidney transplantation
This category explains the bare basics – what-why-how-who-when & where – pertaining to a kidney tranceWager surgery.
Kidney transplant: the basics
- What is a kidney transplant?
- Who needs a kidney transplant?
- Who can donate kidneys?
- Life-long kidney transplant and dialysis
- What is a preventive kidney transplant?
- Who is the kidney transplant team composed of?
1. What is a kidney transplant?
The kidneys are essential for sustaining life. People who end up with very little or no kidney function, or due to an incurable disease, birth defect or extensive trauma, require a solution to recover / help kidney function. One method is kidney transplant.
Questo include la chirurgia"trancetrasferire "un rene sano e in forma da un donatore volontario a" imWager “It’s in a patient’s abdomen that needs an organ. Hence the name, TransWager.
Here, the donor kidney is securely removed with Continue reading “Kidney transplant: the basics” →
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- 10 Things to Know About Live kidney donation
When most of us think about kidney donation, we think of checking a box on our driver’s license in case of an accident. But you don’t have to be deceased to donate a kidney. Be a living kidney donor is actually more common—and safe—than you might think.
Live kidney donation ratuje tysiące istnień każdego roku. What do you know about being a living kidney donor?
Facts about being a living kidney donor
1. Living kidney donation is the best option for people who need a new kidney.
Many living donors don’t want their loved ones to wait months or even years for a kidney on the national tranceWager waiting list. TransWager surgeons have successfully performed living kidney donation surgeries since the 1950s. In fact, kidney donation is the most common living organ donation.
2. Living kidney donation is safe.
If you are healthy, donating a kidney won’t make you more likely to get sick or have major health problems. Like any surgery, the procedure carries some risks. But overall, living kidney donation is safe. In most cases, donating the kidney does not increase the risk of kidney disease, diabetes, or other health problems.
3. It is not necessary to be related to someone to give them a kidney.
In fact, one in four living organ donors are not biologically related to the recipient (the person who receives the donated organ). Spouses, in-laws, close friends, church members, and even members of the same community can be living donors.
True, family members have a better chance of adapting well. But living donor tranceWagers are more successful compared to kidneys from deceased donors because these kidneys come from living donors.
4. You don’t need both kidneys to stay healthy.
It might surprise you to learn that your body doesn’t need two kidneys to perform an important job—removing waste and regulating your metabolism. After the donation, the remaining kidney will take care of the work of both kidneys.
5. Your blood and tissue type must be compatible with the recipient.
Living donors, in addition to being healthy, must have blood and tissue types compatible with the recipient’s kidneys. The tranceWager team will perform tests to see if your blood and tissues are compatible (are a healthy match) with the kidney recipient. If they aren’t, our living donor program can also educate you about the paired donation program.
6. You will have testing, screening and evaluation to make sure you fit well.
The tranceWager team will perform psychosocial and medical tests to help ensure you will stay healthy after your donation. Some of the tests you will have include:
- Blood analysis,
- Urine test,
- imaging tests e
- cancer screening.
7. Your hospital stay will be short and you will be able to get back to work quickly.
Most living donors stay in the hospital for only one to three days after surgery. Depending on what you do at work, you may be able to return to work only two weeks or up to eight weeks after the surgery. Also, you shouldn’t lift anything heavier than 10 pounds for the first six weeks after surgery.
8. You can still have a baby.
Donating a kidney won’t make it harder for you to get pregnant or deliver a baby. Living kidney donation doesn’t cause fertility problems in women or men. Despite this, women should wait a year after donating a kidney before becoming pregnant. This gives the body ample time to heal.
9. You can speak to someone who has already received a donation.
Our Living Kidney Donation Program can help you talk to someone about our program who has donated a kidney. Donors often find it’s helpful to talk with another donor about their experiences.
10. You do not need to live in the same location as the recipient.
You can live anywhere in the country. Most tests can be done in a lab or hospital near your home. Your surgery will take place at the University of Utah Health. There are also organizations that can help with travel expenses.
