How to address a widow

Widow/Widower Exemption

In order for you to qualify for the following additional exemption, you must have a homestead exemption on your property.

Florida grants an additional $500. exemption to widows and widowers. Please submit a copy of the deceased spouse’s death certificate. If the surviving spouse remarries, they are no longer eligible to receive the additional exemption.

To file for widow/widower exemption you must be a widow/widower prior to January 1st of the tax year.

Divorced persons do not qualify for the exemption.

HOMESTEAD & ADDITIONAL EXEMPTIONS

Disclaimer: The information contained herein is for ad valorem tax assessment purposes only. The Property Appraiser exercises strict auditing procedures to ensure validity of any transaction received and posted by this office, but cannot be responsible for errors or omissions in the information received from external sources. Due to the elapsed time between transactions in the marketplace, and the time that those transactions are received from the public and/or other jurisdictions, some transactions will not be reflected. Information collected at this site, including email addresses, becomes public record and may be subject to inspection and copy by the public unless prohibited by exception or exemption in the law.

This site is designed to work best with the Internet Explorer 10 or higher and other proprietary browsers like Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox and Safari. Please contact us if you need additional information or assistance with browser settings.

Black widows are one of the most potentially deadly spiders in North America. Asking questions such as, ‟Where do black widow spiders live?” and ‟Where are black widows found?” is important, because if you know where they are, you can avoid them. Here’s what you need to know about their geographic locations, preferred climates and dwelling habits, both inside and outside the home.

Suited to the south
In the United States, black widows are more common in the Southern region due to the climate and geography of the land. They prefer warmer temperatures all throughout the year, though they have been spotted as far north as Canada. Mainly, it’s the dark, seclusion of the rural, southern landscape that these poisonous spiders love so much. From barns and woodpiles to crevices in stone walls, black widows thrive in areas where civilization and nature coexist. They usually don’t do well in cities, as urban areas aren’t suited to their activities and life cycles.

Black widow spider habitat inside and outside the home
As with most spiders, black widows go where the food and favorable conditions are. They are shy spiders that hide in recesses during the day, emerging to hunt in the night. Most times, this takes place outside of your home, but sometimes, they can get inside. When they do, they seek out dimly lit, sheltered areas in which to spin their webs, hoping to catch grasshoppers, mosquitoes, caterpillars, beetles and similar prey. Because most homes don’t have a large number of bugs, homes also won’t have large populations of black widows.

OUTDOOR BLACK WIDOW SPIDER HABITATS:

Look for black widow spider webs in and around woodpiles, rubble, hollow logs, loose bark, holes, stones, burrows, small trees, bushes, water meters, crawl spaces, sheds, wells, root cellars and drainage pipes.

INDOOR BLACK WIDOW SPIDER HABITATS:

Check in and around cardboard boxes, rarely-worn shoes, sheds, barns, garages, attics, pipe holes, doors, air vents, basements, crawl spaces, false ceilings, storage spaces, dark corners and cluttered areas.

Black widows belong to the Latrodectus genus. Within this genus, there are about 30 different species of black widows. Of these, only three are common in the United States: the Southern widow (L. mactans), the Northern widow (L. variolus) and the Western widow (L. hesperus). As their names imply, these black widows are found in different areas of the United States.

The Southern black widow is highly concentrated in the Southeastern states, but goes as far north as New York and as far west as Arizona.

Northern black widows reside mostly in New England and Southeastern Canada, but have been spotted as far west as Texas and as far south as Florida. These spiders prefer to construct their webs in tree branches.

The Western black widow can make its web in dry deserts or high mountains, in addition to the normal black widow spider habitats listed above. This species is mostly found in Texas, Mexico, Oklahoma, Kansas and the Pacific Coast states, though it has been spotted as far north as Southwestern Canada.

Of course, not all spiders are harmful. But if pests are getting in your way, consider calling Terminix®.

Some people have a prominent V-shaped point at the front of their hairline, called a widow’s peak, while other people have a hairline that goes straight across. Widow’s peak is sometimes used to illustrate basic genetics; the myth is that it is controlled by one gene with two alleles, and the allele for widow’s peak is dominant over the allele for straight hairline. There is no evidence that this myth is true. I do not know how the myth got started; I have searched the literature thoroughly, and I have not found any scientific papers that make this claim.

Widow’s peak as a character

I found only two papers that have looked at widow’s peak in the general population. Smith and Cohen (1973) looked at photographs of male medical students and concluded that 32 out of 1039 (3%) had a “slight but noticeable” widow’s peak and one had a “more distinctive and obvious” widow’s peak. Nusbaum and Fuentefria (2009) looked at 360 women in hair salons and concluded that 81% of them had a widow’s peak.

Unfortunately, neither of these sets of authors defined what they counted as a widow’s peak. To find a picture of people with and without a widow’s peak, I searched for images of synchronized swimmers (because they wear their hair pulled back, and because they look goofy). I had to look at a lot of pictures before I found the clear widow’s peak in the picture above, so I think that Nusbaum and Fuentefria (2009) must have used a very loose definition of widow’s peak if they counted 81% of women as having one. Unless there is a very large difference between males and females, Smith and Cohen (1973) must have used a much stricter definition in their study.

In addition to ambiguities about who does or does not have a widow’s peak, there is the problem of age. The hairline of many men recedes over time, and it often recedes more slowly in the middle. It could therefore be difficult to distinguish between a receding hairline and a true widow’s peak in adult men.

Family and twin studies

There are several papers on people with rare genetic disorders who are more likely to have a widow’s peak; see the OMIM entry. However, I do not know of any family or twin studies of widow’s peak in the general population. Unless I’ve failed to find some old paper, there is no published evidence that widow’s peak has a genetic basis.

It is hard to draw a firm line between widow’s peak and straight hairline, and there is no published evidence about whether it is influenced by genetics. You should not use widow’s peak to demonstrate simple genetics.

References

Nusbaum, B.P., and S. Fuentefria. 2009. Naturally occurring female hairline patterns. Dermatologic Surgery 35: 907-913.

Smith, D.W., and M.M. Cohen. 1973. Widow’s peak scalp-hair anomaly and its relation to ocular hypertelorism. Lancet 2: 1127-1128

This page was last revised December 8, 2011. Its address is http://udel.edu/

©2011 by John H. McDonald. You can probably do what you want with this content; see the permissions page for details.

How to address a widow

The false widow spider has become a bit of a tabloid sensation recently. It is cited as being Britain’s most dangerous spider, the most poisonous spider in the UK and even potentially deadly.

So why, with these fearsome credentials, is it that a spider known to have inhabited the UK for over 150 years was virtually unknown up until a couple of years ago? Well it seems that the false widow spider is increasing its range from the south of Britain with sightings reported as far north as Scotland. A milder climate may be responsible for this trend.

With recent news stories such as a school having to close due to a false widow infestation and a grandfather ending up in intensive care after a single bite it is little wonder the spider has gained some notoriety.

Why the name?

The name false widow spider refers to spiders of the family Steatoda, usually Steatoda nobilis, the noble false widow. It comes from the fact that the false widow bears a resemblance to the black widow spider, renowned as one of the world’s deadliest spiders. The spiders are actually related, both coming from the Latrodectinae sub-family, however, the true widow spiders have much more medically significant venom.

Widow spiders get there name from the habit the female black widow spider has of sometimes eating the male spider after mating. Whilst they have been known to be imported into the UK with cargo they have never become established owing to the damp climate. It has been reported that in the wild the false widow spider has been known to prey on the black widow spider.

Whilst it is the noble false widow spider that is generally referred to there are several other species of false widow spider (Steatoda) that can also be found in the British Isles. Most common of these is Steatoda grossa, the cupboard spider.

Where did they come from?

There are six species of false widow spiders (Steatoda) that are now considered native to Britain. Four of these are true natives and have been here for many hundreds of years. The others are relatively recent introductions that have gained a foothold in the UK ecosystem.

The most common of these are S. bipunctata, S. grossa and S. nobilis. S. bipunctata (rabbit hutch spider) is not known to bite and is extremely common throughout Britain. S. grossa (cupboard spider) is resembles the black widow spiders more than the others and also packs a painful bite. This spider has long been considered native to the UK and until recently attracted very little attention.

The false widow spider that has received most of the attention is S. nobilis, the noble false widow. It is probably due to its slightly larger size and the fact that it prefers a warmer indoor environment making it more likely to come into contact with humans.
It is believed that this spider arrived in Britain in 1879 on a crate of bananas carried from the Canary Islands. It is only since the 1980s that the spider appears to have spread beyond Devon with sightings all along the south coast of England. More recently S. nobilis has been recorded as far north as the Scottish border.

Reader Interactions

Comments

phil langridge says

What to do i have these in my house do i just leave them alone. Because i have been catching them and throwing them outside.

Problem is they like it inside so they’ll probably just come straight back in. If you don’t want to kill them make sure you put them a fair distance from your house.

I’ve just discovered 15 +nobel false widow spiders at the bottom of my side entrance to my house each with its own huge web and very large I’m not phased by spiders it I watched arachnophobia last week and they freaked me out need to move or exterminate them cause as they are blocking my way to garage any ideas best way to relocate ect and is my cat at risk thankyou Daniel

It’s probably best to just move house at this point.

Louise Hill says

Hi
I have a garden studio (shed!) and since last September a false widow spider has taken up residence just above the door … she’s disappeared a couple of times but always comes back to the same spot … I’ve never been keen on spiders but this one is rather fascinating and I’ve become a bit obsessed with her. I’ve taken quite a few photos of her but we leave each other alone and I’ve had no reason to evict her!
So anyway, the reason I’m here is because she’s just had babies … a lot of babies … they’re tiny wee things and they’re all still clustered around the sac. It’s only been a couple of days, she’s obviously protecting them and so she’s constantly on high alert … and I’m even more fascinated … but question is, will they gradually disperse and find their own space or will they hang around … ?! I’m not sure how I feel about sharing my shed with so many of them … It’s easy to live in harmony with one false widow who never ventures far … but hundreds of them?! I don’t want to harm them but I’m a bit concerned … am I overreacting or should I be doing something? For their sake as well as mine?!
Sorry for the epic message … I hope you have some advice for me! Thank you! x

Cillian Lenaghan says

Hi Louise. I live in Ireland and have one in my hose pipe. I think it has also had babies. I read somewhere the best way to deter them is to spray white vinegar near them. The scent will push them away but hopefully not toward your house. Hope this helps 🙂 Cillian

I wouldn’t worry too much. They’ll likely take to the wind and travel far away, like at the end of “Charlotte’s Web”

I found one of these under my husbands pillow and I’m afraid it went up the hoover! I am petrified of any spiders and particularly these ones, it’s the first we have had inside the house and hope it is the last. I use peppermint oil to keep spiders at bay and this usually works, that one obviously liked the smell!,

Hi I believe I have an infestation of False Widows. To whom do I seek help from?

Just one I could live with. But a couple of years back I found a nest of them in our garage, an adult (probably female) and a few dozen babies. We live on the edge of the New Forest, and this year they have bred in huge numbers and I have spent the past 2 days dealing with them. About 20 large adults (now past tense) and probably hundreds of babies each about 1mm in diameter. Commercial sprays have helped, and I’m really hoping this has got rid of them before I garage my car for the winter, a Fiat Spider of all things !

Thirty-Second Sunday of the Year. Fr Lawrence Lew encourages us to offer everything to God without fear.

In the Offertory of the Mass, the priest says a prayer as he offers bread at the altar which begins like this: “Blessed are you, Lord God of all creation, for through your goodness we have received the bread we offer you”. When this particular translation of the prayer was introduced a decade ago, the addition of the phrase “we have received” was particularly striking. For the previous translation had merely said that it was thanks to God’s goodness that we offered him this bread, and so it could have been inferred that this referred to the very act of offering in itself; it’s thanks to God that we can be here at the altar doing this good work. However, the revised translation made explicit the notion that the bread that we brought to the altar, the bread that the priest had received from the hands of his parishioners at the Offertory, the bread that was raised up in offering to God had, in fact, first of all been received from God as a gift.

And this was the point: that all we have, and indeed, all that we are, we owe to the good giving of our Creator God. Nothing, therefore, is truly our own, nothing is our possession, not even life itself, for we have received all from the providence and merciful hand of God (cf 1 Cor 4:7). God, therefore, is our provider and we are invited to trust in his provision of our most fundamental needs as the widow of Sidon does.

Hence a prayer (sometimes heard in funerals) attributed to Bede Jarrett OP says: “We seem to give them back to you, O God, who gave them first to us… What you give, you take not away, for what is yours is ours also if we are yours.” So also in the Mass, that which is offered back to God is not taken away, but becomes that which is given to us in order to make us become more truly God’s own. So too with our own lives, the gifts that we have freely received from God, including life itself, we are thus invited in faith to entrust to God; to give from what we have, even the little that is of necessity, knowing in faith that God will not leave us bereft but rather he will give us more than we dare dream of. For God who has given us his own self in the person of Jesus Christ, particularly in the Sacrament of the Eucharist, will “reward with salvation those who are waiting for him” (Heb 9:28). This is to say that God will save all those who trust in his providence, who wait expectantly for God’s salvation to be manifest in their flesh, in their own lives.

The poor widow in the Gospel, therefore, gives all she has freely to God, knowing that it is through God’s goodness that she has received the mite that she offers him. So, she now gives it back to God and in doing so entrusts herself to God’s goodness, God’s providence, God’s mercy. Jesus, as always, praises such faith, and he holds out for our edification and admiration once again the faith of a poor woman, a widow, the kind of person who is often overlooked in the world. Christ thus draws our attention to that which ultimately matters because it endures – not the material but the spiritual. For while human beings look on the monetary value of the offering, God looks on the heart, on the intention and the relational significance of the offering. So the offering of even one’s livelihood is a loving oblation of oneself to God, an entrustment of oneself to God’s loving care, and it is this giving of oneself to God’s loving mercy that Christ wishes to teach us in today’s Gospel.