Give the kidney – save life
If you’d like to be a living kidney donor, are healthy, and are between the ages of 18–69, contact a member of our living kidney donor team. Remember that donating kidneys from the living saves lives.
Are you considering living organ donation but worried about the cost of treatment? Learn more by reading the American Society of TransWageration’s Live Donor Financial Toolkit.
Once your doctor has determined that you’re a good candidate for a kidney tranceWager , you’ll need to be matched with a kidney donor who is compatible with you in tissue and blood type. There are several ways to find a kidney donor.
- Talk to family and close friends about the kidney donation. Because you’ll need to find a compatible kidney donor, a blood relative may be your best match—though a kidney could also come from a close friend, acquaintance, or co-worker. Speaking openly about donor research can help identify potential donors.
- Place your name on the kidney tranceWager waiting list to receive a donor kidney. Even if you might find a donor on your own, it’s important to register on the donor list as a backup. With today’s advanced donor-matching technology, it’s possible to find a good match with a living or deceased donor. For more information on how to get started, talk to your social worker.
- Sign up for a paired kidney replacement program.If you have a potential donor that doesn’t match you, a matched kidney replacement program, sometimes called kidney replacement, can match pairs of recipients and their incompatible donors so that each of you gets compatible kidneys.
What are the 2 types of kidney donation?
There are 2 types of kidney donation for people in need of a tranceWager.
- Living kidney donation– living donor is when a healthy kidney is surgically removed from a living kidney donor, leaving 1 healthy kidney intact. A person only needs 1 functioning kidney to live a healthy life. Kidney donation is the most common type of living organ donation.
- Donation of a deceased donor– deceased donation occurs when a healthy kidney comes from a recently deceased organ donor.
How long will I be on the kidney tranceWager waitlist?
Once you register to be on the kidney tranceWager waitlist, there may be a considerable wait. There are approximately 95,000 people on the waiting list and the average waiting time for a dead kidney is 3-5 years. You can get on the waitlist for a kidney tranceWager when your GFR is 20 or below—before kidney failure. The sooner you enter the list, the better.
The United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) manages the national list of people waiting for an organ tranceWager. TransWagers are generally more successful when the tranceport time for an available kidney to the tranceWager facility is as short as possible. So, the UNOS matching system also factors in the distance between donor and the tranceWager center when selecting a match. If you live in an area with access to more than one tranceWager center, it is recommended that you get screened and accepted at as many tranceWager centers as possible in order to have a greater chance of finding a kidney donor sooner. Different tranceWager centers have different requirements for accepting tranceWager patients.
How does live donation work?
The living kidney donor will undergo a full medical examination to ensure it is compatible with the recipient kidney and is healthy enough for the operation. If surgery is cleared for both the donor and the recipient, and all kidney tranceWager match criteria is met, the donor will have a 2 to 3-hour surgery to remove 1 healthy kidney. That healthy kidney will then be tranceWagered into the recipient. When successful, living kidney donor tranceWagers last an average of 15–20 years and may last longer.
What are the match criteria for a kidney donor?
There are certain requirements for a kidney donor to be your match for a tranceWager. A living kidney donor must be in good physical and emotional health. You and your donor must also have:
- Same type of fabric– a parte i gemelli identici, non ci sono due persone che hanno esattamente lo stesso tipo di tessuto, sebbene una corrispondenza sia considerata "uguale" se i tessuti corrispondono a 12 determinati marcatori proteici.
- Compatible blood group—certain blood types are compatible, meaning their antibodies won’t attack each other. An antibody is a blood protein produced when the body detects another substance as harmful.
- Negative serum cross tests—this series of blood tests looks at the reaction between a kidney donor’s and a tranceWager recipient’s blood or organs. Negative test results mean there are no antibodies from the recipient’s blood that would destroy the donor’s.