For God has first loved us, and he has given himself and he continues to give us his gifts, indeed, all that we have, so that we might recognise how much we are loved, so that we can dare to love God in return. As St Thomas Aquinas says: “nothing can provoke love more than to know that one is loved.” So, in truly recognising that through God’s goodness we have received all that we have to offer back to him, so shall we know God’s love, God’s providence, and God’s unfailing generosity towards us. With such faith in the goodness of the Lord God of all creation, we can offer to him acts of generosity and courage and sacrificial charity, like the widows of today’s readings, and indeed, like Christ himself. Thus shall we become more truly God’s and so shall his gifts of grace and virtue become more truly our own. For “Not as the world gives, do you give, O Lover of souls: what you give, you take not away, for what is yours is ours also if we are yours.”

White Widow cannabis strain is an Indica leaning hybrid that is considered to be one of the highest yielding strains in the cannabis market today. This legendary strain is a product of cross-breeding 2 pure landrace strains in South American Sativa and South Indian Indica. The resulting hybrid has a THC content ranging from 18% to 25% and will deliver an intense combination of energy-boosting highs while feeling very relaxed. Being the winner of the High Times Cup in 1995, this herb has been an all-time favorite by both recreational and medical cannabis users around the world!

Pack Price Quantity
5 Seeds $ 65.00
10 Seeds $ 120.00
25 Seeds $ 240.00
  • Description
  • Reviews (9)

Description

White Widow Feminized Marijuana Characteristics

The aroma of the White Widow cannabis strain has a natural appeal to its as it smells of pungent damp pine with earthy and herbal scents mixing. It is reminiscent of taking a morning stroll in a pine forest. A more pure flavor will be noticed as the creamy smoke start to fill the mouth as the earthy cannabis flavor blends in with the strong pine and spicy taste. As the smoke is exhaled, a faint note of herbal flavor will be noticeable.

The White Widow got its name from the frosty white crystals that fully adorn its buds. It glimmers as the sun shines on it, giving them that snowy appearance to the plant. Its forest green buds are full of fiery orange pistils adding depth to its looks.

White Widow Marijuana Effects

The White Widow marijuana strain offers a potent combination of intense cerebral stimulation with a full-on body heavy high. A strong head buzzing effect will start it as the user will feel a surge of energy envelop his mind and body. The energy levels will be enough to keep the users on their toes and this ushers in a feeling of complete euphoria as their moods are suddenly uplifted. Their minds are more alert and a sociable feeling will start to be felt. This is a great daytime toke as the user will not be feeling any heaviness or weariness at all. The indica in this weed will complement and balance the surge of energy and leave the users more grounded. Its calming high will soothe the muscles and joints and give the user a peaceful state of mind and body relaxation.

What Growers Need To Know About White Widow Marijuana

Surprisingly, for a weed of legendary status, the White Widow can be a grower’s dream strain. Not only is it easy to grow but will reward its grower with a generous amount of top-quality bud. They prefer to be exposed to warm, sunny, and humid weather but they can easily adapt to cooler climates. These plants are also naturally resistant to pests and diseases making them a no-fuss weed to grow! Expect them to start flowering and be ready for harvest in 8 to 9 weeks and yield a high 18 to 21 ounces of top-tier White Widow ganja to enjoy!

Will There Be a ‘Hawkeye’ Season 2? What We Know

‘Hawkeye’ Season 2 Should Just Be the Yelena/Kate Bishop Show

‘Hawkeye’ Easter Eggs: 5 Things You May Have Missed in Episode 5

Florence Pugh Says Instagram Blocked Her From Posting ‘Hawkeye’ Spoilers After MCU Fans Complained: “Beyond Ridiculous”

Warning: This article contains Black Widow spoilers.

By this point, you’ve probably seen enough Marvel movies to know that it’s a good idea to stay until the end of the Black Widow credits. And indeed, there is a Black Widow after-credits scene that will no doubt have viewers wondering: “When is Black Widow 2 coming out?”

As you hopefully know by now, Black Widow is a prequel movie. Sort of. It’s set after the events of Captain America: Civil War and before (spoiler alert!) Scarlett Johansson‘s character, Natasha Romanoff, dies in Avengers: Endgame. Natasha, on the run from the government, is reunited with her long-lost family—or at least, the people that the Russian KGB assigned to act as her family as part of a mission. But the post-credits scene jumps ahead in time, after the events of Avengers: Endgame, when Natasha is dead and buried. (RIP.) Natasha’s younger sister, Yelena (Florence Pugh) visits Natasha’s grave and gets a surprise visit from Contessa Valentina Allegra de Fontaine (Julia Louis-Dreyfus), aka Val. Val wants Yelena to help her get revenge on the man who killed Natasha, aka Clint Barton, aka Hawkeye, aka Jeremy Renner.

Clearly, the story is not over, but does this mean there will be a Black Widow 2? Here’s what we know.

WILL THERE BE A BLACK WIDOW 2?

There are no concrete public plans from Disney for a Black Widow sequel movie at this time, but there are concrete plans for a Hawkeye TV series starring Jeremy Renner, which is set to debut on Disney+ later this year. Florence Pugh is set to reprise her role as Yelena, and based on the Black Widow post-credits scene, it looks like Yelena will serve as Hawkeye’s adversary. For a full analysis on what that post-credits scene means for the Hawkeye TV show, Decider’s Brett White has got you covered.

However, that doesn’t mean there won’t also be a Black Widow 2 movie sometime in the future. In an interview with Radio Times last month, director Cate Shortland seemed very open to the idea of another movie but clarified that it would not be starring Scarlett Johansson.

“I think following a different character, yes,” Shortland said when asked if there was a possibility of a follow-up film. “I think Scarlett is really happy that she’s leaving the party, you know, and she’s not the last to leave. She decided she wanted to go. And I don’t think she would want to come back at the moment.”

Shortland continued, “I think just creating something really fun and joyous is pretty addictive. So yeah, I would do it again. Yes.”

That’s a pretty definitive yes!

Photo: ©Walt Disney Co./Courtesy Everett Collection

WILL FLORENCE PUGH BE THE NEW BLACK WIDOW?

While Shortland didn’t say which character she would want to follow if she does a Black Widow 2, it’s hard to imagine she’s talking about anyone other than Yelena, especially given the overwhelmingly positive reception to Pugh’s performance in Black Widow.

As for Pugh herself, the 25-year-old actor hasn’t ruled out the possibility of stepping into Johansson’s shoes. In an interview with ComicBook.com, Pugh talked about her potential future carrying on the Black Widow legacy.

“First of all, I think when I came on board there wasn’t even any conversations of whether there’d be this scene or that scene or a future Yelena,” she said. “It was just like, ‘Get involved, get stuck in.’ And I was so grateful to be invited. Going forward, I think the most wonderful thing and the scary thing is that, obviously, I’ve got major shoes to fill. It’s just been really wonderful seeing all the ways that Scarlett’s changed the conversation about her character. And I think for me, whatever future there is, I would love to, I suppose, follow in her footsteps in that way. How do we make Yelena different, how do we make her stand out? How do we make her powerful? And that’s going to be an ongoing, I hope, conversation. Yeah, I suppose follow in Scarlett’s footsteps in that way, changing it.”

Personally, I’d watch any movie that features Florence Pugh in that very cool vest.

You're almost there! Just confirm how you got your ticket.

How did you buy your ticket?

Let’s get your review verified.

AMCTheatres.com or AMC App New

Cinemark Coming Soon

We won’t be able to verify your ticket today, but it’s great to know for the future.

Regal Coming Soon

We won’t be able to verify your ticket today, but it’s great to know for the future.

Theater box office or somewhere else

By opting to have your ticket verified for this movie, you are allowing us to check the email address associated with your Rotten Tomatoes account against an email address associated with a Fandango ticket purchase for the same movie.

You’re almost there! Just confirm how you got your ticket.

Rate this movie

Oof, that was Rotten.

Meh, it passed the time.

It’s good – I’d recommend it.

So Fresh: Absolute Must See!

What did you think of the movie? (optional)

How did you buy your ticket?

AMCTheatres.com or AMC App New

Cinemark Coming Soon

We won’t be able to verify your ticket today, but it’s great to know for the future.

Regal Coming Soon

We won’t be able to verify your ticket today, but it’s great to know for the future.

Theater box office or somewhere else

By opting to have your ticket verified for this movie, you are allowing us to check the email address associated with your Rotten Tomatoes account against an email address associated with a Fandango ticket purchase for the same movie.

You haven’t finished your review yet, want to submit as-is?

You can always edit your review after.

Are you sure?

Verified reviews are considered more trustworthy by fellow moviegoers.

Want to submit changes to your review before closing?

Done Already? A few more words can help others decide if it’s worth watching

They won’t be able to see your review if you only submit your rating.

Done Already? A few more words can help others decide if it’s worth watching

They won’t be able to see your review if you only submit your rating.

The image is an example of a ticket confirmation email that AMC sent you when you purchased your ticket. Your Ticket Confirmation # is located under the header in your email that reads “Your Ticket Reservation Details”. Just below that it reads “Ticket Confirmation#:” followed by a 10-digit number. This 10-digit number is your confirmation number.

Your AMC Ticket Confirmation# can be found in your order confirmation email.

Everyone grieves differently. I chose not to die when my husband did

by Ann Brenoff, AARP, July 24, 2019

How to address a widow

Since my husband’s death two years ago, I have run afoul of conventional wisdom about how a widow is supposed to feel and behave. I have been accused of not grieving long enough and been cautioned by finger-wagging friends that I can’t outrun grief and that it will, one day, catch up with me.

I get it. Despite all the warnings and so-called experts in the grief industry — and, yes, it is an actual industry with therapy and retreats and support groups — I have checked off just about every box of things that widows are cautioned against doing. Instead of steering clear of making any major life decisions and taking my time to “process” my grief, I ignored every bit of conventional wisdom and broke every taboo, right down to buying a red car with my life insurance money days after the check arrived.

Here’s the thing: Why is there only one right way to behave when your partner dies? My point is, there isn’t. And I’m proof of that.

With absolutely no intended disrespect or lack of affection for my late husband, I made a conscious decision after he passed to embrace what was left of my own life and to encourage our children to do likewise. We were his caregivers for two long, miserable years, and his death taught us that life is short and a healthy life is even shorter. I was 67 when he died, and based on actuarial charts, let’s just say that I didn’t feel I had a whole lot of time to waste.

And so, within months of becoming a widow, I got seriously involved with a widower whom I met online. Yes, an online dating site. Now we are planning to get married. And while we have that widowed-in-common thing going for us, it isn’t the glue in our relationship. We come together not out of loneliness or fear of it but from being able to recognize a good partnership when we see it. And we see it with each other. But still, a few well-meaning friends raised an eyebrow at the speed with which we progressed. Why do people think they know how much time should pass before someone else can open their heart again after a shattering loss? To those eyebrow raisers, here’s a news flash: Hearts expand as we find more people to love, and no one has a finite amount of love to distribute. You can love someone new without detracting love from someone old.

Also in my first year of widowhood, I voluntarily left my job — again, a supposed no-no for those who have experienced a loss. I won’t label what I did as “retire” per se, since, as evidenced here, I am still writing, but I certainly have retired from having a daily occupation — one that I loved pretty much every day for the 45-plus years I did it. Now I pick my writing assignments, do them on my own deadline terms and have defied the naysayers’ prediction that an unstructured day is a widow’s worst nightmare. While my work life is now unstructured, I still don’t know where the day goes — except to say that none of it is spent weeping in a wineglass. I treat every day as a gift and choose carefully how I want to spend it. Mostly, it’s with my kids or my guy; sometimes it’s with a good book or taking a hike. I try to live in the present, and in order to do that, it’s sometimes necessary to move from the past. Following the advice “Don’t make any big changes” would run contrary to how I am happy.

When it comes to my kids, it’s time for them to fly. There are no wringing hands or tissue boxes at the ready when we talk about their imminent departures for college. The mood is excited, not sad. Because my kids have experienced such a recent major loss, maybe they should stick closer to home, someone suggested. Not a chance.

Nobody grows without change. And, yes, we’ve been through a lot as a family — but we don’t all need to live under the same roof to be that family.

Which I suppose is a very good thing, as I also listed our longtime family house for sale, in further defiance of the “Things Widows Shouldn’t Do” list. With my youngest graduating high school, I made the decision, based on the real estate market, that now was the time to pull the trigger and downsize. The hardest part was the weeks we spent sorting through all that we had accumulated, deciding which possessions we wanted to carry into the future. We downsized in earnest, watching our photos go into storage pods, and strangers as they carted off our beds. Marie Kondo would have been proud. But possessions are like anchors and can weigh you down. I want to live free of baggage, the literal kind, as well.

Giving away my late husband’s things produced a few twinges but also some smiles. He was a diabetic and dialysis patient who never met a diet he could stick to, and it pleased me to find a fast-food receipt in his jacket pocket dated the day before he was admitted to the hospital for the last time. Heck, if a death row inmate can get a last meal of choice, why shouldn’t a good man with a sweet tooth?

I have no regrets about breaking the widow rules. As for what comes next, I am seeking adventure. I have places I want to see, new friends I haven’t yet met and conversations I still want to have. I have grandbabies who haven’t been born yet and fur babies waiting for me to rescue them. I may go live in a new place, a new climate, a new country. I will make love, make noise, make hay.

I will continue to live — really live — and not let widow’s grief steal that away from me, no matter what “they” say.

If you live outside the U.S., you cannot file Form I-485, Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status, either concurrently or after we approve your Form I-360. Instead, you may apply for an immigrant visa at a U.S. Consulate if we approve your Form I-360.

Applications and petitions that are not mailed to the appropriate filing location may experience processing delays.

E-Notification: If you want to receive an e-mail and/or a text message that your Form I-360 has been accepted at a USCIS Lockbox facility, complete Form G-1145, E-Notification of Application/Petition Acceptance and clip it to the first page of your application.

If you are filing as:

Is concurrent Form I-485 filing allowed?

Then file your Form I-360 at the:

A self-petitioning abused spouse, child, or parent seeking a benefit under the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA)

The abusive son or daughter, spouse, or parent is a U.S. citizen

Vermont Service Center

U.S. Postal Service, express mail, and courier deliveries:

USCIS
Vermont Service Center
Attn: Humanitarian Unit
38 River Road
Essex Junction, VT 05479-0001

A self-petitioning abused spouse or child seeking a benefit under the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA)

The abusive spouse or parent is a lawful permanent resident (Green Card holder)

If visa number is available

Vermont Service Center

U.S. Postal Service, express mail, and courier deliveries:

USCIS
Vermont Service Center
Attn: Humanitarian Unit
38 River Road
Essex Junction, VT 05479-0001

  • An Iraqi translator, interpreter, or employee who worked for or on behalf of the U.S. government; or
  • An Afghan translator, interpreter, or employee who worked for or on behalf of the U.S. government or the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF)

Nebraska Service Center

U.S. Postal Service, express mail, and courier deliveries:

USCIS
Nebraska Service Center
P.O. Box 87485
Lincoln, NE 68501-7485

(born after 1950 and before Oct. 22, 1982)

You are self-petitioning or petitioning on behalf of an Amerasian

If a visa number is available

Chicago Lockbox

U.S. Postal Service (USPS):

USCIS
Attn: AOS
P.O. Box 805887
Chicago, IL 60680

FedEx, UPS, and DHL deliveries:

USCIS
Attn: AOS (Box 805887)
131 South Dearborn-3rd Floor
Chicago, IL 60603-5517

A widow or widower. This means:

  • You were married to a U.S. citizen who is now deceased;
  • Your spouse’s death was less than two years ago;
  • You were not legally separated from your citizen spouse at the time of death; and
  • You have not remarried.

You are filing Form I-360 with Form I-485

Chicago Lockbox

U.S. Postal Service (USPS):

USCIS
Attn: AOS
P.O. Box 805887
Chicago, IL 60680

FedEx, UPS, and DHL deliveries:

USCIS
Attn: AOS (Box 805887)
131 South Dearborn-3rd Floor
Chicago, IL 60603-5517

You are filing Form I-360 without Form I-485

Phoenix Lockbox

U.S. Postal Service (USPS):

USCIS
Attn: NFB
P.O. Box 21281
Phoenix, AZ 85036-1281

FedEx, UPS, and DHL deliveries:

USCIS
Attn: NFB (Box 21281)
1820 E. Skyharbor Circle S
Suite 100
Phoenix, AZ 85034-4850

If you live outside the U.S. you may file at the U.S. Embassy or consulate that has jurisdiction over the area where you live. Please contact the U.S. Embassy or Consulate for more information.

Special note for widows and widowers of U.S. citizens who are self-petitioning and reside in the United Kingdom or Ghana: If you reside in country, we will continue to accept and adjudicate Forms I-130 at these field offices through March 31, 2020. For USCIS international offices and filing instructions, please visit uscis.gov/international.

A special immigrant juvenile (SIJ)

You are filing Form I-360 alone or with Form I-485

If visa number is available

Chicago Lockbox

U.S. Postal Service (USPS):

USCIS
Attn: AOS
P.O. Box 805887
Chicago, IL 60680

FedEx, UPS, and DHL deliveries:

USCIS
Attn: AOS (Box 805887)
131 South Dearborn-3rd Floor
Chicago, IL 60603-5517

A special immigrant armed forces service member

You are filing Form I-360 with Form I-485

Chicago Lockbox

U.S. Postal Service (USPS):

USCIS
Attn: AOS
P.O. Box 805887
Chicago, IL 60680

FedEx, UPS, and DHL deliveries:

USCIS
Attn: AOS (Box 805887)
131 South Dearborn-3rd Floor
Chicago, IL 60603-5517

You are filing Form I-360 without Form I-485

Phoenix Lockbox

U.S. Postal Service (USPS):

USCIS
Attn: NFB
P.O. Box 21281
Phoenix, AZ 85036-1281

FedEx, UPS, and DHL deliveries:

USCIS
Attn: NFB (Box 21281)
1820 E. Skyharbor Circle S
Suite 100
Phoenix, AZ 85034-4850

A special immigrant organization employee or family member

Phoenix Lockbox

U.S. Postal Service (USPS):

USCIS
Attn: NFB
P.O. Box 21281
Phoenix, AZ 85036-1281

FedEx, UPS, and DHL deliveries:

USCIS
Attn: NFB (Box 21281)
1820 E. Skyharbor Circle S
Suite 100
Phoenix, AZ 85034-4850

  • A religious worker;
  • A Panama Canal company employee;
  • A Canal Zone government employee or U.S. government in Canal Zone employee;
  • A special immigrant physician; or
  • An international broadcaster

Phoenix Lockbox

U.S. Postal Service (USPS):

USCIS
Attn: NFB
P.O. Box 21281
Phoenix, AZ 85036-1281

FedEx, UPS, and DHL deliveries:

USCIS
Attn: NFB (Box 21281)
1820 E. Skyharbor Circle S
Suite 100
Phoenix, AZ 85034-4850

If your spouse has recently died, you need to handle lots of issues, including your taxes. A change in your marital status affects the way you file your taxes.

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) provides an option to help the transition process regarding your filing status and income tax rates—the qualifying widow(er) tax filing status.

DoNotPay provides information on a widow’s property tax exemption to ease your tax filing process. Apart from this, we can help you lower and pay your property taxes.

What Is a Widow’s Property Tax Exemption?

A widow’s property tax exemption is a decrease in tax burdens for a taxpayer whose spouse has died. A surviving spouse is entitled to a reduction in property taxes for some time in most states. You should check your state laws as the terms and conditions may differ.

In case your spouse died, you can get tax relief from:

  • Estate
  • Inheritance windfalls

Widow’s Property Tax Exemption on a State Level

Here is an example of how a widow’s property tax exemption works in Florida:

Allowed Deduction Property Taxable Value (PTV) Benefit Waived
$500 $500 Available in perpetuity If the widow(er) remarries

In the above-presented case, $500 is not a tax credit but the amount by which the taxable value of the surviving spouse’s property is reduced.

You should always check the specifics for your state.

Widow’s Tax Exemption on a Federal Level

Surviving spouses can get even greater tax benefits on a federal level. A recently widowed person can:

  • Keep filing a joint return for up to two years after the death of the spouse
  • Get the first $250,000 of sale profit tax-free if the property sold was the couple’s primary residence
  • File for a stepped-up basis on the inherited property

The stepped-up basis is the cost basis of the property you inherit. It is the basis for determining taxes if the widow(er) decides to sell the property.

What Is the Federal Estate Tax?

The federal estate tax applies when a wealthy individual:

  1. Passes away
  2. Leaves a significant estate to his/her survivors

The federal estate tax doesn’t apply to assets below $11.7 million for deaths in 2021. As the estate and gift tax exemption figures may change, you need to check the specifics if such a situation arises.

All assets a surviving spouse inherits are legally exempt from federal taxation. The widow(er) exemption and additional taxation of the estate apply to the assets transferred to non-spouse family members.

What Is Your Filing Status?

Your filing status is important since it determines:

  • The amount of taxes you need to pay
  • Standard deductions you can take
  • Special tax breaks you can claim

If your spouse has recently passed away, you should file your taxes using the filing status that provides you with the lowest tax bill. You are allowed to choose if you qualify for more than one status.

Here are some filing status options you could use if you are a recent widow(er) and eligible:

Explanation

The Qualifying Widow(er) Filing Status—Eligibility Criteria

You are eligible for the qualifying widow(er) filing status if you:

  • Qualified for married filing jointly with your deceased spouse for the year of his or her death
  • Did not get married again before the end of the tax year when your spouse passed away
  • Claim a child, stepchild, or an adopted child as your dependent (the dependent needs to meet certain requirements )
  • Have remained unmarried, paid at least half the costs of maintaining the home in which you live with at least one qualifying dependent child for the entire year (excluding temporary absences)

Qualifying widow(er)s need to file a federal income tax return based on the following criteria:

Age Minimum Gross Income
Younger than 65 $24,800
65 or older $26,100

DoNotPay can help you with additional property tax exemptions for senior citizens . We can also show you how the property tax assessment process works.

DoNotPay Can Help You Reduce Your Property Taxes in No Time

Would you like to pinpoint all the property tax exemptions you qualify for? Great, enter some basic information, and we will create a guide containing detailed instructions.

How to address a widow

To initiate the process, follow these steps:

    in any web browser
  1. Locate the Property Tax feature
  2. Answer a few questions about you and your property

DoNotPay will generate your personalized guide with property tax exemption and appeal specifics.

DoNotPay Is Your Shortcut Through Bureaucracy

With our app, you don’t have to spend hours figuring out how to request a refund , cancel a service , or book a DMV appointment .

We take over all the hard work! Forget about waiting in a phone queue for hours in hopes of reaching a customer service rep . Our AI-powered app will call any company for you and ping you when a human appears on the other end of the line.

Keep the Communication Lines Clear With DoNotPay

Do you know how powerful DoNotPay’s virtual credit card is?

This super-smart feature can not only sign you up for no-risk free trials but can provide you with an alternative email address. You can test any service without giving out your real email, which will keep your inbox clean from spam !

If you have family or friends within the U.S. prison system, our app helps you get in touch with them quickly.

We can also make sure you don’t become a target of text and robocall scammers! Keep your phone number private and avoid this type of harassment by using our Burner Phone feature!

In case you need to fax a document, there is no need to search for the instruction manual on how to operate a fax machine. DoNotPay makes it simple to send online faxes anywhere!

(CBS News) Christopher Hitchens, the acclaimed and often controversial author, took on many topics throughout his prolific career — he condemned religion in his well-known tome “God is Not Great,” and in his last work, he chronicled his ordeal with esophageal cancer.

Hitchens died of cancer in December 2011 and his last book, “Mortality,” has just been published. It includes seven essays he penned for “Vanity Fair,” and a final chapter that he never finished.

Friday morning, Hitchens’ widow, Carol Blue, joined “CBS This Morning” co-host Charlie Rose to discuss the highly anticipated work of non-fiction and her husband’s legacy and last hours.

Blue said her husband remained cognizant and in good spirits until “hours before he died,” from a case of “serious pneumonia” Blue says he caught in the hospital.

He also remained optimistic that he would survive and Blue says despite his months-long battle with illness, the end was unexpected because he had been “living with profound illness and the treatments that accompanied it for a very long time.”

When asked to define her husband, Blue smiled and said, “He was much better than you can possibly imagine, he really was,” she said, before adding “it’s a shame” his admirers couldn’t experience living with him.

Of his final hours, Blue maintains that he knew he was very sick but expected to leave the hospital after “a couple of days.” During his last days, he held court at the hospital, receiving visitors and leading spirited debates about “various subjects,” but Blue firmly told Rose that “God never came up, if anyone is interested . it was a non-subject.”

Hitchens made much of his disbelief in God, refuting critiques from those who said he would “find God” in his final months.

His wife, who was with him for more than20 years, calls “Mortality,” an “intimate narrative” and a “contemplation about the sad fact that we’re all born to die” that is “infused with extraordinary optimism.”

The source of this optimism until the end? According to Blue, “an enormous zeal and love of life, he adored every second of it. He had to continue living as if he might not be close to the end, but he also had to prepare to die and think of what that might mean.”

How to address a widow

In this file photo taken on March 10, 1998, Chile’s former dictator (1973-90) general Augusto Pinochet (R) listens to his wife Lucia Hiriart during the ceremony marking his retirement from the army command at the Military Academy in Santiago. – Lucía Hiriart, 98, widow of former Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet, died on December 16, 2021, at the residence where she lived, local media and sources close to the family confirmed. (Photo by Cris BOURONCLE / AFP)

Santiago, Chile — Lucia Hiriart, the widow of Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet, died Thursday at the age of 98, her family said.

The former first lady was known for her domineering personality during Pinochet’s iron-fisted rule from 1973 to 1990. During his dictatorship, at least 3,200 people were killed or disappeared, and some 38,000 were tortured. Pinochet died in 2006.

Some historians have even credited Hiriart with being one of the instigators of the military coup against socialist president Salvador Allende that brought her general husband to power. She was one of his closest personal and political advisors during the dictatorship that followed.

Hiriart’s death was announced in a brief statement from her youngest son, Marco Antonio Pinochet.

The death of a spouse can be both emotionally and financially devastating. When a person receiving Social Security Disability benefits dies, the surviving spouse will likely have many questions about whether they qualify to receive survivor benefits, known as Widow/Widower Benefits.

When a person receiving regular Social Security Disability or regular Social Security benefits passes away, the surviving spouse, if over the age of 60, is eligible to receive their spouse’s benefits. If the surviving spouse is disabled, the eligibility age to receive Widow/Widower Benefits is lowered to age 50.

To be entitled to your deceased spouse’s benefits as a disabled widow/widower, you must have a medically proven physical or mental condition which prevents you from gaining employment and is expected to last at least 12 months or until death.

One important thing to note about Widow/Widower benefits is that no benefits are to be paid the month in which your spouse dies. If a Social Security Disability check is mailed or deposited directly into a joint banking account, it is required that it be returned to the Social Security Administration (SSA). This is necessary because the SSA must determine if a surviving spouse is eligible to receive benefits, and if eligibility is determined, the payments must be transferred from the deceased to the surviving spouse.

In addition to the transfer of Social Security Disability benefits, as a surviving spouse, you will receive a one-time Widow/Widower Benefit payment of $255 if you were living with your spouse at the time of his or her death.

To apply for Widow/Widower Benefits and begin receiving your deceased spouse’s Social Security Disability benefits, you need to visit or call your local Social Security office after your spouse’s death. Several pieces of documentation will be required to obtain survivor’s benefits. The documentation required is:

Death certificate or a notice from the funeral home

Your own and your deceased spouse’s Social Security number

Deceased spouse’s birth certificate

Most recent tax forms

Widow/Widower Benefit amounts are subject to change as the surviving spouse reaches age 62 to 70 and the level of Social Security Disability benefits paid to you may change, as they would if they were being paid to your surviving spouse. A review with Social Security Administration representative will likely be required to determine the benefit level.

  1. How to address a widowSlide 1 (Current slide)
  2. How to address a widowSlide 2
  3. How to address a widowSlide 3
  4. How to address a widowSlide 4
  5. How to address a widowSlide 5
  6. How to address a widowSlide 6
  7. How to address a widowSlide 7
  8. How to address a widowSlide 8
  9. How to address a widowSlide 9
  10. How to address a widowSlide 10
  11. How to address a widowSlide 11
  12. How to address a widowSlide 12
  1. How to address a widowSlide 1 (Current slide)
  2. How to address a widowSlide 2
  3. How to address a widowSlide 3
  4. How to address a widowSlide 4
  5. How to address a widowSlide 5
  6. How to address a widowSlide 6
  7. How to address a widowSlide 7
  8. How to address a widowSlide 8
  9. How to address a widowSlide 9
  10. How to address a widowSlide 10
  11. How to address a widowSlide 11
  12. How to address a widowSlide 12

Characteristics, Origin, and Helpful Information for Hobbyists

  • Pin
  • Share
  • Email

emptyvi / Wikimedia Commons / CC BY-SA 3.0

Hardy and easy to care for, the black widow tetra (or black skirt tetra) is a schooling fish that, contrary to its name, comes in several colors. While the wild black widow tetra is dark in color, consider the many-colored varieties that have been captive-bred. At least six or seven specimens create a healthy, happy school of fish, but avoid housing them with smaller species (particularly those with long, flowing fins) as black widows do sometimes nip. This active, fast-moving species is a great choice for aquarium beginners.

Species Overview

Common Names: Black tetra, black skirt

Scientific Name: Gymnocorymbus ternetzi

Adult Size: 2 inches

Life Expectancy: 5 years

Characteristics

Family Characidae
Origin Rio Paraguay, Rio Guapore, Bolivia
Social Peaceful, good community fish
Tank Level Mid dweller
Minimum Tank Size 10 gallons
Diet Omnivore, eats most foods
Breeding Egg layer
Care Easy
pH 5.8 to 8.5
Hardness up to 15 dGH
Temperature 68 to 79 F (20 to 26 C)

Origin and Distribution

Black widow tetras originate from the small, slower tributaries and creeks of the Guapore and Paraguay Rivers in Brazil, where the forest canopy provides both shade and food. They congregate near the surface of the water where they eat insects, crustaceans, and small worms. Originally they were only available as wild-caught, but all specimens sold now are entirely captive-bred, leading to a number of new man-made variations of this popular fish.

Other variants of the black widow tetra include the longfin blackskirt tetra, the goldenskirt tetra, and the colored skirt tetra. Additionally, similar species have often been mistaken for this fish, including Socolof's tetra (Gymnocorymbus socolofi) and the false black tetra (Gymnocorymbus thayeri). Both of these species are not as frequently available in the aquarium trade, nor are they as popular as the black widow tetra.

Colors and Markings

One of the best-known members of the tetra family, the black widow tetra is easily recognized by the distinctive black dorsal and anal fins, and by the vertical black stripes on the body. Naturally occurring color variations can be white to pinkish-hued. But a number of different colored strains, as well as long-finned varieties, have been produced by captive breeding.

Don’t be fooled by any number of pastel-colored specimens; these fish have been achieved with dyes. Avoid any individuals that may have been artificially colored as they are much more susceptible to disease. Contrary to some reports, the process of dying is stressful to the fish, and this stress shortens its lifespan a great deal. Purchasing these fish only serves to support this unethical and harmful practice.

Black widow tetras remain relatively small, reaching an adult length of approximately two inches. Hybrids, such as the long-finned varieties, tend to be a bit larger. Once the black widow tetra achieves its mature size at approximately one year, its normal dark coloration will slowly begin to fade into a silvery gray. By the time the fish has reached five years or more in age, it is usually quite pale in color. These fish also pale when they are stressed or ill.

Tankmates

A schooling fish by nature, black widow tetras are best kept in groups of six or more. They make an excellent community fish due to their peaceful nature. Some owners report that they sometimes nip the fins of slower-moving fish, particularly those with long, flowing fins such as bettas or angelfish.

Black Widow Tetra Habitat and Care

Black widows are an undemanding species that adapt to a range of conditions, though subdued lighting and neutral-colored gravel substrates are preferred. They are accustomed to large plants in their natural habitat and enjoy a well-planted aquarium with some open swimming space.

Although not demanding about water, they prefer soft, acidic water, preferably tannin-stained. Ideally, you should initially match them to the water conditions from the supplier, as sudden changes are not tolerated by this species. Colder water can stress tetras, leaving them quite vulnerable to a number of diseases such as Ich.

Black Widow Tetra Diet and Feeding

Black widow tetras readily accept virtually any food, including live, fresh, frozen, freeze-dried, or flake foods. For the breed's optimal health, provide a variety of foods, which can include high-quality flake foods, brine shrimp, and any type of worms, as well as vegetable supplements and spirulina.

Gender Differences

Female black widows are generally larger than the males and have a rounder body. In the female, the anal fin runs parallel with the vertical black stripe on the abdomen. Males occasionally have white spots on the caudal fin; they are smaller, have a broader anal fin, and a narrower, more pointed dorsal fin.

Breeding the Black Widow Tetra

Black widow tetras may be spawned in groups that have a few more males than females; they may also be spawned as pairs. Condition all spawning fish, either the pairs or groups, with live foods. If you do not have live foods available to you, you can substitute frozen live food.

This species prefers to scatter their adhesive eggs among vegetation, so provide plenty of fine-leaved plants such as Java Moss or spawning mops. Keep the water temperature at 78 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit in a dimly lit tank.

Larger males generally claim a territory that they will guard during their spawning periods. Once spawning has occurred, remove the parents as they will quickly consume the eggs.

Eggs will hatch after approximately one day. Feed the fry freshly hatched brine shrimp, egg yolk, or finely ground flake foods. Black widow tetras do not reach their sexual maturity until nearly two years of age.

More Pet Fish Species and Further Research

In addition to their beauty and diversity, tetras are generally inexpensive and easy to care for. Hence, the tetras are among the most popular aquarium fish in the world. If you’re interested in similar species, check out:

Check out additional fish species profiles for more information on other freshwater fish.

How to address a widow

Family members and congregants of deceased Minnesota Pastor Verlyn Strenge openly forgave the man responsible for the late preacher’s death during a Nov. 24, hearing, shocking a judge and moving a prosecutor to tears.

“We forgive you,” Jayme Nelson, Strenge’s daughter, said to David Nelson, the man who crashed his truck into her father’s car last year.

Nelson was reportedly going nearly 70 mph and had a blood-alcohol level of 0.267 — three times the legal limit. He will be heading to state prison for three years after being found guilty of vehicular homicide.

“As hard as it was at first, we want you to know that we have been praying for you for the past year because we know your life has been impacted by the biggest mistake of your life,” Jayme Nelson continued.

The kindness and compassion didn’t end there, according to Inforum.com.

Rick Moore, a member of the First Baptist Church, where Strenge preached, said he and others at the church had been “forgiven so much” and proclaimed, “How could we not forgive you?”

These words were also met with actions, as Strenge’s family — including his widow and children — later walked up to Nelson, gave him a hug, and affirmed their forgiveness.

Watch these touching moments unfold:

“I forgive you, David,” Strenge’s widow, Merry Gale, said while embracing Nelson. “Please forgive yourself.”

Strenge’s daughter also offered a heartfelt promise: “I’ll be praying for you and your family.”

To underscore how remarkable and rare these actions are, especially in cases such as this, County Attorney Katy Lorsbach was reportedly moved to tears and Judge Eric Schieferdecker said he had never seen anything like it.

Strenge, who was 69 years old when he died Dec. 6, 2020, was a longtime preacher at First Baptist Church. According to his obituary, his “life goal was to share the love of Jesus Christ with anyone and everyone.”

“Verlyn was a devoted student to the teachings of the Bible,” the obituary continued. “He read through the Bible at least six times every single year and committed many verses to memory. His love of Christ helped lift up countless communities and people in need.”

Please continue to pray for Strenge’s family and for Nelson and his loved ones. This act of forgiveness is deeply powerful and sends an important message about the transformational nature of the Gospel.

***As the number of voices facing big-tech censorship continues to grow, please sign up for Faithwire’s daily newsletter and download the CBN News app to stay up-to-date with the latest news from a distinctly Christian perspective.***

Did you know?

God is everywhere—even in the news. That’s why we view every news story through the lens of faith. We are committed to delivering quality independent Christian journalism you can trust. But it takes a lot of hard work, time, and money to do what we do. Help us continue to be a voice for truth in the media by supporting CBN News for as little as $1.

How to address a widowGregoria de Jesus’ account of the last days of Andres Bonifacio in her own handwriting How to address a widowGregoria de Jesus.

The original handwritten account of Gregoria de Jesus of the controversial 1897 Tejeros convention in Cavite that resulted in the arrest and execution of her husband, Katipunan founder and “supremo” Andres Bonifacio, will be auctioned off by León Gallery on June 9.

The account is called “the most explosive” of the history documents it has bidded out by the auction house so far since it purportedly presents the Tejeros election as “rigged” in favor of Bonifacio’s rival, Emilio Aguinaldo.

After voiding the results of the election, Bonifacio, who launched the war of independence against Spain in 1896, was arrested by Aguinaldo’s men, tried for treason, and sentenced to death.

Aguinaldo later claimed that he had tried to commute the sentence, but it came too late, so Bonifacio and his brother were executed on May 10, 1897, in Maragondon, Cavite, in what historians have since called “the tragedy of the revolution.”

De Jesus, the supremo’s widow, later lived a life of impoverishment and persecution by Aguinaldo’s supporters.

She then married Julio Nakpil, also a revolutionary and musician. He later wrote his memoirs of the revolution that was scathingly critical of Aguinaldo.

According to Lisa Guerrero Nakpil, Leon consultant and descendant of Julio Nakpil, provenance of the document is the estate of Epifanio de los Santos (Edsa).

Edsa was the famous Filipino scholar, historian, writer and antiquarian after whom Edsa Avenue is now named.

Edsa himself, claimed Guerrero Nakpil, made the English translation of the account written originally in Tagalog by De Jesus.

“The election was rigged to favor the Magdalos,” De Jesus writes. “Those who entered the hacienda were asked (by Aguinaldo’s men) who they would vote for. Even those who did not know how to write were given ballots already filled up apparently signed by the voters.”

‘Fraudulent machinations’

She adds that Apolonio Santos, who belonged to the rival faction Magdiwang, was “mistaken for Magdalo” and “forced to vote for Emilio.”

“All those fraudulent machinations were tolerated,” De Jesus declares.

Aguinaldo was voted president in absentia. When Bonifacio was voted interior minister, De Jesus writes, there were shouts of “Viva!”

But “the Minister of War,” writes De Jesus, apparently referring to Daniel Tirona, a Caviteño and supporter of Aguinaldo, opposed the election of Bonifacio and argued that the interior minister should be “an intellectual or lawyer.”

Bonifacio found Tirona’s remarks insulting and demanded an apology.

Tirona did not give the apology and instead left. Bonifacio declared the election null and void and stormed out with his supporters.

After the convention, “the Magdalos secretly met in order to pursue him (Bonifacio) and should he resist to kill him,” writes De Jesus.

‘One of a kind’

How to address a widowBonifacio widow’s signature on the historical document

León owner Jaime Ponce de León said De Jesus’ account of the last days of Bonifacio was “the most explosive” of the historical lots to be auctioned.

“This document, while having been featured in works on the Philippine Revolution has never been revealed in full previously and is certainly one of a kind,” Ponce de León said .

Other Gregoria de Jesus items to be auctioned off, according to Guerrero Nakpil, are “a rare autographed photograph of the Lakambini (De Jesus) of the Katipunan (dedicated to the journalist Jose P. Santos) and a letter to Emilio Jacinto.”

Another important auction lot would be the “Letters from various historical personalities to Teodora Alonso,” Jose Rizal’s mother.

How to address a widowLetters to Rizal’s mother, Teodoro Alonso

Included in the lot are a Rizal family recipe and court documents of the suit brought against Rizal’s mother and her brother in Calamba.

“Her unjust persecution greatly influenced Rizal’s nationalism,” Nakpil said.